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  • 901.
    Arnell Målman, Mikaela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Barns kamratrelationer i förskolan: En intervjustudie om förskollärares erfarenheter kring barns kamratrelationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att öka kunskapen om förskollärares arbete med barns kamratrelationer i förskolan. Studien genomfördes i form av intervjuer med fem förskollärare för att ta del av deras erfarenheter. Svaren analyserades med grund i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv samt Corsaros (1985) tillträdesstrategier. Resultatet visar att samtliga förskollärare säger sig arbeta aktivt med barns kamratrelationer på förskolan. Flera olika arbetssätt används, som till exempel vänskapssol, lekträning och rollspel. Det arbetssätten har gemensamt är att det till stor del handlar om att finnas där för barnen ideras lek, att ge det stöd de behöver samt delge barnen vilka verktyg som krävs för att kunna utveckla sina kamratrelationer på egen hand. Vidare framkommer av resultatet att reflektion i arbetslaget blir ett viktigt inslag för förskollärarna i arbetet med barnens kamratrelationer och att det finns en del hinder för att förskollärarna ska kunna stödja barnen i deras kamratrelationer, som till exempel tidsbrist och brist på resurser.

  • 902.
    Arnell, Susann
    et al.
    University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. .
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science, Sports Science.
    Lundqvist, Lars- Olov
    University Health Care Research Center, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden. .
    Parents’ Experiences of Physical Activity Participation among Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder2019In: Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 903.
    Arnell, Susann
    et al.
    University Health Care Research Center (UFC), Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    University Health Care Research Center (UFC), Region Örebro County, Örebro, Sweden.
    Participation in physical activities: a multilevel challenge for adolescents with autism spectrum disorders2017In: Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, E-ISSN 1469-8749, Vol. 59, no S2, p. 8-8Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Physical inactivity is one of the biggest current public health problems. Few adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) achieve the recommendation of daily physical activity (PA). The reasons for not being physically active depend on several complex factors, yet not comprehensively described from the adolescents’point of view. The absence of their perspective means that intervention strategies for health enhancing physical activity may not encompass the experiences of the adolescents themselves. Therefore the purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the perceptions, experiences and reflections of adolescents with ASDs’participation in PA.

    Participants and methods: Twenty-four adolescents, diagnosed with ASD without a co-occurring intellectual disability, aged 12-16 years, participated in the study.Data was collected using qualitative interviews and inductively analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: Adolescents with ASD were a heterogeneous group in regard to their current PA habits and preferences. Their willingness to participate in PA was conditioned regarding; what, where, when and with whom. They described challenges in the activity and the social context during PA, especially during the mandatory physical education. Perceived demands, freedom of choice, physical ability and sense of control affected their PA participation.

    Conclusion: Findings indicate that the adolescents’willingness to participate was associated with interacting and individual-related conditions, which can be misinterpreted as unwillingness to participate in PA. Thus aspects of autonomy and knowledge about individual conditions and needs have to be recognized when intervention strategies for health enhancing physical activities are planned for this population.

  • 904.
    Arnell, Susann
    et al.
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Health Care Research Center, Örebro University; School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Insititute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro Sweden.
    Jerlinder, Kajsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Sports science. School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University Sweden.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Health Care Research Center, Örebro University; School of Health Sciences, The Swedish Insititute for Disability Research (SIDR), Örebro University, Örebro Sweden.
    Perceptions of Physical Acitivty Participation Among Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Conceptual Model of Conditional Participation2018In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 48, no 5, p. 1792-1802, article id 29236210Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are less physically active compared to typically developing peers. The reasons for not being physically active are complex and depend on several factors, which have not been comprehensively described from the adolescent’s perspective. Therefore, the aim was to describe how adolescents with an ASD perceive, experience and reflect on their participation in physical activity. Interviews with 24 adolescents diagnosed with high-functioning ASD, aged 12–16 years, were analysed with qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach. They expressed a variety of reasons determining their willingness to participate, which were conceptualized as: Conditional participation in physical activities. The present study presents an alternative perspective on participation in physical activity, with impact on intervention design.

  • 905.
    Arnell, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nyman, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Unga vuxnas upplevelse och hantering av att leva med Multipel Skleros: En litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune chronic disease which about 15.000 to 18.000 persons in Sweden suffer from. Common symptoms early in the disease may be numbness, walking and balance problems, fatigue, and visual disturbances.

    Purpose: The aim of the current study is to describe young adults experiences and management of living with multiple sclerosis. The aim is also to describe the method of the study group in the articles forming the result of this study.

    Methods: The present study used two databases, Cinahl and PubMed. The result is based on 11 scientific articles. With careful processing, the result has been shaped by three main headings and 10 subheadings.

    Main results: The result showed young adults reactions to and experiences of being diagnosed with MS. How different symptoms affect their physical and mental health, as well as the different strategies the MS-affected individuals use to manage the disease. The result also showed that the studygroup in the articles consisted 66,5% women and 33,5% men. The average age of participants was 44,8 years. The loss had been reported in eight of the 11 selected articles.

    Conclusion: With greater knowledge about MS and affected peoples experience of living with the diagnosis, nurses can get better in their profession and guide the injured people in their quest to find strategies to aid in everyday life. Adequate information from health care, support from family, friends and others affected with MS is of great importance to the affected individuals, giving them the opportunity to live a normal life. More research on MS in Children and men would be significant as the research available in the current situation in these areas is minimal.

  • 906.
    Arnells, Malin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Östergrens, Nancy
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Omvårdnadsproblem i samband med polyfarmaci hos äldre personer: En litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to describe the nursing problems that may arise in connection withpolypharmacy in the elderly. The literature review was done with descriptive design. Datacollection through PubMed and Cinahl. The result was based on 12 quantitative articles. Theresults showed that there was a correlation between polypharmacy and several specificnursing problems among older people. The nursing problems that occurred most among thestudied articles were falls and fractures. It was revealed that the number of used medicinescould be identified as a risk factor for falls and fractures, but also drug type could influence.The results also showed that dizziness and balance problems could be associated withpolypharmacy. Other nursing problems that could connect with polypharmacy was impairednutritional status, such as weight loss and malnutrition. There were also a connection betweengastrointestinal problems and usage of many drugs. The conclusion was that a correlationbetween polypharmacy and several nursing problems among older people were found. A totalof four categories of nursing problems were identified in the studied articles: falls andfractures, impaired nutritional status and malnutrition, gastrointestinal problems, dizzinessand balance problems.

  • 907. Arnemo, Ulf
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Lars
    University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational Health Science and Psychology, Occupational Health Science. University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management.
    Berggren, Christian
    Linköpings universitet.
    Hansson, Stefan
    Holmberg, Gunnar
    Karabag, Solmaz Filiz
    Karlsson, Mats
    Larsson, Bengt
    Rencrantz, Daniel
    Sigfridsson, Erik
    Stefan, Ioana
    University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production.
    Wang, Wiehong
    Rapid innovators in emerging economies: Challenges and opportunities for Swedish firms2016Report (Other academic)
  • 908.
    Arnestål, Pernilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Åberg, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Kommunikationen som lätt glöms bort men säger mer än ord: Pedagogers erfarenheter och resonemang om barns kroppsspråk i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I det dagliga samspelet med andra människor sker kommunikation på olika sätt. Gester, miner, kroppsuttryck och den verbala förmågan att kommunicera blir synlig även i förskolan. Tidigare forskning visar att kroppsspråket är viktigt för att kunna förstå en annan individ när ord inte säger hela sanningen i en dialog. Vikten av att skapa goda relationer mellan barn och pedagoger bidrar till förmågan att förstå varandras budskap. Den verbala kommunikationen är oftast mer uppmärksammad än den tysta och kroppsspråket glöms bort. Studien grundar sig i att intervjua pedagoger för att skapa en bild av vilket resonemang och vilka erfarenheter som finns på förskolan gällande barns kroppsspråk. Med syfte att granska och analysera pedagogers förhållningssätt till barns kroppsspråk visar denna studie på för vem och hur kroppsspråket spelar en viktig roll. Resultatet visar att det finns förståelse för vad kroppsspråk är även om det inte uppmärksammas i samma utsträckning när det verbala språket finns. Att bli sedd och förstådd är viktigt för alla, stora som små, och kroppen utstrålar mer än orden som sägs. Studien har bidragit till att uppmärksamma pedagogers erfarenheter och resonemang om barns användande av kroppsspråket på förskolan.

  • 909.
    Arnfelt, Emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    En byggnads energiprestanda: En utredande och jämförande studie av Boverkets författningssamling BEN12017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is an exploratory and comparative study of Boverkets constitution BEN1. In this study the constitution BEN1 is examined, why the constitution was established, when is it applicable and what advantages and disadvantages will come with it. Today the housing and service sector is using a major part of Europe’s final energy use, in addition to this, these sectors also represents a major part of the total carbon dioxide emissions. The EU-commission aims to reduce the housing and service sectors energy use and emissions. In 2002 the European parliament established directives and demands for buildings energy performance. These directives were changed in 2009-2010, which led to an inspection of the already existing Swedish constitution, this was found to be inadequate by the EU-commission. Sweden decided to create a new constitution in order to satisfy EU’s new directives and demands. The focus is on a normal usage of the building in a normal year in the new constitution, BEN1. 

    The reader should receive an idea and understanding about BEN1 and why it was established in this report. Beyond this, the study will show the changes that happen to a buildings energy performance after the constitution is applied and what advantages and disadvantages this could bring. 

    This study was performed by simulating the buildings energy use with the input from BEN1 in a simulation tool, IDA Indoor Climate and Energy. 

    The study shows that the energy performance will change but it also shows that further studies should be made in order to obtain a more carefully drawn and common conclusion.

  • 910.
    Arnkvist, Mattias
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Vitasp Persson, Magnus
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Bolånetaket: -och dess påverkan på bolånemarknaden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The mortgage limitation and its impact on the mortgage market

    Level: Final assignment for Bachelor Degree in Business Administration

    Author: Mattias Arnkvist and Magnus Vitasp Persson

    Supervisor: Lars Steiner

    Date: 2011 – May

    Aim: We have conducted this report to find out what effect the mortgage limitation has had on the mortgage market since its introduction in autumn 2010. The mortgage limitation has both before and after the introduction been a topic of discussion as it affects many and above all makes it diffucult for certain customer groups.

    Method: This report was written by a qualitative method. The report uses qualitative and quantitative data. The quantitative data we have in the report are printed literature in books, articles and journals as well as data taken from Internet. Our qualitative part is based on the interviews with four of the largest banks in Sweden and the Financial Supervisory Authority, which is the state administrative authority that took the decision to introduce the mortgage limitation.

    Conclusions: The results of the collected data are that the mortgage limitation from a statistical point has resulted in the form of a breaking trend in which mortgage levels are now falling. The targets that the Financial Supervisory Authority had with the regulation were to reduce the mortgage levels and create a healthier credit market. According to our own personal opinions, the opinions of the banks we interviewed and the Financial Supervisory Authority, the mortgage limitation have been helpful to the market and all parties believe the regulation will stand firm.

    Suggestions for future research: When our report i based on a bank's perspective, it would be interesting to see a study on the subject with a different approach, for example with a consumer view.

    Contribution of the thesis: The contribution of this report is our unique way to present and discuss the data, through a unifying discussion method of a category analysis. This report is valued for both operators and consumers in the mortgage market.

    Key words: Mortgage limitation, mortgage market, Financial Supervisory Authority, banks, amortization. 

  • 911.
    Arnqvist, Malin
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Strömmingsspelet: Ett pedagogiskt spel om närmiljön i Hudiksvall2008Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 912.
    Arola, Helena
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Den skötselextensiva trädgården: Åtgärdsförslag för en lättskött trädgård i samband med en nybyggd villa2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I samband med ett bygge av en privatvilla ställs man inför många val. Det är inte ovanligt att trädgården hamnar i skymundan i förhållande till alla interiöra beslut som ska fattas.

    Min utgångspunkt i den här uppsatsen är att det finns en efterfrågan på lättskötta trädgårdar bland ägare till nybyggda villor i Gävle. Genom intervjuer med tio familjer som nyligen ”blivit med trädgård” och genom intervjuer med människor med erfarenhet i byggbranschen har jag tagit fram åtgärdsförslag för den skötselextensiva trädgården.

  • 913.
    Aronsson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Al-Kaebi, Jafar
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    IAS 40 Förvaltningsfastigheter: En studie om hur noterade fastighetsbolag redovisar sina värdeförändringar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Uppsatsen syftar till att redovisa hur fastighetsföretagen som tillämpar IAS 40 redovisar sina värdeförändringar och hur de fastställer förvaltningsfastigheternas verkliga värde. Syftet är även att belysa de olikheter som finns i fastighetsföretagens resultaträkning.

     

    Metod: Uppsatsen består av en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod. Vår studie började med att göra en kvalitativ undersökning genom att granska 10 börsnoterade koncerners årsredovisningar från år 2005-2012.

     

    Resultat och slutsatser: De undersökta fastighetsföretagen använder sig av antingen kassaflödesmetoden eller ortprismetoden för att fastställa sina förvaltningsfastigheters verkliga värde. De bedömningar och antaganden som görs skiljer sig åt mellan företagen. Vi har sett att företagen väljer att placera de värdeförändringar lite på olika sätt i resultaträkningen. Det eftersom att lagen inte ger några klara direktiv om hur och var dessa värdeförändringar skall placeras i resultaträkningen, vilket gör att det blir svårt att jämföra dessa företag med varandra.

  • 914. Aronsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Daunfeldt, Sven-Olov
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics, Ämnesavdelningen för nationalekonomi.
    Wikström, Magnus
    Estimating Intrahousehold Allocation in a Collective Model with Houasehold Production2001In: Journal of Population Economics, ISSN 0933-1433, E-ISSN 1432-1475, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 569-584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to estimate the intra-family distribution of income and the individual demand for leisure and household production from Swedish cross-sectional household data. As a basis for the analysis, we use a collective model where each individual is characterized by his or her own utility function and divides total time between leisure, household production and market work. For the purpose of comparison, we also estimate a version that is consistent with a more traditional model of labor supply, the unitary model.

  • 915.
    Aroshvili, Giorgi
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    GaN HEMT and MMIC Design and Evaluation2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Gallium Nitride based devices due to their inherent material properties are considered as one of the most promising devices to realize high power, high frequency transistors with lower power consumption in next-generation applications. Although the technology has been studied since early 1970s, there is still a vast room and expectations in its yet unachieved findings. In present work the GaN technology is explored and state-of-the-art studies of GaN based HEMTs and their application in MMICs are presented. Different designs are presented and evaluated and the results are reported. In particular the HEMT performance is studied in terms of DC in addition to large signal conditions, where the device’s performance becomes function of power levels it is driven with. The peculiarities and challenges of building an automated Load-Pull setup are outlined and analysis for further improvements is presented.

  • 916.
    Arousell, Alida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Östlund, Lizanne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att beskriva personers upplevelser av hur det är att leva med schizofreni, en litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 917.
    Arrese Foruria, Ander
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Analysis of a Low Energy Building with District Heating and Higher Energy Use than Expected2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis project, a building in Vegagatan 12, Gävle has been analysed. The main objective has been to find why it consumes more energy than it was expected and to solve theoretically the problems.This building is a low energy building certified by Miljöbyggnad which should use less than 55kWh/m2 year and nowadays it is using 62.23 kWh/m2. In order to find why the building is using more energy than the expected several different things has been measured and analyzed.First of all, the heat exchanger of the ventilation unit has been theoretically examined to see if it works as it should and it does. This has been done using the definition of the heat exchangers.Secondly, the heating system has been analysed by measuring the internal temperature of the building and high temperatures have been found (around 22°C) in the apartments and in the corridors. This leads to 5-10% more use of energy per degree.Thirdly, the position and the necessity of all the heaters have been checked. One of the heaters may not make sense, at least in the way the building has been constructed. This leads to bigger heating needs than the expected.Fourthly, the taps and shower heads have been checked to see if they were efficient. Efficient taps and shower heads, reduce the hot water use up to 40%. The result of this analysis has been that all taps and shower heads are efficient.Fifthly, the hot water system has been studied and some heat losses have been found because the lack of insulation of several pipes. Because of this fact 8.37kWh/m2 are lost per year. This analysis has been carried out with the help of an infra red camera and a TA SCOPE.Sixthly, the theoretical and real U values of the different walls have been obtained and compared (concrete and brick walls). As a conclusion, the concrete wall has been well constructed but, the brick wall has not been well constructed. Because of this fact 1 kWh/m2 of heat are lost every year. Apart from that, windows and thermal bridges have also been checked.

  • 918.
    Arrese, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Wang, Liao
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Trust development in International Healthcare Services: Elekta in Spain2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Trust development: a marketing strategy in the Internationalization of Healthcare Services.The case of Elekta in Spain

    Level: Master Thesis in Business Administration

    Author: Sara Arrese and Wang Liao

    Supervisor: Maria Fregidou-Malama

    Examiner: Akmal Hyder

    Date: 2014-10-02

    Aim: The aim of this research is to examine how trust developing affects International Healthcare Services marketing while settling down into a new country. Our study is applied to Elekta in Spain.

    Method: In order to carry out this research, qualitative data is used, a single case study is applied, questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were carried out to collect the needed primary data.

    Result and Conclusions: In the case of Elekta Spain, the trust development between suppliers and customer took place during the entire relationship. In addition, the trust level at company level and individual level were found to be the most significant leaving aside the country level as there were different opinions between customers (which did not find it a deciding factor) and Elekta. Hence, for the marketing strategy, standardization and adaptations can improve trust development.

    Suggestions for future research: Generalization cannot be made after this research as a single case study in one country has been the subject for investigation. Consequently, future research of other service industries and countries could expand this study.

    Contribution of the thesis: This thesis offers a new theoretical framework of trust development in the Spanish Healthcare Industry. This framework not only can be adapted to further study of other countries, but also can be adapted to further study of other service industries.

  • 919.
    Artieda Urrutia, Juan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Desiccant Cooling Analysis: Simulation software, energy, cost and environmentalanalysis of desiccant cooling system2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Desiccant cooling is a technology that, based on a open psychrometric cycle, is able to provide cooling using heat as the main energy carrier. This technology uses a considerably smaller amount of electricity than refrigerators based on the vapor-compression cycle, which is an electricity driven cycle. Electricity is often more expensive than other types of energy and has CO2 emissions associated with its generation , so desiccant cooling has the potential of achieving both economic and environmental benefits.

    In addition to this, the heat the desiccant cooling cycle needs to work can be supplied at relative low temperatures, so it can use heat coming from the district heating grid, from a solar collector or even waste heat coming from industries.

    The system which will be studied in this report is a desiccant cooling system based on the model designed by the company Munters AB. The systems relies on several components: a desiccant rotor, a rotary heat exchanger two evaporative humidifiers and two heating coils. It is a flexible system that is able to provide cooling in summer and heat during winter.

    This study performs a deep economic and environmental analysis of the desiccant cooling systems, comparing it with traditional vapor compression based systems:

    In order to achieve this objective a user-friendly software was created, called the DCSS – Desiccant Cooling Simulation Software – that simulates the operation of the system during a year and performs automatically all the necessary calculations.

    This study demonstrates that economic savings up to 54% percent can be achieved in the running costs of desiccant cooling systems when compared to traditional compressor cooling systems, and  reductions up to39% in the CO2 emissions. It also demonstrates that desiccant cooling is more appropriate in dry climate zones with low latent heat generation gains.

    In addition to that, the DSCC software created will help further studies about the physical, economic and environmental feasibility of installing desiccant cooling systems in different locations.

  • 920.
    Arushanyan, Yevgeniya
    et al.
    Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Sustainable development, Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Architecture and Built Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bjorklund, Anna
    Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Sustainable development, Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Architecture and Built Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Ola
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Environmental engineering.
    Finnveden, Göran
    Division of Environmental Strategies Research, Department of Sustainable development, Environmental Science and Engineering, School of Architecture and Built Environment, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Soderman, Maria Ljunggren
    Division of Environmental Systems Analysis, Department of Energy and Environment, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Sundqvist, Jan-Olov
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stenmarck, Åsa
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Environmental Assessment of Possible Future Waste Management Scenarios2017In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 10, no 2, article id 247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Waste management has developed in many countries and will continue to do so. Changes towards increased recovery of resources in order to meet climate targets and for society to transition to a circular economy are important driving forces. Scenarios are important tools for planning and assessing possible future developments and policies. This paper presents a comprehensive life cycle assessment (LCA) model for environmental assessments of scenarios and waste management policy instruments. It is unique by including almost all waste flows in a country and also allow for including waste prevention. The results show that the environmental impacts from future waste management scenarios in Sweden can differ a lot. Waste management will continue to contribute with environmental benefits, but less so in the more sustainable future scenarios, since the surrounding energy and transportation systems will be less polluting and also because less waste will be produced. Valuation results indicate that climate change, human toxicity and resource depletion are the most important environmental impact categories for the Swedish waste management system. Emissions of fossil CO2 from waste incineration will continue to be a major source of environmental impacts in these scenarios. The model is used for analyzing environmental impacts of several policy instruments including weight based collection fee, incineration tax, a resource tax and inclusion of waste in a green electricity certification system. The effect of the studied policy instruments in isolation are in most cases limited, suggesting that stronger policy instruments as well as combinations are necessary to reach policy goals as set out in for example the EU action plan on circular economy.

  • 921.
    Arutunjan, Susanna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Johansson, Pernilla
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Ledarskap i Konsum Gävleborg: Ledarens och medarbetarnas perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 922.
    Arvids, Mattias
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management.
    Samfälligheter: Föreningsförvaltning och Samfällighetsföreningsregistrets aktualitetsgrad2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samfälligheter har en mycket viktig roll i Sverige för samverkan mellanfastigheter i förvaltningen av gemensamma resurser. Dessa kan förvaltas på två vis; genom föreningsförvaltning och delägarförvaltning. Föreningsförvaltninglämpar sig bäst för större samfälligheter som kräver många förvaltningsåtgärder och har många medlemmar. En sådan förening sköts genom en styrelse som är vald av medlemmarna. Styrelsens uppdrag går ut på att enligt lagstiftningen följa föreningens stadgar och stämmobeslut samt att se till att befintliga anläggningar förvaltas enligt anläggningsbeslutet och att nya anläggningar blir utförda. Detta uppdrag innebär dock vissa svårigheter; engagemanget sker på ideell grund och lagen innehåller inga närmare krav på styrelsens kompetens, vilket öppnar upp för olika former av problematik. Uppgifter om samfällighetsföreningarna står att finna i Samfällighetsföreningsregistret och Fastighetsregistret. Det förstnämnda har en bristande kvalité på sina uppgifter vilket utgör ett problem för såväl föreningarna som för utomstående.

    Med dessa förhållanden som bakgrund görs en studie på rådande lag och regelverk i området kombinerat med kvalitativa intervjuer av ordföranden vid samfällighetsföreningar. Syftet är att undersöka hur styrelsens uppdrag ser ut vid föreningsförvaltning, hur denna förvaltning fungerar i praktiken och vilka eventuella problem som står i vägen för optimalt fungerande samfällighetsföreningar, samt vilka åtgärder som kan tänkas ge Samfällighetsföreningsregistreten förbättrad registerkvalité.

    Resultatet av studien visar att det största problem området utgörs av medlemmarnas i många fall bristande engagemang samt styrelsernas avsaknad på specialkompetens. Det framkommer att de bäst lämpade åtgärderna för att avhjälpa bristen på kompetens utgörs av att upprätta dokument med lättöverskådlig information till styrelserna, men även till medlemmarna som på så vis skulle kunna ställa högre krav på styrelsens arbete och själva upptäcka fel och brister i förvaltningen. Även en del förtydligande av bestämmelserna i lagen anses vara lämpligt. För att öka medlemmarnas engagemang uppkommer inga konkreta förslag från det resonemanget som förs.

    Genom att erbjuda samfällighetsföreningarna möjligheten att registrera ändrade uppgifter på Internet samt ge dem en belöning för detta i slag av en medlemsförteckning bör styrelserna bli mer noggranna i detta avseende, vilket framkommer i studien. Den främsta orsaken till att samfällighetsföreningarna inte anmäler ändringar i tillfredsställande grad beror på bristande kunskap, vilket bör kunna avhjälpas genom att någon form av broschyr ges ut till styrelsemedlemmarna innehållande relevant information.

  • 923.
    Arvidsson, Angelica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Spennare, Malin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter att vårda patienter med drogmissbruk i sjukvården: En litteraturstudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskor möter många olika individer. 780 000 individer över 18 år i Sverige uppskattades 2009 - 2011 ha ett drogmissbruk eller drogberoende. Alla har rätt till samma vårdkvalité oavsett livssituation och bakgrund. Människor med drogberoende känner sig ofta stigmatiserade av samhället. Vilket område Sjuksköterskan än jobbar inom kommer sjuksköterskan någon gång möta patienter med drogmissbruk.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med drogmissbruk inom sjukvården samt beskriva de inkluderade artiklarnas datainsamlingsmetod.

    Metod: denna studie är en beskrivande litteraturstudie. Två stycken databaser användes under sökningen, 12 vetenskapliga artiklar användes i resultatet. Dessa granskades upprepade gånger och sammanställdes.

    Huvudresultat: Sjuksköterskor beskrev ofta negativa erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med drogmissbruk.  Sjuksköterskor beskrev att de ofta upplevde en rädsla och oro inför våldsamma och hotfulla situationer. Att patienter med drogmissbruk hade eget ansvar över sitt liv och hälsa beskrevs av en del av sjuksköterskorna. En del av sjuksköterskorna beskrev att de tyckte att det var viktigt att vara en förespråkare för patienter med drogmissbruk.

    Slutsats: Alla människor har samma rätt till vård och att uppleva hälsa oavsett livssituation och bakgrund. Att leva med drogmissbruk är inget som ska inverka på omvårdnadskvalitén som ges till patienterna. För att utveckla vården och minska patienternas upplevelse av stigmatisering behövs mer och regelbunden utbildning för sjuksköterskor och andra professioner.

  • 924.
    Arvidsson, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Pedagogens påverkan på barns kost i förskolan2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 925.
    Arvidsson, Carina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för didaktik.
    Sverkersdotter, Lina
    University of Gävle, Department of Education and Psychology, Ämnesavdelningen för didaktik.
    Barn i sorg: Förskollärare med lekarbetspedagogisk utbildning intervjuade om barn och sorg2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att utforska pedagogiken vid förskolans bemötande och lekens betydelse för barn som genomgår sorg. Vi vill genom detta arbete få kunskap om hur pedagoger bör förhålla sig till barn som sörjer. Genom att utgå från litteraturen som finns inom ämnet och intervjuer med förskollärare som vidareutbildat sig till lekarbetspedagoger, har vi studerat hur pedagoger bemöter barn som drabbats och hur lekarbetspedagogik kan hjälpa dem. Resultatet visar att barn sörjer på olika sätt och att de sörjer i perioder. Då barn inte har den verbala förmågan att utrycka sin sorg kan de istället göra det genom att till exempel leka och rita. Resultatet visar vidare på att leken enligt respondenterna är en viktig del i barns sorgearbete och att vuxna bör finnas där för barnen som genomgår sorg. Låta barnen prata när de vill prata och inte tvinga dem till det. Vuxna bör även svara ärligt på barnens eventuella frågor kring det som skett.

  • 926.
    Arvidsson, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Rask, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Curriculum studies.
    Lämning och hämtningssituationer i förskolan: En enkätundersökning om vårdnadshavares upplevelser av lämning och hämtningssituationer i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen har till syfte att undersöka hur vårdnadshavare upplever mötet med pedagoger vid lämning och hämtningssituationer. Den valda metoden är traditionella enkäter i pappersform. Undersökningen grundar sig i ett sociokulturellt perspektiv som teoretisk utgångspunkt, med centrala analysbegrepp som relationer och kommunikation, mellan vårdnadshavare och pedagog. Resultatet påvisar att vårdnadshavare anser att det är viktigt, att någon pedagog möter upp dem när de lämnar och hämtar sitt barn på förskolan. Vårdnadshavarna uppger att pedagogerna oftast är närvarande vid dessa situationer, med undantag vid stressade situationer som när många barn lämnar samtidigt eller när barnen äter frukost. Det framkommer från vårdnadshavarna att det har en stor betydelse att pedagogerna för en dialog med deras barn samt med dem själv. Vårdnadshavarna belyser att pedagogerna inte alltid har uppsikt över vad deras barn har gjort under dagen, vilket det uttrycks en önskan om. I det vanligaste samtalsämnet framkommer det från vårdnadshavarna, att det oftast handlar om vad som kommer att ske under dagen när man lämnar sitt barn. När vårdnadshavarna hämtar sitt barn på förskolan kan samtalsämnet variera beroende vilken ålder deras barn är i. Diskussionen som förts är att vårdnadshavarna upplever lämning och hämtningssituationer olika, beroende om de har yngre eller äldre barn. Det framkommer också att vårdnadshavarna upplever pedagogerna olika när de lämnar och hämtar sitt barn, där det framkommer att kommunikationen ibland brister mellan vårdnadshavare och pedagoger. Detta kan i sin tur leda till att interaktion och relationsprocessen mellan varandra blir lidande, där man inte längre känner att man har respekt och förtroende för varandra. Kanske är det av den anledningen som vårdnadshavarna anser att det är viktigt att bli bemött av en pedagog, där de vill att kommunikationen fungerar för att ge trygghet och tillit när de lämnar sitt barn - det bästa de har!

  • 927.
    Arvidsson, Elina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Kastemyr, Rebecca
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Switching intentions påverkan på GenerationY och Baby Boomers: En kvantitativ studie inom banksektorn2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Switching intentions påverkan på Generation Y och Baby Boomers – En kvantitativ studie

    Nivå: Examensarbete på Grundnivå (kandidatexamen) i ämnet företagsekonomi

    Författare: Elina Arvidsson och Rebecca Kastemyr

    Handledare: Jonas Molin och Lars-Johan Åge

    Datum: 2018 - maj

    Syfte: Banker har idag problem med att få kunder att stanna och vara lojala mot dem, något som kan bero på att kunderna inte känner sig tillfredsställda med de tjänster och den service banken erbjuder. Vissa forskare har sett att det oftare är yngre bankkunder som byter bank än äldre, medan andra menar att sådant inte är fallet. Syftet med vår studie är därmed att öka förståelsen för hur Baby Boomers och Generation Y's switching intentions påverkar deras intentioner att byta eller behålla sin bank. För att besvara syftet har vi valt att ta hjälp av några forskningsfrågor som lyder:

    • Vilka faktorer bidrar till att Baby Boomers väljer att byta eller behålla sin bank?
    • Vilka faktorer bidrar till att Generation Y väljer att byta eller behålla sin bank?
    • Vad är skillnaden mellan Baby Boomers och Generation Y's switching intentions?

    Metod: I studien användes en kvantitativ metod där data samlats in via en webbaserad enkätundersökning. Studien riktar sig till två populationer; generation Baby Boomers som består av individer födda mellan år 1945 och 1964 och Generation Y som består av individer födda mellan år 1980 och 1999 som båda deltagit i enkätundersökningen. De data som samlats in har sedan analyserats i statistikprogrammet SPSS där vi tog fram deskriptiv statistik, error bars, korrelationsanalys, t-test och korstabell. Dessa analyser har sedan använts för att svara upp på studiens syfte.

    Resultat & slutsats: Sambanden mellan generationstillhörighet och de testade variablerna är till stor del svaga, vilket gör att vi utifrån vår studie kan konstatera att Baby Boomers och Generation Y är mer lika än forskare tidigare trott. De fyra testade variablerna har samtliga viss påverkan på bankkundernas switching intentions, vilket innebär att bankerna bör ta dessa variabler i beaktning för att undvika att förlora kunder.

    Examensarbetets bidrag: Studien bidrar till ökad förståelse för Generation Y och Baby Boomers switching intentions och vad som påverkar det. Studien har bidragit tillen förändrad syn på båda generationernas switching intention i jämförelse med tidigare forskning. Vår förhoppning är att studien ska bidra till att öka förståelsen för switching intentions bland bankerna för att de ska kunna ta fram strategier utifrån de fyra testade variablerna och därigenom skapa kundnöjdhet och minska kundernas switching intentions.

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning: Vår förhoppning är att vidare forskning ska kunna utveckla resultatet som studien bidragit med ytterligare. Fortsatta studier skulle kunna jämföra olika banker och se hur våra fyra variabler påverkar enskilda banker, samt studera andra kombinationer av variabler och andra generationer.

  • 928.
    Arvidsson, Elisabet
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    BVC-sköterskors reflektioner av att arbeta med mammor med förlossningsdepression och deras barn: En intervjustudie2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: About 10–15% of new mothers are affected by Post Partum Depression. A new mother with depression means a higher risk of attachmentsproblem with her newborn child. The child health care nurse has a regular contact with newborns and their mothers. Therefor they can have an important role in the process of attachment. Aim: The aim of the study was to describe reflections of the child health care nurses in their work with mothers with Postpartum Depression and their newborn. Method: The present study had a descriptive design with a qualitative approach. Eight child health care nurses  were interviewed with semi-structured interviews. The material was analyzied using qualitative content analysis. Result: A underlying theme was; ”To have knowledge and to know your limitations, for a trustworthy interaction.” The theme had four descriptive categories; ” Ways to discover the mother with a postpartum depression”, ”The interaction with the mother” ”Strategies at work” and ”Challenges in work”. Conclusion: During the study it has been revealed that if guidelines and routines are to work optimally discovering the mother with Post Partum Depression, it requires a good communication. Already at the first meeting a journey began, that could mean a working interaction or not. It required in addition to formal knowledge of Postpartum depression also an ability to interact with the mother. It was about getting the mother´s confidence.

  • 929.
    arvidsson, emma
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Bakom Ladan: En skiss eller två på en hälsoträdgård på Wij Trädgårdar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The research in the interdisciplinary field of natural-human-health-design has in recent decades gainedmomentum and led to new or new-old ways of thinking and acting in terms of planning and design of outdoorenvironments with the aim of health promotion. Concrete concept models and design guides have begun toemerge as a result of this research.The purpose of this work is to use these guides to develop a design proposal for a supposed health garden,with Wij Trädgårdar in Ockelbo as a base. This has been done in the form of a process description. The targetgroup for the design proposal is long-term unemployed and people who have come to Sweden as refugees.Since the specific design recommendations could not be found for the selected target group, the main materialwas general guidelines for health gardens in combination with guidelines for health gardens directed to targetgroups with stress-related problems, which is a broad target group for which there are relatively much currentresearch.The result is a process description of the progression towards a sketch on a health garden, designed for aspecific spot on Wij Trädgårdar, but available for use in other locations, provided adjustments is made to thespecific location. The sketch is supplemented with plant suggestions to different parts of the garden. A sketchof an alternative proposal is included as a smaller, faster and cheaper version of the main design proposal.

  • 930.
    Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Gert-Ake
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Neck postures in air traffic controllers with and without neck/shoulder disorders2008In: Applied Ergonomics, ISSN 0003-6870, E-ISSN 1872-9126, Vol. 39, no 2, p. 255-260Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Prolonged computer work with an extended neck is commonly believed to be associated with an increased risk of neck-shoulder disorders. The aim of this study was to compare neck postures during computer work between female cases with neck-shoulder disorders, and healthy referents. Based on physical examinations, 13 cases and 11 referents were selected among 70 female air traffic controllers with the same computer-based work tasks and identical work stations. Postures and movements were measured by inclinometers, placed on the forehead and upper back (C7/Th1) during authentic air traffic control. A recently developed method was applied to assess flexion/extension in the neck, calculated as the difference between head and upper back flexion/extension. Results: Cases and referents did not differ significantly in neck posture (median neck flexion/extension: -10° vs. -9°; p=0.9). Hence, the belief that neck extension posture is associated with neck-shoulder disorders in computer work is not supported by the present data

  • 931.
    Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Changes in physical workload with implementation of mouse-based information technology in air traffic control2006In: International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, ISSN 0169-8141, E-ISSN 1872-8219, Vol. 36, no 7, p. 613-622Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Effects on physical workload were quantified when introducing new information technology in air traffic control. Seven female and seven male air traffic controllers were studied in an old control system, and during simulated - but similar - work in a new, mouse-based system. Postures, movements and muscular load were recorded (inclinometry for head, neck, back and upper arms; goniometry for wrists; electromyography for the trapezius and forearm extensor muscles). The new system was associated with lower movement velocities than the old one (examples; [50th percentiles] head flexion: 2 vs. 5 o/s, P<0.01; right arm elevation: 3 vs. 6 o/s; P<0.01; [90th percentile] wrist flexion: 19 vs. 50 o/s, P<0.01), less varying postures (head: 95th-5th percentile range 17° vs. 34o; P<0.01), and less muscular rest in the right forearm extensors (3.5 vs. 9% of time; P<0.05). The old/new system differences were amplified at high work intensities. The new air traffic control system caused a major change of physical exposures, probably associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal disorders in arms and hands.

    Relevance to industry

    While this study concerned the specific changes in the introduction of a new air traffic control system, we believe that the findings are applicable to similar technological developments in other settings.

  • 932. Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Belastningsskadecentrum.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    "Gamnacke" och nackbesvär vid datorarbete: finns det något samband?2005In: Svenska Läkaresällskapets Riksstämma, 2005Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 933. Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Mathiassen, Svend-Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Skerfving, S
    Physical workload and musculoskeletal disorders in computerized work, among air traffic controllers2007In: Work With Computing Systems - WWCS 2007, Stockholm: abstracts WWCS 2007 : Computing systems for human benefits from the 8th International Conference on Work With Computing Systems : May 21st-24th 2007, Stockholm Sweden, Stockholm: Royal institute of technology , 2007, p. 42-42Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 934. Arvidsson, Inger
    et al.
    Hansson, Gert-Åke
    Mathiassen, Svend-Erik
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Skerfving, Staffan
    Are neck-shoulder disorders associated with habitual neck extension in computer work?2006In: Meeting diversity in ergonomics: IEA 2006, 16th World Congress on Ergonomics / [ed] Pikaar R N, Koningsveld E A P, Settels P J M, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A common clinical conception is that prolonged neck extension during computer work is associated with an increased risk of neck-shoulder disorders. The aim of this study was to find out whether neck postures in computer work differed between females cases with neck-shoulderdisorders, compared to healthy referents.

    Based on physical examinations, 13 cases and 11 referents were selected among 70 female air traffic controllers with the same computer work and identical work stations. Neck angles were measured by inclinometry, during an ordinary work period of about 1 h. Results: Average neck angles (50thpercentile) in cases and referents was -10° (SP 8) and -9 (SD 10) respectively; p=0.9. Hence, we did not find any association between neck-shoulder disorders and neck extension during computer work.

  • 935.
    Arvidsson, Ivonne
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Ligné, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Sjuksköterskors och cancerpatienters uppfattningar och upplevelser av palliativ vård.2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor och cancerpatienter uppfattade och upplevde den palliativa vården och vidare om hur cancerpatienter uppfattade den palliativa vården som ges hemma respektive på hospice. Resultatet baseras på 16 artiklar som svarade på studiens syfte och frågeställningar. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskor uppfattade och upplevde att de bör vara professionella i sitt arbete.  De upplevde negativa känslor och kände sig otillräckliga då det ibland inte fanns tid att vårda patienterna på ett bra sätt, att kommunikationen i det palliativa teamet inte fungerade och uppföljningar inte kunde göras var påfrestande för sjuksköterskorna. Patienter med cancer uppfattade och upplevde den palliativa vården som bra men för att patienterna skulle känna sig trygga fanns det vissa egenskaper som sjuksköterskorna borde ha. Patienter med cancer uppfattade en viss skillnad i den palliativa vården hemma respektive på hospice. Detta påverkade deras beslut när de skulle vårdas hemma eller på hospice. Patienterna påverkades även av sina tidigare erfarenheter av den palliativa vården och av den nuvarande sociala kretsen när de valde att vårdas hemma respektive på hospice.

     

     

  • 936.
    Arvidsson, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    I frestarens grepp: En arketypanalytisk undersökning av temat manipulation med utgångspunkt i Karin Boyes Kallocain2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppstatsen undersöker jag temat manipulation. Jag tittar på vad det har för inverkan på berättelsers utformning samt om det finns andra teman som ofta kombineras med manipulationstemat. Min utgångspunkt är Karin Boyes Kallocain och därifrån kommer jag dra paralleller till William Shakespeares Othello och Aldous Huxleys Brave New World. Genom att vända mig till just de här två berättelserna får jag en inblick i såväl genretillhörighet som temats utveckling över tid. Uppsatsens teoretiska utgångspunkt är C.G. Jungs teori om det kollektiva omedvetna med mänskliga grundläggande urbilder som återkommer i arketyper. Resultatet är ett grundläggande händelseförlopp och en insikt om den djupare mänskliga samhörighet som berättelsernas hjältar först inte vågar tro existerar.

  • 937.
    Arvidsson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Att ändra examinationsform: fokus på lärandet men dilemma att betygssätta2004In: Kunskap och lärande i den högre utbildningen: lärarreflexioner från praktiken / [ed] Sara Dahlström och Göran Fransson, Gävle: Högskolan i Gävle , 2004, p. 12-18Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 938.
    Arvidsson, Karin
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för industriell ekonomi.
    Environmental management at Swedish universities2004In: International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, ISSN 1467-6370, E-ISSN 1758-6739, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 91-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since1996, all Swedish public authorities, which includes most universities, have been made responsible for contributing to the sustainable development of the society. Swedish universities are thus required to submit annual environmental reports about their policies, structures and actions. This study provides a review of the activities that Swedish universities have undertaken so far. Reports from the year 2000 show that all 25 participating universities conducted the first environmental review. Most universities stopped there, although one – Mälardalen University – has gone all the way to ISO 14001 certification. The findings of the study suggest that universities, which have been participating for some years in the project, are further along the line than those that joined recently. There is also some indication that environmental-management-system (EMS) work is easier for the smaller universities, which can mobilise around a single goal.

  • 939.
    Arvidsson, Karolin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Gnostic elements in the Book of Mormon2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1945 the Dead Sea Scrolls were found in Nag Hammadi; the founding consisted of Gnostic Gospels, the Gospels helped researcher to get a more correct view of the Gnostic Movement. In the beginning of the 19th century another founding was made, according to Joseph Smith an angel appeared from heaven giving him lost Christian Gospels on golden plates, later knows as the Book of Mormon. With the new Gospels Joseph Smith founded the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter day Saints, also know as Mormonism.

    The thesis’ purpose has been to examine and do a literature analysis on the Book of Mormon, a recently new discovery, with secondary research on the Gnostic Gospels, also a recently new discovery. This paper will guide its reader through similarities between the two movements; with the overarching research question “What Gnostic elements can be found in the Book of Mormon?”.

    The first chapter will introduce the reader to the Book of Mormon and the Gnostic movement, in chapter two the research results will be displayed followed by the analysis, discussion and a conclusion that will take place in chapter three.

  • 940.
    Arvidsson, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Förstagångsmammors förväntningar på, erfarenheter och reflektioner av kontakten med sjuksköterskan på barnavårdscentralen: En intervjustudie2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 941.
    Arvidsson, Mimmi
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Arvidsson, My
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    ”Anti-vertigo-systemet behöver kalibreras”: En undersökning av Bamsetidningens läsbarhet i förhållande till målgruppen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 942.
    Arvidsson, Nathalie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Intressenterna i centrum vid implementering av Corporate Social Responsibility2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The development of Corporate Social Responsibility has been increasing for the last decade.

    Not only is Corporate Social Responsibility an important thing for big rich companies, today

    it includes all different kinds of companies’ regardless size, profit or industry. An industry

    which affects the majority of the society is the grocery industry. People have on a daily basis

    some kind of relationship to the grocery industry, which means that we have high presure on

    the companies to not take an over price on the goods, to have a good assortment and that the

    companies take responsibility for the society. With high pressure from different groups of the

    society it is hard for the companies to know how to please all groups at their highest level.

    In this essay a qualitative examination will be done of how grocery companies mange the

    problems of having many stakeholders to please. How they in the best manner try to improve

    their Corporate Social Responsibility in every part of their company. The result showed that

    despite general models of implementation, the best way to integrate stakeholders is to have a

    good communication.

    Utvecklingen av Corporate Social Responsibility har skett i snabb takt det senaste decenniet.

    Framförallt har ämnet blivit viktigt för alla företag, oavsett bransch, storlek eller omsättning.

    En bransch där den stora majoriteten av befolkningen blir berörd av företags Corporate Social

    Responsibility-arbete är dagligvarubranschen. Människor är dagligen i kontakt med

    inhandling av matvaror och ställer därför stora krav på vad som finns på hyllorna, vilket pris

    varorna har, samt hur företag i sin tur aktivt tar ansvar för samhället. För organisationerna i

    sin tur är det svårt att tillfredställa alla intressenter, då Corporate Social Responsibility sedan

    tidigare varit tolkningsbart i en vidd bredd, samt desto större marknad företagen opererar på

    desto fler intressentgrupper är det att ta hänsyn till.

    I denna uppsats undersöks genom en kvalitativ studie, hur dagligvaruföretag på bästa sätt

    använder sig av Corporate Social Responsibility inom sina företagsled. Hur de på enklast sätt

    handskas med den problematik som uppstår när det finns många intressentgrupper som vill

    påverka implementeringsprocessen. Resultatet visade att det framförallt handlar om

    kommunikation istället för strukturerade ramverk vid implementeringen. Vilket i sin tur

    betyder att det största fokuset vid implementering av Corporate Social Responsibility skall

    vara att upprätta en kommunikationsmall istället för en ämnesmanual.

  • 943.
    Arvidsson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    A Gender Based Adjectival Study of Women's and Men's Magazines2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 944.
    Arvidsson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    De splittrade själarna: En studie av symboliska uttryck i Harry Potter och Halvblodsprinsen2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den populära bokserien om den föräldralöse pojken och trollkarlen Harry Potter har väckt stor uppmärksamhet i medier och inom diverse forskningsfält. De religiösa budskap som serien sänder ut till läsare har bland annat blivit kritiserade av diverse kristna samfund i Sverige och det är denna kritik som ligger till grund för denna studie. Det övergripande syftet i denna studie är att, utifrån de motstridiga uppfattningarna angående Harry Potter bokserien, undersöka vilka symboliska uttryck för ondska och godhet som skildras i samband med de två karaktärerna Harry Potter och Lord Voldemort. Den textanalys som sedan utförs bygger på olika symbolteorier inom. Vidare är olika symboliska uttryck för begreppen ondska och godhet centrala för denna studies analys. Sammanfattningsvis går att säga att hos karaktären Harry Potter skildras både symboliska uttryck för ondska och godhet medan det hos karaktären Lord Voldemort finns starkt uttalade symboliska uttryck för ondska i boken Harry Potter och Halvblodsprinsen. Då det kommer till den kritik bokserien har mottagit från diverse kristna samfund så blandar författaren av dessa böcker symboler och deras innebörd i samband med många av karaktärerna och inte minst i skildringen av Harry Potter. Trots detta så framkommer det inte att detta sänder ut ett budskap om att typiskt onda egenskaper kan tolkas som goda utan, precis som i dessa böcker så är det varje människas egna val i avgörande situationer som definierar en människas karaktärsdrag.

  • 945.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Axner, Carolina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    En gemensam socialtjänst: En kvantitativ studie om socialarbetares syn på specialisering och samverkan inom Socialtjänst Gävle2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the social workers’ views on the working conditions within specialized personal social services. The study was conducted by an online-survey administered to all social workers within personal social services in Gävle. The analysis was supported by previous research, collaboration theory and organization theory. The results showed that the social workers were on an overall level satisfied with the specialized organization. The social workers agreed more on the advantages with specialization than with the disadvantages. Furthermore, the results showed that the social workers were of the same opinion regarding the consequences affecting the clients, for example too many social workers involved in client’s cases. The results also showed that the social workers believed that more knowledge about each other and each other’s areas of responsibility facilitates collaboration. Similarities and differences between how social workers responsible for exercising public authority and those who work with treatment and support experienced a specialized personal social service as well as limitations regarding the work with clients were discussed.

  • 946.
    Arvidsson, Susanne Marguerite
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Vad är dramapedagogik egentligen: en studie i vilka uppfattningar som finns om dramapedagogik bland lärare i grundskolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen är en kvalitativ studie med en fenomenografisk ansats och fokusgruppintervju som metod. Intervjugruppen består av fem personer, en man och fyra kvinnor i åldrarna 43 – 62 år, där samtliga är utbildade lärare inom grundskolans olika stadier. Syftet med studien är att försöka förstå och problematisera hur lärare i grundskolan med erfarenhet av dramapedagogik och lärare utan dramapedagogisk erfarenhet, uppfattar dramapedagogik. Resultatet av studien utmynnar i de tre beskrivningskategorierna:

     

    • Kategori A - Dramapedagogik som teater
    • Kategori B - Dramapedagogik som individ och gruppstärkande redskap
    • Kategori C - Dramapedagogik som didaktiskt redskap

     

    Resultaten visar att informanterna är positiva till dramapedagogik men också känner sig osäkra på vad dramapedagogik egentligen är och efterfrågar mer utbildning inom området.

  • 947.
    Arvidsson Wallberg, Angelica
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Åhlén, Alexandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Ekonomisk förlust för revisionsbyråer: En studie över revisorers fortlevnadsvarningar i Sverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The reporting of an organizations going concern has been center for debate during a long period of time. This is mainly due to auditing scandals where organizations have gone bankrupt without a modified going concern opinion from their auditor. In accounting literature there are conflicting claims about whether auditors are considered independent or not due to their tendency to issue a going concern modified opinion and the influence financial incentives have on auditor independence.

    The aim of this essay is to: Examine if there is a relation between the tendency to issue a going concern modified opinion and the financial loss for the audit firm.

    Method: From previous research hypotheses have been deduced. These hypotheses have then empirically been studied. A quantitative method was used to gather data from Swedish companies’ annual reports from the year 2011-2014. After gathering the data, it was tested and analyzed with a stats program and then presented in different tables.

    Result & Conclusions: This study has found evidence of the self-fulfilling prophecy, which indicates that the auditor withdraws from issuing a going concern modified opinion. Regarding the financial incentives as threats of audit independence, this study gives evidence that the size of Non-audit service fees poses a potential threat. The results of the study also show that there is no significant difference in quality between Big 4 and Non-Big 4 auditors regarding the issuance of going concern modified opinions.

    Suggestions for future research: In this study the financial factors have been taken into account, a combination of both the financial and non-financial factors is the suggestion for future research. A third limitation of this study is that is based upon the auditors’ perspective, therefore a study based solely on the companies' perspective or a combination of both is our suggestion for future research.

    Contribution of the thesis: This thesis contributes with more knowledge to the accounting literature. The study has provided more knowledge about the self-fulfilling prophecy, financial incentives on audit independence and the quality among Big 4 and non-Big 4 audit firms. This thesis has also contributed to further understanding of how problematic it can be for an auditor to issue a going concern modified opinion.

  • 948.
    Arvén, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Bildskapande i förskolan: Förskollärares förhållningssätt till bildskapande2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 949.
    Arístegui, Jesús Jaime
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Heat balance of a historical church: Air infiltration losses2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 950.
    Asami - Johansson, Yukiko
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Mathematics.
    A study of a problem solving oriented lesson structure in mathematics in Japan2011In: Proceedings of the  seventh Congress  of  the  European  Society  for  Research  in Mathematics Education (CERME 7), Rzeszów, Poland.: Universitetsforlaget, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents and analyses “Mondaikaiketsu no jugyou” which translates to “the problem solving oriented – approach”.  It is a set of didactic techniques with the aim of motivating the students’ positive attitude toward engaging in mathematical activities and fostering mathematical thinking. As an analytical tool, The Anthropological Theory of Didactics (ATD) will be applied.

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