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  • 51.
    Threadgold, Emma
    et al.
    School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Marsh, John E.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science. School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    McLatchie, Neil
    Department of Psychology, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK.
    Ball, Linden J.
    School of Psychology, University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
    Background music stints creativity: evidence from compound remote associate tasks2019In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 0888-4080, E-ISSN 1099-0720, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 873-888Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Summary Background music has been claimed to enhance people's creativity. In three experiments, we investigated the impact of background music on performance of Compound Remote Associate Tasks (CRATs), which are widely thought to tap creativity. Background music with foreign (unfamiliar) lyrics (Experiment 1), instrumental music without lyrics (Experiment 2), and music with familiar lyrics (Experiment 3) all significantly impaired CRAT performance in comparison with quiet background conditions. Furthermore, Experiment 3 demonstrated that background music impaired CRAT performance regardless of whether the music induced a positive mood or whether participants typically studied in the presence of music. The findings challenge the view that background music enhances creativity and are discussed in terms of an auditory distraction account (interference-by-process) and the processing disfluency account.

  • 52.
    Wallberg, Ellinor
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Nyberg, Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Klimatförändringarnas påverkan pågrundvattnet: En effektstudie över den framtida grundvattensituationen iHedesundaåsen, med fokus på vattenkvantitet2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change may affect the hydrological cycle on a global scale. The changes will most clearly be noticed on the surface, with increasing precipitation amounts, in-creased evaporation and a reduced snow cover. What happens at the surface has a great impact on what happens to the groundwater, and varies greatly between the different water storages, the prevailing climate and land use. The European Environ-ment Agency has therefore sought to investigate future groundwater conditions at local levels. The Hedesunda esker was chosen for this study because it is used as a water source without human modification of its inflow. No similar studies have pre-viously been performed on the Hedesunda esker. It is an esker in Gävleborg County, which supplies drinking water to the population in Hedesunda. The purpose of this study has been to present how the groundwater in the Hedesunda esker may be af-fected in a future climate.

    The hydrological model HBV-light was calibrated for the time period 2000-2009 us-ing meteorological measurements from SMHI, and validated against the time period 2011-2017. Simulations were performed for the time periods 2022-2050 and 2072-2100. In the simulations, two widely different future scenarios were used to cover a large range of possible future scenarios. The simulations in the study consistently showed trends with increasing groundwater levels and recharge, regardless of the scenario. Depending on the chosen scenario, the groundwater level according to the simulations may increase by between 6.3–11.5 % and the groundwater recharge by between 4.8–13.6 % for the period 2072-2100. A similar study, previously con-ducted in a nearby area, showed an increase in groundwater recharge by up to 15 % at the end of the century. A comparison of the results between the studies makes it likely that the results from the Hedesunda esker may well be correct.

    It is clear after this study that climate change will affect the groundwater in Hede-sunda in the future. The uncertainties about the details are many, as the future sce-narios are only an estimate of how precipitation, temperature etc. will be affected in a future climate. The uncertainty is based on the fact that these factors are used as a forecast in a hydrological model, which also contains uncertainties from the mathe-matical model and the future scenarios. Despite the many uncertainties, the simula-tions can give an indication of how climate change may affect the groundwater in the future, and can be used to prepare society for possible future consequences of the groundwater's changed quantity and, in the long run, also the water quality.

  • 53.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Sörqvist, Patrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Holmgren, Mattias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Andersson, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Brister i vårt logiska tänkande ett hinder för klimatkloka beslut2019In: Husbyggaren, ISSN 0018-7968, no 1, p. 23-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Åkerström, Johan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Alsade, Noor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Nudging för att minska köttkonsumtion: En studie för att förändra studenters beteende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of the study is to investigate whether nudging is an effective method for changing behavior among students at Gävle University. The study will investigate whether two nudging methods (information campaign and nudge) can change the students' behavior, while comparing which method gives better effect to changing behavior and reducing meat consumption. First, a literature study will investigate wheater meat affects the climate and how much greenhouse gas emissions from meat can potentially be reduced by students at the Högskolan i Gävle using information campaigns and nudge. To further answer the purpose, two surveys and two nudging methods have been conducted at the Högskolan i Gävle. The first survey study was conducted to measure how much meat and the type of meat consumed by students, then two nudging methods have been used in order to change behavior and reduce or change the choice of meat among students. The second survey study was conducted to investigate whether the campaigns have changed behavior and reduced or changed the choice of meat among students. Results show that nudging has had an effect and behavior has changed. Nudge has reduced meat consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. The survey study contained 6 questions where only question 1 turned out to be significant and can be linked to nudge [KH1] in the interaction, information campaign is a contributing factor to this change.

     

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