hig.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
123 51 - 100 of 113
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51.
    Ljung, Robert
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology. Luleå tekniska universitet, Arbetsvetenskap.
    Room acoustics and cognitive load when listening to speech2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis investigated the effects of background noise or a long reverberation time in learning situations. All studies used spoken texts that were presented above the speech intelligibility threshold, but were degraded enough to make listening more effortful. The basic hypothesis for the whole project was that listening to speech in a bad acoustic environment should increase the cognitive load for the listener, which should impair memory of the text. In Paper I the auditory stimuli were lists of words and sentences that were degraded by a background noise. Paper II was a replication of the experiment from paper I, but the independent variable was changed from the level of the background noise to reverberation time. Paper III included two experiments where the stimulus material was 10 minutes lectures.Paper IV included two studies. The first experiment investigated whether serial recall performance is affected when words are presented in long reverberation time (Exp 1a). In experiment 1b word lists were presented in long or short reverberation time or with a background noise. The stimuli were recorded in one classroom with extremely good and one with very bad acoustic design. In experiment 2 word lists with many or few phonological neighbours were presented with long or short reverberation time. In all studies some measure of working memory capacity was included. Taken together, the overall results could be summarized in two sentences: Hearing what is said is a necessary but not a sufficient criterion for people to remember what is said, which means that spoken information should be heard without special effort, otherwise proper learning is jeopardized. No consistent relation was found between working memory capacity and the learning effect in the unfavorable listening conditions.

  • 52. Ljungström, Niclas
    Produktionsnära tjänstemän i förändring: En studie av hur tjänstemännenpåverkas i sina yrkesroller viden satsning mot TQM1998Report (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Löfling, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Juza, Lukas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Utformning av ett materialflödessystem anpassat för HSP-Gripens produktion2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Like many small-time companies there is a need to improve the flow of materials at HSP-Gripen AB. The company develops and manufactures hydraulic-powered grapples for the machine- and forest industry. By mapping the material flow in the current production and gathering necessary data, suggestions on how different parts of the production could be controlled is presented in this dissertation. This has been achieved by the study of relevant scientific literature. The suggested ways of controlling the production consist of 2-bin systems, hybrid material flow system as well as a cyclic product-planning. In the later part of this dissertation it is discussed how reliable the calculated bin-size is, the need for the suggested production system to have a headstart and the fact that 90 percent of the grapple models are handled in this dissertation.

  • 54.
    Löfqvist, Lars
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Design processes and novelty in small companies: a multiple case study2009In: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN: Proceedings, Vol. 1, Design processes, 2009, p. 265-278Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the design processes in small established companies and investigates how these design processes are executed. How two different kinds of novelty influence the design processes is further examined: the relative novelty of the product being developed and the relative novelty of design processes. The relative novelty of the product is high if it is a radically new product to develop.

    High relative novelty for design processes typically means no experience or knowledge about design processes. Based on an embedded multiple case study of three small established companies in Sweden, eight different design processes are described and analyzed. The results show that the design processes differ, even within the same company. The results also show that relative novelty affects the design process. If the relative novelty of both the product to be developed and of design processes is low, a linear, structured, and systematic design process was found to work. A design process that is cyclical, experimental, and knowledge-creating seems to work no matter the relative novelty.

  • 55.
    Löfqvist, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    How small enterprises manage resource scarcity in their product innovation processes2011In: Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship / [ed] H. Fulford, Reading: Academic Conferences Limited, 2011, p. 583-592Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Small enterprises have scarce resources, which is the main factor hindering their innovation of new products. Despite this resource scarcity, some small enterprises do innovate. The research question is: how do small enterprises manage resource scarcity in their product innovation processes? A multiple case study of three different small enterprises was used to answer the research question. The enterprises implement several approaches to use existing resources more efficiently or increase existing resources, such as reducing formality and including customers and users in the innovation processes, intertwining innovation processes, working concurrently on innovation and operational processes, adopting lead-user inventions, and only starting innovation processes when a current customer asks for or needs the potential new product. The efficiency of these approaches is found to be explained by common small enterprise characteristics. One conclusion from this study is that resource scarcity can be managed and small enterprises’ specific characteristics can facilitate innovation if these are recognized and used as strengths. 

  • 56.
    Löfqvist, Lars
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Product and process novelty in small companies´design processes: A multiple case study2009In: 10th International CINet Conference: Enhancing the innovation environment, Brisbane, Australia, 6-8 September 2009, 2009, p. 1-16Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the design processes in small established companies and investigates how these design processes are executed. How two different kinds of novelty influence the design processes is further examined: the relative novelty of the product being developed and the relative novelty of design processes. The relative novelty of the product is high if it is a radically new product to develop. High relative novelty for design processes typically means no experience or knowledge about design processes. Based on an embedded multiple case study of three small established companies in Sweden, eight different design processes are described and analyzed. The results show that the design processes differ, even within the same company. The results also show that relative novelty affects the design process. If the relative novelty of both the product to be developed and of design processes is low, a linear, structured, and systematic design process was found to work. A design process that is cyclical, experimental, and knowledge-creating seems to work no matter the relative novelty.

  • 57.
    Löfqvist, Lars
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    The use of methodology for product and service development in SME:s: an exploratory study of 18 small companies2007In: 8th International CINet Conference: Continuous Innovation - Opportunities and Challenges, Gothenburg, Sweden, 7-11 September 2007, 2007, p. 1-9Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the use of systematic methods in the product and service development process within small companies. The method used was semi structured interviews with persons involved in the product or service development process in the companies. The results show that almost all of the 18 companies examined in the study used no systematic methodology in their product or service development processes. The development processes were often ad hoc and inefficient and the companies were aware of this problem and suffered from it. They wanted to change their way of working but did not know how, yet expressed that a more systematic product or service development methodology could be a promising alternative to solve their problems. The small companies often had scarce resources for product or service development and had limited or no knowledge of systematic methods that could be used in their product and service development processes. Only one company in the study had a structured and effective product development methodology that suited the company’s characteristics. This case, however, shows that a structured and effective product or service development process is possible in a small company.

  • 58.
    Lövström, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Eriksson, Malin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Framgångsfaktorer och hinder med Lean produktion i Kina2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Lean production has become one common concept within industries to make the work more effective and to meet today’s hard competition. A challenge for Chinese production is the threat from new low cost countries. It will become very difficult to succeed to produce to a lower cost than these countries; this led to that Chinese companies must develop new strategies, according to Lee and Zhou (2000). This will put China in front of new challenges and new strategies can be needed to retain their strong competitive advantages. Can Lean production lead to advantages for Swedish companies with production in China?

    Our aim with this study is to examine conditions in order to apply Lean production in China, to respond to this we have selected and looked closer to three Swedish companies with production in China and their work with Lean production. And which obstacles and success factors the companies have notice.

    As a base to this study we have a literature study. The literature study lies as a ground for the case studies and our analysis of the aim and those questions we formulated. The three companies we have visited are of various sizes and that influences its sights on Lean production and thereby is given a variation to our study with different thoughts and opinions. The companies we visited are Habia Cable Changzhou, Nanjing Ericsson panda Communications Company Ltd and SKF Shanghai Automotive Technologies Co., Ltd, they are all located in China. At the companies we have done observations and interviews.

    Four of the tools within Lean production have in one or another way been used in all case companies. These are SMED, 5S, standardization work and process mapping. Process mapping is the tool that is implemented in all companies. One of the bases to Lean production is involved leaderships; this is an important part that also shows in this study. All companies say that the weight of the employees and their attitude is an important part in the work with Lean production. The study confirms thereby that works on improvement are imported and also of the attitude and commitments of the employees. There are several obstacles for a work with Lean production in China, but with a long term thinking and patience with implementation, motivated managers and employees there will be a lot to win.

  • 59.
    Markström, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Carlsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Kvalitetsbristkostnader: En kvalitetskostnadsuppföljning för produktion och eftermarknad.: En fallstudie vid Huddig AB2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All companies wants’ to be as profitable as possible. The company in question is one of the leaders in it´s field in Sweden. In order to increase profits as much as possible it is important to identify and eliminate eventual quality defect cost as far as possible.

    This study was performed in Huddig AB, and the purpose of this study is to try to develop a routine for monitoring the quality defect costs, and to improve communication and create feedback between production and aftermarket.

    In addition to an extensive literature review on quality defect costs most of the work have been conducted at the company. Own observations and interviews have been done with the staff to get a picture of the current situation and to try to come up with improvement proposals.

    During the study it was proved that much of the quality defect costs in essence, derived from the production, which is seen as positive because it is the easiest part of the company to improve. If the company succeeds in eliminating the problems at production, the problem with service and aftermarket later in the chain will also be reduced. To reduce the quality defect costs it is recommended that you work systematical and use one of the models discussed in this paper to make hidden costs more visible and in the long run increase profitability

  • 60.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Bra arbetsmiljö säljer: Är inte välbehandlade äggförpackare lika viktiga som välmående hönor?2010In: Du & jobbet: arbetsmiljötidningen, ISSN 1403-9710, Vol. 4, p. 44-44Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 61.
    Nancke, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Hassel, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Analys av tidsbestämt förebyggande underhåll: Jämförelse av underhåll baserat på kalenderdagar eller drifttider2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Moderna tillverkningssystem består vanligen av automatiserade och flexibla maskiner som opererar under höga hastigheter och bidrar till en mer flexibel och effektiv produktion (Savsar, 2006). Samtidigt som maskiner utrustning blir allt mer teknologiskt avancerade blir de också mer komplexa och svårare att kontrollera vilket ökar betydelsen av underhåll och underhållsrelaterade aktiviteter (Savsar, 2006). Att ha en tydlig underhållsstrategi är betydande då underhåll påverkar driftsäkerhet, kvalitet, direkta och indirekta kostnader i verksamheten (Wang, et al., 2007). Underhållsstrategier definieras som uppsättningen av olika underhållsåtgärder och den generella strukturen av hur dessa åtgärder är sammansatta (Pintelon, et al., 1999).

    Denna studie är utförd på Volvo Construction Equipment Operations i Eskilstuna. Fallföretagets fabrik är utrustad med varierande maskiner med olika tillförlitlighetskrav, säkerhetsnivåer och feleffekter. Underhållsstrategin som används på fallföretaget är idag främst avhjälpande underhåll och tidsbestämt kalenderstyrt förebyggande underhåll.

    Creehan (2005) förklarar att det enligt grundläggande statistiska koncept är lämpligt att påstå att det finns två fundamentala fel inom ett underhållssystem. Sannolikheten att förebyggande underhållsaktiviteter utförs i onödan samt sannolikheten att fel förekommer mellan korrekt utförda förebyggande underhållsaktiviteter.

    Denna studie syftar till att utreda ett tidsbestämt förebyggande underhåll och jämföra för och nackdelar med intervaller baserat på kalenderdagar eller drifttider. Frågor som ställts är vilka strategier som finns och när tidsbestämt underhåll är att föredra, för och nackdelar med att basera förebyggande underhåll på kalenderdagar och drifttider.

    Resultatet visar på att det finns en variation i drifttider mellan maskiner på fallföretaget samt att det är främst drifttiden som påverkar slitage av komponenter. Det innebär att maskiner är i behov av underhåll vid olika tidpunkter. För att minska sannolikheten för att underhåll utförs för ofta eller sällan bör drifttider tas med utformningen av underhållsstrategi. 

    Studien har avgränsats till ett fallföretag och en produktionscell med fyra bearbetande maskiner.

  • 62. Nguyen Trung, Hieu
    et al.
    Belihu, Mekdes
    Increasing the performance of SMEs in supply chains of large enterprises: a SME perspective2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    

    This thesis aims at investigating how the supply chain management (SCM) practices of large enterprises (LEs) are utilized on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). This has been argued by many authors as a gap in previous literature. Take the view from SMEs, the research questions are: Is it possible to increase the performance of SMEs in the supply chain of LEs? and How does the supply chain strategy of LEs and business strategy of SMEs match? They are all answered by an explorative case study research.

    A mature supplier in production services for its large customers is used as case in this exploratory case study. Semi-structured interview was carried out as the main way to collect necessary data, besides documentation and observation. The study presents the existing interaction and problems with the SME, encountered how it formulates business strategy and the lessons that can be learned.

    The research shows that communication is a key tool ensuring the efficiency of supply chain cooperation as perceived seriously by the SME. Besides, group communication is becoming more popular and efficient for partners in the supply chain due to the participation of multiple staffs in the projects and the issues need to be discussed and agreed among them. Although LEs have good impacts on SME’s performance, for example in delivery proportion and technical ability, the deeper kinds of interaction such as exchange of personnel, committed resources investment was not found in the cooperation. Generally, the SME perceives that the usual difficulties they confront are less bargaining power, barriers to satisfy new demands from customers and the changing in customers’ decisions. By carefully analyzing the characteristics of the SME, we suggest possible solutions such as being more active in deeper kinds of interaction with LEs, increase negotiation skills, constructing a separated unit responsible for SCM and establishing a long-term business strategy to ease these difficulties.

    Taking business strategy of SMEs as an object of the research, we found main parameters the company cares about to formulate its business strategy. Comparing with literature, we suggest the company paying attention in activities of competitive market as well as the ways to take advantage of supply chain management strategies of LEs when SMEs building their business strategy.

  • 63.
    Niazi, Usman Kabir
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    The Mode of RFID Towards Idea to Practice2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 64.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    A description of the safety culture at a large steel manufacturing company2012In: Ergonomics for sustainability and growth: Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES), Saltsjöbaden, Sweden, 19-22 august 2012, Nordic Ergonomics Society, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: At the moment, in Sweden, there is a noticeable upswing of interest for workplace safety culture among companies. These are companies with dangerous work environments but that have already come a long way in improving their workplace safety and ergonomics standards by following the national legislations, using regular and systematic audits of the workplaces, and using modern equipment and technology for safety. This study was conducted in collaboration with a large steel manufacturing company in Sweden which employs about 1000 people. The company aims to improve the safety culture within the organization, not in order to get future payback in monetary terms, but actually to strive towards their company social responsibility (CSR) goal: that nobody should have to get injured on the job. The present study is an initial exploration of the company to provide the basic understanding of the work environment setting where the company implements change. Research is still needed to better understand different safety cultures.

    Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate what the safety culture and risk-taking is like at the company, according to employees. 

    Methods: The study had a qualitative and descriptive study design. Ten focus group interviews were conducted for data collection, consisting of about 6–8 employees each. The participants were employees from production. The interviews lasted 75 min and were digitally recorded and thereafter verbatim transcribed. Descriptive data was also collected from all participants by allowing them to fill out a short questionnaire. The participants were recruited from the company’s five main mills to get a representative sample, and it was randomized which shift teams that were asked to participate. Three discussion themes were used during the sessions: 1. What do you think of the safety at your workplace? 2. How is safety performed at your workplace? 3. What can become better with the safety at your workplace? During the interviews, emphasis was put on follow-up questions and asking the participants to explain more and to use own examples. The focus group sessions were conducted by a doctoral student, supported by an assistant taking additional notes.

    Results: The results are right now being analyzed, but will be presented at the conference as an oral presentation. One preliminary result is that an important incitement for the employees to risk their safety, for example by not using the appropriate tools, is to quickly get the production running again if a stop occurs.

  • 65.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Different ways of defining and measuring company size when studying its effects on OHS: A literature study2014In: 11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management, Nordic Ergonomics Society , 2014, p. 587-593Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective and method: Company size is a proxy for other variables affecting occupational health and safety (OHS) performance. The aim of this literature study was twofold: to give an overview on how it empirically has been shown that smaller and larger companies differ from one another in terms of OHS, and to present how earlier studies have defined company size when studying its mediating effects on OHS. A search strategy with search terms was used in the major databases, as well as inspecting the reference list of appropriate studies recovered. A total of 29 articles were included.

    Findings: Examining what empirically has been shown on company size differences in terms of OHS resulted in ten different themes. For example that the OHS standard improves as company size increases, that there is an inverse relationship between company size and injury frequency, and that the rate of absenteeism is lower in small companies. The examined studies were similar, in that they found differences attributed to company size. They differed, however, in the ways they defined company size as a variable in analysis. To define company size as number of employees was the most commonly used approach (27 out of 29 studies). One study used number of man-labor years as definition. One study used the contractors’ annual volume of business in dollars as definition. The scale of measure that was most commonly used as variable for measuring company size was ordinal scale data (23 out of 29 studies). Three studies used ratio scale data. Three studies did not specify scale of measurement.

    Conclusion: It is important to carefully consider what definition and scale of measure to use for the sake of studying the mediating effects of company size on OHS. Some of the less commonly used alternatives could be relevant.

  • 66.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    En beskrivning av säkerhetskulturen vid ett stort stålindustriföretag2012In: Makt, myter och motstridigheter - Utmaningar i dagens arbetsliv: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Karlstad, 11-13 juni 2012, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Bland svenska företag finns det för tillfället ett ökat intresse för den egna arbetsplatsens säkerhetskultur. Dessa företag har farliga arbetsmiljöer men har också kommit långt med att förbättra arbetssäkerhet och ergonomisk standard genom att följa de nationella föreskrifterna och arbetsmiljölagen. Dessa företag tillämpar systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete med skyddsronder och använder modern utrustning och teknologi för säkerhet. Föreliggande studie genomfördes i samarbete med ett stort svenskt stålindustriföretag med cirka 1000 anställda på den berörda orten. Företaget har som mål att förbättra säkerhetskulturen inom organisationen, inte för att få igen satsningen monetärt, utan för att sträva mot det företagsetiska målet: att ingen skall behöva bli skadad på arbetet. Föreliggande studie är en första utforskning av företaget i syfte att skapa grundläggande kunskap om den arbetsmiljökontext som företaget implementerar förändring i. Det behövs även ytterligare forskning för att bättre förstå olika säkerhetskulturer.  

    Forskningsfråga: Vad finns det för säkerhetskultur och risktagande på företaget, enligt de anställdas erfarenheter och uppfattningar?

    Metod: Studien hade en kvalitativ och beskrivande studiedesign. Datainsamlingen bestod av tio fokusgruppintervjuer med cirka 6–8 anställda per grupp och deltagarna var anställda från produktionen. Intervjuerna hade en längd av 75 minuter och spelades in digitalt med en diktafon och transkriberades därefter ordagrant. Därutöver samlades bakgrundsdata in om deltagarna genom att de fyllde i ett kort frågeformulär. Deltagarna rekryterades från samtliga av företagets fem huvudavdelningar för att få ett representativt urval, och det slumpades fram vilka skiftlag som tillfrågades att delta. Tre diskussionsteman användes under intervjuerna: 1. Vad tycker ni om säkerheten här? 2. Hur gör ni med säkerheten här? 3. Vad kan bli bättre med säkerheten här? Under intervjuerna lades betoningen på följdfrågor där deltagarna ombads att utveckla sina svar och använda egna exempel. Fokusgruppintervjuerna leddes av en doktorand, och stöddes av en assistent som tog kompletterande anteckningar.

    Resultat: Datamaterialet analyseras just nu, men resultaten kommer att presenteras på konferensen. Ett preliminärt resultat är att ett viktigt incitament för anställda att riskera sin egen säkerhet, till exempel genom att inte använda de avsedda verktygen, är att snabbt få igång produktionen igen om ett stopp inträffar.

  • 67.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin..
    Förutsättningar och möjligheter för företag att prioritera och bedriva arbetsmiljö- och säkerhetsarbete2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Många företag saknar idag ett fungerande systematiskt arbetsmiljöarbete (SAM) som uppfyller lagens krav fullt ut. Istället tycks andra dagliga aktiviteter ha högre prioritet. Detta är en presentation av ett avhandlingsarbete, vars övergripande syfte var att undersöka förutsättningar och möjligheter för tillverkande företag att prioritera och arbeta med säkerheten och arbetsmiljön; med särskilt fokus på yrkesroller, företagsstorlek, säkerhetskultur och finansiella nyckeltal. Fyra delstudier (I–IV) ingår i denna avhandling, vilka är baserade på tre datainsamlingar. En enkät som mätte arbetsmiljöprioritering besvarades av 249 representanter vid 142 tillverkande företag (I & II). Fokusgruppintervjuer genomfördes med 66 arbetare på ett stort ståltillverkningsföretag, där deras erfarenheter och uppfattningar om säkerhet och risker i arbetet diskuterades (III). En enkät som mätte SAM, säkerhetskultur och arbetsmiljöprioritering besvarades av 280 representanter vid 197 tillverkande företag (IV). Information om företagens finansiella nyckeltal hämtades från ett kreditupplysningsföretag. De viktigaste resultaten från de fyra delstudierna kan bland annat sammanfattas med att lönsamheten uppfattades vara det mest prioriterade intresset vid företagen (I), och att avvägningar mellan produktivitet och säkerhet ansågs vara ett hinder för att kunna arbeta på ett säkert sätt (III). Chefer uppfattade generellt att arbetsmiljön prioriterades mer på företagen än vad skyddsombuden gjorde (I & IV). Uppfattningar om arbetsmiljöprioritering skiljde sig dock inte åt beroende på företagsstorlek (II & IV). Ansvaret för säkerheten på arbetet ansågs främst vila hos den enskilda individen, och risktagande betraktades komma ur en kombination av individuella faktorer och yttre omständigheter i arbetsmiljön (III). Att vara ett större företag, ha positiv säkerhetskultur och hög kreditvärdighet visade sig ha samband med att också ha ett bättre utvecklat SAM (IV). På motsvarande sätt, att vara ett mindre företag, ha negativ säkerhetskultur och låg kreditvärdighet befanns ha samband med att också ha ett sämre utvecklat SAM.

  • 68.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin.
    Prerequisites and Possibilities for Manufacturing Companies to Prioritize and Manage Occupational Health and Safety2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Legislation demands that health and safety of humans at work must be secured. Today, far from every company has a functioning systematic management of occupational health and safety (OHS) in place to fulfill its legal obligations. Instead, other day-to-day tasks appear to have greater priority.

    The overall aim of this thesis was to investigate prerequisites and possibilities for manufacturing companies to prioritize and manage OHS, with focus on professional roles, company size, safety culture, and financial performance.

    Four papers (I–IV) are included in this thesis, based on three data collections. A questionnaire measuring the priority accorded to work environment was completed by 249 representatives of 142 manufacturing companies (I & II). Focus group interviews were conducted with 66 workers at a large steel-manufacturing company, discussing their experiences and perceptions of safety and risks at work (III). A questionnaire measuring OHS management practices, safety culture, and priority given to work environment was completed by 280 representatives of 197 manufacturing companies (IV). Information regarding the companies’ financial performance was retrieved from a credit bureau database.

    The main findings of the four papers demonstrated that profitability was considered as the most prioritized interest in the companies (I), and that trade-offs between productivity and safety is an obstacle to working safely (III). Managers generally perceived their companies to prioritize work environment factors more than the safety delegates did (I & IV). Perceptions of work environment priority did, however, not differ depending on company size (II & IV). Responsibility for safety was perceived to rest on the individual to the largest extent, and risk-taking was believed to originate from a combination of individual factors and external circumstances in the work environment (III). Larger company size, positive safety culture, and low risk in creditworthiness were found to be associated with better OHS management practices in companies (IV). Correspondingly, smaller company size, negative safety culture, and high risk in creditworthiness were found to be associated with worse OHS management practices.

    In summary, structural, social, and financial aspects seem to be important in companies’ possibilities for prioritizing and managing OHS. Recommendations for industry and future research are discussed.

  • 69.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Presentation av ett avhandlingsprojekt: Implementering av säkerhetskultur på ett stålindustriföretag2011In: Det nya arbetslivet: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Luleå, 15-17 juni 2011, 2011, p. 1-9Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Risk för arbetsskada och olycksfall är höga inom industrisektorn och metallarbetare hör till de yrkesgrupper som löper en högre risk för arbetsskador än genomsnittet, där risken är fyrdubbelt högre att drabbas än genomsnittet (AFA, 2006). Metallindustrin är en sektor som AFA försäkring bedömer vara i ett fortsatt behov av riktade och skadeförebyggande insatser mot verksamheten (AFA, 2006). I dagsläget är forskningsområdet om implementering av en hälsosammare och säkrare arbetsplats ett område i behov av att prioriteras (Källestål et al, 2004). Vi samarbetar med ett stålindustriföretag, vilket kommer att implementera en säkrare arbetsmiljö för sina anställda, genom olika riktade insatser: utbildning; filmvisning och diskussionsgrupper; affischering; användandet av förebilder och feedback m.m. i verksamheten, vilka samtliga avser att stärka säkerhetskulturen på företaget – och därigenom nå anställdas och chefers säkerhetsbeteende med huvudbudskapet: om att personligt risktagande inne på de relativt farliga arbetsavsnitten i verken aldrig förväntas, eller tolereras för den delen. Forskningsområdet kring säkerhetskultur och säkerhetsklimat beskrivs ingående i en aktuell litteraturöversikt (Törner, 2010). Företaget är en Europaledande koncern för tillverkning av specialstålprodukter, och har sammanlagt ca 1000 anställda på den ort vi samarbetar med. Preliminär forskningsdelstudie: Hur ser säkerhetskulturen ut på företaget? Datainsamlingsmetod: Fokusgruppintervjuer.

  • 70.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Högberg, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    A cross-sectional study of factors influencing occupational health and safety management practices in companies2017In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 95, p. 92-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies need to ensure a functioning occupational health and safety management (OHSM) system to protect human health and safety during work, but generally there are differences in how successful they are in this endeavor. Earlier research has indicated that factors like company size, safety culture, and different measures of financial performance may be related to the quality of OHSM practices in companies. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether these factors are associated with OHSM practices in companies. A postal questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of Swedish manufacturing companies, and complementary data regarding the companies were retrieved from a credit bureau database. The statistical analysis was performed with ordinal regression analysis using generalized estimating equations. Different predictor variables were modeled with OHSM practices as the outcome variable, in order to calculate p-values and to estimate odds ratios. Company size, safety culture, and creditworthiness were found to be associated with better, as well as worse, OHSM practices in companies (depending on directionality). Practical implications for industry and future research are discussed.

  • 71.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Socialmedicin..
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Högberg, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    To measure OHS management practices in manufacturing companies2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Manufacturing companies are bound to manage many different processes in their day-to-day operations. A systematic management of occupational health and safety (OHS) factors is necessary in order to comply with OHS legislation. Work environmental risks should be assessed and controlled, and if not controlled immediately, an action plan should be established and followed up on later. A successful OHS management should reduce hazards in the workplace and protect worker health and safety. But how can we accurately measure how well companies actually comply with OHS legislation? Earlier measures exist, but they often assess the perceptions of the respondent rather than the circumstance of the company. The aim of this study was to develop and utilize a way to measure OHS management practices, by using a self-report-questionnaire distributed to companies.   

    Methods: A questionnaire was developed in several steps. OHS legislation and earlier studies were read in order to identify different relevant indicators for OHS management compliance. These indicators were then compiled, sorted, and narrowed down in order to produce a manageable and relevant list of 13 indicators. A criterion for relevant indicators was that they together should provide appropriate information on whether a company has come far, or not so far, in arranging a systematic OHS management. A yes–no question was formulated for each of the indicators. Three examples of indicators were: whether the company has written routines stating how the OHS management should be carried out or not, whether written risk assessments have been conducted during the last 12 months or not, and whether the company has routines in place for reporting incidents that occur (near-misses and accidents) or not. The indicators and questions were chosen and formulated in order to measure as much of an objective circumstance at the companies as possible. The rationale is that, either the companies have an arrangement for these indicators, or they do not. Questionnaires were sent to a sample of manufacturing companies (n=238) in central Sweden, for one manager and one safety delegate per company to answer.

    Results and discussion: Taken together, the 13 indicators formed an OHS management practices index. A yes-answer for each indicator was counted as 1 and no as 0, and the scores were summed together. Other measures were also collected for this study: companies’ safety culture, overall work environment priority, company profitability, and company size. The OHS management practices index will undergo psychometric testing for validity and reliability, such as test-retest and Cronbach’s alpha test statistic. The development process and usability of the OHS management practices measure will be presented in more detail at the conference. We believe that this novel measure of OHS management practices, as employed in this study, can be of interest for future research within the field of OHS. This approach provides a relatively straightforward way to measure companies’ OHS management practice using questionnaire items.

  • 72.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    A description of reasons for risk-taking at a large steel manufacturing company2013In: Ergonomics for equality: Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES), Reykjavík, Iceland, 11-14 august 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Risk-taking in an industrial work environment is a serious matter since it involves the risk for bodily injuries and in worst case death. The aim of this study was to investigate reasons for risk-taking at a large steel manufacturing company in Sweden which employs about 1000 people.

    Methods: Ten focus group interviews were conducted, each consisting of about 6–8 workers. The situation of safety at work was discussed in a semi-structured manner, letting the employees themselves explain the reasons behind risk-taking. The interviews were analyzed with qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Reasons for risk-taking were formed into the following six aspects: 1.Being new-at-work. 2.Being tired. 3.Being nonchalant to the safety risks. 4.Working on routine and being “blind-to-flaws”. 5.Too little staff to do the job. 6.To stress, hurry, and work faster in order to save time. Conclusion: One’s state-of-the-day and external work environment circumstances affects risk-taking.

  • 73.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg. Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    En beskrivning av anledningar till risktagande vid ett stort stålindustriföretag2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Risktagande i en industriell arbetsmiljö är allvarligt eftersom det involverar risk för kroppsskada eller i värsta fall död. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka anledningar till risktagande, beskrivna av arbetare. Studien genomfördes i samarbete med ett stort svenskt stålindustriföretag med cirka 1000 anställda på den berörda orten.

    Metod: Studien hade en kvalitativ och beskrivande studiedesign. Datainsamlingen bestod av tio fokusgruppintervjuer med ca 6–8 arbetare per grupp och deltagarna var anställda i produktionen. Deltagarna rekryterades från samtliga av företagets fem huvudavdelningar för att få ett urval med maximal variation, och det slumpades fram vilka skiftlag som tillfrågades att delta. Intervjuerna hade en längd av 75 minuter och spelades in digitalt med en diktafon. Säkerhet på arbetet diskuterades på ett semi-strukturerat sätt, genom att låta arbetarna själva berätta och förklara anledningar till risktagande. Under intervjuerna lades betoningen på följdfrågor där deltagarna ombads att utveckla sina svar och använda egna exempel. Därutöver samlades bakgrundsdata in om deltagarna genom att de fyllde i ett kort frågeformulär. Intervjuerna transkriberades ordagrant och analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Anledningar till risktagande formades till följande sex aspekter: 1.Att vara ny på jobbet. 2.Att vara trött. 3.Att vara nonchalant inför riskerna. 4.Att arbeta på rutin och vara ”hemmablind”. 5.Att det finns för lite personal för att göra jobbet. 6.Att stressa, skynda sig och arbeta fortare för att spara tid. Ett incitament för anställda att riskera sin egen säkerhet kan till exempel vara att inte använda de avsedda verktygen för att snabbt få igång produktionen igen om ett stopp inträffar. Arbetarna upplevde att ledningen inte vill att produktionen ska gå långsamt, vilket dock användandet av rätt verktyg kan medföra. De upplevde också att ledningen inte vill att tillfälliga personalreduceringar skall påverka produktionstakten. Slutsats: Dels individens dagsform och dels yttre omständigheter i arbetsmiljön påverkar risktagandet.

  • 74.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wiitavaara, Birgitta
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Winblad, Ulrika
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg; Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Westerling, Ragnar
    Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Safety culture and reasons for risk-taking at a large steel-manufacturing company: Investigating the worker perspective2015In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 73, p. 126-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Workers in the steel-manufacturing industry face many safety risks due to the nature of the job. How well safety procedures and regulations are followed within an organization is considered to be influenced by the reigning culture of the organization. The aim of this study was to investigate and describe safety culture and risk-taking at a large steel-manufacturing company in Sweden by exploring workers’ experiences and perceptions of safety and risks. Ten focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 66 workers. In the interviews, the situation of safety at work was discussed in a semi-structured manner. The material was analyzed inductively using qualitative content analysis. The analysis resulted in a thorough description of safety culture and risk-taking at the company, based on the following five main categories: 1. Acceptance of risks, one simply has to accept the safety risks of the work environment, 2. Individual responsibility for safety, the responsibility for safe procedures rests to the largest extent on the individual, 3. Trade-off between productivity and safety, these are conflicting entities, wanting to produce as well as wanting to work safely, 4. Importance of communication, it is needed for safety actions to be effective, and 5. State-of-the-day and external conditions, an interplay between these factors affect risk-taking. In sociotechnical systems theory it is acknowledged that there are interactions between social and technical factors in organizations. The findings of this study are interpreted to be in line with a sociotechnical understanding of safety culture and risk-taking.

  • 75.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Do small- and medium-sized enterprises differ in their work environment priorities?2011In: Wellbeing and innovations through ergonomics: Nordic Ergonomics Society (NES), Oulu, Finland, 18-21 september 2011, Nordic Ergonomics Society , 2011, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies differ to what extent they attend to their work environments, despite that every employer is obliged to follow the national legislations on occupational, health and safety (OHS). Earlier evidence suggests that small and larger companies significantly differ in quality in how they handle their OHS activities. This study used questionnaire data from 106 small- and medium-sized companies. The findings were contrary to what could be expected, since no significant differences between company sizes were found. It is important to consider if it is factual or perceptual differences that’s being compared when examining companies’ work environment management.

  • 76.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Uppfattningar om prioritering av arbetsmiljön i små och medelstora tillverkande företag2010In: Arbetsliv i förändring: Forum för arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Malmö, 19-21 maj 2010, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inom forskningen råder det konsensus om att det finns signifikanta skillnader mellan hur små företag och större sköter om arbetet med arbetshälsa och säkerhet (Champoux & Brun, 2003; Lin & Mills, 2001; Hinze, 1988; Wilson, 200; Holmes, 1999). Ålder och kön anses vara karaktäristika som påverkar attityder kring miljö och miljöarbete (McKevier & Gadenne, 2005). Denna studie undersöker små och medelstora företags uppfattningar om hur arbetsmiljön prioriteras, enligt vad tillfrågade på företagen anser. Hur lika/olika är små och medelstora företag vid jämförelse, och spelar åldersgrupper eller kön hos respondenterna in i hur företagens prioritering av arbetsmiljön uppfattas?

    Metod: Företag med 10-49 anställda definieras som små företag, och 50-249 anställda som medelstora företag. Samtliga företag i dessa storleksgrupper, i ett län i Mellansverige, sysslandes med tillverkning, tillfrågades att besvara en enkät med 42 frågor om arbetsmiljön, där graden av prioritering av arbetsmiljön uppskattades på en skala (VAS, visual analogue scale). Två representanter per företag tillfrågades, företagsledare och skyddsombud, svarsfrekvensen var 60%, med 184 små företag och 63 medelstora. Svaren analyserades med det icke-parametriska testet Kruskal-Wallis i grupper om företagsstorlek, respondenternas ålder samt kön.

    Preliminära resultat: Resultaten visade att uppfattningarna kring prioritering av arbetsmiljön var övervägande lika då företagsstorlek jämfördes, i 5 av 42 frågor skiljde sig små och medelstora företag åt (p-värde <0.05, kruskall-wallis). Beträffande uppfattningarna bland åldersgrupperna (<35, 36-50, 51<) skiljde sig den äldsta åldersgruppen mot de andra två, i 12 av 42 frågor (p-värde <0.05, kruskall-wallis). I vidare analyser visade det sig också att uppfattningarna i åldergrupperna 36-50 och 51< i små företag skiljde sig åt mot motsvarande åldersgrupper i medelstora företag, i 8 av 42 frågor för åldersgruppen 36-50 i små företag, och 12 av 42 frågor för åldersgruppen 51< i små företag (p-värde <0.05, kruskall-wallis). Inga skillnader i uppfattningar mellan könen påträffades.

    Sammantaget visar det sig att inom små företag skiljer det sig mellan åldersgrupper i uppfattningar om prioritering av arbetsmiljön, där de yngsta (>35) inte uppfattar någon fråga högre prioriterad än någon av de två äldre åldersgrupperna, de medelålders (36-50) uppfattar hög prioritering på några områden som kan sammanfattas med orden – samspel och kommunikation, och de äldsta (50<) uppfattar hög prioritering på några områden som kan sammanfattas med orden – rutiner, kommunikation och förebyggande.

  • 77.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Lindberg, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    A comparison of managers’ and safety delegates’ perceptions of work environment priorities in the manufacturing industry2012In: Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing, ISSN 1090-8471, E-ISSN 1520-6564, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 235-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated the attention and priority accorded to factors of work environment within manufacturing companies, as perceived by managers and safety delegates at small- and medium-sized enterprises. Representatives from 142 Swedish manufacturing companies answered a 43-item questionnaire covering seven areas of the work environment and a priority-ranking question of company interests. Respondents (n = 249) rated the present situation and the situation one year earlier, using a visual analogue scale. The findings showed that both managers and safety delegates ranked profitability as the main company interest. Respondents rated the priorities of the work environment currently as higher than one year earlier (p = <0.05). Managers rated the priorities of the work environment higher than did the safety delegates (p = <0.05). We conclude that the two professional roles, managers and safety delegates, differ in their perceptions as of to which extent different work environment factors are being attended to.

  • 78.
    Nordlöf, Hasse
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg; Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Westergren, Karl-Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Perceptions of work environment priorities: Are there any differences by company size? — An ecological study2015In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 52, no 3, p. 697-706Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Earlier studies suggest that the quality of handling occupational health and safety (OHS) activities differs between companies of different sizes. Company size is a proxy variable for other variables affecting OHS performance.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate if there is an association between company size and perceptions of work environment prioritizations.

    METHODS: Data from 106 small- and medium-sized Swedish manufacturing companies was collected. One manager and one safety delegate at each company rated different aspects of their companies' work environment prioritizations with a 43-item questionnaire. Ratings were aggregated to a summary statistic for each company before analysis.

    RESULTS: No significant differences in perceptions of priority were found to be associated with company sizes. This is in contrast to earlier studies of objective differences. The respondents in small companies, however, showed significantly greater consensus in their ratings.

    CONCLUSIONS: Company size does not appear to be associated with perceptions of work environment prioritizations. Company size is an important proxy variable to study in order to understand what factors enable and obstruct safe and healthy workplaces. The work presented here should be viewed as an initial exploration to serve as direction for future academic work.

  • 79.
    Pang, Tianhua
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Huang, Shiqiong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Development of the Private and State-owned Logistics Enterprises in China: case study in GREE and CHINATRANS.2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the current status and development of the private and state-owned Third-party Logistics (3PL) companies. In China, there are mainly two common kinds of ownerships, one is state ownership, and the other is private ownership. These two forms of ownerships have enormous influence in various industries. The state-owned company GREE and private company CHINATRANS are taken as the case study in this thesis. The management systems of these two companies are analyzed by interviewing their managers. Furthermore, an innovation assessment tool is used to examine the innovative performance for these two companies. The return on investment model is also used to compare on the financial problem. Based on the analysis of management, cost and innovation aspect in GREE and CHINATRANS, the pattern of different ownerships affecting 3PL companies is identified. The conclusions of this thesis are: The private Third-party Logistics companies have a more flexible management system than the state-owned Third-party Logistics companies. Moreover, the private Third-party Logistics companies have a good performance on cost management and human resource. The core-competitiveness for them shows in the grasp of the market. The state-owned Third-party Logistics companies have a strict management system; they have advantage of innovation management, especially for new technology development. Excellent service is their core competence. Nowadays, Chinese third-party logistics industry has a low ROI, but still has a large space for 3PL to improve. Through the case study of GREE and CHINATRANS, value-added services and low cost operation are effective approaches to increase ROI.

  • 80.
    Raihle, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Wigsten, Sebastian
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Vikman, Anders
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Inköpsbeslut, samarbeten och relationer: En fallstudie på 4 organisationer inom Gävleborg2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We have chosen to write our essay in the purchasing area. The paper aims to examine how outsourcing, relationships and technology partnerships works primarily in the public sector. We have also chosen a privet company as a reference. The importance of purchasing has grown over the past decades, a lot more material is now bought in ready to be mounted together into a finished product. Much money can therefore be gained by improving the work of the purchasing department. The aim of this paper is to investigate the importance of purchasing to companies and to see in what ways the companies work with purchasing differs from the theory. In this paper we have chosen to perform qualitative study with an inductive approach because this will give us a better image of how companies work with their purchasing process. Therefore we have chosen to perform a case study with the interviews of four purchasing managers as material for the study. The conclusion we have made after studying the companies motives to use outsourcing is foremost the lack of competence that made them outsource some of their activities. We have also seen as we expected that the public companies that apply partnering consider them self to add to little resources to maintain their relationship but they have now started to or begun adding more recourse to maintain them. This is something that Lyson and Gillingham (2003) implies is the driving force within companies that has implemented partnering. According to Van Weele (2002) IT is highly prioritized in many organizations, however the work with the implementation may take longer then what the it appears. The will to change exist within the companies but many factors slows down the development. We have also noticed that the price of the services/product is the main reason that makes companies purchases it. There is many interesting aspects to explore as subjects in future papers for example how outsourcing effects companies overall knowledge, economic situation and how technologic cooperation’s will be in the future.  It would also be interesting to quantify the importance of supplier relationships to companies.

  • 81.
    Renström, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. School of Techonology and Health, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Niss, Camilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Senior managers’ perspectives on obstacles to Lean implementation2016In: International Journal of Lean Enterprise Research, ISSN 1754-2294, E-ISSN 1754-2308, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 317-328Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many lean implementations fail; previous research suggests an important reason is that senior managers are unable to support the implementation. We investigate this problem by exploring senior managers' perspectives on lean implementation, aiming to identify possible obstacles to their support of implementation processes. The paper is based on an explorative case study at a global manufacturing company implementing lean. Interviews were performed with senior managers at the top two hierarchical levels, the president and area presidents. The analysis revealed four main obstacles: 1) competence development needs of senior management were not addressed; 2) the lean development initiative was not connected to company strategy; 3) key players within the organisation were initially not involved or tasked; 4) the initiative was not system wide. The results stress the importance of initial competence evaluation and development of senior management in lean development.

  • 82.
    Rolfsdotter Karlsson, Annika
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Managing Performance Measurement: A study of how to select and implement performance measures on a strategic, tactical and operational level2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to define important criteria to consider when selecting and implementing performance measures on a strategic, tactical and operational level. The thesis is built around the questions "What to measure" and "How to measure". Generally within the thesis the question of "what" concerns different frameworks and working procedures that can be used to determine what to measure, while the question of "how" concerns criteria to consider when implementing performance measures, such as how to design measure formulas and targets, how to communicate measures, etc.

    The study has been conducted as a qualitative study, where the empirical data has been collected through interviews and by using information material from the case company. The purpose of the case study was to test the theoretical framework. The studied case company was Sandvik Process Systems, a product area within the Sandvik group. The case study was complemented by two minor comparative studies of companies also belonging to the Sandvik group. In total the study comprised interviews with 15 persons within different organizational levels.

    Several different frameworks aiming to help organizations to answer the question of what to measure have been developed during the last decades. The frameworks differ more or less, but theorists appear to agree on several matters. My conclusions of the most important criteria to be taken into consideration when answering the question of what to measure is:

    * Complement the outcome measures, i.e. the financial measures that show the results from past efforts, by pro-active performance drivers - the measures that drive the future performance

    * Ensure linkage between performance measures and company vision and strategic objectives

    * Involve the co-workers in the process of developing measures

    * Use an overall comprehensive view and methodic approach

    * Limit the amount of measures

    * Retain the methodic approach – manage the performance measurement system

    After answering the question of what to measure there are also a number of important criteria to consider when it comes to how to measure and implement measures into the organization:

    * Define measure purposes

    * Assign reasonable targets to the measures

    * Consider the field of application when designing a performance measure

    * Communicate the performance measures

    * Specify the measures

    Despite attempting to simplify a complicated reality the frameworks aiming to help organizations to select measures are all rather complex. Hence, to develop and implement a PMS (Performance Measurement System) by the book will imply an extensive project for any company. How time- and resource demanding the project will become will differ from one company to another. Thus, a general conclusion of this study is that a company must start out from its own conditions in order for the development and implementation not to become too complex a project, where the organization loses focus and fails to manage the project all the way through.

    Companies must consider factors such as the size and complexity of the organization, how the business is controlled and managed as well as the structure and control of an already existing PMS. For large organizations, already possessing a rather unstructured PMS, the best approach could be to look upon the development as a constantly on-going activity in the spirit of continuous improvements, rather than a complex project running over a limited time. A vital success factor is also to communicate the intentions to the whole organization at an early stage. If the whole organization is aware of the intention and the purpose this will facilitate the process of developing and implementing a successful PMS.

  • 83.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Co-operation between a University College and Local Industry1999Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 84.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Environmental management systems – a way towards sustainable development in universities: ”It was difficult at first … then we started talking with our colleagues and we saw it in a longer perspective”2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The economic development in the world today makes increased consumption of goods and travelling available for more people around the world than ever before. This results, however, also in increased production and spreading of substances that are hazardous both to human health and to the ecosystem globally. Therefore, education to increase knowledge, awareness, motivation, and action competence on all levels is important in the strategy for a sustainable development, which satisfies the basic human needs for all people without damaging the life support system of our planet.

    The challenge for universities is how to assure that their students are exposed to the questions that are relevant for sustainable development from the various disciplinary perspectives so that they will be able to make professional and private “sustainability-promoting” decisions in the future.

    The overall purpose of this thesis is to contribute to the knowledge and understanding of the implementation of environmental management systems in universities and how the systems can be a tool in integrating sustainable development in higher education. The research is motivated by the fact that many Swedish universities have implemented environmental management systems and although there are many studies of environmental management systems in industry and some in public organisations, many features of their use in the university context are still poorly understood.

    The thesis presents an in-depth evaluation study of the implementation of environmental management systems (EMS) in Swedish universities with comparisons to industry. Based on the evidence from the studies the main argument of the thesis is that the environmental management systems can indeed function as an effective means to integrate sustainable development in all university activities, including education. The regular audits required by a certified environmental management system keep the activities on the university agenda and provide opportunities for follow-up, for feedback and for further development. The emerging research on sustainable development can contribute to lifting sustainable development the on the academic agenda from different disciplinary perspectives. The study suggests also that, although internal factors are essential in the EMS implementation, without external follow-up and feedback, sustainable development risks remaining a policy among others without a real change in universities.

  • 85.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Higher Environmental Education and Environmental Labour Market in Sweden1999Report (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Hur studenter upplever högskolornas miljöambitioner1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    MINT - National initiative to promote greening of curriculum2002In: EMSU conference, Grahamstown, south Africa, September 2002, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Quality auditors and environmental auditors: Can these two roles be combined?1995In: Eco-Management and Auditing, ISSN 0968-9427, E-ISSN 1099-0925, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 57-64Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The possibilities of integrating the functions of quality and environmental auditors are explored. The various standards for quality and environmental management systems are presented and the different requiremens they place on an audtior are summarized. The effects of the integration of the auditor function are considered. It is noted that an integration of these management systems and an integration of the auditor function would be most feasibel in small- and medium-sized companies with limited sizes and resources. The integration could cause some conflicts, but these could be overcome by a strong commitment form the auditor and strong support from company management.

  • 89.
    Sammalisto, Kaisu
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Where do green engineers come from?1996Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Srinivasan, Divya
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Martin, Bernard
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
    Reed, Matthew
    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA.
    Effects of task characteristics on unimanual and bimanual movement times2013In: Ergonomics, ISSN 0014-0139, E-ISSN 1366-5847, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 612-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fitts’ law cannot be used to predict movement times (MTs) of bimanual tasks since no empirical relationships associating task difficulty and bimanual MT have been demonstrated yet. Development of a ‘bimanual task difficulty index’ has been challenged by the complex patterns of coordination involved in simultaneously performing two tasks, one with each hand, under a control system with limited visual and attentional resources. To address this fundamental issue in human motor performance, bimanual object transfers with the left and right hands to targets of various precision requirements and separated by different distances were studied in six healthy subjects. Visual resource allocation during task performance was used to identify ‘primary’ and ‘secondary’ hand movements in bimanual tasks. While the primary movement was similar to a unimanual movement, the secondary MT varied with its own, as well as the contralateral hand’s task constraints. These results, which were stable and consistent across six subjects, provide preliminary evidence that visual behaviour, indicating closed-loop control, can be used to systematically derive bimanual MTs.

  • 91.
    Strand, Petter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Malm, Mattias
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Uppföljningssystem för trucktransporter: Utförande på transportavdelningen på Sandvik2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To raise the value of a company’s products, it is important to have a logistic service of highest quality. The company needs to deliver the right product, in the right time, at the right place, in the right quality and quantity. To deliver this kind of service the company needs to have control of all the times when they produce the product. The parts could be anything from management of warehouse to transportation between different production lines.

    A yearing from the client at administration of Sandvik transportation division are that they wanted an overview of how their types of side loader are being used. With this starting point the purpose has been to perform a system that automatic follow-up the performance that are made by the forklifts.

    To fulfill the purpose different methods have been used to gather theory that needs to make this following-up system and to make the study of time, it is a part of the mapping. Some of these methods were dialogues and discussions with our instructors at both Sandvik and the University of Gävle. It has also been some researching on scientific articles and examination papers on the Internet. Some information has also been searched in specialist literature. From this information it has become a theoretical framework to this study. First some explanations of basic logistic were you should learn what logistics are about. After the explanations, the theory that needs to the following-up system and the study of time were presented. Key ratios and performance measurement are two parts that the following-up system are built on.

    Sandvik, is a company that produce products in the areas of cutting tools for processing in materials, machines for mining industry, tube, stripe, bar, process systems and wire. It is in the tube division the study of time has been made. The study of time has been made on the type of forklifts called side loader, that transport long tubes from one production line to another production line.

    The result of the study of time was that three big items took around 75 % of the whole time. These items were driving with load, driving without load and empty side loader. The biggest item was empty side loader (31 % of the time).

    To get this following-up system a brainstorming has been used to come up with the key ratios and performance measures that the system needs to be beneficential to different kinds of forklifts. From this brainstorming a mind-map were made where all the parts were clear and it made the key ratios and performance measures easier to develop.

    With these methods and theory that has been studied of key ratios and performance measurements the following-up system were developed. It builds on sensors that indicate to a computer system which type of work that are made (driving with load, driving without load, remaining standstill time) and a sensor that indicates the weight of the load. A distance meter is also used to register these values to the following-up system.

    From the analysis and discussions about the following-up system and the study of time came the following conclusions:

    • Company’s ought to have a following-up system that follows up the key ratios and performance measurement to make better rationalizations of their transportation

    • Key ratios and performance measures should be easy and clear described and all employees should know about it. They should also know that the measures are continuous existing.

    • The study of time showed that these side loaders were standing still much of the time when the research was made.

    • Sandviks different production lines of tube should plan their production better and smoother so the side loader could get better work rate and could plan their transportation in and out of the production better.

  • 92.
    Svensson, Sven
    et al.
    Department of Social Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Ostersund, Sweden.
    Vinberg, Stig
    Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Östersund.
    Larsson, Johan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    External workers' perception of leadership behavior - a study of Swedish temporary agency workers and contractors2015In: Human Resource Management Journal, ISSN 0954-5395, E-ISSN 1748-8583, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 250-266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing prevalence of externalized work arrangements in industrialized countries has brought with it ever greater managerial complexityin the workplace. This article explores how leadership behavior is perceived byinternal and external workers within a public authority in Sweden. Questionnaire data from 505 temporary agency workers (TAWs), contractors, andinternal employees have been analyzed. Multinomial logistic regression analysesindicate that external workers such as TAWs and contractors are more likelythan internal employees to notice leadership profiles, including pronounced,task-oriented leadership behavior. These results hold true when controlled fordemographic and socio-economic variables and organizational tenure. A practicalimplication is that explicit attention should be paid to the need forleadership training in developing HRM strategies with regards to externalemployees.

  • 93.
    Söderlind, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Forsström, August
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Riktlinjer för styrning av gastryck vid gasatomisering samt kartläggning av pulveregenskaper2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High quality powder steel is manufactured through gas atomization at Erasteel Kloster AB in Söderfors. During their batches they have a problem with varying weight of capsules which can cause problems with bending capsules and unreliable exchange. Bent capsules risk damaging the equipment and cannot be used.The work was performed with the purpose to investigate the source for varying weights of capsules during batches and with the goal to account for a solution on how the varying capsule weights can be reduced.Powder samples were taken during five batches aiming to investigate the cause for varying capsule weights. The powders characteristics were analyzed with different methods which presented the powders size distribution, fill density, tap density and flowability. The Lubanska equation which calculates powders mean diameter was simplified and adjusted for the Erasteel plant with the intention to control gas pressure depending on the metal flow rate.Analyzes showed that the powder size distribution was changing during every batch. The amount of larger particles decreased more than the amount of small particles increased meanwhile the width of the powders size distribution decreased. This gave the largest width of size distribution half-way into the batch and the highest capsule weights were obtained at this moment.The simplified equation was applied to the moment when highest capsule weights was obtained and gave guidelines on how the gas pressure should be controlled to achieve similar size distribution. Further analyzes showed that the metal flow rate was proportional to the gas temperature due to it is measured after being in contact the melt stream.Since the equation was simplified and verified on five batches more tests needs to be extracted. It needs to be done not only to get a more reliable equation but also for an opportunity to test it in practice. With samples collected from more batches, there is a possibility to control the gas pressure with gas temperature and an automatic control of the gas pressure could be performed.

  • 94.
    Söderlund, Oscar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Lead Time Reduction And Minimizing Waste: A Case Study At Lionweld Meiser L.C.C2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When striving for minimizing waste and lead time reductions, companies should focus on only doing the activities that creates value for the customer. All the things that are adding cost and no value to the customer is considered as waste and should be eliminated. This thesis aims to examine how manufacturers can achieve lead time reduction and minimize waste. In order to get a deeper understanding of how waste can be minimized the author chose to do a case study at a production site. Lionweld Meiser is a company located in Dubai that produces gratings from the specific requirements of the customer. To find out what kinds of waste that was hidden in the company a Value Stream Map was built over the production area of gratings. All the processes as well as activities involved in the production of gratings where mapped and timed. During the observations and interviews in the production line many different wastes was found and highlighted for the company. This resulted in a 6 days Kaizen Workshop to try eliminating some of the wastes in the fabrication process to reduce lead time. The Kaizen Workshop resulted in a reduction of 38 minutes and 59 seconds for 3 fabricators to assembly 12 pieces of grating each. This study concludes that to minimize waste and reduce lead time, manufacturers have to utilize people capabilities and analyze activities with the question: is this adding any value to our customer? Walking the Gemba and focusing on leadership to encourage personnel to achieve maximum potential for process-improvements will help manufacturers to reduce waste and time.

  • 95.
    Vingård, Eva
    et al.
    Arbets- och miljömedicin, Uppsala universitet.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, CBF. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Ett nationellt kunskapscentrum för arbetsmiljö: behov och förutsättningar2011Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 96.
    von Haartman, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Manufacturing capabilities: Mere drivers of operational performance or critical for customer-driven innovation?2012In: Proceeding of 4th Joint World Conference on Production & Operations Management, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In is becoming increasingly common that R&D and marketing is conducted internally and manufacturing performed by outsourcing partners, raising questions about the strategic role of internal manufacturing capabilities. This role can be evaluated by how they contribute to the focal firm’s competitive priorities. Based on a survey of 267 Swedish manufacturing firms, the paper show that when the competitive priority is innovation, the role of manufacturing capabilities is to facilitate more efficient product development in collaboration with customers. When operational efficiency is the dominant competitive priority, the role of manufacturing capabilities is naturally to provide high operational efficiency.

  • 97.
    von Haartman, Robin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Global sourcing for innovation and sustainable development2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in global sourcing has increased significantly in recent years, but the effects on innovation are not well understood. The purpose of this paper is to empirically analyse the impact of global sourcing on innovation, while taking into account both purchasing proficiency and supply chain integration practices. Based on a large scale survey of purchasing managers in 679 firms in Europe and North America, the paper shows that global sourcing has no direct impact on innovation performance. However, firms that source globally are significantly better at using their purchasing proficiency, and supplier integration for increasing the innovation provided by their suppliers.

  • 98.
    von Haartman, Robin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Global sourcing’s impact on sustainability: Vile or virtue?2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms sourcing globally have been accused of committing, supporting or just turning a blind eye to a number environmental and social problem. Based on an international survey of 680 firms' purchasing departments, this paper provides empirical evidence on global sourcing's actual contribution to social and environmental sustainability. The findings show that the level of sustainability is not directly dependent on global purchasing, but firms purchasing globally are better at making use of their purchasing proficiency and are better at fulfilling their sustainability goals.

  • 99.
    von Haartman, Robin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Produktionsutveckling lönar sig - och ger förutsättningar för extern samverkan2005In: Alternativ till outsourcing / [ed] Lars Bengtsson, Christian Berggren, Johnny Lind, Malmö: Liber , 2005, p. 114-130Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 100.
    Wang, Jing
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Fu, Hongpeng
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Seeking the Breakthrough of the Internationalization of Yu-tong Bus Company2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, China bus industry has stepped into a relative fast development stage. Domestic manufacturers have turned their attention to the international market. Yu-tong Bus Company, as one of the first-class and representative manufacturers in the industry, has made indubitable achievements in the international market, especially in middle and low-end market. However, for the process of internationalization, Yu-tong still needs to confront some barriers and obstacles. Particularly, for high-end market, more gaps exist which lead to the limitation of its competitive forces. In the thesis, we made the SWOT analysis about the export condition of Yu-tong according to the materials and data that we collected, combining with the relevant theories, conducting various analysis and investigations, we considered “Reverse FDI”(Reverse Foreign Direct Investment) as more appropriate and effective way for the internationalization, and revolving around the theory, we mainly concentrated on the extending of high-end market, tabled some proposals about seeking the breakthrough in the internationalization of Yu-tong Bus Company.

123 51 - 100 of 113
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf