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  • 701.
    Andersson, Rikard
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Johansson, Anita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Lönsam CSR: Behöver företag immateriella tillgångar för att tjäna på CSR?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Profitable CSR: Are intangible assets necessary to earn money on CSR?

    Level: Student thesis, final assignment for Bachelor Degree in Business Administration

    Author: Anita Johansson and Rikard Andersson

    Supervisor: Jan Svanberg

    Date:  2018 – may

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether intangible assets constitute the missing link in the bidirectional relationship between CSP and CFP. The aim was also to investigate if the growth phase affects the strength of the relationship.

    Method: The study assumes a positivistic research philosophy with a hypothetical-deductible approach. Secondary data have been collected from the database Thomson Reuters. Time perspective that has been used is called longitudinal design using data from eleven years and this data has been analyzed in SPSS.

    Result & Conclusions: The result provides evidence that intangible assets act as a partial mediator of the positive bidirectional relationship between CSP and CFP. However, the impact of intangible assets in the bidirectional relationship between CSP and CFP depending on growth phase does not show any evident result and cannot be established.

    Contribution of the thesis: The study provides proof that there is a mediating effect from the intangible assets of the bidirectional relationship between CSP and CFP. Even though our result of growth as a variable is not strengthened, this can be the basis for further research and, in spite of everything, has contributed to more knowledge. Our results contribute to the theoretical knowledge that future research can build on while corporate executives can invest in intangible assets while achieving financial goals.

    Suggestions for future research: One suggestion for future research is to include private companies who are missing public sustainable reporting. If another selection is included, it can make the result more justified. Since our study did not bring an evident result about the impact of the growth phase it would have been interesting if further research could be a comparative study. Since it takes time to build up intangible assets a comparison between the same companies during a period of high growth to a period of stagnant growth, could show a more evident result of the impact of the intangible assets.

  • 702.
    Andersson, Robert
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    I det glimrande mörkrets djup: om religiöst gränsöverskridande, identitetssökande och meningsskapande i svensk extrem metal-lyrik2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an attempt to investigate religious perceptions and its development, function and connection to religious practise within the Swedish extreme metal scene. This is performed mainly by a qualitative method of investigation, studying lyrical content published on a number of extreme metal albums, thereafter relating the lyrical progression to the progession of the scene as a whole and also to the development of individual religious belief and practise.

    The lyrically expressed manifestations of religiosity within the extreme metal scene prove to be related to religious practise in some cases, most visibly in the Christian parts of the scene.The study also indicates that development of religious expression often is evident regardless of religious preference. This development also regularly relates to an increase in musical evolution and prowess often achieved with increased age and maturity.

    Musically and lyrically, the extreme metal scene displays transgressive attributes which assist both individual and group in the process of creating identity, meaning and individuality.Experiencing extreme metal, in concert or in the privacy of one´s own home, can be one way of perceiving spirituality in this modern age.

  • 703.
    Andersson, Robert
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Of chaos and internal fire: the quest for nothingness by lyrical manifestations of re-interpreted Gnostic thought2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay researches the prevalence of Gnostic influences in contemporary music lyrics, more exclusively within the context of the extreme metal scene. A resurgence of such topics has also been evident in contemporary music; not surprisingly, as music in general is part of the foundations of culture, and in a wider aspect, of society at large. The essay is performed using a hermeneutic method, interpreting music lyrics and discussing them from a background of cultural and religious theory. The purposes of researching the influences of Gnosticism in this environment are to determine the presence of Gnostic thought in extreme metal lyrics, research the eventual re-interpretations of historical sources of Gnosticism, and to discuss the acknowledged Gnostic influences in the displayed art form in a contemporary cultural perspective, related to cultural aspects such as secularization, modernity and globalization.

    Sources include music lyrics appropriate to the subject matter at hand as well as previously published interviews.

    The results of the investigation demonstrate that there are multiple interpretations of Gnostic thought apparent in extreme metal lyrics, varying from slight re-interpretations to more extensive ones, as apparent in what is identified as a chaos-gnostic current. The Gnostic material has in the latter scenario been integrated into an originally satanic worldview and as a result has become a major part of the chaos-gnostic belief system. The chaos-gnostic current has appeared in a highly secular surrounding, and the results of the essay propose that a secular surrounding can breed elements of trangression within individuals, leading to the resurgence of oppositional counter-cultural characteristics and an awakening of alternative spirituality with oppositional overtones.

  • 704.
    Andersson, Robert
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Spiritually uncontrolled art: exploring aesthetics of evil in contemporary music2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates interpretations of evil as expressed in contemporary music, focusing mainly on lyrics in contemporary popular music. The purpose is to analyze whether there is acertain aesthetic embracing of risk and innovation on display when discussing such subject matters, and to relate such aesthetic connotations to cultural and religious aspects.

    Lyrical interpretations of evil in a musical context appear to be existent in different forms andare in various ways attempts to integrate the existence of evil acts, as leading to suffering and pain, by incorporating such themes into lyrical material.

    There appears to be a possible aesthetic embraced when artists are advocating evil acts, however, not totally separable from the aesthetics of the extreme metal scene. Such forms of creative practice appear as reliant on the dialectic between historical perceptions of morality,modern society as globalized, segmented and restructured and the reoccurrence of religion in a secularized perspective.

    Themes regarding evil appear in this form of aesthetic in different ways to traditional discourse; making use of historical and contemporary images of evil and portraying them as desirable in various ways. In some instances such creative release is also linked to religious belief and practise, making the artistic performance equivalent of a transcendental event.

  • 705.
    Andersson, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Energibalansberäkning för flerbostadshus: projekterad energianvändning jämfört med beräknad energianvändning med uppmätta värden för Gävle Strand Etapp 12011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The estimated amount of energy that a building consumes during one year indicates whether it contributes to a sustainable society or not. The communal company, AB Gavlegårdarna , that rents out apartments, works not only with designing proposals for solutions for the future housing , they also work with improving their stock when it comes to energy consumption. The multi-family buildings of Gävle Strand Phase 1 were completed in 2008 with a population of twelve buildings that are shaped in four ways.

     

    During the planning phase a consultant was hired to calculate the how much energy these buildings would have to purchase and came up with an energy use of 92 kWh/m2,year. Gavlegårdarna’s own calculations are based on the actual values obtained for each apartment and in September 2009 and they showed a mean value for the whole stock, which was 114 kWh/m2,year.

     

    AB Gavlegårdarna want to find a solution to the problem and reduce the extra cost that Gävle Strand Phase 1 has given rise through increased use of energy. They want to perform precise calculations on each building's energy use. The problem can be formulated as follows:

    How much influence does the malfunction of a heat exchanger in a balanced ventilation system have on the total energy consumption in apartment buildings? Can a house among the various geometrically designed houses of a stock be considered to be representative when calculating the energy use of the stock as a whole?

    The report deals with a number of U-value and area calculations, ventilation and air leakage assessments, domestic hot water use and energy user behavior of the residents, to work out how much a simulated building uses in terms of specific energy, with unit kWh/m2,year. An building simulation program called BV2 2010was utilized.

    The results show that the majority of the buildings located in Gävle Strand Phase 1 have higher energy consumption than the consultant's basic case. This is due to several factors but the main causes of the high residential energy use is the low temperature efficiency in the FTX-system heat exchanger, the residents’ behavior and in some cases relatively high usage of hot water.

  • 706.
    Andersson, Robin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Fritidshemmets och övrig skolverksamhets samverkansansvar2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka hur fritidspedagoger uppfattar den aktuella situationen rörande samverkan och ansvar inom såväl grundskolan som fritidshemmet. Tanken med studien var även att belysa deras åsikter och medvetenhet kring fritidshemmets integrering i skolan och det nya kravet på lärarlegitimation. Studien har utgått från en kvalitativ metod och med kvalitativ intervju som verktyg. I resultatet visar respondenterna en generellt god insikt kring ansvar och samverkan. Samtliga upplever en god samverkan lokalt men tror att situationen ser annorlunda ut nationellt. De upplever ingen statusskillnad mellan yrkesgrupperna där de arbetar men anar en implicit uttryckt sådan runt om i landet. Vad det gäller lärarlegitimation råder det en förvirring bland respondenterna och en osäkerhet inför framtiden. Jag anser mig inte kunna dra några generella slutsatser av studien då de endast är baserade på tre intervjuer och endast berört en yrkesgrupp. Jag vill dock påstå att en god samverkan uppstår där olika yrkesgrupper för en öppen dialog oberoende av yrkesidentitet och där det finns en tro på att alla har något att bidra med.

  • 707.
    Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    KTH.
    Söderberg, Bo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Real estate administration.
    Financing roads and railways with decentralized real estate taxes: the case of Sweden2012In: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 48, no 3, p. 839-853Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Roads and railways in Sweden are mainly financed with national government taxes. However, the regional distribution of benefits differs widely from that of tax payments. As a consequence, overspending is likely to occur. A condition for efficiency is that the collective of users should pay for such projects. Therefore, we propose a new regional order for financing projects: government expenditures for transportation projects should be transferred to regions as well as the real estate tax to finance them. We present estimates of the size of such expenditures and of the income from real estate taxes following decentralization to regions.

  • 708. Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    Söderberg, Bo
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics. Fastighetsekonomi.
    Internal rents and the ownership of state properties: experiences from Sweden2008Report (Other academic)
  • 709. Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    Söderberg, Bo
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Regionala fastighetsskatter kan ge bättre infrastruktur2008In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 57-69Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 710. Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    Söderberg, Bo
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    Vad bör staten göra som fastighetsägare?2006In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 18-29Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 711. Andersson, Roland
    et al.
    Söderberg, Bo
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för företagsekonomi.
    Vad tänker Mona Sahlin göra åt den orättvisa hyresregleringen?2005In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 44-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 712.
    Andersson, Ros-Mari
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Kolm, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det allra bästa stödet: En kvalitativ intervju- och vinjettstudie om socialtjänstens arbete med barn som upplevt våld i familjen utifrån socialarbetares beskrivningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to study how social workers in social services in a municipality describe their work with children and parents in families where children have experienced violence within the family. The research questions concerned how children participate in social service work and what support children and parents receive. Five social workers were interviewed with a thematised interview guide and a vignette. The theoretical perspectives applied in the analysis were the systems theory and risk and protective factors. The results showed that children participate in social service work by being given information and support based on their needs. It also emerged that social services applied an overall policy of offering support to both children and parents in families where children have experienced violence. The results furthermore showed that social services can help families develop their social network.

  • 713.
    Andersson, Sabina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Vilka faktorer medverkar till att professioner i primärvården förskriver fysisk aktivitet på recept (FaR)?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to study the factors that contributed to the prescription of physical activity on prescription (PaP) by the professions in primary healthcare. A qualitative method was used in the study. The sample consisted of six participants; two doctors, two physiotherapists and two district nurses in primary healthcare in Uppsala County. The data were collected with semi-structured interviews and were analyzed with a thematic approach. The results show a great variety in which type of patient that receive PaP, however people with lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and obesity are often more represented. The factors that contribute to prescribing is: the prescriber should have time set aside in their daily schedule to be able to focus on the patient, the patient should be motivated to a lifestyle change, there should be opportunity for further education in PaP and physical activity linked to different diagnoses and  motivational interviewing (MI). Other important factors are collaboration between professions, cooperation with “Friskvårdslotsen” (the health maintenance guide). The head of the departments involvement and concern in increasing the implementation of PaP is also important. Cheaper alternatives to physical activities need to be founded for people with a strained economical situation. The conclusion is that time, education, motivation and development are the factors that contribute to prescription in their encounter with the patient.

  • 714.
    Andersson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Fysisk aktivitets betydelse för hälsan: Hur arbetar pedagoger inom årskurs 1-3 med detta?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet fokuserar på fysisk aktivitet och hälsa inom årskurs 1–3. Syftet är att belysa på vilka sätt pedagoger arbetar för att öka elevers förståelse kring fysisk aktivitets betydelse för hälsan och vilken påverkan detta har på eleverna. Urvalsgruppen är verksamma pedagoger. Undersökningen är en kvalitativ forskningsansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer som har kompletterats med ”critical incidents” observationer. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna ofta upprepar fysisk aktivitets betydelse för hälsan för att öka elevernas förståelse kring detta, genom samtal och fysiska aktivitets upplevelser. Kunskap om människokroppen anses även behövas. Slutsatser är att kroppsuppfattning - kunskap om människokroppen, förmåga att använda sin kropp och fysiska aktiviteter - är viktigt för barns förståelse om dess betydelse för hälsan. Studiens resultat ger idéer till pedagoger inom skolan om olika arbetssätt kring fysisk aktivitet för att skapa förståelse, främja hälsosamma vanor och bättre förutsättningar för lärande. Resultatet antyder att elevers totala skolprestationer förbättras av fysisk aktivitet.

  • 715.
    Andersson, Sandra
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rönnkvist, Linnea
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors erfarenheter av att leva med endometrios: en litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Endometriosis is a chronic gynecological disease which ten percent of all women suffer from. The symptoms are individual but the most common are pelvic pain, pain during menstruation and intercourse pain. Because of insufficient competence in health care system women are treated with disbelief and normalization of symptoms. The nurse attitude towards these patients ought to include sensitivity, sympathy and empathy and also have a good communication and be able to find meaning in each meeting with patients.

     

    Aim: The aim with this literature review was to describe womens experience in daily life of living with endometriosis. The aim was furthermore to describe the included articles data collections method.

     

    Method: A literature review with descriptive design. Data were collected through databases PubMed and CINAHL where ten articles with a qualitative approach was found which laies to basis for the result.

     

    Main results: The way to diagnosis was a long process that was related to disbelief and endometriosis diffuse symptoms. Endometriosis limited womens physical, psychological and social abilities that significantly reduced quality of life. Pain was the most substantial symptom and to be able to handle with the pain, they constantly search for strategies. The strategies varied slightly among the women but the most useful approach was a major dietary change. The ten articles that was included in this literature review  used interviews to collect data and supplemented with diarys and journal entries to describe womens experiences of living with endometriosis.

     

    Conclusion: Endometriosis affects a womans daily life adversely and also her relationships with other people. Deficiencies in health care was significantly when non adequate information was given and a marked disbelief related to the womens symptom that can be one reason for a delayed diagnosis. To be able to handle everyday life women had found different strategies to reduce pain. 

  • 716.
    Andersson, Sanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Handelsbankens företagskultur i Storbritannien: hur anställda upplever Handelsbankens företagskultur i Sverige och i Storbritannien2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur anställda i Storbritannien upplever Handelsbankens företagskultur och jämföra svaren med hur anställda i Sverige upplever företagskulturen. Syftet är också att undersöka hur huvudkontoren i respektive land arbetar för att underhålla och bevara den unika företagskulturen. Studien ämnar även till att undersöka i vilken utsträckning företagskulturen påverkar motivationen hos de anställda.

  • 717.
    Andersson, Sanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Tigerstrand, Christine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Nyckelt till hållbarhet: En fallstudie i den praktiska användningen samt nyttan med hållbarhetsnyckeltal2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet i denna studie uppkom ur vårt intresse för nyckeltalsanvändning inom ett relativt nytt område som hållbarhet. Vi läste på om hållbarhetsnyckeltal och ur denna tidigare forskning inom ämnet så blev vårt syfte att skapa en ökad förståelse kring den praktiska användningen samt nyttan med hållbarhetsnyckeltal, med avseende på TBL-modellen.

    Metod: Studien bygger på en kvalitativ forsningsmetod inom vilken personliga intervjuer har utförts på fem fallföretag. Intervjuerna spelades in och sedan jämfördes samt analyserades resultatet av dessa med det teoretiska ramverket inom studien.          

    Resultat & slutsats: Studien har visat på vilken praktisk användning samt nytta hållbarhetsnyckeltal har eller skulle kunna ha för företag eller organisationer. Studien har därutöver också visat på att företag och organisationer aktivt talar om hållbarhet samt att hållbarhetsfrågor är integrerade i den dagliga verksamheten.

  • 718.
    Andersson, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Drama, ett pedagogiskt verktyg i skolan?2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 719.
    Andersson, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Måste vi räkna?: En (enkel) matematisk början för barn och pedagoger2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete var att skapa ett matematiskt arbetsmaterial för pedagoger. Materialet ska underlätta för pedagoger som känner sig obekväma eller illa till mods vid tanken på att arbeta med matematik. Materialet, som består av handledning, arbetsmaterial och ett formulär togs fram efter att ha studerat litteratur och efter att förtester med fyra barn gjorts. Materialet är tänkt att hjälpa pedagoger att få syn på de fem grundläggande principerna hos barn som behövs för att bli bra på aritmetik. De fem principerna är ramsräkning, sifferkunskap, antalsräkning, ordinaltalsräkning och spontan antalsuppfattning. Materialet testades av tre pedagoger. Deras svar analyserades och bedömdes efter i förväg utvalda kriterier. Några kriterier uppfylldes medan andra kräver en omarbetning av materialet för att uppfyllas. Till sist togs nya kriterier fram för att kunna förbättra produkten i ett nästa skede. Examensarbetet visar att det inte behöver vara krångligt och svårt att arbeta med matematik i förskolan även om matematik kan upplevas som krångliga ekvationer, väcka obehags känslor eller upplevs kräva mycket förberdelser.

  • 720.
    Andersson, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Öga-nacke/skuldra problem hos en grupp synskadade män och kvinnor i åldrarna 17-92 år: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of self-reported visual and neck/shoulder complaints among individuals with a low vision diagnosis. The study also aimed to examine whether there was an association between the degree of self-rated visual and the neck/shoulder complaints. There was a questionnaire survey that was conducted on patients that visits an eye center in a county in central Sweden. There were a total of 18 people participated in the survey, between 17-92 years old. The questionnaire contained 22 questions and was analyzed with SPSS. The results showed how the distributions of answers were to the questions about the respondents’ vision respectively of respondents’ musculoskeletal problems. Results also showed that there was an association between the degree of self- rated visual difficulties and the degree of self- rated neck/shoulder disorder. The results in this study support the hypothesis that a relationship exists between visual and musculoskeletal problems.

  • 721.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Pahlbäck, Ann - Charlotte
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Vilka kunskaper om smärta beskriver litteraturen att sjuksköterskor har: En litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ knowledge of pain. The method used was a systematic literature study. Information was gathered from the databases Blackwell Synergy, Academic Search Elite and Medline, and the keywords used in the search were: pain, knowledge, nurses and nurses.

    The result was divided into three subgroups; Insignificant documentation and evaluation. More education is necessary. Knowledge and attitudes.

    Nurses need to improve their documentation and do it more continuously, not only at the end of their workday, but also make documentation about changes in the patient’s condition. The result showed lack in nurse’s basic traing regarding pain and pain management. Nurses that had gone to further education regarding pain and pain management had more knowledge in the subject. Concerning how knowledge and attitudes played a role in the interpretation of pain in patients from other cultures , the result showed how important it is that the nurses are culturally congruent, meaning that they must support, promote and amplify actions and decisions that goes along the lines of other cultures values and life styles.

    The educating of pain advisers seems very worth wile since workplaces with pain-advisers have improved their pain management considerable.

  • 722.
    Andersson, Sebastian
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences, Ämnesavdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Karaktärsdesign: från koncept till färdig spelkaraktär2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Denna rapport innefattar skapandeprocessen för en spelkaraktär. Vilka metoder som används i dagens industri och vilka verktyg som artisterna använder för att en 3dkaraktär till next-gen spel. Den undersöker även vilka slags tekniker som används för att skapa en personlighet och ett utseende som gör karaktären minnesvärd. Vilka metoder som kan användas för att skapa en viss känsla hos karaktärer. Rapporten går också igenom en av alla de olika vägarna man kan ta för att skapa en karaktär från koncept till färdig spelkaraktär. Detta med hjälp av välkända program och tekniker som används.

  • 723.
    Andersson, Simon
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Persson, Gustaf
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    The Country-of-Origin Effect in the Personal Care Market: A study on Swedish consumers’ perception of Chinese products2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The Country-of-Origin Effect in the Personal Care Market 

    Level: Final assignment for Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration

    Author: Simon Andersson and Gustaf Persson

    Supervisor: Jonas Kågström

    Date: 2019 – January

    Aim: The study aims to analyse Swedish consumers’ perceptions on the Country-of-Origin effects regarding Chinese products.

    Method: The study is based on a quantitative method. The data collection was done with a questionnaire with a deductive approach. The empirical data was collected through a web survey which was published on social media e.g. Facebook and LinkedIn. The data was then processed in the statistical program IBM SPSS Statistics (SPSS) to form models, figures and values. A descriptive-, correlation-, factor- and cluster-analysis was then formed.

    Result & Conclusion: The results showed how different variables correlate, different factors which the variables were grouped in and five different clusters of respondents. The conclusion is that there is a so-called COO-effect for Swedish consumers subconsciously. Furthermore, Swedish consumers are aware of the origin, but rank other quality and price as higher cues.

    Contribution of the thesis: This study aims, with help of previous research and a conducted survey, examine how Swedish consumer perceptions of Chinese personal care products regarding the COO-effect. Furthermore, it provides information on how Swedish consumers ranks certain cues. The study is unique since it provides insight on a market that has not yet been analysed with regard to the COO effect (Sweden) and with a certain product group where there is no current research available in relation to COOeffects. Furthermore, the study contributes to general COO-research, with certain implications deriving from previous research. There are both theoretical and practical contributions of importance, illustrating Swedish consumer perceptions of Chinese products.

    Suggestions for future research: This essay is limited to the Swedish market and focused on a particular product group. There are several other products groups that are yet to be researched in regard to COO-effects/consumer perception. Further research could compare two different product groups with high involvement to analyse the difference between certain product types. A comparison between two (or more) different countries would provide a vertical view of COO-effects, analysing the differences between different consumer perceptions and what cultural variables that may be vital for purchasing decisions.

    Keywords: Country-of-origin (COO), Country-of-origin effects, Product evaluation, Cultural differences, Made in China, Consumer behaviour, Purchase decision, Trust

  • 724.
    Andersson Skått, Kristian
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
    Bergkvist, Kristoffer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Computer and Geospatial Sciences, Geospatial Sciences.
    Småhusfastigheters värdeförändring vid större infrastrukturprojekt: En studie av ombyggnationen E4 Sundsvall2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Infrastructure investments is a large part of the regional development in Sweden, researchers in the subject agrees that investment in infrastructure generate increased economic development, one thing they still share a disagreement in which calculating methods are suitable. Are there any winners or losers in infrastructure projects, for example, smaller cities in the countryside where highways have previously passed, have they benefited from a quicker and easier commuting to the city, or have they been adversely affected when the highway has been given a new stretch?

    This research report focuses in one of the largest infrastructure investments in northern Sweden, European road 4 (E4) through Sundsvall. The research, combined with location-based sales comparison method and local analyzes, will show what effect market values will have on the houses real estate’s and what influence the road construction might have regarding to the values of the properties.

    The results of these studies are shown trough the average changes in property prices in the areas of Njurundabommen, Nedre Haga/Skönsberg, Nolby/Kvissleby and Västbo. However, the result was shown to have too few transactions, which is common in local level sales analyzes. This generates uncertainty in the result, meaning that the values can be large in relation to the actual sales development. The uncertainty was minimized in the results by merging two similar areas, which finally gave a result that indicates that the areas in the study had a more negative development towards Sundsvall and Sweden, since the area received a new infrastructure in the form of the E4 Sundsvall.

  • 725.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Lundqvist, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    ASL - Att skriva sig till läsning: En jämförande studie om datoranvändningens påverkan på elevers läs- och skrivutveckling2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 726.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Moilanen, Nina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Värdering av ekologisk gradering - Super(eko)logiskt?: En mätning av styrkan i varumärkets miljömärkning - ur ett konsumentperspektiv  2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From a consumer perspective, there exists a considerable interest in combining different environmental perspective in an uniform label. On the other hand, since research shows that a combination of different labels generates a greater willingness to pay, this study aim to examine how these two respective types of labeling affect consumers brand preferences, and furthermore how these preferences differ. The present study also test whether Simonson's (1989) theory of compromise effect could be applied to increase consumer preference for organic products, when adding an organic premium alternative to a choice set with a conventional and an organic alternative. Thus, the study contributes information to decision makers in the food industry about how ecological attributes affect consumers’ brand preferences and their willingness to pay for organic products.

     

    408 respondents have participated in a survey in which the answers were analyzed using the following statistical analyzes: reliability test, t-test, correlation analysis, factor analysis and cluster analysis. The results show that although most consumers tend to have both a positive attitude and an increased willingness to pay for organic alternatives, the majority of consumers still choose the conventional alternative, why no compromise effect occurs. For most of the study's respondents the increased willingness to pay does not correspond with current market prices. Among other things this could be explained by consumers’ lack of confidence in eco-labels. The price may also act as a barrier to a new behavior, whereby the consumer out of pure habit chooses the conventional alternative. Based on the consumer preferences for organic premium labels, the organic premium combination alternative seems to be the preferable choice. Somewhat more surprising, the respondents in this study, in contrast to most previous studies (Roddy et al., 1994; CEC, 1999; Magnusson et al., 2001; Torjusen et al., 2001; etc.), perceived the taste and quality of the ecological alternatives as inferior to the conventional alternative.

     

    Finally, since the respondents show an increased willingness to pay for organic products, we think that decision makers in the food industry primarily should take into consideration that a minor price difference between conventional and organic products is something that could increase the number of consumers buying organic products in the future.

  • 727.
    Andersson, Stina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Stenberg, Anders
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Hur medarbetare och flödeschefer på två bolag inom Sandvik AB upplever Unimed Care AB:s sjuk- och friskanmälningstjänst: en utvärderingsstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns många aktörer på marknaden som säljer hälsofrämjande tjänster till företag, föreningar och organisationer. Två bolag inom Sandvik AB köper en sjuk- och friskanmälningstjänst med telefonrådgivning av Unimed Care AB. Syftet med uppsatsen var att utföra en utvärdering åt de två bolag som köper tjänsten, samt se effekten av den. Tre olika enkäter delades ut till totalt 861 medarbetare. Bortfallet i undersökningen är betydande, 21 % av undersökningspopulationen deltog i utvärderingen. En enkät riktar sig till medarbetare, en till flödeschefer och en till Human Resource (personalavdelningen). För att komplettera insamlat material har information sökts via telefon och mail. Resultatet visar att medarbetares och flödeschefers uppfattningar om tjänsten varierar. För att öka samtligas tillfredställelse med tjänsten behövs mer information och kunskap om tjänsten, samt dess syfte. Det är många som inte vet hur tjänsten kan användas. Flödescheferna kan behöva förslag på hur statistiken kan användas i arbetet med personalfrågor. Sjukfrånvaron har minskat nationellt och även inom Sandvik koncernen under 2006-2008. Att sjukfrånvaron minskat under de år bolagen köpt tjänsten från Unimed kan förklaras som en kombination av samtliga insatser som bolagen genomfört, förändringar i nationella regler för sjukskrivning, samt att sjukskrivningarna minskat i hela landet.

  • 728.
    Andersson, Susann
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Patienters upplevelse av informationen i samband med hjärtinfarkt2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 729.
    Andersson, Susanne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Svensson, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Avsaknaden av relevanta motiv: en studie av fastighetsförvärv gjorda av privata fastighetsägare från kommunala bostadsföretag2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Refer to acquisitions of municipal housing estate we are of the opinion that most discussions brought to attention are those that concern conversion from tenancy right to co-operative. That is also the case when it comes to theoretical descriptions. Therefore we believe that our research can contribute to illuminating the phenomenon and increase the knowledge about how tenancy rights can trade owner without changing the right of disposition and that this actually occurs. The aim of this essay is therefore to study how a purchase made by private landlords to municipal housing estate is arranged.

    Method: In this essay we have used the approach of the hermeneutists since we are aware of the fact that our attitude and interpretations of the study will affect our result. However we believe that we can help each other to be critical towards the sources. Further on we have applied a qualitative course of action by basing our research on interviews. The interviewees are active within different private real estates at various locations dispersed all over the country.

    Result & conclusions: Through our research we have come to the conclusion that the private landlords’ motive when investing in municipal housing estate is varying. In addition the municipalities’ sales argument has varied. Our research shows that the private landlords in most cases have not used any economic models to calculate the profitability of real estate. Furthermore our research shows that in all cases there are no intentions to reconstruct this real estate into co-operative in the future.

  • 730. Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    Hall, Maria
    Ensamkommande barns integration: en kvalitativ studie av socialarbetares erfarenheter2013In: Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & My Lilja, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 51-77Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 731.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Hall, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Ensamkommande barns integration: en kvalitativ studie av socialarbetares erfarenheter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to seek information about social workers understanding of unaccompanied children´s integration in to the Swedish society and the approaches different participants, amongst them social workers, had when they conducted this work. The data was gathered by qualitative interviews. We analyzed the interview results by proceeding from systems theory and empowerment. The results of the study showed language, education and meaningful leisure were important parts of the unaccompanied children's integration into the society. According to the interviewed social workers, they did not work in practice with the children's integration; this was the responsibility of the staff at the accommodations/foster home and the trustees. Important conclusions drawn from this study were that the society showed a weak interest in the unaccompanied children and that the social workers considered the documents in use were not always suitable for the unaccompanied children. Another conclusion was that the socialworkers considered the documents not always being followed by those who worked close to the children.

  • 732.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Joelsson, Agnes
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Finansanalytikers syn på hållbarhetrapporter: En studie över vilka kvalitetskriterier som efterfrågas på hållbarhetsinformation2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Previous research has shown a lack of use of sustainability reports in the analysis process, which can be assigned to distrust in the information and a lack of criteria for the evaluation of information. Therefore, the aim of this study is to understand which criteria financial analysts demand in sustainability reports. The aim is also to illustrate whether a regulation can meet the needs of financial analysts.

    Method: The study adopts a hermeneutic perspective and the research gap that’s being studied is considered to be characterized by social constructivism. By taking part in an abductive research our theory and empiricism approach together through an iterative process. The study applies a qualitative research where empirical data are collected through interviews. The theoretical framework is constructed of previous research and the same themes and headlines runs throughout both empirical and analytical sections.

    Result & Conclusions: The results of the study suggest that it isn’t possible to apply the same kind of reporting and key performance indicators in sustainability reports as used in the financial statements. A sustainability report is aimed more towards qualitative key indicators, which isn’t always possible to measure and compare. The main criteria for sustainability information prove to be relevance, which we can see is one of the causes for the demand of industry-specific key indicators.

    Suggestions for future research: Sustainability reporting is still a relatively new phenomenon in the world of finance, and several of the respondents believe in the rapid development in sustainable thinking and the possibility of developing key indicators in the field. This means that it would be interesting to do a similar study at a later time to see the development of industry-specific standards and indicators of sustainability. 

    Contribution of the thesis: The study's contributions relate to the practice, understanding that sustainability information and financial information can’t be read in the same way, that other methods should be used for sustainability information. This study shows how sustainable information should be valued and refer to various interest groups together with the companies to jointly come up with various industry-specific standards. These we believe would facilitate the execution of sustainability reporting, but also how it should be read for the best application.

  • 733.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Knutson-Ek, Christian
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Det sociala ansvaret hos Coop-Konsum2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Today more and more consumers and employees expect businesses to take extensive social responsibility, not only in generating profits and guarantee employments. This responsibility is called CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility).

    • We want to know why and how businesses work with CSR.

    • The aim of this study in to get a deeper understanding of what CSR is.

    • What the importance is of CSR for businesses in today’s society.

    • What effects CSR has on business image and what is the economic gain in using it.

    Method: We have used a method in which interpretation is the main concept. This investigation is based on a qualitative approach with an interview as its main component. We also describe this study’s validity and reliability.

    Result & Conclusions: We feel that through this study we have gained a deeper and more thorough understanding of what CSR is and what it means to today’s society and its businesses. We have formed a image of how Coop Konsum works with CSR and what this means for their business. In our opinion they do not work with CSR to get a better economic result.

    Suggestions for future research: Our limitations have been that we only accomplished one interview. A deeper understanding in this subject would demand more investigations.

    Contribution of the thesis: The information we received from our interview with the director of Coop-Konsum Gävleborg can contribute to deeper knowledge on how cooperative businesses work with CSR and what the importance of this is.

  • 734.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Linder, Isabelle
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans attityder och betydelsefulla faktorer i mötet med patineter med självskadebeteende: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People who self-harm is nothing new, this behavior has a lot of different terms and definitions. Self-destructive feelings can be rooted in assaults and violations. A self-harming behavior is sometimes used to regain control or to be used as self-punishment. Today there is a greater attention towards research in the subject of self-harm which brings new knowledge. Aim: The aim is to illuminate nurses’ attitudes an factors that is important in the encounter of patients who suffers from self-injurious behavior and to exanimate the samples selection in the articles of this study. Method: A descriptive literature study was conducted and fifteen articles from PsycINFO and PubMed between years 2005-2015. The chosen articles have qualitative and/or quantitative approach. Results: Nurses attitudes towards people who self-harm are predominantly positive. Negative attitudes are also presented in the encounter in form of antipathy, frustration, powerlessness and anxiety. Nurses are experiencing a lack of knowledge and resources. Conclusion: For nurses to feel confident in their work and give the best possible care to people who self-harm there is a need of education and organizational improvements such as more time and support from colleagues. Clinical significance: Our expectation with this study is to bring attention and understanding in the subject of self-harm.

  • 735.
    Andersson, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Törnhult, Jennifer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    På blodigt allvar: En intervjustudie om amenorré bland lagidrottande kvinnor på elitnivå.2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Amenorré (menstruationsrubbningar och menstruationsbortfall) är ett allvarligt tillstånd som kan drabba kvinnor i fertil ålder. Amenorré är en av tre komponenter i den kvinnliga idrottstriaden, som länge ansågs som den största medicinska problematiken inom kvinnlig idrott. Konsekvenserna av amenorré kan vara infertilitet, benskörhet, fysisk- och psykisk ohälsa. Inom idrotten har namnet idrottsamenorré uppkommit. Detta på grund av ökad rapportering om amenorré drabbade kvinnor inom idrotten. Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnliga elitidrottares tankar om amenorré. Studien baseras på sju kvalitativa intervjuer med elitidrottande kvinnor som är aktiva inom lagidrott. Intervjuerna grundades på en intervjuguide och inför intervjuerna genomfördes två pilotintervjuer. Studien visar att av de sju elitidrottande kvinnorna som deltog så har tre kvinnor personliga upplevelser av amenorré. Många av de resterande respondenterna hade upplevt amenorré hos någon närstående. De respondenter som själva varit drabbade hade under den aktuella sjukdomsperioden inte sökt hjälp. Vidare visar resultatet att informationen som kvinnliga elitidrottare får idag är otillräcklig eller i många fall obefintlig. Detta gäller som idrottskvinna men även som kvinna i samhället. Få respondenter upplevde att de fått information om amenorré utanför idrotten. Även informationen kring menstruation saknades inom idrotten och kunde också beskrivas som bristfällig i samhället. Respondenterna som deltog i studien hade många bra idéer och tankar om hur utveckling av informationsarbetet kunde se ut, både inom elitidrotten, ungdomsidrotten och i skolan.  Slutsatser som kan dras av studien är att relativt få av kvinnorna hade upplevelser av amenorré. Kvinnorna upplevde ett positivt samtalsklimat kring menstruation inom sina lag, vilket kan vara av stor vikt om man själv blir drabbad av amenorré. Informationen om amenorré inom elitidrotten ansågs bristfällig, vilket tidigare forskning bekräftar. Vidare belyser resultatet i studien hur arbetet kring informationsspridning skulle kunna se ut och hur respondenterna helst skulle motta informationen.

  • 736.
    Andersson, Therés
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kjellberg, Emilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Licensierade vårdhundar som komplement till omvårdnaden av barn med Autismspektrumtillstånd2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande litteraturstudie var att beskriva på vilket sätt licensierade vårdhundar kan fungera som ett komplement i omvårdnaden av barn med autismspektrumtillstånd. Syftet var också att beskriva kvaliteten av artiklarna utifrån den metodologiska aspekten urval. En litteraturstudie med deskriptiv ansats genomfördes utifrån två artiklar med kvalitativ ansats, två artiklar med kvantitativ ansats, fyra artiklar med kvalitativ ansats och kvantitativa mätningar, samt två artiklar med kvantitativ ansats och kvalitativa inslag i form av observationer. De inkluderade artiklarna hade publicerats mellan åren 1989 och 2013. De databaser som användes för artikelsökningen var Academic Search Elite, Cinahl och PubMed med sökorden: Dogs, Child, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Animal-assisted, Service dogs, Autism samt Therapy Dogs. Huvudresultatet visade att de problem som barn med AST har med att passa in i samhället på grund av sina negativa, asociala beteenden till viss del kan avhjälpas i interaktion med licensierade vårdhundar. Vårdhunden hade förmågan att hjälpa barnen med AST att utveckla och förbättra sin fysiska aktivitet samt sina psykosociala beteenden. Det visade sig också att den familjära sammanhållningen ökade i närvaro av en licensierad vårdhund. För få studier har genomförts inom området barn med AST i interaktion med licensierad vårdhund, och därför är vidare forskning inom området nödvändigt för ytterligare evidens. För att en god omvårdnad ska kunna bedrivas krävs det mer utbildning och forskning inom detta område.

  • 737.
    Andersson, Thomas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Johansson, Jerry
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Datorer i skolan: En studie om lärares åsikter och upplevelser av datorers konsekvenser för elevers lärande och hälsa2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie är att undersöka hur grundskolelärarna upplever datorns konsekvenser för undervisningen samt för elevers lärande och hälsa. Vår studie är av kvalitativ art och som forskningsredskap har vi använt oss av intervjuer.  Intervjuerna har gjorts med fem lärare som arbetar i grundskolor i Gävleborgs kommuner. Lärarna har då svarat på frågor om hur de arbetar med datorer, datorernas påverkansprocesser på lärande och hälsa och dessutom hur de skulle vilja arbeta med datorer i undervisningen. Studien tar förutom det som syftet avslöjar bland annat upp delar ur ett historiskt perspektiv kring datorerna, datorernas användningsområden i skolan samt för- och nackdelar med datorerna i skolan. I vårt resultat kunde vi då finna att lärarna varierar mellan att använda sig av läroböcker och datorer i undervisningen.

    Lärarna såg en stor fördel med att använda sig av datorerna i undervisningen och då framförallt när det kom till elever med dyslexi och liknande svårigheter. Lärarna menade också att det finns många program som hjälper dessa elever. Att eleverna blir mer och mer intresserade av datorer är en annan positiv effekt då lärarna ser detta som ett måste med tanke på dagens utbredda datorverksamhet i hela samhället.

    När det kommer till hinder i datoranvändandet så var det kompetensen som lärarna var mest bekymrade över. De nämnde också teknik och resurser tillsammans med tidsaspekten som problem. Men främst handlade det om att de ansåg sig ha för liten kompetens för att kunna utnyttja datorernas fulla potential i undervisningen.

    Lärarna berättar också att de hade önskemål för att förbättra undervisningen med datorerna. Ett av dess önskemål var att få tillgång till projektorer som de kan använda sig av via datorerna för att på så sätt kunna visa eleverna viktig information över hela klassrummet

  • 738.
    Andersson, Tobias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Governance and Economics in Early Islamic Historiography: A comparative study of historical narratives of ‘Umar’s caliphate in the works of al-Baladhuri and at-Tabari2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis examines the level of historical analysis in the works of two third/ninth century Muslim historians, al-Baladhuri and at-Tabari, including their underlying legal, political and socio-economic concerns as manifested in their narratives. By comparing and contextualising their histories regarding the caliphate of ‘Umar, in relation to their social institutions and scholarly disciplines, the purpose is to highlight the subjective agency of the historians as well as the structure of the historiographical discourse in which they formulated their narratives. Based on the notion of discourses as well-defined areas of social fact that defines the forms of (historical) knowledge in societies, the thesis applies de Certeau’s theory of discourses in order to analyse the formation of historical discourses in relation to social institutions and scholarly traditions. By linking the narrative differences to the historians’ scholarly contexts and political concerns, the thesis also show their subjective agency to form certain narratives of history depending on political and scholarly interests, although expressed in the form of the khabar-tradition of ‘Abbasid period. It is argued that the narratives represent attempts to explain social and economic factors involved in civilisational history by means of the accumulated body of what in modern scholarship is labeled “religious knowledge”. Thereby, it also problematises current debates on the level of analytical thinking in early Muslim historiography and suggest new approaches to the subject by discourse analysis. 

  • 739.
    Andersson, Tobias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Ibn Khaldun om Banu Umayya: Historieskrivningen om det umayyadiska kalifatet och dess återgivelse i al-Muqaddima2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The history of Banu Umayya has since the collapse of the caliphate occupied a major part in Islamic historiography. The present thesis analyses the presentation of the Umayyads in Ibn Khaldun’s al-Muqaddima and its relation to previous historical traditions. The thesis examines the social and intellectual context in which Ibn Khaldun stood and how it is represented in his historiography, while also providing an overview of the various socio-political, intellectual and historiographical developments in Islam. The theoretical perspectives are based on the concept of agency, examining the intellectual room for manoeuvre that the historian disposed of while composing the works. The relation between the past-as-history and the historical past is emphasised and analysed by examination of narrative arrangements and content in relation to the historians’ contexts. Rather than viewing Ibn Khaldun as an exception, the study clarifies his contextual representativity by analysing his views on the Umayyads. The thesis also discusses the historiographical significance of the Umayyad history for the later development of Islam, while thereby attempting to open the field of research regarding the Umayyad history and its importance as self-definitions among later movements, historians and traditions of Islam.

  • 740.
    Andersson, Tomas
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Controlling the fluid dynamics: an analysis of the workflow of fluids2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A scene containing dynamic fluids can be created in a number of ways. There are two approaches that will highlight the problems and obstacles that might occur. Today’s leading fluid simulator, RealFlow, simulates the fluid dynamics. A comparison between the two approaches will be made and are analyzed. Through experimentation, one of the approaches fails to produce the set requirements in the experiment and furthermore the two approaches differ in efficiency.

  • 741.
    Andersson, Tommy
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik. University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Algilany, Gazwan
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik. University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    Konstruktion Signalgenerator2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    SAAB Aerotech division FGR in Arboga builds and develops equipment and components used in both military and civilian applications. To build a test system for a specific project that SAAB is responsible for requires a simple signal generator that can provide a pulse modulated signal. The need to buy a new advanced signal generator for example from Agilent is not as profitable as the instrument is expensive and contains features that SAAB does not require in their applications and test systems. That was the reason why SAAB offers two students a thesis where the goal is to construct a signal generator in accordance with what SAAB requests.

    This thesis contains several different phases. The first step was a meeting with our supervisor Mats Bergman and by reading the data sheets for components to be used in the project, with these information and specifications that we have received from SAAB we started to construct the signal generator.

    What we did during the construction work was to simulate and draw a schematic to be able to design the circuit board. Simulation was done both in software and on laboration board. The card is then ordered from a circuit board manufacturer in Bulgaria. On the finished card the components will be fitted. Then the card will plugged in into a rack and then presented finished as a signal generator that can be used in a test system.

    The final results of all phases are satisfactory in the part of design and laboratory work. The finished mother board was tested and test results corresponded well with the theory. The final results will be presented with a spoken presentation at the University of Gävle and at SAAB Aerotech in Arboga division FGR

  • 742.
    Andersson, Tony
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Habitatval hos yngel av öring (Salmo trutta) i en undersökning i Nedre Dalälven2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project was to examine important parameters for juvenile brown trout habitat selection in their first months after hatching. The study was carried out after approximately 30 000 fry had been released by the County Administrative Board of Gävleborg. Data on habitat selection was collected from five different localities at the river Dalälven, near Gysinge, Sweden. The method of estimating preferred habitat was to determine remaining fry after a period of seven weeks by electrofishing.

    This study confirms that the optimal local habitat choice for juvenile trout is where the substrate size 60- 200 mm is present and a hypothesis is proposed that this substrate is of importance for juvenile trout survival as it gives shelter in the presence of predators. Based on previous research the study gives some suggestions to which important habitat characteristics that were missing where no trout were recaptured.

  • 743.
    Andersson, Tony
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Wennberg, Elvira
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Informationshantering och kunskapsöverföring mellan svenska och kinesiska företag: ~ En fältundersökning i Kina.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att se hur kunskap överförs och information hanteras från svenska företag till deras samarbetspartners eller dotterbolag i staden Qingdao i Kina, men även att se vilka problem som kan uppstå när dessa processer genomförs. Författarna vill även utreda vilken informationshantering som är mest effektiv samt om det uppstår några problem i samband med de kulturella skillnaderna mellan Sverige och Kina.

    Den allmänna anledningen till att ett företag investerar i ett annat land är de ekonomiska utvecklingsmöjligheter som kan ge stor avkastning, men vilket land ett företag väljer att investera i varierar. De tio senaste åren har Sveriges ekonomiska relationer med Kina utvecklats snabbt och idag är Sveriges största handelspartner i Asien, landet Kina. När utländska företag etablerar sig i Kina överförs kunskap och information till de kinesiska företagen och deras arbetstagare. Detta kan skapa ekonomiska möjligheter för de utländska företagen men innebär även en utmaning. Kunskapsöverföring och informationshantering är viktigt för alla parter och det kan vara svårt att känna till vilka problem som egentligen kan uppstå genom dessa överföringar.

    För att genomföra uppsatsen har författarna valt att utföra en fältundersökning på plats i staden Qingdao som är belägen på Kinas östkust. Undersökningen omfattar sju företag varav sex är stora välkända svenska företag.

    Uppsatsens resultat visade att det var olika överföringsmetoder som användes och att kinesers och svenskars sätt att reagera över informationen är väldigt varierande. De svenska företagen står inför en utmaning hur de ska betänka de nya värderingssystemen och hur de påverkar kunskapen i form av fakta som ska tas emot av de nya medarbetarna. Dessa fakta är lätt att sprida, men att få samsyn i hur man tolkar detta krävs även att uppfattningarna, det vill säga tolkningen är den samma och det kan uppnås genom att sprida företagskulturen.

    Författarna ville även utreda vilken informationshantering som var mest effektiv. Det fanns många metoder som var effektiva på olika sätt men respondenterna uppskattade personliga möten i stor utsträckning eftersom de anser att det är väldigt viktigt med personliga relationer. Författarna kan konstatera att flera problem uppstår i och med de kulturella skillnaderna och att det grundläggande problemet är att försöka förstå motpartens kultur.

  • 744.
    Andersson, Towe
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Lindgren, Matilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Fastighetsbestämning och särskild gränsutmärkning i Sverige2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe property definition and special boundary demarcation and to analyze the differences between the two cadastral procedures. Property boundaries, especially unlawfully determined boundaries created through unofficial parcelling, can create conflicts between landowners and make it diffi-cult to know which land that a property contains of. It is possible to clarify the boundary conditions through a property definition or through a special boundary demarcation re-establish boundary marks.

    The methods used are: (1) A literature review to collect background information, (2) A case study to summarize court cases and (3) A questionnaire study to collect opinions from cadastral surveyors.

    The result is summarized in two comparisons. Firstly between restoration of landmark and special boundary demarcation (which replaced restoration of landmark in a legislative change in 2010), which demonstrated that the change in the law is considered positive because special boundary demarcation gives a legal effect on the boundaries. Secondly between property definition and special boundary demarcation which demonstrated that the two procedures are similar to each other. One difference between the procedures is that special boundary demarcation only can be used when there are no uncertainties concerning the boundary. It also demonstrated that the cadastral procedure costs only can be distributed during property definition.

    The legal effect on the boundaries contributes with a certainty for the property owners and is also considered positive for the community development. No exact definition of what a legal uncertainty is, was found using the three methods. A definition should make it easier to know which cadastral procedure that should be used. A question to examine in future studies is the possibilities to distribute cadastral procedure costs even during special boundary demarcation. 

  • 745.
    Andersson, Victor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Industrial economics.
    Pappersfria informationsflöden: En fallstudie om implementeringsprocessen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although computers have been around for a long time and are used more and more, the use of paper inoffices remains. One of the reasons is that there are not good enough digital tools to get rid of paper from work. In this qualitative case study, the office department of ABB Components is investigating on how the implementation processes for a paperless information flows can be introduced in ways that generate benefits of working digitally.

    The result of this study will be based on data collected from interviews and observations carriedout in the office. By identifying which processes using paper in the office, different tools have been developed to facilitate the implementation. The result of this study suggests that the implementation of a paperless information flows must be a well-planned change process where tools are developed to compensate for the earlier use of paper.

    With the introduction of paperless information flows, the use of consumables will decrease and the location it takes to store these papers will disappear. This leads to more cost-effective work and less waste paper. In order for this concept to lead to a more beneficial routine it needs to be redesigned for the implementation.

  • 746.
    Andersson, Victoria
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Karlsson, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att leva med Polycystiskt ovariesyndrom: en litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur det är att leva med Polycystiskt ovariesyndrom (PCOS). Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie. Data inhämtades från databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl. Resultatet baserades på 14 evidensbaserade artiklar. Resultat: Kvinnor med Polycystiskt ovariesyndrom hade större risk att utveckla ångest och depression jämfört med normalpopulationen, orsaken till detta är inte klarlagd forskarnas åsikter går isär. Majoriteten av artiklarna i denna litteraturstudie hävdade att att ett högt Body Mass Index (BMI) var den största bidragande faktorn som orsakade psykisk ohälsa och reducerad livskvalité hos denna patientgrupp. Kvinnor med ett högt BMI hade större risk att utveckla psykisk ohälsa. Sjukvården negligerade ofta de psykologiska aspekterna som syndromet medförde. Vilket kunde leda till onödigt lidande för dessa kvinnor. Slutsats: Kvinnor med PCOS upplevde mer psykisk ohälsa och reducerad livskvalité i jämförelse med normalpopulationen. Personal inom hälso- och sjukvård behövde mer kunskap om syndromet för att kunna hjälpa denna patientgrupp på bästa sätt.

  • 747.
    Andersson, Vivianne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Faktorer som påverkar andraspråksinlärning enligt forskare och verksamma andraspråkslärare2011Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med min uppsats är att undersöka hur lärare ser på andraspråkselevers språkutveckling och vad de anser är de viktigaste faktorerna som påverkar språkinlärning. Syftet är att mot bakgrund av forskning om vilka arbetssätt som gynnar andraspråkselever, se om andraspråkslärare använder sig av de metoder forskning förespråkar. Jag har valt att intervjua två verksamma andraspråkslärare med lång erfarenhet av att undervisa andraspråkselever.

     

    Mina informanter är väl medvetna om faktorer som påverkar språkinlärning. Informanterna är väl överens med vad forskning anser påverkar inlärning av ett andraspråk samt metoder som gynnar andraspråksinlärning. Sambandet mellan elevens språkliga nivå och undervisningens innehåll och utformning påverkar elevens språkutveckling.

  • 748.
    Andersson, Ylva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Drama - en metod för barn som inte leker?2013Student paper second term, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 749.
    Andersson Younas, Nikolina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    För att eleverna verkar tänka bättre när de får prata: Vilka metoder kan man hitta hos lärare som främjar diskussioner i matematik2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att söka reda på olika metoder lärare använder i klassrumssituationer för att stödja elevernas utveckling i matematiska uttryck gällande muntlig kommunikation mellan elever och lärare. Arbetet är baserat på observationer av tre lärare i årskurs 4, 6 och 9. Insamlad information från observationerna har resulterat i tre olika lektionsstrukturer och ett antal frågemodeller. Gemensamt i samtliga lektioner är att eleverna får först diskutera och berätta innan läraren blanda sig i; läraren har använt elevernas samtal för att bygga vidare och utgår på det sättet utifrån elevernas kunskaper. Vissa lektioner har fokus legat i diskussionen och elevers presentation av sina lösningar för klassen. I andra lektioner har läraren använt en specifik didaktisk metod för att stimulera diskussionen och elevernas förståelse. Samtliga lärare uttrycker att ett mål de haft är att eleverna skall få chansen att diskutera och ge uttryck för sina tankar verbalt.

  • 750.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Linderdahl, Charlotta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Mellan hem och institution: en studie av somatiskt växelboende i Gävle kommun, ur äldre omsorgstagare och anhörigas perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att skapa kunskap om somatiskt växelboende i Gävle kommun, ur äldre omsorgstagare och anhörigas perspektiv. Undersökningen utgjordes av en kvalitativ studie i form av intervjuer. Sex intervjuer utfördes med tre omsorgstagare och deras maka/make, som använder somatiskt växelboende. Ett hermeneutiskt angreppssätt användes för bearbetningen av vårt empiriska material, vidare kategoriserade vi data genom kodning utifrån analysmetoden grounded theory. De fyra analysteman som kategoriserades fram, Emotioner, Relationer, Bemötande och Livs- och omsorgskvalité, presenteras i resultatdelen med kopplingar till empirin och de teorier som vi ansåg relevanta för studien: SOS- syndromet, Individualiseringsprincipen samt Aktivitets-, Sociala identitets-, Vänskaps-, Roll- och Utbytesteorin, vilka ger en ökad förståelse för äldre omsorgstagare och deras anhöriga som använder somatiskt växelboende. Resultatet visade att alla omsorgstagare upplevde, att orsaken till att de använder sig av växelboende, var att deras partner behövde avlastning och vila. De kände sig trygga och trivdes på växelboendet, samtidigt som de upplevde en nedstämdhet av att vara tvungna att lämna sina hem. De anhöriga upplevde att det var emotionellt påfrestande att ta emot hjälp i form av växelboende, men gav uttryck för en uppnådd livskvalité, genom att ha tillgång till växelboende. Alla informanter delgav att de var mycket nöjda med personalen. Fem av sex deltagare i studien, upplevde att uppföljning från Gävle kommun och omvårdnadsförvaltningen, gällande deras situation som omsorgstagare, kändes obefintlig. Slutsatsen av vår studie är, att växelboende i Gävle kommun, som det bedrivs i dag, upplevs tillfredställande och bra, av både omsorgstagare och deras anhöriga. Tillgången till denna form av avlastning är viktig, för att på detta sätt kunna efterleva den kvarboendeprincip som är vägledande inom svensk äldreomsorg.

    Nyckelord: Emotioner, Relationer, Bemötande och Livs- och omsorgskvalité

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