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  • 601.
    Andersson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress och dess inverkan på möjligheten till att vara fysiskt aktiv, hos ett urval av grundskolelärare: Intervjuundersökning2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 602.
    Andersson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Årsta Odlingar: Möjligheter och omöjligheter för en kommersiell grönsaksodling i stadsrummet2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 603.
    Andersson, Karin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Hedlund, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Sjuksköterskans kunskaper om kvinnovåld: en litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2007 anmäldes 19600 fall av våld mor kvinnor där förövaren var en manlig bekant till kvinnan. Mörkertalet är stort och våldet är ofta väl dolt bakom hemmets väggar. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att belysa vilka kunskaper sjuksköterskan behövde för att kunna identifiera/urskilja kvinnor utsatta för våld i nära relation samt ge en god omvårdnad till dessa när de sökte till hälso- och sjukvården. Ur de granskade artiklarna utläste författarna fem teman "Urskilja kvinnor utsatta för våld i nära relation", "Att möta våldsutsatta kvinnor", "Våldsutsatta kvinnors erfarenheter av vården", "Sjuksköterskans behov av riktlinjer och utbildning" och " Sjuksköterskans inställning till att ställa frågan". Det framkom att sjuksköterskor behövde riktlinjer och utbildning/erfarenhet för att kunna identifiera och ge en god omvårdnad till kvinnor utsatta för våld i nära relation. En god omvårdnad för dessa kvinnor innebar att sjuksköterskan vågade fråga om deras situation, vågade ta emot svaret och förmedla vidare kontakt.

    En slutsats författarna drar efter denna litteraturstudies genomförande är att forskning om sjuksköterskors kunskaper inom detta område bör undersökas ytterligare. Vidare bör det även forskas om vilken kunskap om detta ämne sjuksköterskestudenter erhåller i sin utbildning till sjuksköterska.

  • 604.
    Andersson, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Den självskattade stressen och energin bland dag- och skiftarbetare på ett skogsindustriföretag i Mellansverige.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 605.
    Andersson, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Verksamhetsstyrning Gävle Hamn2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This hermeneutic study is performed on request by Gävle harbour. The owner of Gävle harbour is Gävle community by Gävle Stadshus and the goal is to create a logistic centre in the district of Gästrikland/Dalarna. To enable the district to be growing and increasing environment, large investments have been put into infrastructure and machinery.

    The expansion of Gävle port and its business should in the future lead to that more companies will settle down in the port area and surroundings. That will increase the work opportunities, inhabitants and companies within the community. The goal of Gävle communities’ growth programme is to increase and be five percent better than the year 2004 within 2007.

    Facts like internationalisation of the economies and increased globalisation of markets, fast technology development, increased act on environmental issues and strive against tenable development. Many companies meet an increased competition, at the same time privatisation, deregulation and decreased recourse frames gives hash financial demands on the public businesses. Large changes in controlling both private and public businesses have been performed, cost efficiency and housekeeping of existing resources is obligated.

    Gävle port stands in front of an expansion and effectiveness of the business to be able to meet the demands of the future from a global market and the regional owner. To be able to answer the question what kind of effectiveness, ruling system and documents internal in the organization that should be maintained and established, there demands a present situation analyse. To receive the information what the company have and compare to the theories what they should have.

    The present situation analyse is built on ten qualitative interviews and shows that Gävle port have to standardise and formalise the business to be able to use their resources on a cost efficient way. To get the overall picture of the organisation the present situations analyse shows the areas that needs extra attention in the beginning. Four problem areas can be identified during the analyse that needs to be dealt with.

    Goal setting and strategy, the vision framtidsplan 2010 must be braked down in short and long term goals that can be mediated to the personnel.

    Market plan must be created to enable to have strategy and short term and long term goals for the marketing actions.

    Economy and salary system, Gävle harbour needs user friendly systems that can be helpful and gives control over the financial development.

    Environmental certification is an important issue now when the debate about environment and global heating is very intensive.

    The study shows that the theories often describe the best of worlds, but the reality usually shows a different side. Terminology used in theory books many times does not cooperate with the daily business and many times gives half the context.

  • 606.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Fernqvist, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Fastighetsmäklarstudenters kunskap om mäklarbranschens anställningsvillkor2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    Aim:

    During the period of studies it has emerged concerns revolving around holiday remuneration, pensions, parental leave, sick-pay and employment benefits. We realized that it was important for us that we have good knowledge of these rules and therefore we started to think about if the other students in real estate education have good insight into this. The aim of our study is to investigate how much real estate students at Högskolan in Gävle know about employment conditions and benefits. If there is insufficient / inadequate knowledge we want to know what this could have implications for and for whom.

    Method:

    The quantitative method consisted of a survey of 20 standardized questions asked of students in the grades one and two at the real estate program. In total the survey generated 99 responses. The qualitative method consisted of open interview questions posed to four of the largest real estate firms.

    Result & Conclusions:

    The results of the study showed that students' knowledge of pensions, holiday remuneration, sick pay and maternity pay to real estate was scarce. Most were aware that the most common form of wages among estate agents is entirely commission based salary. Many had relatively good insight on what a real estate agent earn in a month. With regard to benefits, we think that the students had realistic expectations about them.

    Suggestions for future research:

    Two proposals for further research could be: "What is it that makes more and more women choose to become a real estate agent?" Or "How to balance the female estate career vs. life as a parent of young children?" Another subject that would also be interesting to deepen within is the importance of employment when students apply for jobs. "What employment benefits and working conditions are preferable to others and are they important for the student’s choice of work?"

    Contribution of the thesis:

    The essay can inform and serve as an aid to interested groups such as the persons responsible of the education at the real estate program, students and estate agents as a profession.

  • 607.
    Andersson, Katarina
    et al.
    Department of social work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sjölund, Maria
    Department of social work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Challenges in Elderly Night-Time Care: Dignity 24 Hours a Day in Swedish Elderly Home Care Services?2017In: Innovation in aging, E-ISSN 2399-5300, Vol. 1, no Suppl. 1, p. 302-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research study explores a large knowledge gap within Swedish elderly care – namely the challenges of within home care services at night. Despite that home care services is the most common support given to the elderly in Sweden. The few National and International studies that exist on night-time care, have focused on residential care facilities for the elderly. Therefore, focus here is on night-time care in their own homes, given by the night patrol – which we know very little about.

    In the last decades, organizational transformation has taken place within elderly care towards increased rationalization and marketization. Along with demographical changes, this raises questions of dignified care, equal social rights and access to care. As the elderly are living longer and living in their own homes with severe disability and vulnerability, the pressure on home care services will increase – including at night. Dignity in care has been legislated in the Swedish Social Services Act, but is vaguely implemented, specifically at night.

    Discussed are results of an interview survey with managers responsible for night-time home care services in 50 Swedish municipalities. How night-time care is organized varies depending on local governance, location and size of municipalities. This indicates challenges for equal access to care, depending on where you live. Care workers experience time pressure at night with many fragile elderly in need of care. How efforts to secure dignity and safety for older people varies over night is therefore important to reveal, not the least from a social equality perspective.

  • 608.
    Andersson, Katharina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Att skriva tillsammans2016In: Praktiknära forskning: Barn, lärare och lärande / [ed] Elisabeth Björklund och Christina Gustafsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2016, 1, p. 123-146Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 609.
    Andersson, Katharina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish and Gender studies.
    Nya inlärares skrivande2017In: Kunskap Motstånd Möjlighet: Humanistisk forskning i dag / [ed] Ulrika Serrander & Peder Thalén, Halmstad: Molin & Sorgenfrei, 2017, 1, p. 277-293Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 610.
    Andersson, Katharina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Swedish. Åbo Akademi, Pedagogiska fakulteten.
    Pojkar kan visst skriva!: skrivkompetenser på nationellt prov i svenska i årskurs tre i Sverige2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    10-year old boys are writing texts in a National Test in the spring of 2009. The aim of this study is to increase knowledge in and understanding of boys’ writing skills through description, analysis and interpretation of the texts produced by the boys in the National Test in Swedish for junior level year three, taken in Sweden in 2009. The material consists of texts produced by boys and is focused on their ability to write. Through avoiding relating to texts produced by girls, it is possible to search, review, interpret and observe without simultaneously comparing the two genders. The aim of the test is to measure writing proficiency from a normative perspective, while I am investigating content, reception, awareness, and other aspects relevant when producing text. Genres are described through the instruction given in the test, which defines the work that takes place in the classroom and thereby my approach to the analysis. The latter is focused on finding patterns in the competence of the students rather than looking for flaws and limitations. When competence is searched for beyond the relationship to syllabi or the demands of the test in itself, the boys’ texts from the test provide a general foundation for investigating writing proficiency. Person, place and social group have been removed from the texts thereby avoiding aspects of social positioning. The texts are seen from the perspective of 10-year old boys who write texts in a National Test. The theoretical basis as provided by Ivaničs (2004; 2012) offers models for theory on writing. A socio-cultural viewpoint (Smidt, 2009; Säljö, 2000) including literacy and a holistic view on writing is found throughout. By the use of abdicative logic (see 4.4) material and theory work in mutual cooperation. The primary method hermeneutics (Gadamer 1997) and analytical closereading (Gustavsson, 1999) are used dependent on the requirements of the texts. The thesis builds its foundation through the analysis from theoretically diverse areas of science. Central to the thesis is the result that boys who write texts in the National Test, are able to write in two separate genres without conversion or the creating hybrids between the two. Furthermore, the boys inhibit extensive knowledge about other types of texts, gained from TV, film, computers, books, games, and magazines even in such a culturally bound context as a test. Texts the boy has knowledge of through other situations can implicitly be inserted in his own text, or be explicitly written with a name of the main character, title, as well as other signifiers. These texts are written to express and describe what is required in the topic heading of the test. In addition other visible results of the boys’ ability to write well occur though the multitude of methods for analysis throughout the thesis which both search, and find writing competence in the texts written by the boys.

  • 611.
    Andersson, Katja
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Magnil, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Extern och intern CSR och dess påverkan på företagets marknadsvärde: En kvantitativ studie på europeiska börsnoterade företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The relationship between CSR and the company’s market value has been studied in several previous studies. Our study focuses instead on how the company’s market value changes when external and internal CSR are separated. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the company’s market value changes if the gap between external and internal CSR increases or decreases.

     

    Method: The study is a quantitative study with the starting point of the positivistic philosophy with a hypothetical-deductive approach. This study uses a cross-sectional design of 147 listed European companies for the years 2008 to 2017. Secondary data from the Thomson Reuters Datastream has been used for this study and the collected data has then been analyzed in the SPSS statistics program.

     

    Result & Conclusions: The result of the study shows a weak indication that the market value increases as the differences between external and internal CSR increase. The results suggest that because of institutional differences between European countries, the influence over the company may vary for different stakeholders.

     

    Contribution of the thesis: The study contributes to filling the gap of research that exists for European companies on the relationship of the gap between external and internal CSR and its impact on the company’s market value. The study also contributes with a unique combination of six external and six internal CSR variables for studies on the relationship between external and internal CSR. The practical contribution of the study is information for companies to take stakeholders into consideration in order for the company to better plan how to divide resources between external and internal CSR, so this in turn gives a positive impact on the company’s market value.

     

    Suggestions for future research: There may be cultural differences between countries and continents, so it would be interesting to conduct the study in different continents.

  • 612.
    Andersson Kraft, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Distriktsköterskans arbete med och reflektioner kring behandlingen av vuxna patienter med övervikt och fetma: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med distriktssköterskor på landstingsdrivna vårdcentraler i Uppsala län2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Övervikt och fetma är ett växande problem i Sverige och delar av världen. Det är en riskfaktor för andra somatiska sjukdomar och har en negativ inverkan på livskvalitén. Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva distriktsköterskors arbete med och reflektioner kring behandlingen av vuxna patienter med övervikt och fetma. Studien var av kvalitativ ansats med deskriptiv design och genomfördes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta distriktssköterskor på landstingsdrivna vårdcentraler i Uppsala län. Resultatet av studien visade att mätvärden och samtal var viktiga verktyg för att distriktssköterskorna ska kunna identifiera patientens övervikt eller fetma. I behandlingen av övervikt och fetma var motiverande samtal, tvärprofessionellt arbete, fysisk aktivitet på recept och kostråd centrala delar. Liksom de stöd som distriktssköterskan utgjorde för patienten i beteendeförändringen. Patientens brist på motivation eller vilja kunde försvåra samarbetet mellan patient och distriktssköterska. Slutsatsen av studien visade att distriktssköterskorna hade en betydande roll i patientens beteendeförändring mot en hälsosammare livsstil och viktminskning. Distriktssköterskorna hade kunskap och kompetens att hjälpa patienten i arbetet med beteendeförändringen men mer kunskap behövdes för att kunna utveckla vården. Riktlinjer för hur övervikt och fetma ska tas om hand och behandlas inom vården var viktiga och hjälpte distriktssköterskorna att motivera sitt arbete hos verksamhetschefer. Distriktssköterskorna följde delvis vårdprogrammet för fetma hos vuxna i Uppsala län.

  • 613.
    Andersson, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    "It's funny that we don't see the similarities when that's what we're aiming for": Visualizing and challenging teachers' stereotypes of gender and science2012In: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 281-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study illuminates teachers’ conceptions of gender and science and possibilities to challenge these conceptions. Since 2005, a group of teachers (K-6) inSwedenhave met approximately once a month in two-hour seminars to discuss and develop their instruction in science and technology based on a gender perspective. The present data consist mainly of audio-recordings of the teacher seminars and video-recordings of science/technology activities with students. Analysis of the empirical data has been carried out in several stages and was inspired by thematic analysis, the theoretical framework of which is based on Hirdman’s and Beauvoir’s theories of gender. The results show that the teachers’ ideas about gender/equity and science exist on several levels, within which various conceptions are represented. On the one hand, “reasoning around similarity”, where teachers consider that both girls and boys should have the same prerequisites for working with science/technology. In contrast, stereotyped conceptions of girls and boys when the teachers evaluate their activities with students, where condescending attitudes toward girls are also observed. The girls’ ways of working with science/technology are not as highly valued as the boys’, and this outlook on children can ultimately have consequences for girls’ attitudes toward the subject. When teachers are allowed to read their own statements about the girls, they get “a glimpse of themselves”, and their condescending ideas about girls are made visible. In this way, the teachers can begin their active work toward change, which may lead to new outlooks on and attitudes toward students.

  • 614.
    Andersson, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Krönika: utbytta ord kan motverka fördomar2011In: Genus, ISSN 1403-8943, no 2, p. 25-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 615.
    Andersson, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Lärare för förändring: att synliggöra och utmana föreställningar om naturvetenskap och genus2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus in this thesis is teachers’ gender awareness related to scientific practice. The thesis is based on two different empirical studies: a longitudinal action research study together with a group of teachers (K-6) and a study during an in-service development course where experienced teachers applied gender theory on a real classroom situation, a case. 

     

    The studies show that working with gender is complicated and comprises of many aspects of human life. An important part of gender awareness is to be able to relate to these aspects. A question of vital importance is to challenge conceptions of gender in such a way that the conceptions will be verbalized and thereby visualized. Moreover, the studies show that feminist pedagogy and theory of science can lead to a new approach to teaching and learning in science. For teachers without any background in science, there are other competences than just subject matter knowledge that are vital for teaching. Feminist perspectives in professional development reinforce teachers’ pedagogical competences and their pedagogical content knowledge and thereby make these teachers feel they participate in the scientific practice and contribute in developing both the stuff of knowledge and its culture.

     

    The thesis also contributes to new methodological knowledge about action research. One of the results is that time is an important factor to take into consideration depending on what kind of change you want to receive. The researcher engaged in action research as an "outsider" has an important function in order to monitor the process and pay attention and use critical events to drive the change process forward.        

     

  • 616.
    Andersson, Kristina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Vad har genus med naturvetenskap att göra?2013In: Den onaturliga naturen: Kunskapsmaterial om sexualitet och kön för lärare i naturkunskap och biologi på gymnasiet / [ed] Hans Olsson, Tommy Eriksson, RFSU , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 617.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge.
    Gullberg, Annica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Hussénius, Anita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Chemistry.
    Acting for change: Challenging teachers through theatre, interventions and research2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 618.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Danielsson, Anna
    Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, Uppsala universitet.
    Gullberg, Annica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Hussénius, Anita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Chemistry.
    Chasing borderlands - pre-service teachers' meeting with different cultures in their education2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 619.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology. Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University.
    Gullberg, Annica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology. Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University.
    What is science in preschool and what do teachers have to know to empower children?2014In: Cultural Studies of Science Education, ISSN 1871-1502, E-ISSN 1871-1510, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 275-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we problematize the purpose of teaching science in preschool and what competences preschool teachers need in order to conduct science activities in the classroom. The empirical data were collected through an action research project with five preschool and primary school teachers (K-6). In the first section we have used one situation, a floating-sinking experiment, as an illustration of how two different epistemological perspectives generate different foci on which kind of science teaching competences that are fruitful in preschool. In the first perspective, the central goal of science teaching is the development of the children’s conceptual understanding. With this perspective, we found that the science activities with the children were unsuccessful, because the children’s thoughts about concepts did not develop but even the situation enhanced a misconception concerning density. Moreover, the teacher was unsuccessful in supporting the children’s conceptual learning. The second perspective uses a feminist approach that scrutinizes science, where we investigate if the floating-sinking activity contributes to a feeling of participation in a scientific context for the children and if so how the teacher promotes this inclusion. This second perspective showed that the children’s scientific proficiency benefited from the situation; they had acquired a positive experience of the density concept that they could build upon which was reinforced by the teacher. The children discovered that they had power over their own learning by using an experimental approach. On the basis of these findings, we conclude that there are competences other than subject matter knowledge that are also important when preschool teachers engage children in scientific activities. Through process-oriented work with the teacher group, we identified four concrete skills: paying attention to and using children’s previous experiences; capturing unexpected things that happen at the moment they occur; asking questions that challenge the children and that stimulate further investigation; situated presence, that is, “remaining” in the situation and listening to the children and their explanations. We discuss possible ways to move preschool teachers away from their feelings of inadequacy and poor self-confidence in teaching science by reinforcing this kind of pedagogical content knowledge.

  • 620.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Biology.
    Gullberg, Annica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Biology.
    Hussénius, Anita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Scantlebury, Kathryn
    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, USA.
    "We do science, we don't do gender!" Challenging science teaching education: Gender awareness in contructing knowledge of science and science teaching2015In: Feminist Pedagogy in Higher Education : Critical Theory and Practice / [ed] T. P. Light, J. Nicolas & R. Bondy, Waterloo, ON, Canada: Wilfrid Laurier University Press , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 621.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Biology.
    Gustafsson, Christina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Methodological dilemmas in action research2011In: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we want to call attention to and discuss two aspects of importance for work toward change regarding fundamental values through action research. The first aspect is time, and taking it into account according to “the action research spiral”. The second aspect concerns the importance of critical events for making progress and challenging preconceived notions. We also stress that researchers as “outsiders” have the opportunity to overview the process in a way that the other participants (insiders) do not. The empirical data is collected from an action research project on science and gender conducted inSweden with teachers from preschool and K-6. The collaboration was proceeded during 2005 to 2010, a total of 57 months.   

  • 622.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Hussenius, Anita
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Genusperspektiv i naturvetenskaplig undervisning2006In: Naturfagsdidaktikkens mange facetter: Proceedings fra Det 8. nordiske Forskersymposium om undervisningen i naturfag / [ed] Lisbeth Bering, Jens Dolin, Lars Brian Krogh, Jan Sölberg, Helene Sörensen, Rie Troelsen, Köpenhamn: Danmarks Paedagogiska Universitets Forlag , 2006, p. 95-102Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våren 2005 har ett skolutvecklingsprojekt initierats tillsammans med åtta verksamma lärare för att studera om en ökad genusmedvetenhet kan påverka undervisningen inom naturorienterade ämnen (NO) och teknik. Lärargruppen har tillsammans med projektansvariga diskuterat litteratur från forskning inom genusvetenskap och ämnesdidaktik vid sammanlagt sju seminarietillfällen. Lärarna uppmärksammar könsbundna attitydskillnader till naturvetenskap och teknik. En ökad insikt om flickors behov av att se helheter och förstå sammanhang har fått lärarna att tänka kring sin undervisning i NO/teknik på ett nytt sätt. Lärarna har bland annat provat att presentera samma undervisningsmoment på olika sätt i flick- respektive pojkgrupper. Träning och erfarenhet inom ett område som eleverna tidigare inte behärskar, skapar trygghet och förtrogenhet med ämnet och därigenom kan attitydskillnader överbryggas. För att bättre kunna förmedla ett intresse och engagemang till eleverna uttrycker lärarna en önskan om kompetensutveckling inom NO/teknik. I artikeln presenteras delresultat från intervjuer med fyra av de deltagande lärarna.

  • 623.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap. Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Hussenius, Anita
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap. Centre for Gender Research, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Christina
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för didaktik.
    Gender theory as a tool for analyzing science teaching2009In: Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, ISSN 0742-051X, E-ISSN 1879-2480, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 336-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines to what extent experienced teachers are aware of gender issues in the science classroom. It also explores how an introduction to gender theory might alter this awareness. Teachers wrote their reflections about a real classroom situation. They were then asked to analyse the same situation after having read texts that discussed gender theory concepts. The fourteen teachers' understanding about gender and society were challenged. Some teachers were able to analyse the case differently by applying gender theory, others discussed the case on a more general level, while one teacher showed signs of resistance regarding gender theory.

  • 624.
    Andersson, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för naturvetenskap.
    Hussénius, Anita
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Gender theory as a tool for analysing science teaching2008In: Planning science instruction - from insight to learning to pedagogical practices: proceedings of the 9th Nordic Research Symposium on Science Education, 11th-15th June 2008, Reykjavík, Iceland, Reykjavík: School of education, University of Iceland , 2008, p. 168-170Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Attempts to reform science education have to a minor extent taken into account that gender issues may have an influence on the pupils, their learning and interest. Therefore, examples of using feminist or gender theories for analyzing or planning science education are difficult to find in the literature (Nyström 2007, Sinnes 2006). The aim of this study is to examine to what extent experienced teachers apprehend the gender order within the scientific classroom and also to explore if it is possible to achieve a change in these apprehensions. In-service teachers have unprepared written down their reflections about a real classroom situation, a case, and afterwards got the task of analyzing the situation once again after reading a gender theory. The teachers’ texts have been analyzed in several steps: first, the written material was analyzed to find and form categories of relevance; second, sections were raised that pointed out if the teachers had used the gender theory and in what way they had used it; and third, a comparison was made on an individual level of the teachers’ explanations in the two different tasks. The results show that the participating teachers’ understandings about gender and society were challenged ,which is expressed in different ways in their texts. One group of teachers was able to apply the theory on the concrete classroom event, another group had a discussion on a more general level, while one teacher showed a resistance to the theory and thereby also to the task. The fact that the teachers deepen and widen their interpretation of a real classroom’s event when they get access to a gender theory indicates that this method can be applied in teacher education. The usage of cases can be an instrument to link theories to practical work.

  • 625.
    Andersson, Kristoffer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö och patientsäkerhet: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskans arbetsmiljö påverkar patientsäkerheten. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie som baserade sig på tretton artiklar. Resultatet pekade på att kvalitén på vården som sjuksköterskorna gav var signifikant associerad med sjukhusets arbetsmiljö och antalet anställda. Det fanns ett starkt samband mellan antalet patienter per sjuksköterska och patientsäkerheten. Det visade sig även att om en arbetsplats har en dåligt organiserad arbetsmiljö så kan det motverka fördelarna med att ha mycket personal. Sjuksköterskor måste vara flexibla då patienternas behov och vårdkedjor var mycket komplexa och ständigt varierande. Det kan finnas starka kopplingar mellan patienternas säkerhet i vården och sjuksköterskornas arbetsmiljö samt flera faktorer som påverkar denna arbetsmiljö: bemanning, organisation, arbetsansvar, höga krav, arbetsledning, patienternas tillstånd, arbetsrelationer, lagarbete, arbetsvillkor, sjuksköterskans professionella inställning, kommunikation, resurser, stress, utmattningssyndrom, stora mängder administration, telefonarbete, hanterande av svåra situationer och övriga icke sjuksköterskeuppgifter. Sjuksköterskeyrket beskrivs som mycket komplext, att det förväntas mycket och att det ställs stora krav på våra sjuksköterskor. Hög arbetsbelastning, konflikter mellan kollegor, dålig ledning och emotionell börda kopplades till utmattningssyndrom bland sjuksköterskor. Slutsatsen blev att låg bemanning och dålig arbetsmiljö kan påverka vårdkvalitén och patientsäkerheten.

  • 626.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Tema Äldre, Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Diversity, health and ageing2006In: Ageing and diversity: Multiple pathways and cultural migrations / [ed] Svein Olav Daatland & Simon Biggs, Bristol, UK: The Policy Press , 2006, 1, p. 45-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 627.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, PeterUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Jämlik ålderdom?: I samtiden och framtiden2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 628.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Äldre arbetstagares delaktighet i arbetslivet2012In: Social delaktighet / [ed] Jukka Surakka & Markku T. Hyyppä, Helsingfors: Arcada , 2012, p. 41-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 629.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Äldre i arbetslivet - delaktiga eller marginaliserade?2012In: Jämlik ålderdom?: I samtiden och framtiden / [ed] Lars Andersson och Peter Öberg, Malmö: Liber, 2012, 1, p. 39-63Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 630.
    Andersson, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Åkerlund, Ulrika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Interaktion mellan sjuksköterska, närstående och patient i palliativ vård: en litteraturstudie2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden the death of about 90 000 people each year and the number who die elsewhere than in hospital increases. This places greater demands on the palliative home care. Through education and guidelines can nurses in palliative care give patients and relatives increased quality of life and allow the choice of place to end his life.

    The aim: of this study was to investigate if the interaction between nurse, relatives and patient facilitates a good care and death in palliative care. Method: The study was conducted as a literature study in which seven quantitative and ten qualitative research articles were reviewed. Results: Four categories were identified that were relevant for nursing care and death in palliative care, Communication, Relationships between nurses, patients and relatives, To die at home or in hospice and The good death. The communication was found to have a large impact on the interaction in the palliative care. The results showed that the communication involved much more than just verbal. Although humor can be regarded as trivial and unprofessional proved to have a significant impact on the interaction and contributed to the nurse came closer to the patient and the relatives. The need for education and knowledge in palliative care were found to be important for nurses but also for patients and relatives to make decisions about where and how the patient wants to be nursed.

  • 631.
    Andersson, Lina
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Förskollärares syn på barns lek i förskolan2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet handlar om vad två pedagoger på respektive förskola har för syn på barns lek i deras verksamhet; vad dessa två pedagogers uppfattningar om skillnaden mellan lek och fri lek är, samt hur deltagande pedagogen själv kan vara i leken kommer att behandlas. Ett annat område som behandlas i examensarbetet är om respektive förskollärare anser att miljön på förskolan kan påverka barn i deras lek och hur den kan formas för att gynna lekandet. Som metod har intervjuer och observationer använts och genom dem har det i slutsatsen kommit fram vad två förskollärare och deras kollegor anser om lek samt hur det överensstämmer med praktiken.

    Det har tidigare forskats en del om lek men inte om pedagogers uppfattningar om fri lek. Därför blev valet att behandla just den frågan i mitt examensarbete. En intressant jämförelse är att de teoretiska perspektiven författarna har i litteraturen har speglat hur författarna själva ser på lek, och då har även en relatering till vad studiens pedagoger kan ha för teoretiska perspektiv gjorts eftersom det påverkar deras uppfattning om lekens betydelse. Det är en egen tolkning som gjorts under granskning av resultat.

    Vad som kommer fram ur denna undersökning är att det finns olika sätt att uppfatta lek och hur man som pedagog kan agera och delta i lek. Lek är viktig för dessa pedagoger och den ska till stor del finnas i verksamheten eftersom den främjar barns utveckling ur flera perspektiv. Lek och fri lek skiljer sig åt på så sätt att i den fria leken får barnen själva bestämma över leken enligt en av de intervjuade. På dessa förskolor som ingår i undersökningen valde dessa pedagoger att inte delta i barnens lek, då de vill att barnen ska lära sig leka utan vuxna, såvida inte konflikter uppstår och barnen behöver en vuxens vägledning. Även då ville personalen att barnen till stor del skulle kunna reda ut situationen till stor del själv eftersom det främjar den personliga identitetsutvecklingen hos barnen. Barn ska kunna leka själva utan en vuxen närvarande i leken; en av pedagogerna ansåg att barnen skulle vara varandras kamrater och inte de vuxna. Miljön har enligt de intervjuade stor effekt på barnens lek och hur leken kan påverkas genom den. Barnen ska kunna tillgodose sin egen lek på så sätt att materialen ska vara tillängliga för barnen, såsom leksaker, skapandematerial osv.

    På dessa två förskolor överensstämde resultatet från undersökningen på flera områden, intervjupersonerna hade ungefär liknande värderingar om hur viktig leken var och även vad de hade för uppfattningar om den. Av intervju samt observation upplevdes det att de intervjuade i huvudsak ”lever som de lär”. De agerade till största delen i praktiken som de uppgav i intervjun.

     

  • 632.
    Andersson, Lina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Lärares tankar och idéer kring musik i idrottsundervisningen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur och varför lärare i ämnet idrott och hälsa på gymnasiet använder sig utav musik som ett pedagogiskt verktyg samt varför de inte använder musik. Syftet är även att undersöka om gymnasielärarna i ämnet idrott och hälsa blir påverkade av några yttre faktorer som kan resultera i att de använder musiken i sin undervisning. Studien är baserad på kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta lärare i ämnet idrott och hälsa på gymnasiet. Resultatet visar att lärarnas tankar och idéer kring användandet av musik samt hur de upplever att eleverna agerar till musik stämmer bra överens med tidigare forskning som visar många fördelar med att arbeta till musik. Resultatet visar även att de yttre faktorer som påverkar lärarna mest, när det gäller hur det använder sig utav musik i deras undervisning, är eleverna och deras musikintresse. Slutsatsen av studien är att lärarna upplever att musik motiverar och inspirerar elever till rörelseglädje samt en högre prestationsnivå. Hur de använder musiken är antingen som bakgrundmusik eller som ett hjälpmedel.

  • 633.
    Andersson, Lina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wallin, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    "Det blir moment 22, det klaffar ju inte någonstans": - Socialsekreterares syn på arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd och missbruksproblematik2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate economic support carried out by social workers within municipal social services and how they deal with clients who need both economic support and are substance abusers. We made six semi-structured interviews in two municipalities. They were analysed by means of content analysis, system theory and self-determination theory (SDT) and in accordance with professional ethics. Our results show that the social workers face problems in planning and assessment concerning these clients, especially beacuse of social exclusion at the labour market. Leave only one way to re-entrance in society, voluntarily addiction treatment. The social workers are torn between the purpose of control in their investigation and how to support their clients, causing troublesome dilemmas in their profession. These clients are made visible as a vulnerable sub-group of clients in a welfare system built on activity. Motivation and cooperation with other organisations is the key to make change. Our study intends to promote development of both theroretical and practical knowledge in the field. 

  • 634.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Avskaffandet av revisionsplikten - ur ett styrningsperspektiv2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Our purpose with this paper is to get a basis to conduct a discussion how auditing firms prepare themselves before the change of the statutory audit and what consequences that is going to represent for the business strategy.

    Methodology: We used a qualitative method which was natural when we present the study in form of words and not in form of numbers. Our empirical accumulation endures of primary sources because we chose personal interviews with four persons on different auditing firms. The auditing firms that we have chosen consisted of two international chains of stores and two smaller firms.

    Findings: Trough the study we found a slight passivity in the act by the auditing firms around the abolishment of the statutory audit for micro firms. We mean that the firms should lay one step ahead if they had strategies for how to meet the changes.

  • 635.
    Andersson, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hanterbarhet: En kvalitativ studie av erfarenheter av stress och utbrändhet i arbetet med barn och unga inom socialtjänsten2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Coping – a qualitative study of experiences of stress and burn-out in the work with children and youth within the social services.

    The aim of this study was to examine experiences and coping of work related stress and burn-out among social workers within the child and youth department of the social services in a larger municipality of Sweden. It is a qualitative study built on interviews with social workers about their experiences of stressful situations in their demanding working environment, and how they manage to handle these. They find their work-load unrestricted and demanding. To guard their own limits to their work-load and engagement in the organization and cases they work with, and to prioritize the duties they find most important, are found to be the main coping strategies. Support from colleagues and family, as well as working part time when having children, are also expressed as important factors in managing the stressful working situation, and to hopefully avoid burn-out.

  • 636.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Hedlund, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Land management, GIS.
    Trivsam boendemiljö för studenter: En gestaltningsstudie utifrån studenters åsikter för ett trivsamt boende2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The physical environment is a very important component for human health.  A well-functioning site enables people to recreation and social life. People who spend a lot of time outdoor are also experiencing less stress. If people doesn’t give opportunity to influence the spatial planning process there is a risk of negative attitudes and discomfort. This can create a mental illness. This study deals with how students feel about their physical environment and how they want it to be designed. The study is aimed at students who live in one of the three different student areas in Gävle: Kungsbäck, Campus Sätra and Midgård. The study is based on three methods. These were: a questionnaire, an observation study, and a physical design study in 3D.

     

    The observations showed significant problems with the site design as only movement, who take into necessary but significant activity account. The observations showed a clear lack of both elective and social activities, both of which are important for a well-functioning place. The survey showed dissatisfaction about the site design among the students. Through this study, students were given an opportunity to share their wishes about the site's future design. The proposals were designed in 3D. Three different proposals were developed: a zero option, an economical option, and an expensive option. The zero option indicates a probable development of the area if no action takes place. The economical option indicates a solution that focus on economical sustainability. The expensive option has the highest costs both in construction and maintenance. The evaluation showed that the students liked the economical proposal option most.

     

    The result showed the importance of student participation in the planning process. Student comments through the survey and evaluation, indicated that: trees, venues, water, grass and lighting should be included in future planning frameworks for student housing.

  • 637.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hellgren, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av samt förutsättningar till preventivt arbete2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrunden till studien var att i takt med en ökad kunskap om att en stor andel sjukdomar går att påverka med förändrad livsstil ökar kraven på hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalen att kunna motivera patienter att förändra levnadsvanor. Syftet med studien var att beskriva distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av samt vilka förutsättningar de har till att arbeta preventivt inom det dagliga arbetet i primärvården. Metoden för studien var kvalitativ studie med deskriptiv design. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med öppna frågor och tio distriktssköterskor inom primärvården deltog. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Huvudresultatet som framkom i studien var att deltagarna försökte arbeta preventivt i allt de gjorde, att det var något som fanns inom dem och att det var primärvårdens huvudsyfte. Det preventiva arbetet försvårades med att deltagarna inte hade tid eller resurser för utförandet. Något mer deltagarna beskrev försvårade det preventiva arbetet var när patienten inte var motiverad till livsstilsförändringar eller att deltagarna blev begränsade i att de upplevde att ämnet var känsligt att ta upp. För att underlätta det preventiva arbetet önskade deltagarna i studien mer utbildning för att öka kompetensen och höll dem uppdaterade. En osäkerhet framkom gällande arbetsrutiner för preventivt arbete då deltagarna inte alltid visste vilka arbetsrutiner som gällde, vart de kunde hitta dessa samt att de inte följdes. Slutsatsen är att deltagarna i studien beskrev hur de arbetade preventivt i allt de gjorde men det hanns inte med p.g.a. tids- och resursbrist. Till följd av otydliga arbetsrutiner arbetade inte deltagarna på samma sätt

  • 638.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Karlsson, Britt-Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Leek, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Hur använder barn bild- och formskapande material utan instruktioner?2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Andersson, L. Karlsson, B-M. & Leek, M. (2011). Hur använder barn bild- och formskapande material utan instruktioner? Examensarbete i Pedagogik 15 hp. Lärarprogrammet, akademin för utbildning och ekonomi. Högskolan i Gävle.

     

    Vårt arbete grundar sig på en studie av en barngrupp med barn i tre års ålder. Syftet med studien var att försöka synliggöra vad barnen väljer att göra vid mötet av olika skapande material utan att ha fått vidare instruktioner. Den aktivitet vi benämner som ”utan instruktioner”, både i titel och vidare i texten, är att barnen inte får några uttalade instruktioner eller mallar. Vi träffade barnen vid fyra planerade skapandetillfällen där vi lät dem använda materialen på det sätt de själva valde. Vi lät även barnen visa sina alster vid ett femte tillfälle genom en vernissage på förskolan. Grunden för detta arbete ligger till stor del i studien ute på den valda förskolan där vi använt oss av olika slags dokumentation, till största del observation, men även genom litteratur och forskning som gett oss en bredare områdeskunskap. Det resultat vi kan se i vår studie är att barnen använder materialen på många olika sätt och inte ofta på det sätt som vi vuxna förväntar oss det. Olika faktorer som kan ha spelat in är bl.a. val av miljön och material.

     

    Nyckelord: Bildpedagogik, förskola, skapande, glädje, lek, material

  • 639.
    Andersson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Segerkvist, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Förskollärares kommunikativa hjälpmedel i en mångkulturell förskola2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att studera hur förskollärare i en mångkulturell förskola kommunicerar med flerspråkiga barn vid samling. Frågeställningen i studien utgår från vilka hjälpmedel förskollärare använder sig av för att kommunicera med flerspråkiga barn. Metoden som används i denna studie är en triangulering iform av intervjuer med förskollärare, observationer av samlingar samt analys av förskolans arbetsplan. Det insamlade materialet analyserades utifrån det sociokulturella perspektivet med fokus på kommunikation. Resultatet har påvisat att hjälpmedel som används vid kommunikation till stor del är tecken som stöd. Arbetet med kommunikation på förskolan bygger på en arbetsplan som fokuserar på aktiviteter i grupp vilka utförs med hjälp av olika kommunikativa hjälpmedel. Användandet av dessa kommunikativa hjälpmedel jämförs i diskussionen med tidigare forskning. 

  • 640.
    Andersson, Linn
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Utter, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Det är roligt att ta selfies: En kvantitativ studie om Facebook-användares användande av selfies2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats ville vi ur ett användarperspektiv se hur selfien används. Syftet blev därmed att undersöka hur Facebook-användare definierar och använder selfies. Vi ville även se om det finns några likheter och/eller skillnader mellan ålder, kön och utbildning. Utöver det var vi intresserade att undersöka om respondenterna upplever att deras användande av selfies har inflytande av exempelvis influencers, nyhetsmedier och reklam – som vi i denna uppsatsen kallar för “sociala faktorer”.

    Vi använde oss av en kvantitativ metod och samlade in det empiriska materialet via en enkätundersökning. Studien formades utifrån de teoretiska utgångspunkterna ”Den medialiserade verkligheten” av Nick Couldry och Andreas Hepp, ”användarmodellen”/uses and gratifications theory, Madeleine Klebergs ”genusperspektiv på medieforskning”, rapporterna ”Svenskarna och internet 2018” av Internetstiftelsen, ”Duckface/stoneface” av Michael Forsman, Pierre Bordieus begrepp ”habitus” och annan tidigare forskning inom ämnet.

    Vi konstruerade en enkätundersökning som publicerades på Facebook, vilken genererade 250 stycken svar via ett snöbollsurval.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visade att användandet av selfies skiljde sig mest mellan de olika könsidentiteterna, medan det var förhållandevis jämnt mellan de olika åldersgrupperna och utbildningarna. Av de som använde selfies mest stod den kvinnliga könsidentiteten, samt åldersgrupperna 15-20 och 40-45 ut en del. Det visade även att många, oavsett ålder, kön eller utbildning, brukar le på selfies. Den kvinnliga könsidentiteten publicerade och redigerade selfies i lite större utsträckning än den manliga, medan det överlag var jämnt mellan både ålder och utbildning gällande publicering. De yngre åldersgrupperna och grundskole- och gymnasieutbildning redigerade sina selfies lite oftare. Instagram var den mest populära sociala plattformen totalt sett. Majoriteten av respondenterna upplevde sig inte påverkas av de “sociala faktorerna”. 

  • 641.
    Andersson, Linnea
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Strindefjord, Michaela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Där leken inte hör hemma: En studie om hur förskollärare resonerar kring val av pedagogiska applikationer2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska skolsystemet, således också förskolan, står inför en digitaliseringsprocess där uppdragen i läroplanen kring att utveckla digital kompetens ska förtydligas. Skolverkets undersökningar har visat att förskollärare upplever att de inte har tillräckligt med kompetens inom detta område samtidigt som antalet datorplattor ökat kraftigt inom den svenska förskolan de senaste åren. Förskolebarn kommer i kontakt med de pedagogiska applikationer som dessa datorplattor innehåller och tidigare forskning visar att applikationernas utformning har inverkan på barns lärande och utveckling, vilket därmed blir en didaktisk fråga att som förskollärare förhålla sig till när dessa ska väljas till undervisningen. Förskolans läroplan består också av många andra uppdrag som förskollärare måste förhålla sig till i sina val, annars kan de pedagogiska applikationernas innehåll utgöra en dold läroplan, det vill säga förmedla ett innehåll som inte uttrycks i styrdokumenten. Föreliggande studie syftar därför till att genom intervjuer med åtta förskollärare, synliggöra hur förskollärare resonerar kring att välja ut pedagogiska applikationer till förskolans datorplattor. Ett särskilt fokus i studien riktas mot hur dessa resonemang stämmer överens med förskollärarnas olika uppdrag som förskolans läroplan beskriver. Det insamlade materialet har analyserats med hjälp av förskolans läroplan samt läroplansteori. Resultatet visar att förskollärarnas resonemang, kring att välja pedagogiska applikationer, till stor del stämmer överens med de olika uppdragen i förskolans läroplan. Både då förskollärarna beskriver att de väljer pedagogiska applikationer som stimulerar till samarbete, har barns intresse som utgångspunkt samt att de pedagogiska applikationernas innehåll ska gå i linje med likabehandlingsuppdraget. Det som skulle kunna utgöra en dold läroplan, är dels att pedagogiska applikationer som laddas hem från källor som förskollärarna upplever som tillförlitliga, inte granskas noggrant och dels en syn på att barns ålder begränsar deras inflytande över vilka pedagogiska applikationer som finns på förskolans datorplattor. Dessutom framkommer en syn på att de pedagogiska applikationer som väljs ut endast ska främja lärandet och åtskiljas från lek. Sammantaget kan det konstateras att det krävs god kompetens för att kunna välja ut pedagogiska applikationer som går i linje med uppdragen i läroplanen och samtidigt är av god kvalitet.

  • 642.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Claeson, Anna-Sara
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Not getting used to the smell – Chemical intolerance as lack of habituation2017In: Biological Psychology, ISSN 0301-0511, E-ISSN 1873-6246, Vol. 129, no Suppl. C, p. 377-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Chemical intolerance is a prevalent, medically unexplained symptom characterized by diverse symptoms following weak chemical exposure. The symptom-eliciting exposures are often odorous, and include perfume, fabric softeners and fragrant flowers. Several explanatory mechanisms have been proposed, but empirical data is scarce. By reanalyzing data from previous studies, we aimed to find a criterion for chemical intolerance based on reactions to actual chemical exposure.

    Method:

    We grouped participants from six previous studies based on their pattern of habituation to weak olfactory (amylacetate and n-butanol) and trigeminal (CO2 and acrolein) compounds. In two studies utilizing event-related potentials, and one functional magnetic resonance imaging study, stimuli were presented intranasally using a dynamic olfactometer. An exposure chamber that allowed full body exposure was used in the remaining three studies.

    Results:

    Individuals who did not habituate to weak chemical exposure, compared with those who did, reported (1) increasing symptoms during the course of the exposure, (2) greater problems with odors in everyday life, and (3) greater levels of everyday distress. They (4) performed worse on cognitively demanding tasks during exposure, and differed in measures of (5) the autonomic nervoussystem(respiratoryrateandpulseratevariability),(6)low-level inflammation and oxidative stress, and (7) the so called pain matrix of the brain.

    Discussion:

    Lack of habituation to weak chemical exposure may be a fruitful method of defining a sub-group of chemical intolerance.

  • 643.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Claeson, Anna-Sara
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Dantoft, Thomas Meinertz
    Danish Research Centre for Chemical Sensitivities, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Gentofte, Denmark; Department of Systems Biology, Center for Biological Sequence Analysis, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Skovbjerg, Sine
    Danish Research Centre for Chemical Sensitivities, Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Gentofte, Denmark.
    Lind, Nina
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nordin, Steven
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Chemosensory perception, symptoms and autonomic responses during chemical exposure in multiple chemical sensitivity2016In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 79-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a prevalent medically unexplained symptom characterized by symptom reactions to everyday chemical exposure below hygienic thresholds. The aim of this study was to investigate the expressions of hyper-reactivity in MCS during whole-body exposure to low concentrations of the odorant n-butanol.

    METHODS: We exposed 18 participants with MCS and 18 non-ill controls to a low concentration of the odorant n-butanol using an exposure chamber. The first 10 min constituted blank exposure, after which the n-butanol concentration increased and reached a plateau at 11.5 mg/m(3).

    RESULTS: MCS participants, compared with controls, reported greater perceived odor intensities, more unpleasantness to the exposure and increasing symptoms over time. MCS participants also expressed higher pulse rate and lower pulse rate variability than controls did. No group differences were found for breathing rate or tonic electrodermal activity responses.

    CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that MCS sufferers differ from healthy controls in terms of autonomic responses, symptoms and chemosensory perception during chemical exposure.

  • 644.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Claeson, Anna-Sara
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Department of Integrative Medical Biology and Physiology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden; Department of Radiation Sciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Nordin, Steven
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Short-term olfactory sensitization involves brain networks relevant for pain, and indicates chemical intolerance2017In: International journal of hygiene and environmental health (Print), ISSN 1438-4639, E-ISSN 1618-131X, Vol. 220, no 2, p. 503-509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chemical intolerance is a medically unexplained affliction that implies deleterious reactions to non-toxic everyday chemical exposure. Sensitization (i.e. increased reactivity to repeated, invariant stimulation) to odorous stimulation is an important component in theoretical explanations of chemical intolerance, but empirical evidence is scarce. We hypothesized that (1) individuals who sensitize to repeated olfactory stimulation, compared with those who habituate, would express a lower blood oxygenated level dependent (BOLD) response in key inhibitory areas such as the rACC, and higher signal in pain/saliency detection regions, as well as primary and/or secondary olfactory projection areas; and (2) olfactory sensitization, compared with habituation, would be associated with greater self-reported chemical intolerance. Moreover, we assessed whether olfactory sensitization was paralleled by comparable trigeminal processing – in terms of perceptual ratings and BOLD responses. We grouped women from a previous functional magnetic imaging study based on intensity ratings of repeated amyl acetate exposure over time. Fourteen women sensitized to the exposure, 15 habituated, and 20 were considered “intermediate” (i.e. neither sensitizers nor habituaters). Olfactory sensitizers, compared with habituaters, displayed a BOLD-pattern in line with the hypothesis, and reported greater problems with odours in everyday life. They also expressed greater reactions to CO2 in terms of both perceived intensity and BOLD signal. The similarities with pain are discussed.

  • 645.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Claeson, Anna-Sara
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden.
    Highlighting the large variation in perceived properties of odors over time2017In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 42, no 2, p. E26-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals differ considerably when rating the perceived properties of odors, especially over time. A second glance at previously published data-sets from our laboratory revealed that the same invariant exposure often produced both floor and roof effects. An odor that at the end of the exposure ses-sion was regarded as non-existent by one participant, could border the “absoulte maximum” rating category in another. We provide re-analyses from four exposure studies where we illustrate the perceptual variability over time, and outcomes associated with such ratings. We note that high, compared with low ratings of odor intensity over time is associated with ratings of unpleasantness and symptoms, but also with everyday distress, cognitive performance, autonomous nerv-ous system activity and deviating responses in the so-called pain or saliency matrix of the brain. We bring an open ques-tion to ECRO regarding how this considerable variability should be interpreted, and what the consequenced are for research and for setting exposure limits.

  • 646.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Lange, Anton
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Sociala nätverkssidor - En varumärkesförmedlare på B2B-marknader.: En studie över större B2B-företags användande av sociala nätverk i ett brand equity-stärkande syfte.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social networks have become an important factor in today’s society. Companies as well as individuals are using these platforms to interact with one another on a daily basis. This phenomenon has mostly been acknowledged by companies on B2C markets where these social network sites are being used to communicate their brand. On B2B markets however, the usage of these platforms have not been as optimistically implemented. Due to this fact, this study means to examine what brand enhancing intentions well-established B2B companies have with their usage of social networking sites.This study conducted a web survey where 89 of Sweden’s most successful companies (in terms of turnover) participated. The respondents’ answers were analyzed through statistic tools such as correlation analyzis, cluster analyzis and descriptive data. The collected data revealed that the respondents could be divided into four separate segments, which further could be divided into two perspectives, where the brand enhancing intentions of the usage of social networking sites seemed to differ.

    Key words: Social Networking Sites, B2B, brand equity, perceived quality, brand loyalty, brand recognition, brand recall, brand image.

  • 647.
    Andersson, Linus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Sandberg, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Olofsson, Jonas K.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordin, Steven
    Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Effects of Task Demands on Olfactory, Auditory, and Visual Event-Related Potentials Suggest Similar Top-Down Modulation Across Senses2018In: Chemical Senses, ISSN 0379-864X, E-ISSN 1464-3553, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 129-134, article id bjx082Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A widely held view is that top-down modulation of sensory information relies on an amodal control network that acts through the thalamus to regulate incoming signals. Olfaction lacks a direct thalamic projection, which suggests that it may differ from other modalities in this regard. We investigated the late positive complex (LPC) amplitudes of event-related potentials (ERP) from 28 participants, elicited by intensity-matched olfactory, auditory and visual stimuli, during a condition of focused attention, a neutral condition, and a condition in which stimuli were to be actively ignored. Amplitudes were largest during the attend condition, lowest during the ignore condition, with the neutral condition in between. A Bayesian analysis resulted in strong evidence for similar effects of task across sensory modalities. We conclude that olfaction, despite its unique neural projections, does not differ from audition and vision in terms of task-dependent neural modulation of the LPC.

  • 648.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Berglund, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Inskolning - barnens första möte med förskolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    När barnet ska börja i förskolan kan det vara en stor omställning för hela familjen. Från att barnet varit hemma under lång tid tillsammans med någon av sina föräldrar ska barnet nu få lära känna nya barn och vuxna som de behöver knyta an till. Syftet var att undersöka hur inskolningen utförs och på vilka grunder förskollärarna har valt den inskolningsmodell de praktiserar, samt att undersöka vilken betydelse inskolningen har för det enskilda barnet, barngruppen och familjen. Undersökningen har gjorts med hjälp av kvalitativa intervjuer av fyra förskollärare och tre föräldrar. Resultatet visar att valet av inskolningsmodeller ser olika ut i förskolorna. Vår tolkning är att valet av modell inte grundas på någon forskning, det har framkommit att pedagogerna i förskolan för diskussioner och även provar olika modeller. Det visade sig även vara vanligt med gruppinskolning och den har tillkommit mycket på grund av att inskolningen inte ska dra ut på tiden och påverka den ordinarie verksamheten under allt för lång tid. Något som alla informanter uttryckte att de vill uppnå med inskolningen är trygghet för barnet och föräldrarna.

  • 649.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Hammarqvist, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser och erfarenheter av att arbeta med psykiatrisk tvångsvård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Health care in Sweden shall be conducted with the patients’ autonomy in center. However, in some cases in the psychiatric care, patients can be treated against their will. A nurse shall work towards increasing patient autonomy and participation. The use of involuntary treatment can due to this cause ethical dilemmas. To describe how nurses cope with using involuntary treatment is important since it can increase the understanding of a complicated situation, and in the long run increase the quality of the health care services.

    Aim: To describe the experiences of a nurse working with involuntary treatment and to describe how the chosen articles presents their selection groups.

    Method: The study was conducted as a descriptive literature review. Articles was searched in the databases Medline and Cinahl with a ten-year age limit. A total of fourteen articles was selected and processed into four subcategories and a methodological aspect to answer to the study’s aim.

    Results: The results show that nurses experience mostly negative feelings like anxiety, fear and vulnerability while working with involuntary treatment. The use of involuntary treatment was justified by the thought that the practice was a part of the nurses’ job and duty. The use of involuntary treatment was describes as damaging on the nurse-patient relationship and caused ethical conflicts. The result was described in four subcategories Feelings about the use of involuntary treatment, Justifying involuntary treatment, Involuntary treatment and the effects on the nurse-patient relationship and Ethical conflicts due to involuntary treatment. The articles varied in their descriptions of their selection groups. Most described the participants gender, age and work experience. Most of the articles had 11-50 participants.   

    Conclusions: This study has found that nurses experience involuntary treatment as having mostly negative effects. It has been shown that the nurses’ level of education has an effect on both the execution and the handling of involuntary treatment. The writers of this study have come to the conclusion that nurses wish to decrease the use of involuntary treatment, and that research should be focused on finding alternative methods of treatment.    

  • 650.
    Andersson, Lisa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Westlund, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Påverkar ägarstrukturen sambandet mellan CSR och investeringseffektivitet?: En kvantitativ studie på 227 europeiska företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) är en pågående diskussion inom företagsekonomisk forskning, likväl som investeringseffektivitet är intressant för företagens lönsamhet. Vi undersöker huruvida ägarstrukturen i företag påverkar sambandet mellan CSR och investeringseffektivitet.

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