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  • 901.
    Arvidsson, Elisabet
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    BVC-sköterskors reflektioner av att arbeta med mammor med förlossningsdepression och deras barn: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: About 10–15% of new mothers are affected by Post Partum Depression. A new mother with depression means a higher risk of attachmentsproblem with her newborn child. The child health care nurse has a regular contact with newborns and their mothers. Therefor they can have an important role in the process of attachment. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe reflections of the child health care nurses in their work with mothers with Postpartum Depression and their newborn. Method: The present study had a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Eight child health care nurses  were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. The material was analyzied using qualitative content analysis. Result: A underlying theme was; ”To have knowledge and to know your limitations, for a trustworthy interaction.” The theme had four descriptive categories; ” Ways to discover the mother with a postpartum depression”, ”The interaction with the mother” ”Strategies at work” and ”Challenges in work”. Conclusion: During the study it has been revealed that if guidelines and routines are to work optimally discovering the mother with Post Partum Depression, it requires a good communication. Already at the first meeting a journey began, that could mean a working interaction or not. It required in addition to formal knowledge of Postpartum depression also an ability to interact with the mother. It was about getting the mother´s confidence.

  • 902.
    arvidsson, emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Bakom Ladan: En skiss eller två på en hälsoträdgård på Wij Trädgårdar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The research in the interdisciplinary field of natural-human-health-design has in recent decades gainedmomentum and led to new or new-old ways of thinking and acting in terms of planning and design of outdoorenvironments with the aim of health promotion. Concrete concept models and design guides have begun toemerge as a result of this research.The purpose of this work is to use these guides to develop a design proposal for a supposed health garden,with Wij Trädgårdar in Ockelbo as a base. This has been done in the form of a process description. The targetgroup for the design proposal is long-term unemployed and people who have come to Sweden as refugees.Since the specific design recommendations could not be found for the selected target group, the main materialwas general guidelines for health gardens in combination with guidelines for health gardens directed to targetgroups with stress-related problems, which is a broad target group for which there are relatively much currentresearch.The result is a process description of the progression towards a sketch on a health garden, designed for aspecific spot on Wij Trädgårdar, but available for use in other locations, provided adjustments is made to thespecific location. The sketch is supplemented with plant suggestions to different parts of the garden. A sketchof an alternative proposal is included as a smaller, faster and cheaper version of the main design proposal.

  • 903.
    Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Gert-Ake
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Neck postures in air traffic controllers with and without neck/shoulder disorders2008In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 255-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prolonged computer work with an extended neck is commonly believed to be associated with an increased risk of neck-shoulder disorders. The aim of this study was to compare neck postures during computer work between female cases with neck-shoulder disorders, and healthy referents. Based on physical examinations, 13 cases and 11 referents were selected among 70 female air traffic controllers with the same computer-based work tasks and identical work stations. Postures and movements were measured by inclinometers, placed on the forehead and upper back (C7/Th1) during authentic air traffic control. A recently developed method was applied to assess flexion/extension in the neck, calculated as the difference between head and upper back flexion/extension. Results: Cases and referents did not differ significantly in neck posture (median neck flexion/extension: -10° vs. -9°; p=0.9). Hence, the belief that neck extension posture is associated with neck-shoulder disorders in computer work is not supported by the present data

  • 904.
    Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Changes in physical workload with implementation of mouse-based information technology in air traffic control2006In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, ISSN 0169-8141, E-ISSN 1872-8219, Vol. 36, no 7, p. 613-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effects on physical workload were quantified when introducing new information technology in air traffic control. Seven female and seven male air traffic controllers were studied in an old control system, and during simulated - but similar - work in a new, mouse-based system. Postures, movements and muscular load were recorded (inclinometry for head, neck, back and upper arms; goniometry for wrists; electromyography for the trapezius and forearm extensor muscles). The new system was associated with lower movement velocities than the old one (examples; [50th percentiles] head flexion: 2 vs. 5 o/s, P<0.01; right arm elevation: 3 vs. 6 o/s; P<0.01; [90th percentile] wrist flexion: 19 vs. 50 o/s, P<0.01), less varying postures (head: 95th-5th percentile range 17° vs. 34o; P<0.01), and less muscular rest in the right forearm extensors (3.5 vs. 9% of time; P<0.05). The old/new system differences were amplified at high work intensities. The new air traffic control system caused a major change of physical exposures, probably associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders in arms and hands.

    Relevance to industry

    While this study concerned the specific changes in the introduction of a new air traffic control system, we believe that the findings are applicable to similar technological developments in other settings.

  • 905. Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Belastningsskadecentrum.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    "Gamnacke" och nackbesvär vid datorarbete: finns det något samband?2005In: Svenska Läkaresällskapets Riksstämma, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 906. Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Mathiassen, Svend-Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Skerfving, S
    Physical workload and musculoskeletal disorders in computerized work, among air traffic controllers2007In: Work With Computing Systems - WWCS 2007, Stockholm: abstracts WWCS 2007 : Computing systems for human benefits from the 8th International Conference on Work With Computing Systems : May 21st-24th 2007, Stockholm Sweden, Stockholm: Royal institute of technology , 2007, p. 42-42Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 907. Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Mathiassen, Svend-Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    Are neck-shoulder disorders associated with habitual neck extension in computer work?2006In: Meeting diversity in ergonomics: IEA 2006, 16th World Congress on Ergonomics / [ed] Pikaar R N, Koningsveld E A P, Settels P J M, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A common clinical conception is that prolonged neck extension during computer work is associated with an increased risk of neck-shoulder disorders. The aim of this study was to find out whether neck postures in computer work differed between females cases with neck-shoulderdisorders, compared to healthy referents.

    Based on physical examinations, 13 cases and 11 referents were selected among 70 female air traffic controllers with the same computer work and identical work stations. Neck angles were measured by inclinometry, during an ordinary work period of about 1 h. Results: Average neck angles (50thpercentile) in cases and referents was -10° (SP 8) and -9 (SD 10) respectively; p=0.9. Hence, we did not find any association between neck-shoulder disorders and neck extension during computer work.

  • 908.
    Arvidsson, Ivonne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Ligné, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Sjuksköterskors och cancerpatienters uppfattningar och upplevelser av palliativ vård.2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor och cancerpatienter uppfattade och upplevde den palliativa vården och vidare om hur cancerpatienter uppfattade den palliativa vården som ges hemma respektive på hospice. Resultatet baseras på 16 artiklar som svarade på studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor uppfattade och upplevde att de bör vara professionella i sitt arbete.  De upplevde negativa känslor och kände sig otillräckliga då det ibland inte fanns tid att vårda patienterna på ett bra sätt, att kommunikationen i det palliativa teamet inte fungerade och uppföljningar inte kunde göras var påfrestande för sjuksköterskorna. Patienter med cancer uppfattade och upplevde den palliativa vården som bra men för att patienterna skulle känna sig trygga fanns det vissa egenskaper som sjuksköterskorna borde ha. Patienter med cancer uppfattade en viss skillnad i den palliativa vården hemma respektive på hospice. Detta påverkade deras beslut när de skulle vårdas hemma eller på hospice. Patienterna påverkades även av sina tidigare erfarenheter av den palliativa vården och av den nuvarande sociala kretsen när de valde att vårdas hemma respektive på hospice.

     

     

  • 909.
    Arvidsson, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    I frestarens grepp: En arketypanalytisk undersökning av temat manipulation med utgångspunkt i Karin Boyes Kallocain2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppstatsen undersöker jag temat manipulation. Jag tittar på vad det har för inverkan på berättelsers utformning samt om det finns andra teman som ofta kombineras med manipulationstemat. Min utgångspunkt är Karin Boyes Kallocain och därifrån kommer jag dra paralleller till William Shakespeares Othello och Aldous Huxleys Brave New World. Genom att vända mig till just de här två berättelserna får jag en inblick i såväl genretillhörighet som temats utveckling över tid. Uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkt är C.G. Jungs teori om det kollektiva omedvetna med mänskliga grundläggande urbilder som återkommer i arketyper. Resultatet är ett grundläggande händelseförlopp och en insikt om den djupare mänskliga samhörighet som berättelsernas hjältar först inte vågar tro existerar.

  • 910.
    Arvidsson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Att ändra examinationsform: fokus på lärandet men dilemma att betygssätta2004In: Kunskap och lärande i den högre utbildningen: lärarreflexioner från praktiken / [ed] Sara Dahlström och Göran Fransson, Gävle: Högskolan i Gävle , 2004, p. 12-18Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 911.
    Arvidsson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Environmental management at Swedish universities2004In: International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, ISSN 1467-6370, E-ISSN 1758-6739, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 91-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since1996, all Swedish public authorities, which includes most universities, have been made responsible for contributing to the sustainable development of the society. Swedish universities are thus required to submit annual environmental reports about their policies, structures and actions. This study provides a review of the activities that Swedish universities have undertaken so far. Reports from the year 2000 show that all 25 participating universities conducted the first environmental review. Most universities stopped there, although one – Mälardalen University – has gone all the way to ISO 14001 certification. The findings of the study suggest that universities, which have been participating for some years in the project, are further along the line than those that joined recently. There is also some indication that environmental-management-system (EMS) work is easier for the smaller universities, which can mobilise around a single goal.

  • 912.
    Arvidsson, Karolin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Gnostic elements in the Book of Mormon2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1945 the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in Nag Hammadi; the founding consisted of Gnostic Gospels, the Gospels helped researcher to get a more correct view of the Gnostic Movement. In the beginning of the 19th century another founding was made, according to Joseph Smith an angel appeared from heaven giving him lost Christian Gospels on golden plates, later knows as the Book of Mormon. With the new Gospels Joseph Smith founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter day Saints, also know as Mormonism.

    The thesis’ purpose has been to examine and do a literature analysis on the Book of Mormon, a recently new discovery, with secondary research on the Gnostic Gospels, also a recently new discovery. This paper will guide its reader through similarities between the two movements; with the overarching research question “What Gnostic elements can be found in the Book of Mormon?”.

    The first chapter will introduce the reader to the Book of Mormon and the Gnostic movement, in chapter two the research results will be displayed followed by the analysis, discussion and a conclusion that will take place in chapter three.

  • 913.
    Arvidsson, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Förstagångsmammors förväntningar på, erfarenheter och reflektioner av kontakten med sjuksköterskan på barnavårdscentralen: En intervjustudie2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 914.
    Arvidsson, Mimmi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Arvidsson, My
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    ”Anti-vertigo-systemet behöver kalibreras”: En undersökning av Bamsetidningens läsbarhet i förhållande till målgruppen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 915.
    Arvidsson, Nathalie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Intressenterna i centrum vid implementering av Corporate Social Responsibility2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The development of Corporate Social Responsibility has been increasing for the last decade.

    Not only is Corporate Social Responsibility an important thing for big rich companies, today

    it includes all different kinds of companies’ regardless size, profit or industry. An industry

    which affects the majority of the society is the grocery industry. People have on a daily basis

    some kind of relationship to the grocery industry, which means that we have high presure on

    the companies to not take an over price on the goods, to have a good assortment and that the

    companies take responsibility for the society. With high pressure from different groups of the

    society it is hard for the companies to know how to please all groups at their highest level.

    In this essay a qualitative examination will be done of how grocery companies mange the

    problems of having many stakeholders to please. How they in the best manner try to improve

    their Corporate Social Responsibility in every part of their company. The result showed that

    despite general models of implementation, the best way to integrate stakeholders is to have a

    good communication.

    Utvecklingen av Corporate Social Responsibility har skett i snabb takt det senaste decenniet.

    Framförallt har ämnet blivit viktigt för alla företag, oavsett bransch, storlek eller omsättning.

    En bransch där den stora majoriteten av befolkningen blir berörd av företags Corporate Social

    Responsibility-arbete är dagligvarubranschen. Människor är dagligen i kontakt med

    inhandling av matvaror och ställer därför stora krav på vad som finns på hyllorna, vilket pris

    varorna har, samt hur företag i sin tur aktivt tar ansvar för samhället. För organisationerna i

    sin tur är det svårt att tillfredställa alla intressenter, då Corporate Social Responsibility sedan

    tidigare varit tolkningsbart i en vidd bredd, samt desto större marknad företagen opererar på

    desto fler intressentgrupper är det att ta hänsyn till.

    I denna uppsats undersöks genom en kvalitativ studie, hur dagligvaruföretag på bästa sätt

    använder sig av Corporate Social Responsibility inom sina företagsled. Hur de på enklast sätt

    handskas med den problematik som uppstår när det finns många intressentgrupper som vill

    påverka implementeringsprocessen. Resultatet visade att det framförallt handlar om

    kommunikation istället för strukturerade ramverk vid implementeringen. Vilket i sin tur

    betyder att det största fokuset vid implementering av Corporate Social Responsibility skall

    vara att upprätta en kommunikationsmall istället för en ämnesmanual.

  • 916.
    Arvidsson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    A Gender Based Adjectival Study of Women's and Men's Magazines2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 917.
    Arvidsson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    De splittrade själarna: En studie av symboliska uttryck i Harry Potter och Halvblodsprinsen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den populära bokserien om den föräldralöse pojken och trollkarlen Harry Potter har väckt stor uppmärksamhet i medier och inom diverse forskningsfält. De religiösa budskap som serien sänder ut till läsare har bland annat blivit kritiserade av diverse kristna samfund i Sverige och det är denna kritik som ligger till grund för denna studie. Det övergripande syftet i denna studie är att, utifrån de motstridiga uppfattningarna angående Harry Potter bokserien, undersöka vilka symboliska uttryck för ondska och godhet som skildras i samband med de två karaktärerna Harry Potter och Lord Voldemort. Den textanalys som sedan utförs bygger på olika symbolteorier inom. Vidare är olika symboliska uttryck för begreppen ondska och godhet centrala för denna studies analys. Sammanfattningsvis går att säga att hos karaktären Harry Potter skildras både symboliska uttryck för ondska och godhet medan det hos karaktären Lord Voldemort finns starkt uttalade symboliska uttryck för ondska i boken Harry Potter och Halvblodsprinsen. Då det kommer till den kritik bokserien har mottagit från diverse kristna samfund så blandar författaren av dessa böcker symboler och deras innebörd i samband med många av karaktärerna och inte minst i skildringen av Harry Potter. Trots detta så framkommer det inte att detta sänder ut ett budskap om att typiskt onda egenskaper kan tolkas som goda utan, precis som i dessa böcker så är det varje människas egna val i avgörande situationer som definierar en människas karaktärsdrag.

  • 918.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Axner, Carolina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En gemensam socialtjänst: En kvantitativ studie om socialarbetares syn på specialisering och samverkan inom Socialtjänst Gävle2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the social workers’ views on the working conditions within specialized personal social services. The study was conducted by an online-survey administered to all social workers within personal social services in Gävle. The analysis was supported by previous research, collaboration theory and organization theory. The results showed that the social workers were on an overall level satisfied with the specialized organization. The social workers agreed more on the advantages with specialization than with the disadvantages. Furthermore, the results showed that the social workers were of the same opinion regarding the consequences affecting the clients, for example too many social workers involved in client’s cases. The results also showed that the social workers believed that more knowledge about each other and each other’s areas of responsibility facilitates collaboration. Similarities and differences between how social workers responsible for exercising public authority and those who work with treatment and support experienced a specialized personal social service as well as limitations regarding the work with clients were discussed.

  • 919.
    Arvidsson, Susanne Marguerite
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Vad är dramapedagogik egentligen: en studie i vilka uppfattningar som finns om dramapedagogik bland lärare i grundskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen är en kvalitativ studie med en fenomenografisk ansats och fokusgruppintervju som metod. Intervjugruppen består av fem personer, en man och fyra kvinnor i åldrarna 43 – 62 år, där samtliga är utbildade lärare inom grundskolans olika stadier. Syftet med studien är att försöka förstå och problematisera hur lärare i grundskolan med erfarenhet av dramapedagogik och lärare utan dramapedagogisk erfarenhet, uppfattar dramapedagogik. Resultatet av studien utmynnar i de tre beskrivningskategorierna:

     

    • Kategori A - Dramapedagogik som teater
    • Kategori B - Dramapedagogik som individ och gruppstärkande redskap
    • Kategori C - Dramapedagogik som didaktiskt redskap

     

    Resultaten visar att informanterna är positiva till dramapedagogik men också känner sig osäkra på vad dramapedagogik egentligen är och efterfrågar mer utbildning inom området.

  • 920.
    Arvidsson Wallberg, Angelica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Åhlén, Alexandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Ekonomisk förlust för revisionsbyråer: En studie över revisorers fortlevnadsvarningar i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The reporting of an organizations going concern has been center for debate during a long period of time. This is mainly due to auditing scandals where organizations have gone bankrupt without a modified going concern opinion from their auditor. In accounting literature there are conflicting claims about whether auditors are considered independent or not due to their tendency to issue a going concern modified opinion and the influence financial incentives have on auditor independence.

    The aim of this essay is to: Examine if there is a relation between the tendency to issue a going concern modified opinion and the financial loss for the audit firm.

    Method: From previous research hypotheses have been deduced. These hypotheses have then empirically been studied. A quantitative method was used to gather data from Swedish companies’ annual reports from the year 2011-2014. After gathering the data, it was tested and analyzed with a stats program and then presented in different tables.

    Result & Conclusions: This study has found evidence of the self-fulfilling prophecy, which indicates that the auditor withdraws from issuing a going concern modified opinion. Regarding the financial incentives as threats of audit independence, this study gives evidence that the size of Non-audit service fees poses a potential threat. The results of the study also show that there is no significant difference in quality between Big 4 and Non-Big 4 auditors regarding the issuance of going concern modified opinions.

    Suggestions for future research: In this study the financial factors have been taken into account, a combination of both the financial and non-financial factors is the suggestion for future research. A third limitation of this study is that is based upon the auditors’ perspective, therefore a study based solely on the companies' perspective or a combination of both is our suggestion for future research.

    Contribution of the thesis: This thesis contributes with more knowledge to the accounting literature. The study has provided more knowledge about the self-fulfilling prophecy, financial incentives on audit independence and the quality among Big 4 and non-Big 4 audit firms. This thesis has also contributed to further understanding of how problematic it can be for an auditor to issue a going concern modified opinion.

  • 921.
    Arvén, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Bildskapande i förskolan: Förskollärares förhållningssätt till bildskapande2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 922.
    Arístegui, Jesús Jaime
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Heat balance of a historical church: Air infiltration losses2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 923.
    Asami - Johansson, Yukiko
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Mathematics.
    A study of a problem solving oriented lesson structure in mathematics in Japan2011In: Proceedings of the  seventh Congress  of  the  European  Society  for  Research  in Mathematics Education (CERME 7), Rzeszów, Poland.: Universitetsforlaget, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and analyses “Mondaikaiketsu no jugyou” which translates to “the problem solving oriented – approach”.  It is a set of didactic techniques with the aim of motivating the students’ positive attitude toward engaging in mathematical activities and fostering mathematical thinking. As an analytical tool, The Anthropological Theory of Didactics (ATD) will be applied.

  • 924.
    Asami - Johansson, Yukiko
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Mathematics.
    Applying problem solving oriented lesson structure in Swedish lower secondary school: With a viewpoint of the anthropological theory of didactics (ATD)2011In: Proceedings of the 44th congress of Japanese mathematical education / [ed] Japanese society for research in mathematics education, Tokyo: Japanese society for research in mathematics education , 2011, p. 1051-1052Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 925.
    Asami-Johansson, Yukiko
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Mathematics. Linköpings universitet, Matematiska institutionen.
    Designing Mathematics Lessons Using Japanese Problem Solving Oriented Lesson Structure: A Swedish case study2015Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis is concerned with applying the Japanese problem solving oriented (PSO) teaching approach to Swedish mathematics classrooms. The overall aim of my research project is to describe and investigate the viability of PSO as design tool for teaching mathematics. The PSO approach is a variation of a more general Japanese teaching paradigm referred to as “structured problem solving”. These teaching methods aim to stimulate the process of students’ mathematical thinking and have their focus on enhancing the students’ attitudes towards engaging in mathematical activities. The empirical data are collected using interviews, observations and video recordings over a period of nine months, following two Swedish lower secondary school classes. Chevallard’s anthropological framework is used to analyse which mathematical knowledge is exposed in the original Japanese lesson plans and in the lessons observed in the classrooms. In addition, Brousseau’s framework of learning mathematics is applied to analyse the perception of individual students and particular situations in the classroom.

    The results show that the PSO based lesson plans induce a complex body of mathematical knowledge, where different areas of mathematics are linked. It is found that the discrepancy between the Japanese and Swedish curriculum cause some limitations for the adaptation of the lesson plans, especially in the area of Geometry. Four distinct aspects of the PSO approach supporting the teaching of mathematics are presented.

  • 926.
    Asami-Johansson, Yukiko
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science, Mathematics.
    Attorps, Iris
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science, Mathematics.
    Laine, Anu
    University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
    Comparing the practices of primary school mathematics teacher education Case studies from Japan, Finland and Sweden2017In: PROCEEDINGS OF THE TENTH CONGRESS OF THE EUROPEAN SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICS EDUCATION (CERME10) / [ed] Dooley, T.; Gueudet, G., Dublin, 2017, p. 1602-1609Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we have observed three different teacher educators’ lessons, concerning area determination of polygons in primary school teacher training courses in Japan, Finland and Sweden. The aim of this paper is to investigate the main elements of the lessons and to compare the differences between the countries. We focus on how the teacher educators relate the didactic construction of the lessons for prospective teachers to the school mathematical and didactical organisations by applying Chevallard’s anthropological theory of the didactic (ATD). The analysis shows how the curricula and the different traditions of teaching practice in each country influence the mathematical and didactical construction of the lessons.

  • 927.
    Asami-Johansson, Yukiko
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science, Mathematics. Department of Science Education, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Attorps, Iris
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Science, Mathematics.
    Winsløw, C.
    Department of Science Education, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Comparing mathematics education lessons for primary school teachers: case studies from Japan, Finland and Sweden2019In: International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, ISSN 0020-739X, E-ISSN 1464-5211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate and compare lessons given in primary school teacher education in Japan, Finland and Sweden. We analyse one lesson from each country and compare them using a common framework. Chevallard’s anthropological theory of the didactic (ATD) is used to frame this analysis and in particular to model teacher educators' didactic organization of the lessons. The focus is on how the didactic organizations of the teacher educators relate to the mathematical and didactic organizations of primary school. Based on official documents and viewpoints of the teacher educators, we also discuss how the contents and descriptions of the national curricula, and the different traditions of the teaching practices in each country, influence the didactic organizations found in the lessons. 

  • 928.
    Asare, Irene
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Hansson, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Beslutsfattande och copingstrategier kring graviditet och föräldraskap hos personer med Multipel Skleros: En litteraturstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe the factors and coping strategies that influence/impact on people with MS in decision making about pregnancy and parenthood. Also, to describe which quality the studies had. The authors used a method of descriptive design where the search of articles was made in PubMed (Medline). The search resulted in 13 scientific articles from five countries by both qualitative and quantitative approach, published between the years 1999-2010. The results showed that the critical factors that influence decision-making process was inconsistent information, concerns and fears about how pregnancy affects MS, the need for support from others, children's and women's wellbeing and society's attitudes. Coping strategies used in decision-making process included prayer and positive thinking. For moms with MS, the family was a strong reason to struggle in their daily lives and they expressed a need for understanding and confirmation of medical personnel. Mothers often had to plan and organize their daily life in order to spare energy, and they often used child-focused activities to entertain or distract the child. Studies in these fields were of relatively high quality. The conclusion is that women with MS who are planning pregnancy need support and clear information to facilitate the difficult decision and reduce their anxiety.

     

  • 929.
    Ask, Elinor
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Löberg, Kristin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att arbeta preventivt med att förhindra övervikt och fetma hos barn: En litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund: Övervikt och fetma är ett växande problem bland barn och år 2016 var över381 miljoner barn överviktiga världen över. Övervikt och fetma kan ge stora konsekvenser och det är viktigt att sätta in preventiva åtgärder i tid. Sjuksköterskan möter överviktiga barn på många platser inom vården och har där en chans att sätta inpreventioner. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva sjuksköterskans erfarenheter av att arbeta preventivt med att förhindra övervikt och fetma hos barn samtatt beskriva undersökningsgruppen i de inkluderade artiklarna. Metod: Studien är endeskriptiv litteraturstudie som inkluderar artiklar som sökts fram i databaserna Cinahl och Medline via Pubmed. Tolv stycken, både kvalitativa och kvantitativa, artiklar valdes ut och analyserades. Huvudresultat: Resultatet redovisar ett flertal preventiva åtgärder som sjuksköterskor har erfarenhet av i sitt arbete med att förhindra överviktoch fetma hos barn. Det visar på både svårigheter och möjligheter som förekommer idet preventiva arbetet. Undersökningsgruppen indikerar att en majoritet av deltagarna är kvinnor samt att medelåldern är relativt hög. Slutsats: De bristande preventiva åtgärder och riktlinjer som finns gällande övervikt och fetma hos barn, utgör en svårighet i sjuksköterskors möte med dessa. Ett samarbete med både familj och andra vårdinstanser kan leda till en god kommunikation och därigenom en möjlighet för sjuksköterskor attmotivera familjen. Övervikt och fetma hos barn är ett växande problem världen över och utbildning likväl som ytterligare kunskap krävs för att sjuksköterskors preventiva åtgärder i framtiden ska bli mer effektiva.

  • 930.
    Ask, Frida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Eriksson, Cecilia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Påverkar transformellt ledarskap hos klienten kvaliteten på revisionen?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: It´s essential that the auditor retains its independence in accounting. Previous research has shown that different factors may affect the auditor's objectivity and thus contribute to the auditor commits quality reduced actions, so called RAQ acts. The stakeholders need to be confident that the information in the audit is correct to make informative decisions, that‟s why it is important to identify the factors that may affect the auditor's objectivity and thus prevent the auditor from committing RAQ acts. The aim then is to examine the factors that affect the auditor's objectivity, primarily if transformational leadership from the client has an effect on the auditor's propensity to commit RAQ acts.

    Method: The data for the study comes from a survey we performed to collect raw data. The survey was conducted on authorized and certified accountants in Sweden. We then used the statistical program SPSS Statistics to analyze the responses and the data and reported the results in table form.

    Result & Conclusions: The study results show that the time pressure is a factor affecting accountant to commit RAQ acts. However, we find no statistical correlation showing that a transformational leadership from the client affects the auditor's propensity to commit RAQ acts.

    Suggestions for future research: The study could usefully be carried out again when the results would be different at a higher response rate. Suggestions for further research could also be examining other factors that may affect the auditor's objectivity and his/hers propensity to commit RAQ acts.

    Contribution of the thesis: The study helps to draw attention to the need to identify factors that affect the auditor's objectivity.

  • 931.
    Ask, Jonas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Malmqvist, Hans
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Synen på Män i förskolan: En genusstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att forska kring hur synen är på männen i förskolan, ett ämne som fortfarande kan kännas spänt och olustigt att prata om då folk både vill få in fler män i förskolan men samtidigt är rädda för att något otäckt, exempelvis pedofili ska drabba barnen. Tidigare forskningar i ämnet har gjorts kring manlighet och kvinnlighet medan denna studie fokuserar mer på själva mannen som person. Det råder stor brist på material i ämnet från föräldrarnas perspektiv och därför kommer vår forskning att fokuseras mest kring detta. Genom enkäter och intervjuer har vi samlat in materialet och analyserat dem med genusperspektiv för att lättare se skillnader och likheter till tidigare forskning. Resultatet pekar på att trots ett jämställdhetstänk, där kvinnor och män har lika mycket att bidra med, lever vissa könsstereotypiska mönster och roller vidare i vår vardag.

  • 932.
    Askefjord, Nathalie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Eklind, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Humor i omvårdnad: Sjuksköterskans verktyg och patientens upplevelse2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Humor har en multipel inverkan på människan både psykologiskt och fysiologiskt. Över 80 procent av observerade möten i sjukhusmiljö visades innehålla någon form av humor.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva humor som ett verktyg i omvårdnaden, ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv. Syftet var också att utforska hur patienter upplever humor. Vidare var syftet att undersöka den metodologisk aspekten, undersökningsgruppen.

    Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie med beskrivande design som grundades på 12 vetenskapliga artiklar.

    Huvudresultat: Sjuksköterskor använde humor som ett verktyg att bygga relationer, skapa band och framkalla en känsla av gemenskap. Enkel vardaglig humor användes mest inom omvårdnad. Mottaglighet för humor hos patienter var individuellt och sjuksköterskan bör tillämpa, baserat på intuition och erfarenhet, rätt humor till rätt patient. Oerfarna sjuksköterskor kunde bära på en rädsla att framstå som oprofessionella vid användning av humor i vårdsituationer. Sjuksköterskor ansåg att stress hade en god inverkan på kvantiteten av humoranvändningen, dock blev de mindre mottagliga för humor från andra. Patienters upplevelse av humor var välvillig och de önskade humor i vårdrelationer.

    Slutsatser: Humor är en viktig del av omvårdnad. Humor kan bidra till ett bättre samspel, skapa lugn och ge ljus åt de mörkaste situationer. Missförstånd kan uppstå i användandet av humor mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter. Sjuksköterskor måste därför vara lyhörda i sin roll och kunna identifiera när och hur humor bör tillämpas. Sjuksköterskor, både nyutexaminerade och mer erfarna bör få mer kunskap om humorfenomenets för- och nackdelar. Detta för att sjuksköterskor ska lita på sin intuition och använda mer humor.

  • 933.
    Askenbäck, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Sverin, Sofi
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Sambandet mellan intellektuellt kapital och finansiell prestation: En kvantitativ studie på svenska börsnoterade företag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of the study is to investigate whether there is a relation between intellectual capital and corporate performance or not. Another aim of the study is to investigate if there is any difference in the portion of intellectual capital between companies belonging to knowledge based industries and companies belonging to non knowledge based industries.

    Method: This is a quantitative study on companies listed on Nasdaq OMX Stockholm. Data from 307 companies were used in this study, and the data were collected from the companies annual reports from 2017 using Thomson Reuters Datastream. This study applies a correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and an independent t-test.

    Result and conclusion: The study shows a weak positive relationship between intellectual capital and corporate performance which is not significant which means it could depend on coincidences. The result also shows that companies in non knowledge based industries possess more intellectual capital than companies in knowledge based industries.

    Suggestions for further research: Our suggestion for further research is to use a different classification of knowledge based and non knowledge based industries. Due to the difficulties of measuring intellectual capital a different measure of intellectual capital can be used in further research.

    Contribution of the thesis: The contribution of the study is that there is a weak positive relation between intellectual capital and corporate performance which is not significant. Furthermore, companies in non knowledge based industries possess more intellectual capital than companies in knowledge based industries.

  • 934.
    Askvärn, Elisabeth
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Kan växter lindra klimakteriebesvär?: Behandling av vasomotoriska symptom med hjälp av örtmedicin2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the use of herbal medicine for vasomotor symptoms during menopause. The questions posed were which herbs that were used, what parts of the herbs that were used, and how the plant parts were prepared and utilized. The last question covered how much the plants alleviated the vasomotor symptoms.

    A review of the scientific literature was carried out. In the articles, 20 herbs and plants were used, but only five of them were said to relieve the vasomotor symptoms. The five plants were Actaea racemosa, Angelica sinensis, Ginkgo biloba, Glycine sp. and Pimpinella anisum.  The most commonly used parts of the herbs were the roots, often through extracts that were processed in order to increase the concentration and to transform the plant parts into powder. The powder was then for the most part transformed to tablets and capsules. Sometimes, information was missing, such as the scientific names of the plants, what parts of the plants that were used and how the herbs were prepared and utilized.

    On average, the herbs alleviated the vasomotor symptoms by 60 %. Most of the herbs appeared to relieve mild symptoms more than they alleviated strong symptoms. An exception was P. anisum, which decreased both the amount of and the strength of the flushes by 74 %.

    This literature study shows that there are plants that influence the vasomotor symptoms in a positive direction. At the same time, it shows that the information in the articles is sometimes incomplete and that the scientists do not always study if the herbs can give side effects.

    Herbal medicine could be an alternative for women who, for different reasons, cannot or do not want to take synthetic hormones or other pharmacological medicines. However, in order to make herbal medicine part of the treatment offered by public health care, longitudinal studies that also investigate possible side effects or risks are needed for securing the effect of the herbs on the human body.

  • 935.
    Aslan, Pinar
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    The Swedish Agency for Work Environment Expertise, Gävle, Sweden.
    Sjöberg, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Wikström, Eva
    Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    What Works? Family Influences on Occupational Aspirations among Descendants of Middle Eastern Immigrants on the Swedish Labour Market2019In: Nordic Journal of Social Research, ISSN 1892-2783, E-ISSN 1892-2783, Vol. 9, p. 134-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we examine family influences on occupational aspirations among employed descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. Using a qualitative approach, we conducted 21 semi-structured interviews with native-born descendants of Middle Eastern immigrants. We present and analyse their interpretations of their parents’ experiences and living conditions before, during and after migration and demonstrate how these interpretations shaped their own occupational aspirations. We discuss parents’ high expectations of their children in relation to ethnic-community valuations of educational and occupational achievements. These high expectations may increase the chances of social mobility but can also become a negative pressure, especially if parents set high standards but cannot help their children to meet those expectations. In these cases, older siblings who possess valuable knowledge of the educational system and labour market can function as important transferrers of resources.

  • 936.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Mesgari, Mohammad Saadi
    Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science. Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
    Wiering, Marco
    Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Engineering, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Developing adaptive traffic signal control by actor-critic and direct exploration methods2018In: Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Transport, ISSN 0965-092X, E-ISSN 1751-7710, article id jtran.17.00085Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Designing efficient traffic signal controllers has always been an important concern in traffic engineering. This is owing to the complex and uncertain nature of traffic environments. Within such a context, reinforcement learning has been one of the most successful methods owing to its adaptability and its online learning ability. Reinforcement learning provides traffic signals with the ability automatically to determine the ideal behaviour for achieving their objective (alleviating traffic congestion). In fact, traffic signals based on reinforcement learning are able to learn and react flexibly to different traffic situations without the need of a predefined model of the environment. In this research, the actor-critic method is used for adaptive traffic signal control (ATSC-AC). Actor-critic has the advantages of both actor-only and critic-only methods. One of the most important issues in reinforcement learning is the trade-off between exploration of the traffic environment and exploitation of the knowledge already obtained. In order to tackle this challenge, two direct exploration methods are adapted to traffic signal control and compared with two indirect exploration methods. The results reveal that ATSC-ACs based on direct exploration methods have the best performance and they consistently outperform a fixed-time controller, reducing average travel time by 21%.

  • 937.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science. Faculty of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering, K.N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
    Mohammad Saadi, Mesgari
    Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wiering, Marco A.
    Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Engineering, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands.
    Traffic signal optimization through discrete and continuous reinforcement learning with robustness analysis in downtown Tehran2018In: Advanced Engineering Informatics, ISSN 1474-0346, E-ISSN 1873-5320, Vol. 38, p. 639-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic signal control plays a pivotal role in reducing traffic congestion. Traffic signals cannot be adequately controlled with conventional methods due to the high variations and complexity in traffic environments. In recent years, reinforcement learning (RL) has shown great potential for traffic signal control because of its high adaptability, flexibility, and scalability. However, designing RL-embedded traffic signal controllers (RLTSCs) for traffic systems with a high degree of realism is faced with several challenges, among others system disturbances and large state-action spaces are considered in this research.

    The contribution of the present work is founded on three features: (a) evaluating the robustness of different RLTSCs against system disturbances including incidents, jaywalking, and sensor noise, (b) handling a high-dimensional state-action space by both employing different continuous state RL algorithms and reducing the state-action space in order to improve the performance and learning speed of the system, and (c) presenting a detailed empirical study of traffic signals control of downtown Tehran through seven RL algorithms: discrete state Q-learning(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">), SARSA(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">), actor-critic(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">), continuous state Q-learning(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">), SARSA(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">), actor-critic(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">), and residual actor-critic(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">).

    In this research, first a real-world microscopic traffic simulation of downtown Tehran is carried out, then four experiments are performed in order to find the best RLTSC with convincing robustness and strong performance. The results reveal that the RLTSC based on continuous state actor-critic(&#x3BB;" role="presentation">) has the best performance. In addition, it is found that the best RLTSC leads to saving average travel time by 22% (at the presence of high system disturbances) when it is compared with an optimized fixed-time controller.

  • 938.
    Aslani, Mohammad
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science.
    Seipel, Stefan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management, Computer science. Division of Visual Information and Interaction, Department of Information Technology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wiering, Marco
    Institute of Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Engineering, University of Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
    Continuous residual reinforcement learning for traffic signal control optimization2018In: Canadian journal of civil engineering (Print), ISSN 0315-1468, E-ISSN 1208-6029, Vol. 45, no 8, p. 690-702Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic signal control can be naturally regarded as a reinforcement learning problem. Unfortunately, it is one of the most difficult classes of reinforcement learning problems owing to its large state space. A straightforward approach to address this challenge is to control traffic signals based on continuous reinforcement learning. Although they have been successful in traffic signal control, they may become unstable and fail to converge to near-optimal solutions. We develop adaptive traffic signal controllers based on continuous residual reinforcement learning (CRL-TSC) that is more stable. The effect of three feature functions is empirically investigated in a microscopic traffic simulation. Furthermore, the effects of departing streets, more actions, and the use of the spatial distribution of the vehicles on the performance of CRL-TSCs are assessed. The results show that the best setup of the CRL-TSC leads to saving average travel time by 15% in comparison to an optimized fixed-time controller.

  • 939.
    Asp, Marcus
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Karlsson, Måns Karlsson
    "Kom igen nu, Rebecca!": En innehållsanalys om genus inom idrott med fokus på Discoverys bevakning av Olympiska spelens ishockey 20182018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden was in World Economic Forums yearly world ranking found as fifth in terms of equality between the genders. This makes it clear and legitimate to say that Sweden is a country, that undeniably prioritizes the topic very highly. But it is also clear that the progress in terms of equality is developing very slowly and that political visions do not have all the power over the the movement. This assignment will illustrate the equality between men and women in the olympic games of Pyongchang 2018 with a focus on ice hockey. Ice hockey, a sport that is dominated by men, will with a high probability illustrate the diffrences between the genders. Not only the diffrences in terms of economic conditions, but also in terms of medial coverage. The vision for this assignment is therefore to illusrate the current discourse within Ice hockey and to create a better understand of the things that needs to be done, in order to create a more equal arena.

  • 940.
    Asp, Monica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Arbete i glädje och sorg: En kvalitativ studie om arbetsglädje för personal på ett äldreboende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Behovet av personal inom vård- och omsorg beräknas öka. Personal som arbetar i denna sektor står bakom de flesta av anmälningarna av arbetsskada. Det är betydelsefullt att arbeta förebyggande med arbetsmiljö både för att främja anställdas hälsa och utveckla verksamheter. Personal inom äldreomsorg utför ett viktigt arbete för de äldre som är i behov av vård. Syftet i denna uppsats är att genom kvalitativa intervjuer beskriva vårdpersonalens upplevelse av arbetsklimatet och ha Aaron Antonovskys teori om känsla av sammanhang - KASAM som teoretisk modell för att se vad som kan göras för att verka för ett gott arbetsklimat.

    Resultatet visar att den uppskattning personalen får av de boende gör att arbetet upplevs som meningsfullt. Det finns resursbrist i form av personalbrist men även ekonomiska enligt personalens utsagor vilket påverkar hanterbarheten. Personalen upplever att det finns få möjligheter att få utbildning i arbetet och att vidareutbildning i yrket inte lönar sig.

  • 941.
    Asp, Ulf
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Idrottslärarstudenters syn på friluftsliv i grundskolan: -En jämförelse mellan idrottslärarstudenter och kursplanen för idrott och hälsa2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att ta reda på lärarstudenter inom idrott och hälsas uppfattningar på begreppet friluftsliv ur ett skolperspektiv, samt se hur det överens stämmer med vad kursplanen i ämnet idrott och hälsa nämner om friluftsliv. Metoderna som använts i studien är en enkätundersökning och en kvalitativ intervjuundersökning. Resultatet av dessa två metoder har sedan jämförts med vad som står i kursplanen för idrott och hälsa. Resultatet i studien är att studenternas uppfattning på friluftsliv skiljer sig åt, men att i ett skolperspektiv har studenterna en likartad uppfattning. Studenternas svar stämmer relativt bra överens med vad som står i kursplanen.

  • 942.
    Aspelin, Johanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Employment status, gender and self-reported health2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 943.
    Aspenfelt, Malin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Westelius, Therese
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology.
    Estetik i förskolan: en jämförelse mellan förskolor med olika pedagogiska inriktningar2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns olika pedagogiska inriktningar inom pedagogisk verksamhet för förskolebarn, som t.ex. traditionell förskola, Montessori och Reggio Emilia inspirerad förskola. Oavsett förskolans inriktning handlar det om att göra lärandet lustfyllt för barnen, vilket kan göras genom att pedagoger använder sig av t.ex. drama, musik, rörelse och bild i verksamheten. I läroplanen för förskolan (Lpfö98) står det att barn genom uttrycksformerna drama, musik, rörelse, bild, lek och sång ska utveckla sin förmåga att förmedla upplevelser, tankar och erfarenheter samt sin skapande förmåga.

     

    Syftet med undersökningen var att studera hur förskolor med olika pedagogiska inriktningar arbetar med de estetiska ämnena, om det finns några likheter och skillnader beroende på inriktning. Syftet med undersökningen har även varit att utröna om pedagoger arbetar med estetik medvetet t.ex. genom att planera in de olika estetiska ämnena i verksamheten.

     

    Undersökningen har genomförts med hjälp av intervjuer. En semistrukturerad intervjumetod har använts för att lättare kunna styra intervjun och ställa följdfrågor. Intervjufrågorna har ställts till tre pedagoger på en traditionell förskola, tre pedagoger på två Montessori förskolor och fyra pedagoger på två Reggio Emilia inspirerade förskolor. Under bearbetningen av det insamlade materialet uppstod olika teman i resultatet.

     

    Resultatet visar att det finns både likheter och skillnader mellan olika förskolor i hur de arbetar med de estetiska ämnena och hur mycket de används i förskolorna. I de Reggio Emilia inspirerade förskolorna är det t.ex. bild som hamnar i fokus medan inom den traditionella förskolan och Montessori förskolorna arbetar de mer varierat med ämnena. Man kan även se att de är medvetna om estetikens betydelse men det behöver inte alltid innebära att de prioriterar ämnena i verksamheten. I resultatet framkommer även att pedagogerna vill arbeta efter barnens intressen men ändå sätts vissa ämnen i skymundan då pedagogerna anser att deras kunskap om ämnet inte är tillräckligt.

     

  • 944.
    Aspenfelt, Zebastian
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Game art workflow: Open-source and comercial programs2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For years, game companies have been using different programs for the creation of the newest most inspiring games. A short presentation about different programs used for game art is provided with key aspects in developing art for games in character production. One aim is to showcase the potential of open-source programs. Two projects with two different characters were created for games testing the workflow between open-source, free application and also commercial programs. The results of the projects are discussed and then the document focuses on explaining what the negative side of open-source programs is and why they should not be used. After the discussion, a conclusion is made explaining the similarities and differences between open-source and commercial programs.

  • 945.
    Aspevind, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Liedbergius, Linnea
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    En facebookares gyllene regler: Småbarnsmödrars och gymnasietjejers upplevelser av facebooks normer och dess påverkan på välbefinnandet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 946.
    Aspfors, Jessica
    et al.
    University of Nordland, Bodø, Norway.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Curriculum studies.
    A metasynthesis of research on mentor education: three emerging dimensions2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this meta-synthesis is to deepen the understanding and knowledge of research focusing on education for mentors of newly qualified teachers (NQTs). Altogether, 10 studies met the criteria for full inclusion and were synthesised. Three overarching dimensions were found as a final synthesis guiding the further development of mentor education: 1) Contextual dimensions, 2) Theoretical-analytical dimensions, and 3) Relational dimensions. The synthesis stresses the importance of a systematic, long-term and research-based mentor education that develops mentors’ (self-)understanding of teaching and mentoring, i.e. is well integrated in the educational context, has a balance of theoretical and practical components, includes rich possibilities for interaction and reflection and prepares for an evidence-informed mentoring.

    A REVISED AND EXTENDED VERSION OF THIS PAPER HAS LATER BEEN PUBLISHED AS OPEN ACCESS, SEE:  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0742051X1500030X

     

  • 947.
    Aspfors, Jessica
    et al.
    Universitetet i Nordland.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Att kvalificera sig till mentor – perspektiv på kompetensbehov och utbildning av mentorer för nya lärare2015In: Psykologi i kommunen, ISSN 1892-3364, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senare år har allt mer fokus och resurser riktats mot lärares kompetensutveckling. Ett område för satsningar har bl.a. varit mentorskap. Mycket har skrivits om mentorskap generellt och om nya lärare och deras behov speciellt, men vad vet vi om mentorers kompetensutveckling och lärande? Vilka kompetenser behövs och hur påverkar det utbildning av veiledere/mentorer?

    I denna artikel sätter vi fokus på kvalificering av mentorer för nya lärare och på den kompetens de kan behöva för att på ett medvetet och framgångsrikt sätt vara mentor för nya lärare. Vi kommer att diskuter vilka kompetenser mentorer kan behöva och hur det i sin tur kan påverka utbildning av veileder/mentorer – såväl till innehåll som till form. Vi kommer inte att gå närmare in på frågan i vilken mån mentorskap är positivt eller inte för nya lärare, eftersom vår bedömning är att det finns mycket forskning som på ett övertygande sätt visar på dess positiva effekter (se t.ex. Bjerkholt, 2012; Dahl et al., 2006; Ingersoll & Strong, 2011; Waterman & He, 2011), även om vissa frågetecken kan resas kring dess räckvidd, exempelvis för skolutveckling (Dahl et al., 2006). Vi tar utgångspunkt i den internationella forskningen på området men ger också konkreta exempel från ett nordiskt perspektiv, i synnerhet från Sverige och Finland. Vi inleder med en bakgrundsteckning kring vad tidigare forskning på området lyfter fram om mentorers professionella utveckling och lärande till att bli mentor.

  • 948.
    Aspfors, Jessica
    et al.
    Universitetet i Nordland.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Forskning om mentorsutbildningar: en meta-syntes2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 949.
    Aspfors, Jessica
    et al.
    Universitetet i Nordland.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Research on mentor education for mentors of newly qualified teachers: A qualitative meta-synthesis2015In: Teaching and Teacher Education: An International Journal of Research and Studies, ISSN 0742-051X, E-ISSN 1879-2480, Vol. 48, p. 75-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this meta-synthesis is to deepen the understanding and knowledge of qualitative research focusing on education for mentors of newly qualified teachers. Altogether, 10 studies were included and synthesised. Four common themes emerged in the initial analysis: School and mentoring context, Theory and practice, Reflection and critical thinking and Relationships. Furthermore, three overarching dimensions were found as a final synthesis guiding the further development of mentor education: 1) Contextual dimensions, 2) Theoretical-analytical dimensions, and 3) Relational dimensions. The synthesis stresses the importance of a systematic, long-term and research-informed mentor education that develops mentors' (self-)understanding of teaching and mentoring.

  • 950.
    Aspfors, Jessica
    et al.
    Faculty of Education, Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Fransson, Göran
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences, Curriculum studies.
    Heikkinen, Hannu
    Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Collaboration or assessment? Some perspectives on mentoring in Finland and Sweden.2010In: The conference Promoting Learning and Well-Being of Students and teacher at University of Jyväskylä, Finland, 7-9 June 2010.: Paper Presented 7 June, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration or assessment? Some perspectives on mentoring in Finland and Sweden

    JESSICA ASPFORS, Faculty of Education, Åbo Akademi University, Finland

    GÖRAN FRANSON, Faculty of Education and Business Studie, University of Gävle, Sweden

    HANNU L. T. HEIKKINEN, Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, Finland

    In this presentation, some tensional trends within mentoring, which we call a contradiction between collaboration and assessment, will be addressed. The aim is threefold: firstly to describe and compare the development of mentoring programs in Finland and Sweden at a system level, secondly to illustrate how the various mentoring systems have been experienced by the persons involved and thirdly to discuss the political and ideological circumstances and the possible effects of these solutions. The study is based on empirical data from the Finnish and Swedish contexts, both on the level of mentors’ and NQTs’ experiences, based on interviews and/or focus group discussions and on the national policy level, based on policy documents on teacher education and, in the Swedish part, the responses of teacher educators to them.

    The tentative result indicates profound differences between the two national initiatives of mentoring in Finland and Sweden. The mentoring process in Finland, peer group mentoring, is clearly based on social constructivist assumptions on knowledge and learning. The integration of formal, informal and nonformal learning as well as the equality and professional autonomy as persons and professionals is central. The proposed system of a mandatory induction system in Sweden is, however, very different with mentoring, probation year, registration of teachers and possible assessment of NQTs as central components. In the presentation these issues will be discussed upon in terms of teachers’ continuing professional learning and development.

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