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  • 51.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    New intimate relationships in later life: Consequences for social and filial relationships2013In: 2nd ISA forum of Sociology, Ssocial Justice and Democratization, 1–4, August 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Book of Abstracts, 2013, p. 65-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Lots of prior social gerontological research has focused on filial rela-tions in informal care as well as the impact of widowhood on social relation-ships in later life. In this paper we instead ask how a new intimate relation-ship in later life effect relationships with children, relatives and friends. In particular we focus on the effects that a new intimate partner in later life has on filial, social and care obligations. To answer these questions, qualitative interviews were conducted with a strategical sample of 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who had established a new intimate relationship after the age of 60 (or who are dating). We found that the respondents describe changes over their life-time in what we conceptualize as the ‘relationship chain’ – a hierarchy in social and care responsibilities – where the new partner in established relations steps in at the very front of the chain. This is positively perceived by the informants, who recurrently describe their partners as a resource for their own autonomy as well as that of their children, relatives and friends.

  • 52.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    New intimate relationships in later life: consequences for the social and filial network?2017In: Journal of Family Issues, ISSN 0192-513X, E-ISSN 1552-5481, Vol. 38, no 3, p. 381-405Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the consequences for linked lives of entering into new intimate relationships in later life. The empirical data is based on qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes aged 63 to 91 years, who have established a new intimate relationship after the age of 60 years or are currently dating. Theories on linked lives and individualization are used. The results show that children were generally supportive of their older parents’ unions and older individuals were often integrated into the new partner’s network. However, a new union also restructured the relationship chain so that time and energy were redirected to the new partner. Older parents preferred to be dependent on partners rather than children/others. A new partner was described as a source for autonomy and a way of “unburdening” children. Results are discussed in light of Western individualism generally and Swedish state supported individualism in particular.

  • 53. Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    New sexual relationships in later life: the case of late modern Sweden2013In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, no Suppl., p. 300-300Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    The Impact of New Intimate Relationships in Later Life on Intergenerational Exchange2014In: 8th International Conference on Cultural Gerontology: Programme and Abstracts, 2014, p. 167-167Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Much social gerontological research has focused on partner loss in later life and how it affects social, emotional and practical exchanges between generations. In this paper we instead ask how a newintimate relationship in later life affects these inter-­‐generational exchanges. The results are based both  on  qualitative  interviews  with  28  Swedes  (63–91  years)  either  dating  or  living  in  new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT), and a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). In the interviews we found that the informants described changes in what we conceptualize as the ‘relationship chain’ –a hierarchy in social and care responsibilities–where the new partner stepped in at the very front of the chain. The follow-­‐up survey confirmed a hierarchy of dependencies, where partners tend to come first, followed by children, friends and the state. The interviews further showed that the informants recurrently described their partners as a resource for their own autonomy as well as that of their children and friends. We interpret these findings in light of an individualist culture of independence that characterizes the Nordic countries, aided by a strong welfare state, involving a strong ethic of not being a burden, even to your own children.

  • 55.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Time as a structuring condition behind new intimate relationships in later life2015In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 35, no 7, p. 1505-1528Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in later life, it has been a neglected issue in social gerontology. In this article, we ask what characterises the formation of new intimate relationships in later life, and whether there are any specific conditions that separate these from relationships in earlier stages of the lifecourse. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 28 persons aged 63-91 who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating singles, we argue that time constitutes such a central structuring condition. We discuss and theorise two aspects of time - post-(re)productive free time and remaining time - which have an important formative power on new late-in-life relationships. We argue that together these aspects form a central existential structure of ageing in many Western societies - the paradoxical condition of having lots of available free time but little time left in life - which, besides influencing new late-in-life relationships, might also be relevant to other aspects of and choices in later life. 

  • 56.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Time as a structuring condition behind new intimate relationships in later life2013In: 2nd Forum of Sociology, Social Justice and Democratization, 1-4 August 2012, Buenos Aires, Argentina: Book of Abstracts, 2013, p. 65-65Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in late modern societies also in later life. However, it has been a neglected issue in social gerontology and sociological studies on ageing. In this paper the research questions are: What characterizes the formation of new intimate relationships in later life? Are there any specific, more or less universal, conditions that separate them from relationships in earlier life phases? Qualitative interviews was used with a strategical sampel, consisting of 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating. The results showed Time constituting a central structuring condition for new intimate relsionships in later life. In the results three aspects of time – Available free time, Lived time and Remaining time – which all have a constituting and an important formative power on new late in life relationships are discussed in relation to theories of late modernity and the Third Age and in relation to changing demographical conditions.

  • 57.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Union Form in Late Life Intimate Relationships: A Question of Age, Period or Cohort?2015In: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family theory has suggested a radical transformation of intimacy in large parts of the Western world over the last 50 years. Given this development, how can we best explain union form in older people’s relationships: In terms of the traditional values they were brought up with (cohort)? In terms of the historical context in which the relationships were initiated (period)? Or in terms of the life-phase in which the relationships were initiated (age)? All of these hypothesis have been suggested by prior research. In this paper we discuss these respective arguments, basing ourselves on results from a quantitative survey of 60–90 year old Swedes (response rate 42%), focusing a subset of respondents (n=702) who are currently either married, cohabiting or LAT. A logistic regression showed no significant support for the cohort hypothesis. It gives strong support for the historical hypothesis – union form is significantly explained by the year the relationship was initiated. It also gives significant support to the life phase hypothesis – older people tend to prefer LAT relationships – but only after the historical normative context allow it. The results are discussed in relation to explanations suggested by earlier research regarding union form in older couples.

  • 58.
    Blomgren Øvergaard, Jannci
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Eriksson, Annika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    "När det är som jävligast borde det finnas ett system": Socialtjänstens klienters erfarenheter av samverkan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate clients' perceptions of collaboration within the social service and between social services and other actors in human service organizations. A qualitative method was used and six semi-structured interviews were conducted with clients whose children were involved with social services. The results highlight that clients pay attention to other factors in the collaborative processes than professionals do. The interviewed clients expressed that collaboration is needed, but becomes difficult and time consuming the more actors involved. They described themselves as having a strong driving force and being help-seeking, as well as having many important roles in the collaborative processes that are often overlooked by both themselves and professionals. The results show that the relationship between social workers and clients play an important role where the social worker can relieve the client by acting as a disseminator of information.

  • 59.
    Boman, Tomas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology.
    Danermark, Berth
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Boman, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Can people with disabilities gain from education?: Similarities and differences between occupational attainment among persons with and without disabilities2014In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 193-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: More knowledge is needed ofoccupational attainment of persons with disabilities, i.e. the relationship between their educational level and their profession, and factors of importance for this relationship.

    Objective: To compare occupational attainment among persons with and without a disability.

    Method: 3 396 informants with disabilities and 19 004 non-disabled informants participated (control group) in a survey study by Statistics Sweden.The informants with disabilities were divided into six groups.

    Results: Occupational attainment did not differ between the disability groups, neither between persons with and without a disability. Follow-up analysis showed that men with disabilities with primary or secondary school had an occupation above their educational level to a significantlylarger extent than women with disabilities. This pattern was even clearer in comparison with the control group. Persons without disabilities, with secondary or higher education, were more successful in the labor market than persons with disabilities. Occupational attainment increased with age in both groups.

    Conclusions: Young women with disabilities who only have primary or secondary education run a higher risk of having a job that is below their educational level than men at the same educational level. This indicates discriminating mechanisms in the society related to gender and ability.

  • 60.
    Boman, Tomas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Kjellberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental psychology.
    Danermark, Berth
    Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Boman, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Employment opportunities for persons with different types of disability2015In: Alter;European Journal of Disability Research ;Journal Europeen de Recherche Sur le Handicap, ISSN 1875-0672, E-ISSN 1875-0680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 116-129Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The employment status of groups with different disabilities wasanalysed as were potentially important moderating factors (workability, structural and individual factors). A secondary analy-sis was performed on 4359 respondents with disabilities fromStatistics Sweden's Labour Market Investigation. The respondentswere divided into six disability groups (communicative-hearing,communicative-speech-reading, communicative-vision, psycho-logical disability, medical disability, physical disability). Logisticregression analyses showed that the probability of being employedwas highest among respondents with hearing disabilities andrespondents with psychological disabilities were least likely tobe employed. Being a woman (very young or old) with onlyprimary education and with partially or very impaired workability, reduced employment opportunities. Higher education didnot increase employment opportunities for respondents withimpaired work ability. In summary, the type of disability is essentialfor employment opportunities, and differences between disabil-ity groups cannot be explained by differences in other variables. 

  • 61.
    Breimark, Sophie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bäcke, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Kuratorers erfarenheter av arbete med individer som har utmattningssyndrom: “... utmattningspatienter, där är det ingen quick fix …”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illustrate counselors’ experiences of working with individuals experiencing exhaustion disorder. Seven counselors working in primary health care were interviewed in a qualitative study. The results showed that the counselors’ experiences of causes to exhaustion disorder could be related to both external and internal factors. The increase of exhaustion disorder within society was ascribed to societal change and the demand to always be on top of things. To identify the patients’ needs questionnaires, diagnosis, alliance building and mapping were used. The method and approach used was determined by the patients’ needs, the counselors’ background, personal traits, organizational guidelines and evaluation of treatment results. Empowerment, CBT, mindfulness and cooperation with other professionals were described as useful counseling methods and approaches. Counselors described that the recovery for patients with exhaustion disorder takes time, and the routine of 8-10 meetings with the patient is often not enough.

  • 62. Brusman, Mats
    et al.
    Turunen, Päivi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Socialt hållbar samhällsplanering2018In: Samhällsarbete - Aktörer, arenor och perspektiv / [ed] Sjöberg, Stefan & Turunen, Päivi, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 117-138Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 63.
    Båld, Maria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Mahammed, Maryama
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Adjustment of Somali women in relation to societal systems in the Swedish society: A qualitative case study of five Somali women’s experiences2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study are; (a) to explore how Somali women experience their adjustment in the Swedish society in connection to societal systems, and (b) to investigate these women’s perspective of how to make the adjustment process more effective in respect to their needs. The adjustment of the participants has been investigated through a social ecological theoretical framework. Thematic analysis has been utilised to present three themes; assistance, inclusion and self-sufficient which are discussed using social ecological theoretical perspective. Results showed that lack of assistance and sufficient information has led to these women feeling helpless and lost motivation to adjust. The women showed disappointment with regard to self-sufficiency which has not been what they have expected. The suggestions made by the interviewees included assistance in their native language during their first years in the new country, inclusive opening of meeting places and an increased assessment of personal resources when receiving help to find employment. Making adjustment more effective for newly arrived immigrants in new countries is fundamental to international social work.

  • 64.
    Chen, Qiaoran
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wang, Yu
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Intervention strategies used by University of Gavle when dealing with alcohol problems2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at exploring the intervention strategies directed to reduce alcohol drinking in Hogskolan in Gavle. Although many students consume alcohol in different settings such as parties and gathering, few of them can understand the whole picture of the school’s intervention strategies. As shown by the research, the social workers in health center attempt to form a collective relationship with students and use the open-ended questions when conducting the counseling. Meanwhile, the employees who are responsible for school bar not only try to create a safer environment based on Responsible Alcohol Drinking but also apply prevention strategies including a high alcohol price and a long waiting line. According to the overall situation in the community, a meeting has been organized among different sectors regarding health center, student union, and municipalities. The topics of the meetings are not only about the current situation in this region but also about the cooperative strategies of each sector. To take a closer look at the school’s alcohol methods, we interviewed two social workers at the health center as well as two employees in the students’ union who are mainly responsible for school bar.

  • 65.
    Daklallah, Rayan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Persson, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Förorten som socialt problem?: Förortsungdomars egen beskrivning av sin verklighet i bostadsområdet.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the perspective of suburban youths on their residential are. This research is based upon qualitative interviews. In order to analyse the qualitative interviews that will be conducted, two theories will be implemented. To achieve the highest quality results, different theories will be applied to suit the purpose of this study. Our informants are three male and three females aged 18-19, living in a suburban area of south Stockholm.

    The results in this study have highlighted that young people in suburban areas have both positive and negative image of their residential areas. The youths believe that the society have attributed bad conceptions towards them. Even though they don’t agree with the society, the youths do not seem to see light in the future for the area.

  • 66.
    Daniels, Karen
    et al.
    Health Systems Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, Tygerberg WC, South Africa; Health Policy and Systems Division, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Clarke, Marina
    Centre for Health Professions Education, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Snyman, Stefanus
    Centre for Health Professions Education, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa.
    Ringsberg, Karin C.
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Preschool children’s healthy lifestyles: South African parents’ and preschool staff perceptions2016In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, E-ISSN 1748-8176, Vol. 75, no 8, p. 897-910Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The worldwide growth of non-communicable diseases requires important lifestyle adaptations. The earlier a healthy lifestyle is adopted, the better. Enabling a healthy lifestyle for children during the preschool years ideally involves the cooperation of parents and teachers. Health promotion with parents and teachers is most effective if it takes into consideration their views and opinions, as well as context. Objective: The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of health and healthy lifestyle from the perspective of preschool children’s parents, and the staff caring for children attending preschools in three diverse settings. Design: Qualitative in-depth study. Setting: Preschools in Western Cape Province, South Africa. Method: Data were collected through six focus group discussions and analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Parents and staff shared a holistic view of health, agreeing that children and their health were primarily the responsibility of the parents. Informants described their own health and that of children as affected by a variety of interconnected factors, including environmental, economic, social and individual influences. Conclusion: When tailoring a health-promoting education programme, it is important to consider the pre-existing knowledge the participants have and the context in which intervention will take place. There is also a need to structurally address social determinants of health that may be beyond the control of the individuals.

  • 67.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Hoff, David
    Lunds universitet.
    Anti-doping and legitimacy: An international survey of elite athletes’ perceptions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although there are a number of studies on policy making concerning doping and anti-doping in elite sports, the athletes’ perspective has largely been neglected. The present study contributes to bridging this gap. Since forming and developing the anti-doping policy utterly depends on how legitimate the practitioners believe this policy to be, the specific aim for this paper is to study how elite athletes at the broad international arena perceive the legitimacy of anti-doping policy and practices. An on-line questionnaire, designed to capture elite athletes’ perceptions, was answered by 261 respondents from 51 different countries and four international sports federations. Respondents were elite athletes belonging to the International Registered Testing Pool of each federation. The respondents were generally supportive towards anti-doping policy. Over 80% agreed that different anti-doping activities, from doping controls and the whereabouts system to storing of test samples and biological passports, are essential parts of the work against doping in sports. Support for anti-doping policy is also shown when 80% of the athletes agreed that anti-doping work should develop in a way that there is the same level of, or more, anti-doping activities compared to the current. The principle of anti-doping is, in this study, shown to be legitimate. However, at the level of practices, four areas were perceived as challenging. Regarding practical procedures, 34% experienced difficulties filing whereabouts information and 73% felt worried that they won’t be available for testing at the right place and right time in correlation to the whereabouts information they had provided. Concerning the athletes’ personal life and privacy, 50% of female athletes and 30% of males stated that they feel somewhat or very uncomfortable regarding their privacy when providing a urine sample. Furthermore, in regard to the whereabouts system, 47% of the respondents stated that they feel monitored. The efficacy and equality of anti-doping work is put under question by 58% who believed that users of forbidden substances/methods escape detection and 44% who did not believe that the whereabouts system is working properly in all countries. 70% of the respondents did not believe that all athletes applying for a therapeutic use exemption are treated in the same way. Regarding the athletes influence and participation in the policy work, 85% believe that athletes should be more involved. These four areas can be seen as unintended consequences of the work and reveal a weak point for the legitimacy of anti-doping when the athletes not fully perceive procedural justice. In conclusion, legitimacy for anti-doping policy in general is strong while a questioning of the legitimacy in the execution of the rules is discerned. If anti-doping authorities wish to maintain and increase the legitimacy of the anti-doping efforts, a thorough understanding for and consideration of the athletes’ perceptions is beneficial.

  • 68.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Swedish School of Sports and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hoff, David
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Anti-doping and legitimacy: an international survey of elite athletes’ perceptions2016In: International Journal of Sport Policy, ISSN 1940-6940, E-ISSN 1940-6959, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 491-514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Anti-doping work is a comprehensive enterprise that entails control and governance of elite athletes’ everyday lives. However, in policy-making regarding doping and anti-doping in elite sports, the athletes’ perspective has not been considered adequately. Focusing on elite athletes’ perceptions of anti-doping as both principle and praxis, the study aimed to analyse how these perceptions can be understood from a legitimacy perspective. A survey study involving 261 elite athletes from 51 different countries and four international sports federations was conducted. The results showed that the athletes did not question the legitimacy of the rules, but had concerns about the legitimacy of the way the rules and principles are enforced in practice, specifically with regard to matters of privacy, lack of efficiency and equal conditions as well as athletes’ involvement in the anti-doping work. The article describes how athletes’ perceptions of the legitimacy of anti-doping work constitute the basis for their willingness to follow regulations as well as a precondition for the work’s functionality and stability. In light of this finding, the article calls for the empowerment of athletes in anti-doping work.

  • 69.
    Efverström, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Bäckström, Åsa
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hoff, David
    School of Social Work, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Contexts and conditions for a level playing field: Elite athletes’ perspectives on anti-doping in practice2016In: Performance Enhancement & Health, ISSN 2211-2669, E-ISSN 2211-2669, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 77-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The implementation of global anti-doping regulations was intended to provide a level playing field for all athletes entering sports competitions. However, studies have shown that the worldwide harmonization of rules has not been entirely efficacious. For instance, great variation has been found in how anti-doping organizations implement anti-doping regulations, and it has also been shown that athletes distrust the equivalence of the worldwide rules as regards their effects. The purpose of the present article is to examine how elite athletes from different contexts experience anti-doping procedures and to analyse the legitimacy of anti-doping practice. In order to capture a variety of voices and perspectives, 13 elite athletes from five different continents and three international sports federations were interviewed. The analysis shows that when global anti-doping policy is implemented in different contexts and under different conditions, inequities and structural injustices emerge concerning infrastructure, knowledge and support at the individual athlete level. These consequences may have implications for the legitimacy of anti-doping work, because the existence of procedural justice may be called into question. We therefore suggest that anti-doping policy-making should be based on taking into account these different conditions and being aware of the perspectives that underpin regulations intended to be applied global.

  • 70.
    Elofsson, Frida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Nomyr Adobati, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Leder förändring till förbättring?: Socialsekreterares upplevelser av det reviderade BBIC2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    BBIC is a working method, documentation and processing system with children’s needs in focus. The purpose is to promote social work based on knowledge. During 2014, the National Board of Health and Welfare was authorised by the government to further develop BBIC. The study partly focused on making BBIC easier to use and to increase the participation of children and adolescents. The purpose of this study was to look into social workers’ experiences after that the revision took place. Six interviews were conducted in three different municipalities in the middle of Sweden. The result of the study showed that the revised BBIC contributed to a significantly simpler, clearer and above all a more structured way of working, reducing the time previously used on documentation. This in turn meant that it became easier to inform and to involve children and adolescents. The study result therefore indicates that BBIC has become easier to use after the revision and that the participation has increased.

  • 71.
    Eriksson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Toma, Roaa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Den förändrade föräldrarollen: -en kvalitativ studie om biologiska föräldrars upplevelse av omhändertagandet av sina barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att få sina barn omhändertagna av socialtjänsten väcker många känslor hos biologiska föräldrar. Därför vill vi med denna studie undersöka biologiska föräldrars upplevelse av att få sina barn omhändertagna samt deras upplevelse av stöd från socialtjänsten. För att besvara syftet genomförde vi en kvalitativ studie i form av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra biologiska mammor. Med hjälp av en tematisk innehållsanalys tolkade vi vårt resultat utifrån system- och utvecklingsekologisk teori. Resultatet visade att föräldrarna hamnade i chocktillstånd i samband med omhändertagandet. De uppgav även att de i samband med omhändertagandet betraktades som misslyckade föräldrar både av sig själva och omgivningen. Föräldrarna upplevde ett bristfälligt stöd från socialtjänsten att hantera de krisreaktioner som uppstått. Vidare upplevde de brister i både bemötandet och samarbete med socialtjänsten.

  • 72.
    Eriksson, Mårten
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Psychology.
    Vidman, Åsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Josefsson, Barbro
    Vad i arbete är hälsofrämjande?2014In: Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & Sam Larsson, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2014, p. 43-59Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Eriksson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hästen följer en: En kvalitativ studie om behandlares upplevelse av hästunderstödd psykosocial terapi2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis analyses the use of horse-assisted therapy amongst mental health practitioners within multiple sectors. The aim was to establish whether a change could be detected in participants. Adopting a qualitative approach the research was mainly conducted through four semi-structured interviews with equine-assisted therapy practitioners.

    The results show that the practitioners believe the horses improve the interactions between the practitioners and participants. The practitioners believe this improvement is due to the non-verbal participation of the horse in interface with the practitioner and participant and that the horses increase the participants’ trust in others as well as their confidence when establishing relationships with others.

    The participants gained an opportunity to create meaning within their lives through everyday routines, structures and feel a sense of context. Some of the practitioners struggled to identify what causes the change but recognised a positive change in the majority of participants.

  • 74.
    Figaro, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ryttinger, Chris
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Unga vuxnas erfarenheter av sina föräldrars uppdrag som familjehem2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to help create a greater knowledge and understanding for now young adult biological children's experiences of having had parents being foster care parents and the meaning of it. The purpose was also to examine if these children had need of and what kind of aid they got. This study was based of five qualitative interviews with now young adults that’s been growing up with parents that were foster parents. The result in the study was analysed with Schultz Jørgensens familyplanetheory. Results and interpretations showed that biological children experience a participation in the foster care process and describes the relation to the foster children as that of a sibling and friend. Biological children describe that they have an easier time creating relations to younger foster siblings than to teenagers and children in the same age. The results showed that the informants experience more positive feelings than negative feelings with having foster siblings. The biological children also describe that they felt a loss of opportunities of aid from the social services.

  • 75.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Stockholms universitet; Nordic School of Public Health, Västra Frölunda, Sverige.
    Socialt arbete med sjuka barn2014In: Socialt arbete i hälso- och sjukvård: villkor, innehåll och utmaningar / [ed] Ann Lalos, Björn Blom, Stefan Morén & Mariann Olsson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2014, 1, p. 147-164Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Forinder, Ulla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Stockholms universitet; Nordic School of Public Health, Västra Frölunda, Sverige.
    Olsson, Marianne
    Sektionen för socialt arbete, Institutionen för neurobiologi, vårdvetenskap och samhälle, Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Teorier och metoder i kuratorsarbetet2014In: Socialt arbete i hälso- och sjukvård: villkor, innehåll och utmaningar / [ed] Ann Lalos, Björn Blom, Stefan Morén & Mariann Olsson, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2014, 1, p. 32-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Fält, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Andersson, Sanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    It takes two to tango: - en studie om samverkan mellan socialsekreterare och skolkuratorer i arbetet med gymnasieungdomar2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “It takes two to tango” - a study about collaboration between social workers and school counselors.

    The main aim of this study was to examine and compare how school counselors in the upper secondary school and social workers discloses their cooperation in their joint work with adolescents. To fulfill this aim qualitative focus group interviews were conducted with six professionals. The results showed that both the school counselors and the social workers experienced ambiguity regarding cooperating in their work. The importance of transparency, clear goals and feedback is highlighted by both groups. The result also shows that these professionals had different views on cooperation. In conclusion, how improvements could be made in the feedback between social workers and school counselors was discussed. The importance of improving transparency towards the adolescents from the school counselors was underlined.

  • 78.
    Glas, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Segerdal Ländin, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hälsofrämjande ledarskap - mer än bara en fruktkorg?: En kvalitativ studie om hälsofrämjande ledarskap inom offentlig social verksamhet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to obtain an increased knowledge about experiences of leadership among employees in workplaces that focus on a health promoting leadership. The purpose of this study was to examine this issue in relations to the employees experiences of obstacles and opportunities in the health promoting work. In our study we performed four quality interviews with persons active within the public sector. The result of the study has there after been analyzed with the help of Antonovskys analytic method – KASAM and system theory. The most important results observed from our questions are that these respondents experience support from their colleagues and manager, though some of them underline that the support fails when it comes to stress and high workload. The majority of the respondents experienced high participation and influence at the working place while others did not experience this within the organisation. Another important factor that is revealed from our result is that more frequent dialogues with the employees, where you systematically discuss the working environment, seems to give positive effect on the indivduals´ health which confirms the importance of systematical health promoting environmental work.

  • 79.
    Grell, Pär
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Komplexa behov eller komplexa organisationer?: konsekvenser av specialiserad individ- och familjeomsorg ur ett klientperspektiv2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Even though recent decades have seen a clear trend towards organizational specialization within Swedish personal social services (PSS), there is a lack of knowledge about the consequences of this, particularly from a client perspective. The aim of this compilation thesis is to describe and analyse the consequences of organizational specialization for clients with complex needs. The empirical material consists of a survey and an interview study, both addressing clients whose needs can be considered complex since they entail several parallel contacts with different specialized PSS units. Article one is a research review aimed at summarizing and discussing the research on organizational structures in the social services, and these structures' impact on work with clients. The review suggests that, to function adequately, social service organizations need to combine and balance aspects of both specialization and integration. Article two aims to describe and analyse how clients with complex needs perceive and value the service conditions of the organizationally specialized PSS. The main findings are that clients primarily perceive and value their encounters with the specialized PSS negatively, and that they experience several elements of service fragmentation. The aim of article three is to describe and analyse how clients with complex needs account for their handling of service conditions within specialized PSS. A key finding is that clients combine different approaches (categorized as consensus, resignation, fight, and escape) in a balancing act intended to promote their own best interests. Article four aims to describe and analyse how clients with complex needs perceive the conditions for helping relations in a PSS setting marked by organizational specialization. A lack of system trust, the people-processing dimensions of work, and an organizational and professional emphasis on formal organizational structures and boundaries were found to constitute unfavourable conditions. Conversely, the occurrence of individual trust, the people-sustaining and people-changing dimensions of client work, and the boundary-spanning efforts of both informal organizations and individual social workers constituted favourable conditions. The thesis concludes that there seems to be a substantial lack of fit between the logics and features of organizational specialization on one hand, and the complex and interwoven nature of clients’ actual needs and everyday lives on the other. It is also argued that organizational specialization means that the complexity involved in encounters between clients and the PSS is overlooked or obscured. Further research on the structural arrangements and service conditions that surround encounters between clients and the social services is suggested, especially research that adopts a client perspective.

  • 80.
    Grell, Pär
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för socialt arbete..
    Hur inverkar organisationsstrukturen på socialtjänstens klientarbete?: en sammanfattning av kunskapsläget2013In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 3-4, p. 222-240Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Grell, Pär
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Organizationally specialized personal social services and clients with complex needs: conditions for helping relationsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 82.
    Grell, Pär
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    ‘Sometimes it’s really complicated!’: clients with complex needs on their encounters with specialised personal social service organisations in Sweden2016In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 188-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in the field of human services has paid limited attention to the consequences of the international development toward organisational specialisation; the consequences for clients have been overlooked in particular. The aim of the article is to describe and analyse the consequences of organizationally specialised personal social services (PSS) in Sweden for clients with complex needs. Findings from a survey and an interview study addressing PSS clients show that clients primarily perceived their encounters with the specialised PSS negatively, and that they experienced several elements of service fragmentation. Implications of the findings are discussed in light of previous research and theory in the area.

  • 83.
    Grell, Pär
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    The Balancing Act: Clients with Complex Needs Describe Their Handling of Specialised Personal Social Services in Sweden2017In: British Journal of Social Work, ISSN 0045-3102, E-ISSN 1468-263X, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 611-629Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dealing with specialised social service organisations can be a challenge for clients with complex needs. These organisations may appear confusing and hard to navigate, and there is also a risk of service fragmentation, as such clients often participate simultaneously in an array of interventions. An additional complication to be handled is that these parallel interventions can range from voluntary to more or less involuntary. The aim of the present article is to describe and analyse how clients with complex needs account for their handling of service conditions within specialised personal social services (PSS), using data from a qualitative interview study with PSS clients in Sweden. A conceptual model is presented, covering four ideal typical client approaches to these specialised services: consensus, resignation, fight and escape. One key finding is that the clients combined these approaches in a balancing act intended to promote their own best interests in their parallel contacts with different parts of the specialised PSS organisation. The article concludes that future improvements in social services could be made by paying more attention to the structural arrangements that surround encounters between clients and the social services, as well as clients’ valuable first-hand knowledge of social service organisations.

  • 84.
    Gustafsson, Annelie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Kaze, Nina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ledarskap i en människobehandlande organisation: En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefers upplevelser av sitt ledarskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to highlight the head of sections managers perception of their leadership as section director in social work. To come to these conclusions, seven interviews were conducted with section managers for the home care. Analyses and research were done on the interviews using leadership theories, role theory and previous research on leadership in social work. Our study found that the section managers have a customized leadership in a demanding occupation. Their position involve demands and expectations from different sources. All those interviewed experienced that they have multiple areas of work which characterized their leadership. They described the awareness of their prerequisites in organization and how it affects them in their role. Education is a factor to considered necessary for good leadership because it contributes to security and understanding of the process. The results also indicated that the managers work according to their personality

  • 85.
    Gyllström Krekula, Linda
    et al.
    Social Work in Health Care, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics (LIME), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tibell, Annika
    Program Management Office (PMO), New Karolinska, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm , Sweden; Department of Learning, Informatics, Managemen t and Ethics (LIME), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    What do people agree to when stating willingness to donate?: On the medical interventions enabling organ donation after death2018In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 13, no 8, article id e0202544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of the study

    The purpose of this study is to explore donor relatives’ experiences of the medical interventions enabling organ donation, as well as to examine the donor relatives’ attitudes towards donating their own organs, and whether or not their experiences have influenced their own inclination to donate.

    Methods

    The experiences of donor relatives were explored via in-depth interviews. The interviews covered every step from the deceased family member being struck by a severe bleeding in the brain till after the organ recovery, including the medical interventions enabling organ donation. The interviews were analysed through qualitative and quantitative content analysis.

    Results

    Brain death and organ donation proved to be hard to understand for many donor relatives. The prolonged interventions provided after death in order to enable organ donation misled some relatives to believe that their family member still was alive. In general, the understanding for what treatment aimed at saving the family member and what interventions aimed at maintaining organ viability was low. However, most donor relatives were either inspired to, or reinforced in their willingness to, donate their own organs after having experienced the loss of a family member who donated organs.

    Conclusions

    There is a need for greater transparency regarding the whole chain of events during the donation process. Yet, having experienced the donation process closely did not discourage the donor relatives from donating their own organs–but rather inspired a willingness to donate. This indicates an acceptance of the medical procedures necessary in order to enable organ donation after death.

  • 86.
    Hammar, Belinda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Rombo, Manja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    "Bygga broar!": Om skolans och socialtjänstens arbete med hemmasittande elever2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine what approach schools and social services adopt

    towards students who are absent from middle- and high school under long periods, to examine

    the distribution of responsibilities between them and to assess the collaboration between the

    agencies. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five personnel from school health

    teams, and one from social services. The theories that were used was systems theory, labelling

    theory and empowerment. We found that both schools and social services provided

    counselling opportunities and sought to establish communication between the student and

    parent(s). However, while part of the schools response was to adjust the schooling plan, social

    services focused on mapping the individual

    ’s network and presented alternatives such as

    temporary foster placement. The cooperation between schools and social services is perceived

    differently between respondents. We conclude that a working method is needed to facilitate

    cooperation between schools and social services to ensure efficient deployment of their

    assistance for students and parents.

  • 87.
    Hammarquist, Johanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hajo Batti, Viyan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Honour Culture: The thoughts and experiences of four young men, who have lived in a residential care home for unaccompanied children2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study that explores the thoughts and experiences of honour culture of young men who have previously been living in a residential care home for unaccompanied children. The data was collected through four semi-structured face-to-face interviews. The social constructionist theory was used together with previous research in order to analyse the results. The results of this study show that the informants highly associate honour culture with women, and therefore feel burdened with the fact that they are expected to guard females both in and outside their own families. Results also show that males are subjected to honour based oppression in different forms. Furthermore, it was found that honour culture is connected to shame and a fear of being ostracized from the family or the community. 

  • 88. Hansson, Marie
    et al.
    Lundgren, Ida
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Fältarbete i utsatta bostadsområden2018In: Samhällsarbete: aktörer, arenor och perspektiv / [ed] Sjöberg, Stefan & Turunen, Päivi, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 1, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kapitlet behandlar ett pågående fältarbete som bedrivs i segregerade bostadsområden i Gävle. Denna verksamhet handlar om uppsökande fältarbete för att upptäcka och förebygga social exkludering i samverkan med skola, fritidsgårdar, föreningsliv, polis, föräldrar och andra berörda. Arbetet utgår från nätverkstänkande och systemiskt orienterade metoder. Delaktighet och inflytande är nyckelbegrepp. Högskolan i Gävle har sedan en tid bedrivit forskning av verksamheten och dess utveckling. Kapitlet problematiserar begreppen segregation och social exkludering samt socialt fältarbete som i Sverige har bedrivits på många olika sätt teoretiskt och praktiskt sedan 1950-talet. Den samhällsutmaning som detta kapitel lyfter fram är på vilket sätt samhället genom den kommunala socialtjänsten på bästa sätt kan utveckla ett fältarbete som utvecklar dialog med och utgår från de boendes livsupplevelser, och stödjer konstruktiva processer som bygger på boendes aktiva deltagande och inflytande i förändringsprocesser.

  • 89.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Avdelningen för statistikvetenskap, Stockholms Universitet, Department of Statistics, University of Stockholm.
    Walander, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Center for Epidemiology and Community Medicine, Stockholm County Council, Stockholm Sweden.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg, Community Medicine, County Council of Gävleborg.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap, Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Science.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Employment Status and Inequalities in Self-Reported Health2014In: Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health, ISSN 2282-2305, E-ISSN 2282-0930, Vol. 11, no 4, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of employment status on self-reported health in gävleborg county.

    Methods: The study used data from the 2010 health in equal terms survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in gävleborg county in sweden. a total of 4,245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analyses. descriptive and logistic regression analyses were used to assess the relationship between employment status and self-reported health

    Results: Individuals outside the labour market had odds of poor health of 2.64 (cl 2.28–3.05) compared to their employed counterparts. controlling for other covariates reduced the risk slightly to 2.10 (1.69-2.60), but remained statistically significant. In addition, other variables were associated with self-reported poor health.

    Conclusions: This study found a statistically significant association between being outside the labour market and poor self-reported health. The relation was explained partially by socio-economic and demographic variables. More studies, in particular longitudinal, are needed to further investigate the observed relationships. Policy-makers within the gävleborg county need to pay attention to the health status of those out of work, especially during times of combined economic and labour market fluctuations.

    Results of the study suggest the need to pay attention to the health status of those outside the labour market, especially during times of economic hardship.

  • 90.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Stockholms universitet, Statistiska institutionen.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Fakulteten för humanvetenskap, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap; Karolinska Institutet.
    Employment status and suicidal ideation during economic recession2015In: Health Science Journal, ISSN 1791-809X, Vol. 9, no 1, article id 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Suicide is a public health problem and an important indicator of severe mental ill-health. Thus, identifying risk factors for suicidal ideation is a public health priority. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and suicidal ideation in Gävleborg County. Method: The study used data from the 2010 Health in Equal Terms survey, a cross-sectional survey carried out in Gävleborg County in Sweden. A total of 4,245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analyses. Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were carried out to assess the relationship between employment status and suicidal ideation Results: Individuals outside the labour market had odds of suicidal ideation of 4.21 (CI 3.14-5.64) compared to their employed counterparts. Controlling for other covariates, reduced the risk from 4.21(CI 3.14-5.64) in model I, to 1.73 (CI 1.16- 2.57) in model IV, but remained statistically significant. In addition, other variables were associated with suicidal ideation. Conclusion: There was a statistically significant association between being out of work and suicidal ideation. The association was explained partly by demographic, socio-economic and self-reported psychological variables. Results of the study suggest the need for primary prevention strategies among those out of the labour market, especially during times of economic hardship.

  • 91.
    Hiswåls, Anne-Sofie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap.
    Ghilagaber, Gebrenegus
    Avdelningen för statistik, Stockholms universitet, Department of statistics, Stockholm University.
    Wijk, Katarina
    Samhällsmedicin, Landstinget Gävleborg, Community Medicine,Gävleborg County Council .
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Soares, Joaquim
    Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap, Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Science .
    Macassa, Gloria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Public health science. Mittuniversitetet, Avdelningen för hälsovetenskap, Mid Sweden University, Department of Health Science .
    Inequalities and Suicide Ideation during Recession Times2014In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 24, no Suppl. 2, p. 361-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Suicide behaviour is a serious public health problem as it imposes economic and human costs to individuals, families and communities. Available evidence from some European countries indicates a significant rise in suicides related to economic recession. However, the debate continues regarding the role of unemployment in the reported suicide rates. In Sweden, very few studies have investigated the relationship between suicide behaviours and employment status in the context of the recent economic crisis although unemployment increased nationally and across different counties.

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between employment status and suicide ideation in Gävleborg, Sweden.

    Methods

    The study used data from a cross-sectional survey, Health in Equal terms, carried out in Gävleborg County in Sweden, 2010. A total of 4245 individuals, aged 16–65 years were included in the analysis. The relationship between employment status and suicide ideation was assessed using descriptive and logistic regression analyses.

    Results

    People who were not working had odds of suicide ideation of 4.21 (95% Cl 3.14–5.64) as compared to those employed. Controlling for other covariates reduced the risk to 1.73 (95% CI 1.16-2.57) but remained statistically significant. In addition variables like anxiety, self-reported stress and young age were also associated with suicide ideation. However among the covariates, people who reported anxiety had the highest odds of suicide ideation.

    Conclusions

    This study found a statistically significant association between being out of work and suicide ideation. The association was largely explained by self-reported stress, anxiety, socioeconomic and demographic variables.

    Policy-makers within the County need to pay attention to the health status of those out of work, especially during times of combined economic and labour market fluctuations.

    Key messages

    • Suicide ideation was more common among people out of labor force in Gävleborg County, Sweden.

    • Further studies are needed to investigate suicide ideation among unemployed persons during times of economic and labor market insecurity.

  • 92.
    Hollender, Hanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Pihlström, Josefine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    "Den skamfyllda kvinnosjukdomen": En kvalitativ studie om hur män i massmedia uttrycker sina upplevelser och tankar kring sin ätstörning.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aimed to illustrate how men, that had or have had an eating disorder, expressed their experiences and thoughts about their eating disorders (ED’s), how they got sick, the treatment of their ED’s, and the recovery from the ED’s, in mass media. Method: A qualitative content analysis of mass media products in swedish. Results: The men in the study got an ED due to wanting control, relieve anxiety and/or being affected by ideals. The men felt loneliness and alienation in their ED and in the treatment of ED’s, because ED’s were considered a disease of women. Some men felt better and a sense of freedom after the recovery. Conclusion: Men with ED are an excluded group and they need more room in the society and within the treatment of ED’s.

  • 93.
    Hultman, Lill
    et al.
    Division of Social Work, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Division of Social Work, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Research & Development, Education and Innovation, Function Area Social Work in Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fugl-Meyer, Kerstin
    Division of Social Work, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Research & Development, Education and Innovation, Function Area Social Work in Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Pergert, Pernilla
    Childhood Cancer Research Unit, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health (KBH), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Pediatric Oncology and Hematology, Children’s and Women’s Health, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Maintaining professional integrity: experiences of case workers performing the assessments that determine children’s access to personal assistance2018In: Disability & Society, ISSN 0968-7599, E-ISSN 1360-0508, Vol. 33, no 6, p. 909-931Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study explores Swedish case workers experiences of decision making regarding disabled children's right to obtain assistance in their everyday life whereby they can live independently in the community. Data collection included seven focus-group interviews and 11 complementary individual interviews with case workers from different agencies responsible for decisions regardig access to personal assistance. Grounded theory methodology was used. Compromised professional integrity under shifting conditions emerged as a main concern and maintaing professional integrity was used as an approach to resolve it. The case workers are maintaining professional integrity by applying different strategies; struggling with division of responsibility, bureaucratizig, and justifying and protecting. The results indicate that present application of assessment criteria in combination with the utilization of precedent rulings has made it difficult for the case workers to make decisions that provide children access to assistance. Current practice raises questions about the case workers perspectives of professionalism.

  • 94.
    Hultman, Lill
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Division of Social Work, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS).
    Pergert, Pernilla
    Karolinska Institutet, Childhood Cancer Research Unit, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health (KBH).
    Forinder, Ulla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Karolinska Institutet, Division of Social Work, Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society (NVS).
    Reluctant participation -€“ the experiences of adolescents with disabilities of meetings with social workers regarding their right to receive personal assistance [Motvilligt deltagande–erfarenheter hos ungdomar med funktionshinder av möten med LSS-handläggare gällande deras rätt till personlig assistans]2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 509-521Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to improve understanding of the experiences of adolescents with disabilities concerning meetings that affect their possibility to receive personal assistance in Sweden. Qualitative inductive content analysis was used to describe their experiences. Overall adolescents were found to be reluctant to participate in meetings. Two main approaches could be discerned – taking part and taking part by proxy. The adolescents who took part in meetings tried to adapt their self-presentation to fit with the social workers’ requirements by presenting their worst self, giving requested information, using support and raising their voices. The adolescents who choose to participate by proxy were either being involved or not being involved. Being involved implied involvement before and/or after the meeting. The meaning of participants’ strategies was examined through a social constructivist lens. The results indicate that ‘performing disability’ during the meetings is a prerequisite for obtaining personal assistance. In its current form adolescents’ participation is reduced to tokenism and this raises questions about how to implement a child perspective.

  • 95. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Hydén, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bakom slöjor av tystnad: en studie av familjeideologi och villkoren för makars professionella karriär hos elitgrupper i Indien2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet är att ge en bakgrund till villkor och studera värderingar som är signifikanta för äkta pars professionella karriärer hos elitgrupper i Indien. De signifikanta värden för denna karriär finner vi företrädesvis förankrade i institutioner som kast, äktenskap och familj. Genom att studera modeller, principer och värderingar typiska för dessa institutioner kan vi mer specifikt se på villkorens karaktär, vilka krafter som verkar bevarande och vilka krafter som verkar för förändringar.

  • 96.
    Hydén, Anders
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Nätverksmöten hos socialtjänsten i Gävle. Vad eftersträvas och hur når man det?2013Report (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Häggblom, Marie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Säll-Jonsson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Samverkan mellan psykiatri och beroendevård: Yrkesverksammas perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how professionals describe the interaction between psychiatry and addiction care when it comes to clients/patients  who suffer from comorbidity of substance abuse and diagnosed mental illness. In this study we posed the following questions: How do the care personnel within psychiatric treatment and substance abuse care describe the current state of the collaboration between them? Which pros and cons do the personnel within the two sectors describe regarding collaboration? Based on six interviews; three among professionals in psychiatry and three in addiction care, the overall result shows that the informants believe that the existing cooperation works well but can be developed. The study also shows that concerted individual plans (SIP) as a tool can generate positive results for clients/patients within both organizations. SIP is also an opportunity for the professionals to go beyond the current confidentiality that exists between the client/patient and organization and thus better able to collaborate around a client/patient. The conclusion is that cooperation can be favored or discriminated against by the staff's attitudes towards individuals who suffer from comorbidity, political decisions, maneuver and professional, personal experience and knowledge of each other's professions. 

  • 98.
    Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Björkman, Ida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    För somliga går det bättre än andra: Nyktra alkoholisters väg ut ur beroendet och deras verktyg för att bevara nykterheten2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är nyktra alkoholisters egna upplevelser av vad som bidrar till ett bibehållande av nykterhet och vad försvårar bibehållandet? Den här kvalitativa studien utförd genom intervjuer (n=5) med nyktra alkoholister visade att vilja, nätverk och sysselsättning är viktiga faktorer när det handlar om att bibehålla nykterhet. Faktorer som försvårar bibehållandet av nykterhet är stress, oro och motgångar. Studien är genomförd med fenomenologisk ansats och har inspirerats av den hermeneutiska meningstolkningen där kognitiv- och systemteori har legat till grund för analysen. Slutsatsen i den här studien är att en konsekvent eftervård, anpassad för individen och ett stödjande nätverk är av största vikt vid bevarandet av nykterhet.

  • 99.
    Kakai, Golan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Cyberbullying from students’ perspectives: a qualitative study2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of cyberbullying is a phenomenon that has increased due to the accessibility internet provides and through modern technologies such as; smartphones, iPads and computers. The aim of this study is to investigate the experiences of cyberbullying and prevention strategies among a group of senior high school students. The research questions were: How do the interviewed students experience the extent and the consequences of cyberbullying? What methods and strategies could be used in order to prevent cyberbullying, according to the interviewed students? Four focus groups with students from two senior high schools in Gävle were performed. The results were analyzed from two theoretical perspectives; empowerment and social constructivism. The result showed that the students regarded it important for the schools to involve the students in the prevention work against cyberbullying. The students also described a need of educating teachers about this new phenomena of cyberbullying. Suggestions on how to tackle the issue were made, based on the students’ experiences of prevention methods provided by schools.

  • 100.
    Kalinnikova, Liya
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Trygged, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work. Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    A retrospective on care and denial of children with disabilities in Russia2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 229-248Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In tsarist Russia, disability care was little developed, yet showed certain similarities with other European countries. Disabled children received support through charities and private philanthropy. The October revolution of 1917 proclaimed a better future for all the country's citizens. Issues: How did the disability policy discussion change after the Russian revolution? Who took care of the so-called feeble-minded? What did this care consist of? Methodology: Study of political and scientific documentation of the period from the end of the 1800s to 1936, along with reflections on the ongoing situation found in the diaries of the head of one child institution, Ekaterina Gracheva. Outcomes: 'Educable' children received schooling, while 'non-educable' children were placed in separate institutions. This marginalisation was reinforced by the focus on the productive worker. Soviet Russia developed defectology as a science and increased the use of institutional solutions. 

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