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  • 701.
    Widh, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Linder, Jennifer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    A qualitative study on the experiences of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) from the perspective of male victims2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative research was to get a deeper understanding of male victim’s experiences when exposed to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) by a female partner. Two men who had been exposed to IPV were interviewed through email correspondence regarding their experiences. To provide a general understanding of the specific difficulties male victims may face from a Western perspective, we have over email and telephone also interviewed three people who work with the issue. The results of this study were analyzed using theories of social psychology and hegemonic masculinity theory. What was stressed throughout the interviews was the importance of abused men to get recognition for being victims of IPV. Our findings showed that stereotypical perceptions of masculinity may affect male victims of IPV in many ways, such as affecting the self-image and hindering help-seeking as well as receiving the proper help services.

  • 702.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Arbetslivet som arena för våld: en lägesbeskrivning2012In: Viktimologisk forskning: brottsoffer i teori och metod / [ed] Anita Heber, Eva Tiby, Sofia Wikman, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1, p. 27-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 703.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Att förebygga våld i skolan: en jämförelse mellan säkerhetsarbete i svenska och amerikanska skolor2018In: FALF konferens 2018: Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö? / [ed] Per Lindberg, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 121-121Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 704.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Nyansera debatten om ungas psykiska hälsa2018In: Tidningen Mind - En tidning från Mind för psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. -, no 3, p. 40-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 705.
    Wikman, Sofia
    Stockholms universitet, Kriminologiska institutionen.
    Preventing Violence at Work: Descriptions of Safety Measures from Swedish Trade Union Journals 1978-20042010In: 67th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology: Crime and Social Institutions, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The increased focus on the crime victim in the political sphere, has made it possible to develop an individualized criminal policy, where responsibility is emphasized. The main purpose of this study is to examine whether perceptions of interventions aimed at violence in the workplace have changed since the 1970s as portrayed by Swedish trade union journals. The occupational health perspective is the most common. Here threats and violence are seen as something preventable, and are mainly dealt with within the workplace. In the beginning of the study period, structural factors are seen as the dominating explanation for workplace violence and methods of intervention take this perspective. The crime perspective rises in the 1990s – even though the “perpetrator” now can be non-traditional (such as nurses or the elderly). It is characterized by individualization and an increasing focus on the crime victim. Within this perspective, the method of intervention becomes the control- and justice functions of larger society. Interestingly, organizational violence (corporate neglect) emerges as a new form of violence that challenges individualization as the major explanation to this development. The result shows search for accountability as a salient factor for understanding the development towards an increasing use of penal sanctions.

  • 706.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Unga mår allt sämre - eller?: Kunskapsöversikt om ungas psykiska hälsa i Sverige 20182018Report (Other academic)
  • 707.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Unga mår allt sämre - eller? Kunskapsöversikt om ungas psykiska hälsa i Sverige 2018: Kortversion2018Report (Other academic)
  • 708.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Using resilience engineering to manage school violence2018In: The Stockholm Criminology Symposium: Program & Abstracts, Stockholm: The Swedish National Council for Crime Prevention (Brå) , 2018, p. 172-172Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Safety has never been as bureaucratized as it is today. Over the past two decades we have seen the blooming of safety rules and legislation, and schools do not follow short. But at the same time, since the Columbine High School massacre set off a nationwide moral panic in 1999, there have been ten school shootings in which four or more people were killed. Including the death or suicide of the perpetrators, these mass shootings have resulted in 122 fatalities. In order to prevent school violence, several safety measures have been created. However, school violence has not disappeared and ranges from severe and lethal incidents such as the events this year in Florida, Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School to more lenient but still unwanted forms making everyday school life difficult for students and staff members alike. This project discusses the insights from the so-called resilience engineering school, and apply these understandings to how school violence is managed. The theory suggests that remarkable safety performance on minor incidents tends to increase the risk of events of larger magnitude. By eradicating the minor events through tightening safety protocols, the possibility to learn from these events is lost, together with the full potential of human resourcefulness that could be harnessed towards creating safety success. Thus, safety research has shown that the link between minor and major accidents is not always there. It questions the “theory” of broken windows, which seems to be the general idea behind many school violence prevention approaches, that is, by controlling every minor occurrence of school violence, more severe school violence could be prevented.

  • 709. Winqvist, Marianne
    et al.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Äldreomsorgsforskning i Norden: en kunskapsöversikt (Bokrecension)2006In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 275-278Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 710.
    Wängermark, Ida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Sjöholm, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Information och stöd till kvinnor med lindrig utvecklingsstörning före, under och efter graviditet i Bollnäs kommun.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att utifrån en fiktiv fallbeskrivning undersöka vilken information och vilket stöd ensamlevande kvinnor som har en lindrig utvecklingsstörning får före, under och efter en graviditet i Bollnäs kommun. Vi intervjuade fyra olika verksamheter som kommer i kontakt med dessa kvinnor och vi använde oss av en halvstrukturerad kvalitativ intervjuform. Resultatet av studien visade att den förberedande och förebyggande informationen till kvinnor med lindrig utvecklingsstörning som ännu inte blivit gravida är knapphändiga hos alla de intervjuade verksamheterna. Under graviditet erbjuder ett par av verksamheterna kvinnorna stöd i form av samtal och praktisk föräldrautbildning. När barnet är fött finns till exempel olika typer av stödinsatser som beviljas av Socialtjänsten och stödet skräddarsys efter behov och problematik. Ett av de viktigaste stöden Socialtjänsten erbjuder är vistelse på HVB-hem. Resultatet i studien analyserades utifrån ett systemteoretiskt perspektiv.

  • 711.
    Xinlu, Yu
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Ming, Gong
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Left-behind Children in China: A qualitative study about the experience of left-behind children concerning their childhood2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the thesis is to explore the negative life experience of left-behind children in a dynamic and integrated perspective taking left-behind children, their guardians, parents, school and other social communities into consideration. It explores the current situation of some left-behind children in China, and discusses the causes and negative effects on children‟s comprehensive development. A qualitative research method has been used because of the in-depth outcome accessible through face-to-face interview. Three left-behind children in different family compositions and one teacher were interviewed. The outcome of this study is discussed in multiple dimensions to explore consequences of left-behind children in China. The results suggest that parents’ migration can lead to more serious problems for the children than expected. The management of left-behind children requires concerted efforts from various social systems, not only parents, schools, children welfare center, and the whole nation, otherwise it would worsen deteriorated social issues.

  • 712.
    Yake, Chanelle
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Jäderholm, Linn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Det goda åldrandet: En kvalitativ studie av seniorer i den tredje åldern2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att öka kunskapen och förståelsen för äldres sociala behov i den tredje åldern för de som besöker träffpunktsverksamheten. För att genomföra studien har en kvalitativ intervjumetod används med fyra seniorer samt två träffpunktsledare. Detta för att få bådas perspektiv på vad ett gott åldrande innebär, men fokus har legat på seniorerna. Studien utgick ifrån två teorier, den sociala nätverksteorin och aktivitetsteorin. Dessa två är huvudteorier. I förhållande till dessa har gerotranscendensteorin används då den motsäger vad de två ovannämnda teorierna pekar på. Studiens empiriska data har analyserats efter den hermeneutiska cirkeln. Resultatet av studien visade att ett aktivt liv är av stor vikt för seniorerna som besöker träffpunktsverksamheten. Studien visade även att träffpunktsledarnas engagemang och motivation bidrar till att seniorerna upplever att de har ett inflytande i träffpunktsverksamheten. Seniorerna menade att känslan av delaktighet bottnar i den goda relation som de har till träffpunktsledaren.

  • 713.
    YEHONG, LUO
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Research on the situation of deaf-mute Children of Migrant Workers in Guiyang, China2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the outcome of a Field Study project. The aim of the study was to findout how the floating deaf-mute children of migrant workers experience psychologicalproblems in Guiyang, China. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system theory was used asa theoretical frame. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with 4 inner migrantcouples who have deaf-mute children receiving treatment in a Center for disabled inGuiyang. 12 professionals working with treating deaf-mute children are alsointerviewed as well as 5 deaf-mute children. In total together 21 informants areinterviewed. The result of this study shows that three main aspects influence thepsychological problems of floating deaf-mute children with migrant parents most:social welfare policy, family income conditions and the center of treatmentenvironment. This study explored the problems based on Brofenbreener’s ecologicalsystems approach, which for the author had a new perspective to research on thesituation of deaf-mute children of migrant workers in Guiyang, China.

  • 714.
    Yoo, Ulrika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Att rädda en förövare: En intervjustudie om våld i nära relation och behandlingen av förövare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel:” To Save a Perpetrator” 

    An interview study about domestic violence and the treatment of the perpetrator

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatments available to perpetrators of domestic violence. The study is based on qualitative interviews with four people who all work with perpetrators of domestic violence in some way. The result has been analyzed with the help of attachment theory, behaviorism, violence - dominance and masculinity. The results show that there are various forms of treatment for the perpetrators. According to the interviewees there is no follow-up on whether the efforts help. The interviewees also described that these treatments are all individually adapted to the perpetrator's needs and that there is a resistance among the perpetrators to be included in group treatments. In addition, the treatments were described as often related to volunteerism under some constraint. The lack of attachment and the complexity of the treatment are discussed.

  • 715.
    Zingmark, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ensamhetseffekten: En litteraturstudie i hur känslan av ensamhet påverkar hälsan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that mental ill-health increases in society and the purpose of the study was to investigate what perceived loneliness means and how it affects the health of the individual. This was done by using the theories SOC (Sense of coherence), attachment theory and Cognitive theory in a literary study of 7 articles. The result shows that perceived loneliness increases the risk of ill health, both physical and mental, and that children and women are more vulnerable. Perceived loneliness in early age increases the risk of depression and suicidal thoughts and perceived loneliness in the elderly contributes to a reduced cognitive function and an increased risk of dementia. 

     

    Conclusion: perceived loneliness is part of the growing mental ill-health in society and the study highlights the importance of addressing the perceived sense of loneliness as early as possible, to avoid further negative health aspects for the individual.

  • 716.
    Åberg, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Knudsen Wahlbom, Alexandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Blir det till barnets bästa?: En kvalitativ och komparativ studie om diskussionen kring barnets bästa i Gävle tingsrätts domar i vårdnads-, boende- och umgängestvister2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The child's best interest is described by researchers as elusive. Despite this, the concept is statutory and should be essential to decisions regarding custody, residence and contact. The purpose of this study was to inquire Gävle district court's discussion of the child's best interest in custody, residence and contact judgments in 1992, 2002 and 2012, and to study whether the arguing changed over time. Text analysis was applied to analyze data which then was studied by perspectives of socialconstructionism and sociology of law. A prominent result was that the district court's discussion of the child’s best interest is usually made indirectly. However, direct references to the concept of the child’s best interest increased, mainly in the judgments from 2012. This result might derive from the reforms made in the Swedish Parental Code in 2006. Another important conclusion we have come to concern is that the child’s best interest seem to be inconstant.

  • 717.
    Åhs Bodin, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Nordlund, Veronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Missbruksvårdens möjligheter och förutsättningar!: Intervjuer med socialsekreterare om arbetet med missbruksvård inom socialtjänsten2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how a group of social workers look at the potentials and opportunities of Swedish addiction care. This trough interviews with a few social workers about the work with addiction care in the social service organization. The study was conducted as a qualitative approach with semi-structured interview guide where a total of four social workers participated. The results were analyzed by the social constructionist perspective, role theory and human service organization theory. This study revealed that the group studied has a consensus about addiction care and it seemed like this is based on the laws and guidelines they have to follow. It was also found that the work is often dictated by the organization's financial constraints. For successful components of addiction treatment the group studied thought that this was difficult to determine, but they lifted the client's own motivation, a place to live and employment as critical and especially important. The conclusion from this study demonstrates that the organization's financial constraints affect the individual social worker in his or her profession.

  • 718. Åkerlind, Jeanette
    et al.
    Toivanen, Tanja
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Åkerlind, Jeanette
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    The road to recovery: Addiction in a smaller community2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 719.
    Åsen Ekstrand, Eva
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Media and communication studies.
    Den delade verkligheten som community: utgångspunkter för empiriska studier2013In: Spår och spridning: perspektiv på internet / [ed] Bengt Bengtsson & Eva Åsén Ekstrand, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2013, p. 107-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 720.
    Öberg, Lina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Lindahl, Elinoré
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Mamma, mamma, barn: En studie med fokus på kvinnornas och familjerättssekreterarnas upplevelser av utredningsförfarandet kring faderskap och närståendeadoption i samkönad relation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    In the year 2003 and 2005, several legislative changes were made to same-sex couples advantage. Among other things, lesbian couples were given the right to be tested as adoptive parents and the possibility of assisted reproduction through the county councils. With such changes in law, society and family constellations are evolving today with more forms than the existing nuclear family. Similarly, the choice of approaches to forming a family in a same-sex relationship increases, two alternatives outside the county Council's assisted conception are; Insemination by clinic in another country or home insemination with private donated sperm. When insemination in same-sex relationship occurs at home or by clinic in another country, subsequent paternity investigations and Related adoption are required for the non-biological mother to be considered as legal parent, an investigation requested by the District Court and operated by Social Service in each municipality. With the possibility of same-sex couples to be tested as adoptive parents also follows expectations about the investigation procedure and its guidelines as a partner in the development. The aim of this study is to try to create a synthesized knowledge about the investigation process of paternity investigation and Related adoption, when it occurs in same-sex relationship. This by jointly trying to understand the experiences of women and Social workers ' in the investigation process and its content. The study is based on qualitative interviews with both women who have undergone the process and social secretaries who dealt with these cases. The result is a dominant shared experience of unclear guidelines where there is a demand for nuanced legislation and updated dossiers.

  • 721.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att åldras på 2000-talet: Om åldrandet, kroppen och självbilden2005In: Äldres livsvillkor och behov: Socialtjänstforum - ett möte mellan forskning och socialtjänst : en konferens i Göteborg 5-6 april 2005, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (FAS) , 2005, p. 7-14Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 722.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Changing perspectives on, and Demographics of, Ageing2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 723.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Demographical changes and the silver economy: New lifestyles and social structures of older people2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 724.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Den åldrande kroppen: Samhälleliga bilder och äldres egna erfarenheter2005In: Kropp, livslopp och åldrande: några samhällsvetenskapliga persepektiv / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Lars-Christer Hydén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, 1, p. 53-85Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 725.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Livet som berättelse: Om biografi och åldrande1997Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation’s objective is twofold: (1) to show how the life lived is reflected in old age (the articles), and (2) to analyze how life-stories are presented and interpreted from the social constructivist perspective (the comprehensive summary).

         Article I is a critical discussion of two biographical methods of data collection: the “freely-told” life-story and the semistructured biographical interview. Article II addresses the thesis’ first aim. This article presents the data gathered through the qualitative biographical interviews conducted with elderly Finns, which resulted in a typology of six ways of life: The bitter life and Life as a trapping pit, which end up in a problematic old age; Life as a hurdle race, The devoted silenced life, Life as a job career and  The sweet life, which describe different strategies for successful ageing. Article III is a study of Life as a hurdle race, where successful ageing is reached, despite previous difficulties in life. Article IV explains the paradox of the absent body in social gerontology, in light of the dualism of the Platonic-Christian tradition between body and soul.

         The comprehensive summary consists of critical methodological reflections on the conducted research. This summary acknowledges how the conclusions, reached at through analytic induction, where influenced by gerontology’s two myths (misery vs. success). The summary also treats the Renaissance of biographical social research, and the conducted research in relation to the theoretical debate on “the realist perspective” vs. “the story-focused, constructivist perspective.” From the latter perspective it is shown how emplotment shapes the life-story. Finally the summary addresses the generalizability and credibility of my results; results which by virtue of the life history perspective open up for a new qualitative understanding of ageing.

  • 726.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Livsloppsperspektivet2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 727.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Nya äldrebilder, nya livsstilar på 2000-talet2006In: Ikääntyvien elämäntyylit [Livsstilar bland äldre], Helsingfors: Ikäinstituutti - Age Institute , 2006, 1, p. 21-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 728.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    The demographic picture, trends and future development2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 729.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Åldrandet i ett föränderligt samhälle: en utmaning för sociologisk forskning2005In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, no 3, p. 19-26Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 730.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Åldrandet ur ett livsloppsperspektiv2007In: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, no 4, p. 12-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 731.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgard, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Diversity of intimacy forms and their importance for well-being in later life2014In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, no Suppl. 2, p. 195-195Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on different forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden and their consequences for well-being. The results are based both on qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes (63–91 years), living in new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) or currently dating; and on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers over the life course; a preference for LAT (70%) and cohabitation (26%) in new unions established 60+; strong support from adult children for parents’ new LAT (86%) and cohabitation (76%) relationships, but less support for marriage (50%); that new relationships are as important for life-satisfaction as long-lasting ones; after subjective health, a partner is the second most important explanation for life-satisfaction, more important than having children; LAT was the union form that added most to life-satisfaction for men while marriage was the only form that significantly added to the life-satisfaction of women. Results were the same for newly established relationships and older relationships. Results will be discussed in relation to the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens), potentials of the third age (Laslett), and gender socialization, but also in terms of how the results can be interpreted in a context of Swedish welfare-state supported individualism where a partner provides both autonomy in relation to adult children and social integration.

  • 732.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Changing Union Forms Among Older People in Late Modern Sweden2015In: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on union form in cross-gender relationships in later life, against the background of the transformation of intimacy in late modernity. Results are based on a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%) and European census data. Sweden seems to be the only country where there are more divorced than widowed people in this age group. Almost 1/3 of Swedes, aged 60-90, categorized as “singles” by official Swedish census data on civil status, are in fact living as LATs or cohabitants. In new romantic relationships initiated 60+ the dominant union form is LAT (70%) followed by cohabitation (26%), while marriage is rare (4%). Less than 2 in 10 singles think that is important to be married – and among marrieds less than 8 in 10. Relationship history data shows that although half of the respondents have been married only once, one third (33%) have had 2+ cohabiting unions (marital/non-marital), half (46%) 2+ established relationships, and a majority (66%) 3+ sexual partners. The results indicate that the transformation of intimacy includes older Swedes. Discussion: Should we see older people as a vanguard in the exploration of late modern intimacy, rather than carriers of cultural lag?

  • 733.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Diversity and ageing – the meaning of new intimate relationships in later life2012In: : Book of Abstracts, 2012, p. 423-423Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social gerontology and family sociology about intimacy in old age has almost exclusively focused on institutionalized life-long marriages and little research has focused on re-partnering and the forms and meaning of this diversity of new intimate relationships in later life. Framed by Giddens’ transformation of intimacy and Laslett’s theory of the third age, as well as changing social and demographical conditions, this paper will focus on how different forms of new intimate relationships are formative for the experi-ence of ageing.The strategical sampel was diversified according to differ-ent forms of new intimate relationships: dating singles, married, cohabiting and living apart together. Qualitative interviews was used with 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relation-ship after 60 or who are dating singles. The results showed the significance of new intimate relations for social integration and for the experience of old age as the “crown of life”. The meaning of new intimate relations in differ-ent intimacy forms are discussed in relation to everyday life in old age, the relational history and relational careers and future perspectives of informal support structures by the relation.

  • 734.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University.
    Diversity and Ageing – the meaning of new intimate relationships in later life2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 735.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sexual activity and norms among older Swedes: a life course perspective2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that in late modernity sex has escaped its reproductive cage and people form pure relationships, based on mutual satisfaction. Ironically, although older people are per definition non-reproductive, they have often been neglected in studies on sexuality. In this paper we present results from 1) a qualitative interview study with a strategic sample of 28 63–91 year old Swedes currently dating or in a heterosexual relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) initiated 60+ and 2) a quantitative survey including answers from 1225 60–90 year old Swedes. The interviews revealed a clear normative change, from a cultural context that condemned extra-marital sex in young adulthood to a context which encourages sexual relationships but not marriage in later life. All had experienced the sexual liberation of the 1960s, and today, these liberal attitudes seem to encompass later life. Today, an active sex-life was regarded as important for a good relationship and sexual attraction was seen as a precondition for new relationships. Many informants had interpreted sexual decline in former relationships as “natural” and age-related, but re-discovered sexuality with their new partner. In the survey, a majority (93 %) had had their sexual debut before marriage (despite the restrictive norms). Half or the respondents have had ≥ 4 more sexual partners, and one in five ≥ 10. Sexual activity correlated negatively with relationship length. It has often been argued in gerontology that sexual values and practices will become more liberal in the future by cohort replacement. Our data indicates that “the future might already be here”.

  • 736.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    The impact of new intimate relationships in later life on life satisfaction2013In: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, no Supplement 1, p. 61-61Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 737.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    The impact of new intimate relationships in later life on social and filial relationships.2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 738.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    The importance of intimate relationships for well-being in later life2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on intimacy in later life have mostly focused on institutionalized life-long marriages, and the transition out of such marriages into widowhood. Based on theories about the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens) and potentials of the third age (Laslett), this paper focuses on forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden. The results are based partly on qualitative interviews, including relationship biographies, with 28 Swedes (63–91 years) living in new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) and dating singles. And partly on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers; a preference of LAT and cohabitation (non-visible in official statistics); the importance of intimate relationships for well-being and that new relationships are as important for life-satisfaction as long-lasting ones; that intimate relationships are more important than children for well-being. A central analytical finding was the importance of time as an organizing frame for new intimate relationships in later life: the paradox of having a lot of free time in the third age, but a restricted life time left. Results will be discussed in relation to the theorizing frames mentioned above, especially new practices for intimacy in a culture of divorce. Cohort replacement is only one explanation for changing practices and attitudes to new intimate relationships in later life and the period effect seems to be as important.

  • 739.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Time as a structuring condition for new intimate relationships in later life: A qualitative study of elderly Swedes2013In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging: Abstract Book, Springer, 2013, Vol. 17, Suppl. 1, p. 109-110Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Social gerontology about intimacy in old age has almost exclusively focused on institutionalized life-long marriages. However, mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in late modern societies also in later life. In this paper the research questions are: What characterizes the formation of new intimate relationships in later life? Are there any specific, more or less universal, conditions that separate them from relationships in earlier life phases?

    Method: Qualitative interviews were used with a strategical sample of 28 6-?91 year old Swedes, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating.

    Results: The results showed time as constituting a central structuring condition for new intimate relationships in later life. In the results three aspects of time: Available free time, Lived time and Remaining time ? which all have a constituting and formative power on new late in life relationships are discussed in relation to theories of late modernity and the Third Age and in relation to changing demographical conditions.

    Conclusion: The concluding discussion will be about the time theoretical frame as a model for understanding experiences of ageing.

  • 740.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Socialhögskolan, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Andersson, Lars
    Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier (ISV), NISAL, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sverige.
    Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?2016In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 19-36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base ourselves on a survey to Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1 225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and Living Apart Together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more the ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss – but also from a gains – perspective.

  • 741.
    Öhnell, Ulrika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Martinsson, Ingela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Allt går att reparera förutom döden: en studie om tillitens betydelse mellan behandlare och klient2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a qualitative study with the intent to examine how a number of clients and counselors describe their experiences and impressions of the importance of high-level trust vs. low-level trust relationships between the client and the counselor. We have separately interviewed two clients and one counselor from an addiction treatment center (HVB-home). We found several similarities in the clients´ stories. Both had, for example, experienced weak attachment during their childhood and their addictions were about ridding anxiety. Both clients have had prior experiences of low-level trust relationship with counselor which has led to a negative impact on their treatment. The counselor we interviewed believed that a client’s earlier attachment experiences can influence whether or not a new relationship between a client and a counselor will be successful. That which we have found most interesting in the interviews is that all three interviewees agree that a high-level trust relationship between the client and the counselor is of high importance for the outcome of the treatment.

  • 742.
    Örnehag, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Wikström, Annika
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    "Jag Liksom står väl på mig": - en studie om sex personer med funktionsnedsättningar och deras upplevelser av bemötande i kontakten med handläggaren inom den offentliga sektorn.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Treatment is both about the actual encounter and how individuals interact as well as the behaviour among the counterparts. Previous research shows that a person’s experience of how he/she is being treated is formed by conditions created by external factors, in literature known as the general view on treatment. The purpose of the study is to show how people with a physical disability experience the treatment from their Social Security Agency administrators. We have compared the empirical material with theories on treatment and power and analysed how this affect the interaction between the administrator and the disabled person. We have used qualitative interviews to collect the empirical material; in all we have conducted six semi-structural interviews. The result shows that the clients have experienced both positive and negative aspects of treatment, with emphasis on feelings of positive reception. The respondents have pointed out different strategies in order to take control of their own situation. Despite this, the Social Security Agency aadministrators always has the final say, i.e. the executive power. All respondents stress that the administrator must be a good listener, able to motivate them as well as humble during their encounter.

     

    Key words: street-level bureaucrat, disability, treatment and public sector

     

    Nyckelord: gräsrotsbyråkrat, funktionsnedsättning, bemötande, offentlig sektor

  • 743.
    Österman Menander, Charlotta
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Jakobsson, Katarina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Dilemman i väntrummet: En etnografisk studie om interaktioner och dilemman i socialtjänstens väntrum2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “Waiting room dilemmas- an ethnographical study of interactions and dilemmas in social welfare waiting rooms” 

    The social services activity is a balance between service and control. Uniting these parts is a challenge, and this study’s main intention is about how various social offices relates to this in their work with peoples waiting room experiences. The purpose of the study is by observations and interviews, to investigate what exists in a place like a public authority waiting room. Questions like what kind of interactions will take place and which dilemmas might occur are asked. The result shows that different approaches in how social workers do call clients up occur, the accessibility or lack of accessibility to computers, telephone and copying machine, clarifies the power imbalance that exists in governmental work. The result also shows that some waiting room interactions may be experienced as enforced and that the social services law is hard to maintain.

  • 744.
    Östlund, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Andersson, Carina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    ”Såna som mig får inte du tag på”: -Vilka faktorer är viktiga för att personer med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning ska erhålla en anställning på den öppna arbetsmarknaden?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine important factors during support for people with intellectual disability to obtain employment. Five professionals who are supporting people with intellectual disabilities in the process towards work and four individuals that have received employment support have been interviewed. An empowerment perspective and inductive thematic method has been used to analyze the material. The results showed the importance to adjust support and evaluation individually. Client inclusive support, the work with motivation and advocating for people with disability are all important factors. To support development of skills and self awareness, to accustom society to people with disability and contribute to positive expectations are also central aspects. The conclusion has shown that empowerment-based support is a successful way of helping people with intellectual disability to receive employment. Also when needed, be able to offer continued support when employment has been established to help people retain employment.

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