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  • 51.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Unga mår allt sämre - eller?: Kunskapsöversikt om ungas psykiska hälsa i Sverige 20182018Report (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Unga mår allt sämre - eller? Kunskapsöversikt om ungas psykiska hälsa i Sverige 2018: Kortversion2018Report (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Using resilience engineering to manage school violence2018In: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium: Program & Abstracts, Stockholm: The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) , 2018, p. 172-172Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Safety has never been as bureaucratized as it is today. Over the past two decades we have seen the blooming of safety rules and legislation, and schools do not follow short. But at the same time, since the Columbine High School massacre set off a nationwide moral panic in 1999, there have been ten school shootings in which four or more people were killed. Including the death or suicide of the perpetrators, these mass shootings have resulted in 122 fatalities. In order to prevent school violence, several safety measures have been created. However, school violence has not disappeared and ranges from severe and lethal incidents such as the events this year in Florida, Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School to more lenient but still unwanted forms making everyday school life difficult for students and staff members alike. This project discusses the insights from the so-called resilience engineering school, and apply these understandings to how school violence is managed. The theory suggests that remarkable safety performance on minor incidents tends to increase the risk of events of larger magnitude. By eradicating the minor events through tightening safety protocols, the possibility to learn from these events is lost, together with the full potential of human resourcefulness that could be harnessed towards creating safety success. Thus, safety research has shown that the link between minor and major accidents is not always there. It questions the “theory” of broken windows, which seems to be the general idea behind many school violence prevention approaches, that is, by controlling every minor occurrence of school violence, more severe school violence could be prevented.

  • 54.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Violence and risk assessments in state agencies in Sweden – comparing two perspectives2017In: The European Group for the Study of Deviance and Social Control 45th Annual Conference: Uncovering Harms: States, Corporations and Organizations as Criminals, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish Work Environment Act, the primary responsibility for ensuring a safe and healthy work environment is placed with the employer. The current project aims at studying state agencies in the light of this responsibility. The authorities that was analyzed in this project - for example the Social Insurance Agency, the Migration Board and the National Board of Institutional Care has in common that their clients’ personal welfare is affected by the decisions made by these authorities. The analysis is based around of how to create knowledge about violence and threats in risk assessments in government agencies.

    The common occurrence of negative decisions in these authorities is a known risk factor for producing threats and violence aimed at the public officials responsible for the decisions. At the same time these are authorities whose performance and impartiality is vital to maintain a democratic society. This project aims at providing a deeper understanding of how the knowledge that forms the base for the risk-assessment of threats and violence in these authorities is gathered and produced.

    Since the explanatory models for violence at work must be sought in complex causal relationships involving both the individual and surrounding systems, it has been relevant to look for inspiration in the knowledge produce by other research traditions. Two perspective from safety science perspective that I call stabile and habile did assist the systematic charting of the correlations between exposure to violence at work and the situational conditions that contribute to producing incidents of threats and violence.

    One result of the study is that safety management has so far paid relatively little attention to the habile perspective and thus the aim of the Swedish Work Environment Act is not fulfilled.

12 51 - 54 of 54
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