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  • 51.
    Andersson, Maritza
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Konsekvenser av våldtäkt: Kuratorers arbetssätt och erfarenheter av att möta kvinnor som blivit utsatta för våldtäkt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to, based on counselors experience, study how women are affected after a rape, as well as to study counselors professional meeting and working methods. The study conducted six qualitative interviews with counselors. The result of the study was analyzed based on theories and models such as stigma, client-centered therapy and cognitive theory. The results of the study showed that the most common consequences are posttraumatic stress disorder with symptoms like flashbacks, anxiety, nightmares and sleep disorders. Feelings of shame and guilt are also common consequences and it is common for the victims to blame themselves for what has happened. The counselors describe that an empathetic approach and respect for the individual in the meeting is important for women to dare to tell their story. When it comes to methods, it was found that they don’t use any special methods in the work. They work with the client´s memory of the rape in different ways depending on where the client is.

  • 52.
    Andersson, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Bodell, Monica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Barnfattigdom: en kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares uppfattning och deras förebyggande arbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study´s purpose was to find out Social workers view on child poverty and how it affects children and prevention. For this, a qualitative methodology was used and six social workers were interviewed and a hermeneutic methodology was used in the interpretation. The results showed that social workers definition of child poverty was in line with Save the children and that children living with parents receiving income support or low income living in child poverty. According to the informants children ends up in exclusion because they do not have opportunities to get fashionable material things. They also mean that leisure activities are important not to fall outside the social arena. Prevention is more directed at the parents than the children and thereby they work indirectly with the children. The informants also believe that it is important that parents begin any employment to strength themselves, reinforcing the children´s self-esteem. A stressful work environment turns out and this can lead to that the child´s perspective easily falls in to the background when management of financial assistance.

  • 53.
    Andersson, Mimmi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lindberg, Kristin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ekonomiskt bistånd: En studie om handläggarnas upplevelse av införandet av robothandläggning i socialtjänsten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social welfare - A study on the introduction of robotic techniques in social services

    We have studied how administrators in social services experience the new work method with robotic techniques. Based on a focus group interview and two deep interviews, the finding shows that it is important to provide information and time when making a reorganization. The new work method has caused concern among the administrators about the future of social work. They are critical of how the implementation process has been addressed. The results we gained show that the administrators look forward to the future regarding robotic techniques, even though their attitudes have been negative. Based on our findings we have concluded that the decision of implementing robotic techniques has been made at higher level and that the administrators lacked influence in the decision-making process. We have also made observations of what have been published in the media to see how the attitudes of the administrators were influenced by what is written. 

     

    Keywords: Social welfare, robotic techniques, attitudes, mass media, social services

  • 54.
    Andersson, Ros-Mari
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kolm, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det allra bästa stödet: En kvalitativ intervju- och vinjettstudie om socialtjänstens arbete med barn som upplevt våld i familjen utifrån socialarbetares beskrivningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to study how social workers in social services in a municipality describe their work with children and parents in families where children have experienced violence within the family. The research questions concerned how children participate in social service work and what support children and parents receive. Five social workers were interviewed with a thematised interview guide and a vignette. The theoretical perspectives applied in the analysis were the systems theory and risk and protective factors. The results showed that children participate in social service work by being given information and support based on their needs. It also emerged that social services applied an overall policy of offering support to both children and parents in families where children have experienced violence. The results furthermore showed that social services can help families develop their social network.

  • 55. Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    Hall, Maria
    Ensamkommande barns integration: en kvalitativ studie av socialarbetares erfarenheter2013In: Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & My Lilja, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 51-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Hall, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Ensamkommande barns integration: en kvalitativ studie av socialarbetares erfarenheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to seek information about social workers understanding of unaccompanied children´s integration in to the Swedish society and the approaches different participants, amongst them social workers, had when they conducted this work. The data was gathered by qualitative interviews. We analyzed the interview results by proceeding from systems theory and empowerment. The results of the study showed language, education and meaningful leisure were important parts of the unaccompanied children's integration into the society. According to the interviewed social workers, they did not work in practice with the children's integration; this was the responsibility of the staff at the accommodations/foster home and the trustees. Important conclusions drawn from this study were that the society showed a weak interest in the unaccompanied children and that the social workers considered the documents in use were not always suitable for the unaccompanied children. Another conclusion was that the socialworkers considered the documents not always being followed by those who worked close to the children.

  • 57.
    Andrén, Maria
    et al.
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Sponseller, Kay
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Om och om igen: studiehäfte till gymnastik-musikprogrammet1988Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 58.
    Andrén, Marianne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Boman, Tomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Behov av kompetensutveckling bland verksamhetschefer och biståndshandläggare i Region Gävleborg: omsorg om äldre personer : omsorg om personer med funktionsnedsättning2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport har varit att kartlägga kompetensbehov som finns bland enhetschefer/verksamhetschefer och biståndshandläggare inom äldreomsorg och omsorg om funktionsnedsatta i Region Gävleborg. Kartläggningen genomfördes genom en webbenkät som besvarades av totalt 155 respondenter. Resultatet visade att, trots att Högskolan i Gävle i den nuvarande socionomutbildningen har inslag av ämnesspecifika kunskaper inom äldre- och funktionshinderområdet samt en specifik kurs inom organisation/ledarskap, finns behov av kompetensutveckling på grundläggande högskolenivå inom dessa områden. Likartade kompetensutvecklingsbehov uttrycktes även på avancerad-/masternivå. För att kunna erbjuda den kompetensutveckling som efterfrågas är det av vikt att arbetsgivare och Högskolan i Gävle samverkar kring utformning av utbildningsinsatser för att ge goda förutsättningar för medarbetare att delta och genomföra dessa.

  • 59.
    Ankargård, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Skilberg, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ungdomars upplevelse av social medias risker och möjligheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Young people’s experience of social media’s risks and opportunities

    Social media is taking an ever-bigger place in the everyday life of young people, but how much space does it really take. We read in the media about how young people are being subjected to abuse, insults and bullying through their social media.

    Through our study, we want to show how some young people themselves argue about their use of social media. We also want to elevate their thoughts on the risks and opportunities they can see with social media. We have interviewed seven young people from different areas of Stockholm between the ages of 15-19 years.

    The conclusion of the study is that young people can see that there are risks with social media. At the same time, they see that the potential of social media, such as giving them a fast communication channel to their friends, both close and far away, and also having access to news and information from around the world, contemplates the risks.

  • 60.
    Annikova, Elena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Public Service Announcement: the way to attract attention to problem in society and to change model of social behavior: a multi methods research, which is combined both of quantitative and qualitative methods, about Public Service Announcement2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This multi methods research, which is combined both of quantitative and qualitative methods, is about Public Service Announcement (PSA). This study is aimed to find out if something changes in behavior of people and their attitude to social problem in Russia by an impact of PSA and to understand whereby PSA impacts on changes in behavior of people and rise of attention to social problem in Russia. In order to achieve thesis aims, various types of data presented in this research: a survey of   50 people from different age and sex groups and interviews with a workers of two social organizations. To analyze a data, it were used a univariate and bivariate analysis for quantitative data. Analysis of qualitative data is done in a phenomenological way. According to the results, PSA performs its tasks, something it’s changed in people by impact of PSA, people of all ages noted an  influence of PSA on them, they get to know about social problem, begin to think about or changed their behavior, begun to work as volunteers, made a donation. By all this aspects as emotion, feeling, sensation, design, PSA impact on changes in behavior of people and rise of attention to social problem in Russia.  PSA impacts across effective psychological mechanism such as an emotional sphere of personality. Psychological aspects can be divided into cognitive and emotional. Emotion is one of the key factors of the PSAs. It is established that emotional memory is much stronger than other types of memory, affects human behavior. Cognitive component is related to how advertising information is perceived by people. All elements like an illustration, title, text, logo, layout and general features of the image determine the overall effect of advertising. PSA is a display of goodwill of society, its principled position on socially significant values. Social advertising can and should be considered as a mode of operation of social services.

  • 61.
    Antonsen, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lind, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Vad tänker du när du hör ordet terrorism?": En intervjustudie om individers uppfattningar om terrorism2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has exanimated different individuals’ conceptions and perceptions of terrorism. To examine this issue we have done semi-structured interviews with six different individuals. The first main result of the study and the most important conclusion was that different individuals had different perceptions about what terrorism is and how it should be defined. Most of the interviewees counted both physically and psychologically harmed people as victims of terrorism. The main result when it comes to conceptions about terrorists looks was that terrorists have “big beard” and were “Muslims”. When it comes to medias representation of terrorism most of the interviewees believed that media angle and leave out information, and that this had some influence on their perception of terrorism. The interviewees also mentioned an increased fear and concern about terrorism, something that did not affect their daily routines and activities.

  • 62.
    Arboleda, Ginna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Byrén, Emely
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Professionals`view on interventions offered for adult victims of sexual abuse2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 63.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Axner, Carolina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En gemensam socialtjänst: En kvantitativ studie om socialarbetares syn på specialisering och samverkan inom Socialtjänst Gävle2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the social workers’ views on the working conditions within specialized personal social services. The study was conducted by an online-survey administered to all social workers within personal social services in Gävle. The analysis was supported by previous research, collaboration theory and organization theory. The results showed that the social workers were on an overall level satisfied with the specialized organization. The social workers agreed more on the advantages with specialization than with the disadvantages. Furthermore, the results showed that the social workers were of the same opinion regarding the consequences affecting the clients, for example too many social workers involved in client’s cases. The results also showed that the social workers believed that more knowledge about each other and each other’s areas of responsibility facilitates collaboration. Similarities and differences between how social workers responsible for exercising public authority and those who work with treatment and support experienced a specialized personal social service as well as limitations regarding the work with clients were discussed.

  • 64.
    Aslan, Pinar
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    The Swedish Agency for Work Environment Expertise, Gävle, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    What Works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market2019In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, p. 134-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine family influences on occupational aspirations among employed descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. Using a qualitative approach, we conducted 21 semi-structured interviews with native-born descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. We present and analyse their interpretations of their parents’ experiences and living conditions before, during and after migration and demonstrate how these interpretations shaped their own occupational aspirations. We discuss parents’ high expectations of their children in relation to ethnic-community valuations of educational and occupational achievements. These high expectations may increase the chances of social mobility but can also become a negative pressure, especially if parents set high standards but cannot help their children to meet those expectations. In these cases, older siblings who possess valuable knowledge of the educational system and labour market can function as important transferrers of resources.

  • 65.
    Asplund, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Andersson, Linnéa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    “Är du inte redo nu så står vi här, polisen finns kvar...”: En diskursanalytisk studie om polisens arbete med våld i nära relation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to identify existing discourses of violence in close

    relationships based on investigators' reasoning within the police in order to visualize its

    consequences in the next step. The method chosen was of a qualitative nature, interviews

    were held with three investigators from a medium-sized city in Sweden. The material was

    then processed using a discourse analysis inspired by Foucault, as well as previous

    research on the subject. Three discourses were identified which were the discourse of

    gender, the normalization process and the attitude to theoretical knowledge. The result of

    the study shows that the investigators' attitude towards theoretical knowledge is something

    that affects their work in different ways, which may adventure the fact that investigators'

    work is based on unreliable knowledge.

  • 66.
    Axelsson, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Wadström, Angelica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En diskursanalys av hemlöshetens politik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis has been made with the purpose of identifying discourses in the way media choose to portray the situation of the homeless as well as the homeless themselves. The aim is also to investigate whether these discourses have an ideological foundation. Previous research distinguishes two main discourses where the responsibility of the individual and the responsibility of the society are portrayed as being in opposition to each other. Our method has been to perform a discourse analysis of political statements and debate articles which have been published in Aftonbladet and Dagens Nyheter. We chose to focus on these two newspapers since they are two of the Swedish newspapers which sell the most copies. Three general discourses were visible; the perspective of the society, the perspective of the individual, and the third, combined perspective of the society and the individual. Our results showed that the perspective of the individual was the most wide-spread discourse. We did not find ground for any connection to ideology. Instead we found that it could be connected to the ruling government or to the opposing parties. Opinions from people belonging to a ruling political party tended to have the perspective of the individual in mind, whereas the opposing parties demanded greater efforts from society.

  • 67.
    Azoba, Cosmos
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Munezero, Ange
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Professionals' View on Social Integration of Young People with Immigrant Background in the Labour Market In Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is twofold. First, the study aims to investigate how employment agency officers, in both public and private agencies, perceive how they help young people with immigrant background to access the labour market. Secondly, the study aims to investigate these professionals’ perspectives on the possibilities and barriers faced by young people with immigrant background in their process of labour integration.

    A qualitative study, with face to face semi - structured interviews was conducted with five professionals from both the public and private sector of the Swedish work agency in one municipality in mid Sweden. A social constructivist perspective and empowerment and advocacy theory were used. The results show the importance of the Swedish language and its importance to establish social contacts in the process of finding jobs and integrate. The results also show other difficulties immigrants may face in the labor market such as regulations laid by employers or recruiters as requirements such as being fluent in Swedish language. According to the professionals, the youth immigrants with educational background have an easier access to integration. With "Nystartsjobb" (new start job) the youth immigrants can build networks, increase their language knowledge, get references and experience and job benefits in case of job loss.

  • 68.
    Backe-Hansen, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Norwegian Social Research (NOVA), Department for Research on Childhood, Family, and Child Welfare, Norway.
    Højer, Ingrid
    Department of Social Work, Göteborg Universitet, Sweden.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm Unversity, Sweden.
    Storø, Jan
    Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Child Welfare Program, Norway.
    Out of home care in Norway and Sweden – similar and different2013In: Psychosocial Intervention, ISSN 1132-0559, E-ISSN 2173-4712, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 193-202Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An overview of the current situation in the out-of-home care in Norway and Sweden is presented in this article; also the development in later years is described and discussed. Socially, politically and culturally there are few differences between Norway and Sweden. Child protection and out-of-home placement of children and young people are integrated parts in the welfare state that are shared by the Nordic countries. It is a model that builds on principles of universalism and decommodification of social rights. The welfare model presupposes high public legitimacy for a high level of social expenditure. However the idea of marketization and privatization has also affected the welfare model in Sweden and Norway. Although there are more similarities than differences between the two countries' child protection systems, the article discusses some differences, for example the after care services, new groups of children and young people in the out-of-home care, like young unaccompanied asylum seekers. There are also some differences when it comes to privatization, the introduction of evidence-based methods in the child protection system and the tension between general and residual services for children and young people in the child protection system.

  • 69.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Content in the Context of Welfare Configurations: A Comparative Institutional Analysis of Self-Reporting on Corporate Social ResponsibilityArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper connects to research on the institutional determinants of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and examines corporate CSR agendas in the context of four differing national institutional arrangements for welfare. An analysis is presented of how self-reported CSR differs in content across two Western welfare states (UK and Sweden) and two emerging economies in the Global South (South Africa and Mauritius). The paper is based on original data collected from corporate self-reporting on CSR. Differences in content given to CSR across the four country contexts are discussed in terms of institutional complementarity and similarity between CSR and welfare configurations at the national level. The findings indicate that differences in self-reported CSR agendas are particularly evident between the two established economies on the one hand, and the two emerging economies on the other. These findings are analysed in terms of companies seeking legitimacy in the context of existing provisions for welfare, or the lack thereof.

  • 70.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Discourse and power in the institutionalisation of corporate social responsibility (CSR): A comparative perspectiveArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines how companies use discourse in corporate social responsibility (CSR) self-reporting to construct their engagement in social issues. Discourse is examined through the lens of ‘interpretative repertoires’ used in the reporting, which appear as recurrent habitual sets of explanations that are constitutive of CSR’s meanings. Using an innovative perspective that combines discursive institutionalism with Foucault’s notions of knowledge, power and discourse, the article examines how interpretative repertoires are used in self-reporting and how this has social consequences. The contribution to CSR research is both theoretical and empirical. Beginning with the assumption that context is an important aspect of how discourse is constructed, the empirical material includes company self-reporting from two emerging economy contexts (South Africa and Mauritius) and two advanced welfare states (Sweden and the UK). The analysis reveals the ways in which interpretative repertoires reflect how the versions of CSR are anchored in institutional contexts. How these repertoires are constructed also reveals how companies exercise power by constructing the conditions, and setting the boundaries, for company engagement in social issues.

  • 71.
    Backlund Rambaree, Brita
    Stockholms universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    The institutional work of responsible investing: Institutional creation, maintenance and meaning constructionArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines socially responsible investing (SRI) as a form of institutional work that institutional investors engage in. The lens of institutional work is applied to a qualitative interview study on how institutional investors in Sweden take part in SRI. The article shows that the practice of SRI involves both institutional creation and maintenance, through the creation of new practices as well as the maintenance of the existing institution of financial investments. As argued in the article, this dual institutional process has implications for the meanings given to SRI. By connecting institutional creation and institutional maintenance and linking them to meaning construction, this article contributes to the research on institutional work with an innovative analysis of how a concept is given meaning through the actions of institutional investors such as banks, pension funds, insurance companies and asset management companies, as well as the individuals within these organisations. 

  • 72.
    Badal, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Freimuth, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Social Integration into Society of Female Re-offenders: From the Perspective of Professionals2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 73.
    Barbashina, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Representation of people with disabilities: A content analysis of Russian press2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study was to examine how Russian press represents people with disabilities. The study was conducted using the method of qualitative content analysis. The material for the analysis consisted of sixty articles selected from Russian's four national newspapers. The study covered a period of the year 2011. Labeling theory and stigma were used for the analysis of the results. The results showed that Russian press described discrimination of people with disabilities, social support provided to them by the Government and their active way of life. The newspaper articles mentioned that the Russian Government tries to integrate disabled people into society. The study did not find any significant differences in the representation of people with disabilities in various newspapers. It was found that the articles covered physical disabilities, such as mobility, hearing and visual impairments.

  • 74.
    Bark, Jannicka
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Therapists working together with Horses: Equine Assisted Psychotherapy: Treating youths with addiction2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 75.
    Barthel, Stephan
    et al.
    Department of History, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Parker, John
    National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA; Barrett Honors College, Arizona State University, Tempe, USA.
    Folke, Carl
    Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden; Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Colding, Johan
    Stockholm Resilience Center, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Urban gardens: pockets of social-ecological memory2014In: Greening in the Red Zone: Disaster, Resilience, and Community Greening Part II / [ed] Keith G. Tidball and Marianne E. Krasny, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands , 2014, p. 145-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that urban allotment gardens provide important ecosystem services. Their potential to act as sources of local resilience during times of crisis is less appreciated, despite the role they have played as areas of food security during times of crisis in history. Their ability to provide such relief, however, requires that the skills and knowledge needed for effective gardening can be transmitted over time and across social groups. In short, some portion of urban society must remember how to grow food. This chapter proposes that collectively managed gardens function as ‘pockets’ of social-ecological memory in urban landscapes by storing the knowledge and experience required to grow food. Allotment gardeners operate as ‘communities of practice’ with ecosystem stewardship reflecting long-term, dynamic interactions between community members and gardening sites. Social-ecological memories about food production and past crises are retained and transmitted through habits, traditions, informal institutions, artifacts and the physical structure of the gardens themselves. Allotment gardens thus serve as incubators of social-ecological knowledge with experiences that can be accessed and transferred to other land uses in times of crisis, contributing to urban resilience. Conversely, failure to protect these pockets of social-ecological memory could result in a collective ‘forgetting’ of important social-ecological knowledge and reduce social-ecological resilience.

  • 76.
    Bastbacken, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hallgren, Rebecka
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En meningsfull tillvaro: En studie om äldres känsla av meningsfullhet genom hemtjänstens verksamhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A meaningful existence

    The purpose of this study was to examine the degree to which a care recipient is experiencing a meaningful existence by established homecare services. The study was conducted through a structured, qualitative interview method with care recipients, carers and care managers, analysis of empirical data has been based on symbolic interaction and dramaturgical perspective. We have found that crucial for the individual to feel meaningfulness is social interaction with other people, that the living environment is satisfying and desirable, and that the individual also possesses a sense of security. Despite the fact that the home care services, to varying degrees, affect these aspects, the study's main conclusion is that individuals usually do not associate the granted proceedings with the sense of meaningfulness

  • 77.
    Beckley, Amber L.
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Kardell, Johan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sarnecki, Jerzy
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology. Stockholms universitet.
    Immigration and crime in Sweden2015In: Routledge handbook on crime and international migration / [ed] Sharon Pickering and Julie Ham, Abingdon: Routledge, 2015, p. 41-54Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 78.
    Beijmo, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Not just a teenage phase: - functions of non-suicidal self-injury in adults2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how adults 25 years old and over describe the functions of their non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and to explore whether they report any changes in their experience with NSSI as they become older. Qualitative e-mail interviews were used in order to capture the participants’ experiences. The results of the study were analysed based on coping theory and previous research. The results indicate that, consistent with previous literature, adults self-injure for mostly the same reasons as adolescents – however, as the previous research shows adolescents are more likely to hurt themselves in order to communicate with others. The adults in the present sample report using problem-solving coping strategies to the same extent as emotion-focused strategies; a slight deviation from previous research which has suggested that people who self-injure are more likely to employ emotion-focused strategies. The participants of the study generally experience a feeling of increased control and deliberation of their self-injury as they have gotten older; hurting themselves has become a purposeful coping strategy. The results of this study might have implications for treatment of self-injury in adults; focusing the treatment on strengthening the adults’ autonomy and encouraging further problem-solving coping strategies might be beneficial.

  • 79.
    Bekamp, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Mikaelsdotter, Alicia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Konsekvensen av att vara psykiskt och fysiskt stark: En studie om maskulinitetsnormens påverkan vid psykisk ohälsa och samtalsstöd2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Statistics show that the suicide rate amongst men is high and that men do not seek professional help in the same extent as women. Previous research suggests that the reason behind this may have to do with masculinity norms, expressing that men must be mentally and physically strong and have the ability to deal with problems on their own. The aim of this study is to investigate young men’s attitude to seek counselling for mental health problems and what impact they think masculinity norms has on the willingness to seek counselling.

    Interviews with six young men show that our results are consistent with previous research in terms of the negative impact masculinity norms have on men’s general approach towards counselling. The young men’s attitude is however positive towards counselling. They suggested that counselling could be normalized through more information and expanded outreach strategies. Our conclusion is that men are positive towards counselling despite masculinity norms.

  • 80.
    Belin, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Järvenpää, Heli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Barnet som aktör eller objekt?: Socialsekreterarens syn på barnets delaktighet i utredningsprocessen inom socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Results from earlier research referring to a child’s participation in investigations within social childcare shows that there is a coherent vision of making the child involved in the process of the investigation. However, that vision is not reflected in practical work.The purpose of this qualitative study was to study social workers’ vision of the child’s participation in investigations concerning themselves. The empirical data was consisted of six interviews with social workers, analyzed by childhood sociology, Hart´s participation ladder and Shier´s model of that ladder. The result showed that all informants consider the child’s involvement to be important. But they have different definitions of involvement or participation. What affects participation according to the informants is the age of the child, personal traits and the specific situation. Central to the study is that social workers need to be flexible and adapt to the situation. The informants also expressed the dilemma of trying to consider both the best of the child and the child’s right to be heard.

  • 81.
    Bellelind, Mia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Borvall, Chanda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Försvårande faktorer i grundskolan: – En kvalitativ studie om tidigare grundskoleelevers upplevelser 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to investigate the aggravating factors that pupils experienced during their time in Compulsory School and how the school responded to the students' difficulties. The empirical material is based on the stories of five students at the Introductory Programme (IM). Complementary to the students' experiences, an IM teacher, who previously worked in Compulsory School, was interviewed to get a more objective perspective. The study is qualitative and the material has been thematized and contextualized with the state of knowledge and then analyzed with the chosen theory, Sense of Coherence (SOC). In the results it appears that the students experienced discontinuity, lack of follow-up and insufficient demands, resulting in a lost sense of belonging to and feeling coherence in school.

     

    Title: “Aggravating Factors in Compulsory School” – A qualitative study of former Compulsory School students' experiences

  • 82.
    Bengts, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nässén, Nessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    The power dynamics of unequal sex: A qualitative study to explore perceptions of gender, power and safe sex behavior in Thailand2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report was the outcome of a Minor Field Study project, financed by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and carried out in the areas of Rayong and Pattaya, Thailand. The purpose of the study was to explore how social workers experience gender inequalities and HIV. Though condoms are available, safe sex is not practiced whether it be within steady relationships or in the sex trade. We interviewed fifteen social workers who are currently working with those who are HIV positive or in a risk zone. Our aim was to hear their reasons why safe sex is not practiced even though being HIV positive caused social, physical and financial havoc. We then analyzed the material using Connell’s theory of sexual inequality, gender and power imbalances by help of the data analysis program ATLAS-ti 6.2. Our findings showed several examples of how the social workers interpret gender inequalities which created situations where women and youth became vulnerable to the transmission of HIV. Due to the power men have over women, culturally-based inequalities, religious proxies, social workers believe women are not able to decide when it comes to practicing safe sex or not.

  • 83.
    Bengtsson, Helene
    et al.
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Nikanorsson, Teres
    University of Gävle. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology. University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Många och gamla!: -en kvalitativ studie om några 40-talisters syn på framtidens äldreomsorg2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Många och gamla! - Hur vill 40-talisterna ha sin framtid inom äldreomsorgen?

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur fyra informanter, vilka är födda mellan åren 1940 till 1949, ser på sin framtid som eventuellt hjälpbehövande inom äldreomsorgen samt vilka behov, farhågor och förväntningar de har.  För att utföra denna studie har vi använt oss av en kvalitativ metod med intervjuer, där fyra informanter, två kvinnor och två män deltog. Intresset för studien och framtidens äldreomsorg är stort. Det märktes inledningsvis i studien att många ville få chansen att komma fram och berätta om deras känslor i ämnet. Intervjuerna baseras på ostrukturerade frågor som öppnar upp för informanten att berätta mer än vad strikt strukturerade frågor gör, och intervjuerna fortlöpte mer som samtal. Arbetet bygger på resultatet av intervjuerna och är analyserade med hjälp av livsloppsperspektivet, Eriksons utvecklingsteori och rollteorin.

     

    En av de delar som uppmärksammas i undersökningen är att åsikterna skiftar hos våra informanter om hur dagens äldreomsorg bedrivs och hur de vill ha det i framtiden. En slutsats som dras utifrån studien är att våra informanter inte tror att 40-talisterna kommer att ha mer krav på framtidens äldreomsorg. Det viktigaste för våra informanter var att få vara frisk så de kan få göra det som önskas göra, men även att bli behandlade som människor om och när de blir kunder inom äldreomsorgen är något de prioriterar. En av informanterna upplever den tid han är i nu som en tid då krämporna börjar komma och arbetet blir tyngre att sköta, han ser tillbaka på sin uppväxt och ser att det arbete han haft i ungdomen nu tycks ha satt sina spår. Flertalet av informanterna i studien uppger att de känner att de är på de nedre trappstegen i livet, detta till trots, har ett par av dem som medverkade i studien, svårt att tala om framtiden som hjälpbehövande, då de helst vill se bort, och inte tänka på detta. Ett par av våra informanter tar förgivet att deras anhöriga och då främst barnen kommer att finnas där och strida för dem då det behövs. Det är många i denna generation som inte vågar bli gamla på grund av den vård som finns idag, "Som äldreomsorgen ser ut idag hoppas jag att jag avlider innan det blir dags att få hjälp" uttrycker sig en av våra informanter och härigenom ser vi den rädsla som vi talar om inledningsvis i arbetet. 

  • 84.
    Bengtsson, Josefin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Hellman, Malin
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Tonåringars upplevelse av livskvalitet: En beskrivande och jämförande studie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe how adolescents experiences their quality of life, and to

    compare if there are any differences in how they experiences their QOL depending on where

    they live, big town or smaller town. The aim was also to examine how adolescents

    experienced their schooling. The study is empirically, quantitative with a descriptive and

    comparative design. To measure quality of life a tried and tested instrument – Life

    Satisfaction Questionnaire (LSQ) was used. The questionnaire was distributed and collected

    by the authors.142 students participated, 79 from the larger city and 63 from the smaller city.

    The results of this study showed that adolescents, 16-19 years, rated their overall QOL as high

    and that there were no significant differences between the cities regarding on how the

    adolescents experienced their overall QOL. There were significant differences in some of the

    sub factors. There were significant differences in the factors ”physical symptoms”, influence

    of illness” and “Experience of every day meaningful activities”. Adolescents from the larger

    city experienced higher levels of meaningful activities, and adolescents in the smaller city

    experienced less physical symptoms and influence of illness. The results also showed that the

    adolescents rated their ability to manage their studies as high, and that there were few that felt

    depressed or/and bullied. The adolescents in this study felt that their schooling was

    represented of both a positive and a negative adjective. Funny and instructive recurred

    frequently, but also tough occurred often.

  • 85.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    ‘Well, it’s up to me now’ – young care leavers’ strategies for handling adversities when leaving out-of-home care in Sweden2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no sup 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis qualitative longitudinal study of 20 young Swedish care leavers investigates their subjective experience of and strategies for handling adversities when being in the process of leaving out-of-home care. The empirical data is based on two sets of interviews, the first conducted at time 1 (T1) when they were still in care but the moving out process had begun, the second (T2) 6-10 months later when the vast majority had left care. The thematic analysis based on resilience theory showed that the majority of the informants over time developed process-oriented strategies, which in our categorization emanated either from the inner world of the informants (e.g. through re-framing of experiences and an emerging self-reliance) or from their outer contextual world (e.g. through a restructuring of the social network). The results are discussed from a resilience theoretical perspective in which the informants' strategies are illustrated by the conceptual pair of 'navigation' and 'negotiation', used to make sense of their inner and outer world-oriented strategies.

  • 86.
    Bengtsson, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Young care leavers’ expectations of their future: A question of time horizon2018In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 188-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates young care leavers’ expectations of their future after discharge from care. The results are based on qualitative longitudinal data where 16- to 21-year-old care leavers (n = 15) were interviewed twice, first when still in care but planning for their discharge (T1) and the second time 6–9 months later (T2). The analysis using a general inductive approach showed that their expectations were dependent on the time horizon and that there was an obvious difference between the young informants’ short- and long-term expectations. Their short-term expectations consisted of worries connected to their approaching discharge (at T1) and how to cope with challenges of everyday life after discharge from care (at T2). These results seem to echo negative outcomes shown in previous quantitative research. However, the informants’ long-term expectations provide a different picture, being mainly positive in both interviews (T1 and T2). The results are discussed from a life course perspective, where the informants’ visions of their future are framed and understood in terms of the different stages of their transition process.

  • 87.
    Berg, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hansson, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    What hinders and promotes the use of CBT in a residential home?: - an interiew study2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aimed to identify how personnel working in a residential home in Sweden work withCognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) orientation within the organization. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five personnel. The research questions were; How do the personnel describe the CBT orientation? How do the personnel describe the CBT tools and methods? How do the personnel describe and measure the implementation of CBT?

    The results were analyzed an Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) tool in order to gain a greater understanding of the data. The theories used to analyze the results were the learning theory, attachment theory and New Public Management (NPM). The results of this study indicate that CBT was incorporated in the daily lives of the residents throughout the course of the day and the personnel described common methods such as Aggression Replacement Therapy (ART), Dialectal Behavioral Therapy (DBT), and Motivational Interviewing (MI). 

  • 88.
    Berg, Mia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Frånlund, Christin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Att vara lugnet i stormen: Krisstödjares upplevelser av möten med barn efter barnförhör2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore what is considered important in a crisis supportintervention after child interrogation at a child advocacy center. The method used was semistructuredinterviews with four social workers in the crisis support team. The analysis wasbased on systems theory and salutogenesis. The result showed that the legal process,constructed to protect children’s rights, also contributes to the crisis. It showed that the parentsneed to be strengthened in order to support the child. The social workers feel that they help thefamilies in the first crisis, but a lack of resources prevent them from continuing the support,missing the chance to real change. We discusses how well the social workers could helpputting children in a better position than before, with the crisis support method.

  • 89.
    Berglund, Anna - Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Eriksson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Jag är en individ och jag är också värd någonting": röster om att ha varit föremål för ett tvångsomhändertagande som barn2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate people's experiences of having been forcible custody according to LVU as children. This has been studied by a qualitative method and four women were interviewed using a interview guide that covered the question areas: treatment, education, relationships and identity formation. The results were interpreted by the life model, which is a part of the ecological system theory, as well as by cognitive theory. Prominent findings were that informants often felt that they were not heard in any investigation or decision context, and that their opinions seldom were taken into account. Further, few informants had not completed their education, however, at the time of the interviews they were all self-sufficient. Finally, it was also found that they had a secure relationship with an adult during the investment period and that this had rendered in a positive identity development.

  • 90.
    Berglund, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Thomassen, Åsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hur identifieras barn i förskoleklass med behov av särskilt stöd?: En studie ur lärares perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur lärare identifierar barn med behov av särskiltstöd i förskoleklass och om det ges likvärdigt stöd till alla. Detta har gjorts genom enkvalitativ studie där lärare (n=17) på tolv skolor i en mellanstor stad i Sverige harintervjuats. Huvudresultatet visar att barn måste ha en fastställd diagnos för att fåsärskilt stöd, dock räcker inte alltid det utan det behövs ett kraftigt utåtagerandebeteende där barnet är en fara för sig själv och/eller andra. Barn med inåtvänt beteendeupptäcks som regel senare än de med utåtagerande beteende. I resultatet framkom attbarn med utåtagerande beteende oftare får insatser än barn med inåtvänt beteende, vilketgör att det inte blir likvärdig skolgång för alla. Eftersom avvikande beteenden är socialtkonstruerade i samhället valde vi att använda oss av socialkonstruktivismen för våranalys, samt genusperspektivet då det finns skillnader mellan könen.

  • 91.
    Berglund, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ångman, Hannah
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Anhörigas integrering i missbruksvården: Socialsekreterares och missbruksbehandlares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The social services and previous research has argued that the integration of relatives and close family to addictive health care is lacking. Despite this, an increasing number of researchers underline its importance and meaningfulness in addictive health care. Building on this, our aim was to investigate how relatives and close family are integrated in addictive health care and what implications it has for the relatives, the addict, as well as the addictive healt care and the treatment. The study is based on four qualitiative interviews with social workers and treaters of addictive behaviors. The results based on heremenutic interpretation, empowerment- and systems theory showed that the integration of relatives from a professional perspective is an obvious part of the work with the addict and that the intregation have a great impact on the addict’s recovery as well as on the quality of life for the relatives. The integration built on knowledge and understanding among the relatives, enabled them to divert from their role as enablers of addictive behavior, and instead being able to set boundaries against the addict. In order to make the addicts recovery durable, a prominent condition was thus that the addiction was put into a bigger frame, i.e. the addict’s social network.

  • 92.
    Bergman, Jim
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Gullberg, Tomas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Good enough": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om svenska frivårdsinspektörers erfarenheter av att använda RBM-modellen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine and illustrate Swedish probation officers’ experiences of their use of the RNR model. We have completed six qualitative interviews with probation officers. The probation officers showed a positive attitude towards the RNR model. They also showed experiences of flaws and difficulties in their use of the model and related these to the risk assessment instrument and the characteristics of the clients. The positive effects that the use of the RNR model had was that it brought structure, lucidity and focus to their work. They also pointed out the models relative advantage towards earlier methods. It was also clear that the probation officers had different views of the responsivity principle. These different views could affect their use of this principle. The difficulties regarding the use of the model that could be related to the probation officers’ experiences consisted of several possible causes. Education regarding the model was one of these possible causes that we found could explain the experienced difficulties in the probation officers use of the RNR model.

  • 93.
    Bergman, Madeleine
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Johansson, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Den känslomässiga upplevelsen och hanteringen av föräldrarrnas skilsmässa: En kvalitativ studie om skilsmässobarn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    480 000 children in Sweden have parents who live apart. We asked ourselves what a divorce is to a child emotinally and how the child copes with the divorce. We performed qualitative interviews with four different adults who grew up with divorced parents to find some answers. Our study shows that the divorce often make the child feel guilty over not being sufficient for one or both parents. In the long run, both parents usually feel better after the divorce which seems to have a positive effect with the childs emotional side, also how the parents themselves dealt with the divorce. We found a connection between how the informants described their parents way of coping with the divorce with their own. The amount of influence the informants had over deciscions regarding themselves and their own situation seemed to be decisive for a favorable way of coping. 

  • 94.
    Bergman, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Larsson, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hur motiveras beviljade insatser inom socialt arbete?: En kvalitativ studie om en fiktiv familjs beviljade insatser i Hudiksvalls kommun2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that people with complex social problems often require services from several different divisions and/or organizations of the social services in order to cover all of family’s needs. However, when it comes to cooperation between these divisions and/or organizations, disagreements and structural differences in addressing social problems can lead to people ‘falling through the cracks.’ Coordinated services is a part of legislation in both the Social Services and Healthcare laws of Sweden since 2010 and is to be used as a guideline when there is a need for internal and/or external cooperation between several organizations. The purpose of this study is to examine how cooperation between different divisions within the social services works today as well as the process of how services are granted by different divisions, how granted services are then defended by the division which grants them and how differences in how case workers organize the investigation process can impact outcome in granted services. To complete  this study, two focus groups, compiled of representatives from different divisions of the social services, were interviewed regarding a fictive family.  The results of this study appear to be consistent with previous research showing that cooperation is crucial when it comes to working with individuals/families with complex needs. At the same time, the results shows that cooperation between organizations and divisions doesn’t always work as it should. This study reveals differences between the two focus groups concerning the number of granted services recommended and the explanations given for granting (or not granting) certain services.  The focus groups also differed concerning the extent to which case workers decisions are impacted by factors outside the family such as money, the organization’s budget and politics. Even when internal cooperation within the city government succeeds, both focus groups highlight an even greater need for development of cooperation between external organizations.

  • 95.
    Bergström, Märit
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Cederlund, Tina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kommunikation och omsorgsrelation mellan omvårdnadspersonal och demenssjuka personer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 96.
    Bergström Nilsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Norlin, Josefine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Varför slutar de?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av sin arbetssituation2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get a deeper understanding through a qualitative perspective about the background to high employee turnover in the unit of child and youth care within social services and also how this could be counteracted. Six semi-structured interviews with people who have chosen to resign from child and youth care within social services were conducted. The results show repetitive descriptions of unsustainable working conditions characterized by low wages, lack of time, lack of feedback and commitment from colleagues, absence of trust to the supervision and burnout. The previous social workers described that they would have needed more colleagues, better communication with the supervisor, a team leader, more tutoring and higher wages to stay in their jobs. Our main conclusions are that there is a big complexity in the background to employee turnover and we consider that a holistic perspective is essential to be able to beat this.

  • 97.
    Bergström Östling, Louise
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Fält, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Social work with female rape survivors: An exploration of what challenges social workers may experience in their work with female rape survivors and the strategies and methods used in this work2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was twofold. First, to explore what challenges social workers may experience in their work with female rape survivors. The second aim was to explore how social workers work with females who have survived rape. A qualitative research design was chosen, and semi-structured interviews with social workers were conducted. Thematic analysis was used to structure the findings. Four themes were found in connection to challenges; feelings of shame and guilt among rape survivors, the criminal proceedings, to not be able to help all survivors and lastly potential threats to social workers’ own wellbeing. The findings regarding methods were that the social workers adapt their work strategies based on the needs of the survivor. The social workers used strategies focused on reducing feelings of shame and guilt and normalizing symptoms.

  • 98.
    Beronius, Natalie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lundberg, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    "Ni har ingen aning om vilket jobb jag gör här hemma": om biologiska barns uppväxt med fostersyskon2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this qualitative study was to investigate biological children’s experience of growing up in private foster care homes. This was done through a retrospective perspective, and the purpose was to focus on the children’s experiences of being in a family with foster siblings, and the support they perceive that they received from the social services. The empirical data is based on four interviews with adults that during their childhood were growing up as biological children in private foster care homes. When analysing the result, the childhood sociology perspective, the child perspective, and Hart’s ladder of participation were used. The result showed that the interviewees did not perceive the social services incorporating them as biological children in the foster care process. The level of participation was instead determined by the parents’ intuition. The informants perceived their relationship to their parents as good, however, half of them had wished more time and more attention. The majority of the participants described that they took a great deal of responsibility for their foster care siblings, either voluntarily or involuntarily. Further on, the result indicated that the interviewees had, thanks to growing up with foster care siblings, developed empathy and a more profound understanding of others. Finally, the result showed that the majority of the informants felt a strong bond to their foster care siblings, had good relationships to them, and liked having foster care siblings during their childhood.

  • 99.
    Bildtgard, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Changing sexual pracitices in intimate relationships in later life - a life course perspective2014In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, no Suppl. 2, p. 76-76Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In late modernity sex has escaped its reproductive cage and people form pure relationships, based on mutual satisfaction (Giddens). Ironically, although older people are per definition non-reproductive, they have been neglected in studies on sexuality. The aim is to study sexual attitudes and practices among older people in life-course perspective. We present results from 1) a qualitative interview study with 28 63–91 year old Swedes currently dating or in a relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) initiated 60+ and 2) a quantitative survey including 1225 60–90 year old Swedes (response rate 42%). The interviews revealed a normative change, from condemnation of extra-marital sex in young adulthood to encouragement of sexual relationships but not marriage in later life. Despite restrictive norms, the survey showed a majority (93%) had had their sexual debut before marriage. All informants had experienced the 1960’s sexual liberation and today liberal attitudes seem to encompass later life. Most had had rather active sexual lives. Half or the survey respondents had had ≥4 more sexual partners, and one in five ≥10. Today, an active sex-life was regarded as important for a good relationship. Many informants had interpreted sexual decline as “natural” and age-related, but re-discovered sexuality with their new partner. The survey confirmed relationship length as a better predictor of sexual activity than age. Cohort and period effects will be discussed. It has been argued that sexual practices will become more liberal in the future by cohort replacement. Our data indicates that “the future might already be here”.

  • 100.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete - Socialhögskolan.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Attitudes, experiences and expectations on new intimate relationships in later life: results from a Swedish national survey2013In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging: Abstract Book, Springer, 2013, Vol. 17, p. 109-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction : More than a million, or almost half, of the 60+ population (46%) in Sweden today are singles (never married, divorced, widows/widowers), a majority are women and the actual number as well as the proportion of divorcees is increasing. Still, we know very little about the intimate lives of non-married elderly people or about re-partnering in later life. This presentation focuses attitudes to, expectations on, and experiences of new intimate relations in later life.

    Method : It is based on results from a new representative survey of 3 000 Swedes, 60-90 years old (boosted with regards to non-married people), that was developed from questions generated by a recent qualitative interview study with 28 Swedes who had established a new relationship after the age of 60.

    Results : We describe attitudes, expectations and experiences in the older population generally, but also in different groups defined on the basis of gender, class, life-course phase, sexual orientation, degree of urbanization and intimacy career. We also focus the importance of intimate relationships for older people’s quality of life, and reason about how structures of informal support may look for older people who enter new intimate relationships.

    Conclusion : As of november 2012 we are still in an early phase of the survey work, thus conclusions are pending.

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