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  • 51. Tengberg, A.
    et al.
    Fredholm, S.
    Eliasson, I.
    Knez, Igor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Saltzman, K.
    Wetterberg, O.
    Cultural ecosystem services provided by landscapes: Assessment of heritage values and identity2012In: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 2, p. 14-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to provide a conceptual analysis of cultural ecosystem services and how they are linked to the concepts of landscape, heritage and identity. It discusses how these cultural ecosystem services can be assessed and integrated into spatial and physical planning. The paper presents two case studies to shed light on the assessment process. A case study from Sweden combines an analysis of ecosystem services with methods for documenting cultural heritage values in landscapes. A second case study from the Arafura-Timor Seas combines an analysis of cultural ecosystem services with methods for assessment of priority environmental concerns at the seascape scale.We demonstrate that the methods from cultural heritage conservation provide tools for the analysis of historical values as well as historical drivers of change in landscapes that can add time-depth to more spatially focused ecosystem assessments. We propose that methods for valuation of cultural heritage and identity in landscapes are integrated into assessments of ecosystem services to inform policy making and physical and spatial planning for sustainable management of ecosystems and landscapes. This could also provide an approach for bringing about integrated implementation of conventions and instruments from the environmental and cultural heritage fields, respectively. 

  • 52.
    Thunell, Boel
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Den skapande bildens betydelse för hälsan hos personer med depressions- och ångestsyndrom2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this study has been to explore how art therapists experience the visual art´s that can be used in the promotion of health among people with depression - and anxiety disorders. The concept of SOC- sense of coherence has been a central term and a link between imaging and SOC were identified in the study. The underlying method in the study was a qualitative form, where semi-structured interviews were used. Through a strategic- sample five female art therapist were contacted, who all came to participate in the study. The study is essentially based on hermeneutical method and the analysis of interview material has been analyst by using thematic analysis. The results indicate that the therapists experiences shows that  visual art can be a support for people with depression- and anxiety disorders. The SOC- concept made its mark in the result and it came to show that the visual art´s may be a support for people with depression- and anxiety disorders. Visual art can help people with depression- and anxiety disorders to get more understanding and tools to manage their state according to the therapists.

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  • 53.
    Wellrath-Olinder, Louise
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarns förväntningar: En undersökning om ensamkommande flyktingbarns förväntningar före flykten och hur förväntningarna infrias efter permanent uppehållstillstånd2012Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte var att genom en kvalitativ undersökning utröna ensamkommande barns förväntningar före flykten, deras tankar om språk, språkinlärning och huruvida dessa förväntningar uppfylls eller förändras efter permanent uppehållstillstånd i Sverige samt om tankarna om språk förändrats. De sex pojkar som intervjuas i studien kommer från Afghanistan, Somalia och Kamerun och hade olika livserfarenheter innan flykten. Uppsatsen visar att förväntningarna förändrades i och med det faktum att de fick lov att börja skolan när de kommit till Sverige något som de inte hade kunnat föreställa sig. Några informanter, vilka var analfabeter, har även fått en för dem helt ny identitet i den bemärkelsen att de nu mera ser sig själva som läsande och skrivande människor vilket de inte hade kunnat föreställa sig tidigare. De som inte gått i skolan tidigare i sina hemländer och inte kan något annat språk än sitt modersmål tycker att det är besvärligt att lära sig svenska, det känns märkligt i munnen att uttala ord och meningar på svenska. Den informant som hade lärt sig engelska under sin skolgång i hemlandet säger att det har varit väldigt lätt att lära sig det nya språket.

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  • 54.
    Westerberg, Ulla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Linden, Elisabet
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö.
    Nilsson, Håkan
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för inomhusmiljö.
    Perceived windiness in urban spaces.2006In: The 6th International Conference on Urban Climate - Preprints, 2006, p. 209-212Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper discusses the perception of windiness in the urban environment and especially its visual aspects. Various urban spaces in two cities, both with a reputation of being windy, have been chosen for field studies. Perceived windiness of the spaces has been investigated through questionnaire surveys and on-site interviews simultaneous to climate measurements. Result: Windy has a negative connotation that interacts with other environmental aspects such as beauty and comfort. Also naturalness and mental images of what constitutes sheltered and windy places seem to influence the survey as well as the on-site assessments of windiness.

  • 55.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet.
    Diskriminering i samband med psykisk ohälsa: en kunskapsöversikt2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Din Rätt har varit en treårig satsning hos Nationell Samverkan för Psykisk Hälsa, mot diskriminering av personer med psykisk ohälsa. Den här skriften är en systematisk kunskapssammanställning av ett decenniums rapporter och studier om risker för sådan diskriminering. Några av de samhällsområden som vi går igenom är arbetslivet, vården, psykiatrin, ekonomin och skolan. Vi hoppas att den ska läsas av alla som möter eller tar beslut som påverkar tillvaron för personer med psykisk hälsa, oavsett om det är som handläggare, vårdgivare eller politiker.

    I kunskapssammanställningen hittas även berättelser från verkligheten och projektets egna kommentarer kring varje samhällsområde. Den avslutas med förslag på åtgärder för att stoppa diskriminering av personer med psykisk ohälsa - något som med gemensamma krafter är fullt möjligt.

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  • 56.
    Wikman, Sofia
    KTH, Filosofi.
    Secondary victimization of professionals accused of white-collar crime2015In: Finance, harm and white collar crime: An international workshop: Abstracts, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The social-constructionist line of criminology has accelerated since 1963 when Howard Becker argued that those who draw the lines between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour perhaps are more interesting than those who cross them. “Deviance is created by society, not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather a consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an ‘‘offender’’. From this position, culpability arises out of our ways of seeing and describing acts. For all acts, including those seen as unwanted, there are dozens of possible alternatives. The criminal prosecution of professional mistake is seen as growing problem in a number of safety-critical domains such as healthcare and finance, as it may seriously threaten safety initiatives in these fields. But at the same time, secondary victimization of professionals accused of crime also meet obstacles related to victimology, as well as the epistemological propensities in criminology.

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    sammanfattning
  • 57.
    Wikman, Sofia
    KTH, Filosofi.
    Violence risk assessments and ethics in three Swedish government agencies2014In: Eurocrim 2014, 14th Annual Conference of the ESC, Prague, 10–13 September, 2014: Criminology of Europe: Inspiration by Diversity. Book of Abstracts, European Society of Criminology , 2014, p. 501-502Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish Work Environment Act, the responsibility for ensuring a safe work environment is placed with the employer. This project aims at studying three state agencies in the light of this responsibility. The three authorities - the Social Insurance Agency, the Migration Board and the National Board of Institutional Care has in common that their clients’ personal welfare is affected by the decisions made by these authorities. The common occurrence of negative decisions in these authorities is a known risk factor for producing violence aimed at the public officials. The project is aimed at providing a deeper understanding of how the knowledge that forms the base for the risk-assessment of violence in these authorities is gathered.

    Three studies will be performed, each analyzing different source: 1) Guidelines 2) Interviews with employees responsible for safety issues in the authorities 3) Incident reports or occurrence investigations. Questions are directed towards understanding the production of knowledge about violence. What assumptions about violence are visible? What occurrence of violence do the authorities have to handle? What factors are causing the problems of violence? Can the roots of violence be trace to the inside or the outside of the authority? What activities will be risk-assessed (or not)? When do the rights of the clients and employees collide? How can harms be avoided?

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  • 58.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Våld i arbetslivet: ett samhällsproblems uppkomst, utveckling och struktur2006In: Våld - med eller utan mening — Violence. Brottsprevention — Crime prevention: NSfK:s 48th Research Seminar Reykholt, Iceland 2006 / [ed] Mia Söderbärj, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Workplace violence in victim surveys: same questions but different answers2014In: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2014: Program & Abstracts, The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) , 2014, p. 166-166Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An analysis based on a comparison of three Swedish victim surveys examines violence at work on the basis of the questions on exposure to threats and violence. The questions that are included are very similar in all three of surveys: Statistics Sweden’s surveys of The Swedish population’s living conditions (ULF), Swedish Work Environment Authority’s survey The Work environment and Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention’s survey The Swedish Crime Survey (NTU). However the prevalence’s are very different. How can this be explained?

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  • 60.
    Wikman, Sofia
    et al.
    KTH, Filosofi.
    Gallo, Carina
    Berkeley SF, USA.
    Lundgren, Moa
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    From Kungälv to Sandy Hook: Strategies to prevent violence in schools in Sweden and the USA2015In: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium 2015: Program & Abstracts, The National Council for Crime Prevention, Sweden , 2015, p. 72-72Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Policies to prevent school violence in Sweden and in the United States are different, yet alike. In the US, school violence seems to be a growing problem but in Sweden it is decreasing. Not only have the US had substantially more school shootings; they have also implemented more preventive measures to combat school violence. This paper examines how school violence is handled in Sweden and the United States. The study is based on qualitative content analysis of educational steering documents and interviews with middle and high school principals. Both in Sweden and the US, a crime perspective (that students increasingly are subjected to zero tolerance policies that are used primarily to punish, repress and exclude them), dominates how violence are treated and handled in schools. In the US students are increasingly subjected to a “crime complex” where harsh disciplinary practices by security staff increasingly replace normative functions teachers once provided both in and outside of the classroom. One obvious difference between the two countries is the emergence of a great number of federal and state laws in the US, such as the Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994. Schools in the US are also increasingly turning towards alternative methods like restorative justice as a mean for creating safer schools and social equity. One main point of the paper is also that the key to violence prevention might be found in a comparison of how normalized masculinity is operating in everyday dynamics, rather than differences in policies.

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  • 61.
    Wikman, Sofia
    et al.
    KTH, Filosofi.
    Gallo, Carina
    University of California, Berkeley, USA.
    Lundgren, Moa
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Preventing school violence in Sweden and the US: What can we learn from Kungälv and Sandy Hook?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Policies to prevent school violence in Sweden and in the United States are different, yet alike. In the US, school violence seems to be a growing problem but in Sweden it is decreasing. Not only has the US had substantially more school shootings; they have also implemented more preventive measures to combat school violence. This paper examines how school violence is handled in Sweden and the United States. The study is based on qualitative content analysis of educational steering documents and interviews with middle school and high school principals. Both in Sweden and the US, a crime perspective (where students are increasingly subjected to zero tolerance policies that are used primarily to punish, repress and exclude them), dominates how violence is treated and handled in schools. In the US students are increasingly subjected to a “crime complex” where harsh disciplinary practices by security staff increasingly replace normative functions teachers once provided both in and outside of the classroom. One obvious difference between the two countries is the emergence of a great number of federal and state laws in the US, such as the Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994. Schools in the US are also increasingly turning towards alternative methods like restorative justice as a mean for creating safer schools and social equity. One main point of the paper is also that the key to violence prevention might be found in a comparison of how normalized masculinity is operating in everyday dynamics, rather than differences in policies.

  • 62.
    Wikman, Sofia
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Rickfors, Ulrika
    Lunds universitet.
    Att förebygga hot och våld i statliga myndigheter - en jämförelse mellan två perspektiv på säkerhet2017In: Arbetsliv i omvandling, ISSN 1404-8426, no 2, p. 1-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våld och hot i statliga myndigheter är inte enbart ett arbetsmiljöproblem utan även ett demokratiproblem. Hantering av arbetsrelaterat våld och hot regleras i arbetsmiljölagen och Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrifter. Arbetsgivaren är ansvarig för det förebyggande arbetet som ska utföras i samarbete med skyddsombud och medarbetare.

    För att undersöka hur kunskap skapas i säkerhetsarbetet mot hot och våld har vi genomfört en gruppintervju med huvudskyddsombud på ett tiotal statliga myndigheter med krävande klientkontakter. Vi använder två perspektiv hämtade från fältet ”resilience engineering” för att analysera hur arbetsmiljölagen implementeras.

    Studien visar att det föreligger betydande diskrepanser mellan vad lagen stadgar gällande arbetstagares rätt till input i säkerhetsarbetet, och i vilken utsträckning det sker i praktiken. En välfungerande organisation förutsätter regler och kontroll, men regelstyrning och formalisering måste balanseras mot ett tillvaratagande av medarbetares omdöme och kompetens. Att arbetstagares input saknas innebär att säkerhetsarbetet inte motsvarar arbetsmiljölagens syfte.

    Styrning som inte tar kontextuell hänsyn till arbetstagare eller klienter medför negativa konsekvenser. Strategier som inte harmonierar med det faktiska arbetet och regler som hämmar kreativitet och anpassning innebär en begränsning - inte bara för de scenarion vi i förebyggande syfte kan föreställa oss, utan också för att vi berövas en källa till tillit, diversitet och innovation.

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  • 63.
    Åsén Ekstrand, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Findahl, OlleUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Consuming the Environment 2017: Multidisciplinary approaches to urbanization and vulnerability2018Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 64.
    Österback, Julia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    En undersökning om pedagogers uppfattningar om pedagogisk måltid i förskolan: Med en induktiv studiedesign2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Österback, J. (2019). A survey about preschool teachers’ perceptions of pedagogic meal. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Occupational and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Sweden.

     

    Aim: Examine preschool teacher’s perceptions about pedagogic meal.

    Design: The survey included an inductive approach, intensity sampling, semi-structured interviews and a qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The result was presented on the basis of four main categories; the first, The preschool teacher´s view of the pedagogic meal. The second, Factors in the environment that affect the educational meal with the subcategories Room and group size, How food is served, Space and time for the meal, Interruptions during meals. Subsequently, the category Socialization during the meal with two subcategories, Norms and rules & Learning strategies affect children's habits. Finally, the category Preschool teachers’ knowledge, background and development with the subcategories Learning strategies affect children's habits & skills development is needed.

    Conclusions: Further research is proposed to be quantitative research, a survey to test what emerged in the results of this study. This would provide a basis for creating guidelines and policies for how a pedagogical meal should be shaped more concretely.

     

    Keywords: pedagogic meal, meal environment, children's habits, resources, skills

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    folkhälsovetenskapförskola
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