hig.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
190191192193194 9601 - 9650 av 9694
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 9601.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att åldras på 2000-talet: Om åldrandet, kroppen och självbilden2005Ingår i: Äldres livsvillkor och behov: Socialtjänstforum - ett möte mellan forskning och socialtjänst : en konferens i Göteborg 5-6 april 2005, Stockholm: Forskningsrådet för arbetsliv och socialvetenskap (FAS) , 2005, s. 7-14Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9602.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bakom hotbilder och solskenshistorier: Våra attityder till åldrandet – i siffror2003Ingår i: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 18-19Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9603.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi.
    Changing perspectives on, and Demographics of, Ageing2009Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9604.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Demographical changes and the silver economy: New lifestyles and social structures of older people2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9605.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet .
    Den muntliga intervjun i biografisk äldreforsk­ning1993Ingår i: Livslöp blant gamle i Norden / [ed] Kari Waerness, Jan-Erik Ruth & Lars Tornstam, Oslo: Norsk geronto­logisk institutt , 1993, s. 33-50Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9606.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Den åldrande kroppen: Samhälleliga bilder och äldres egna erfarenheter2005Ingår i: Kropp, livslopp och åldrande: några samhällsvetenskapliga persepektiv / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman och Lars-Christer Hydén, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2005, 1, s. 53-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9607.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Der abwesende Körper: ein sozialgerontologisches Paradoxen2009Ingår i: Die Jungen Alten: Analysen einer neuen Sozialfigur / [ed] Silke van Dyk & Stephan Lessenich, Frankfurt/New York: Campus , 2009, 1, s. 138-159Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9608.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Images versus experiences of the ageing body2003Ingår i: Aging Bodies: Meanings and Perspectives / [ed] C. Faircloth, Walnut Creek, California: Alta Mira Press , 2003, 1, s. 103-139Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9609.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Livet som berättelse: Om biografi och åldrande1997Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation’s objective is twofold: (1) to show how the life lived is reflected in old age (the articles), and (2) to analyze how life-stories are presented and interpreted from the social constructivist perspective (the comprehensive summary).

         Article I is a critical discussion of two biographical methods of data collection: the “freely-told” life-story and the semistructured biographical interview. Article II addresses the thesis’ first aim. This article presents the data gathered through the qualitative biographical interviews conducted with elderly Finns, which resulted in a typology of six ways of life: The bitter life and Life as a trapping pit, which end up in a problematic old age; Life as a hurdle race, The devoted silenced life, Life as a job career and  The sweet life, which describe different strategies for successful ageing. Article III is a study of Life as a hurdle race, where successful ageing is reached, despite previous difficulties in life. Article IV explains the paradox of the absent body in social gerontology, in light of the dualism of the Platonic-Christian tradition between body and soul.

         The comprehensive summary consists of critical methodological reflections on the conducted research. This summary acknowledges how the conclusions, reached at through analytic induction, where influenced by gerontology’s two myths (misery vs. success). The summary also treats the Renaissance of biographical social research, and the conducted research in relation to the theoretical debate on “the realist perspective” vs. “the story-focused, constructivist perspective.” From the latter perspective it is shown how emplotment shapes the life-story. Finally the summary addresses the generalizability and credibility of my results; results which by virtue of the life history perspective open up for a new qualitative understanding of ageing.

  • 9610.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Livshistorieintervju2011Ingår i: Handbok i kvalitativa metoder / [ed] Göran Ahrne & Peter Svensson, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 1, s. 58-70Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9611.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Livslopp i förändring2002Ingår i: Socialgerontologi / [ed] Andersson, L., Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2002, 1, s. 44-63Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9612.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Livsloppsperspektivet2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9613.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Nya äldrebilder, nya livsstilar på 2000-talet2006Ingår i: Ikääntyvien elämäntyylit [Livsstilar bland äldre], Helsingfors: Ikäinstituutti - Age Institute , 2006, 1, s. 21-30Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9614.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Om gerontologisk överoptimism och åldrandebil­der1993Ingår i: Aldring & Eldre, ISSN 0801-9991, nr 4, s. 26-29Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9615.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Självbilden, åldrandet och kroppen1994Ingår i: Experiencing ageing – Kokemuksellinen vanheneminen – Att uppleva åldrandet / [ed] Peter Öberg, Pertti Pohjolainen & Isto Ruoppila, Helsingfors: Svenska social- och kommunalhögskolan vid Helsingfors universitet, Forskningsinstitutet (FISS) , 1994, 1, s. 148-170Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9616.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Skyddandets förnuft – En studie om anhöriga till hjälpbehövande äldre som invandrat sent i livet: Recension av Emilia Forssells doktorsavhandling2004Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 3-4, nr 11, s. 333-337Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9617.
    Öberg, Peter
    Finlands Akademi, Helsingfors.
    Suullinen haastattelu ikääntyneiden elämäkerta­tutkimuksessa1991Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784 0039, Vol. 5, nr 4, s. 298-309Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9618.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    The absent body: a social gerontolo­gical paradox1996Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 16, nr 6, s. 701-719Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9619.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi.
    The demographic picture, trends and future development2008Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 9620.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Äldres sexualitet - en del av det goda åldrandet2004Ingår i: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 10-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9621.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ålderism hos de äldre2001Ingår i: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1401-5110, Vol. 15, nr 3Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9622.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Åldrandet i ett föränderligt samhälle: en utmaning för sociologisk forskning2005Ingår i: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, nr 3, s. 19-26Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9623.
    Öberg, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Åldrandet i livshistorieperspektiv1998Ingår i: Social Forskning, nr 3, s. 13-15Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9624.
    Öberg, Peter
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och sociologi, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Åldrandet ur ett livsloppsperspektiv2007Ingår i: Socionomen, ISSN 0283-1929, nr 4, s. 12-17Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9625.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgard, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Diversity of intimacy forms and their importance for well-being in later life2014Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 54, nr Suppl. 2, s. 195-195Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on different forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden and their consequences for well-being. The results are based both on qualitative interviews with 28 Swedes (63–91 years), living in new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) or currently dating; and on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers over the life course; a preference for LAT (70%) and cohabitation (26%) in new unions established 60+; strong support from adult children for parents’ new LAT (86%) and cohabitation (76%) relationships, but less support for marriage (50%); that new relationships are as important for life-satisfaction as long-lasting ones; after subjective health, a partner is the second most important explanation for life-satisfaction, more important than having children; LAT was the union form that added most to life-satisfaction for men while marriage was the only form that significantly added to the life-satisfaction of women. Results were the same for newly established relationships and older relationships. Results will be discussed in relation to the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens), potentials of the third age (Laslett), and gender socialization, but also in terms of how the results can be interpreted in a context of Swedish welfare-state supported individualism where a partner provides both autonomy in relation to adult children and social integration.

  • 9626.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Changing Union Forms Among Older People in Late Modern Sweden2015Ingår i: Aging Families/Changing Families, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on union form in cross-gender relationships in later life, against the background of the transformation of intimacy in late modernity. Results are based on a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225; response rate 42%) and European census data. Sweden seems to be the only country where there are more divorced than widowed people in this age group. Almost 1/3 of Swedes, aged 60-90, categorized as “singles” by official Swedish census data on civil status, are in fact living as LATs or cohabitants. In new romantic relationships initiated 60+ the dominant union form is LAT (70%) followed by cohabitation (26%), while marriage is rare (4%). Less than 2 in 10 singles think that is important to be married – and among marrieds less than 8 in 10. Relationship history data shows that although half of the respondents have been married only once, one third (33%) have had 2+ cohabiting unions (marital/non-marital), half (46%) 2+ established relationships, and a majority (66%) 3+ sexual partners. The results indicate that the transformation of intimacy includes older Swedes. Discussion: Should we see older people as a vanguard in the exploration of late modern intimacy, rather than carriers of cultural lag?

  • 9627.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholm University.
    Diversity and Ageing – the meaning of new intimate relationships in later life2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9628.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Sociologi/Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    Diversity and ageing – the meaning of new intimate relationships in later life2012Ingår i: : Book of Abstracts, 2012, s. 423-423Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social gerontology and family sociology about intimacy in old age has almost exclusively focused on institutionalized life-long marriages and little research has focused on re-partnering and the forms and meaning of this diversity of new intimate relationships in later life. Framed by Giddens’ transformation of intimacy and Laslett’s theory of the third age, as well as changing social and demographical conditions, this paper will focus on how different forms of new intimate relationships are formative for the experi-ence of ageing.The strategical sampel was diversified according to differ-ent forms of new intimate relationships: dating singles, married, cohabiting and living apart together. Qualitative interviews was used with 28 Swedes, 63–91 years, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relation-ship after 60 or who are dating singles. The results showed the significance of new intimate relations for social integration and for the experience of old age as the “crown of life”. The meaning of new intimate relations in differ-ent intimacy forms are discussed in relation to everyday life in old age, the relational history and relational careers and future perspectives of informal support structures by the relation.

  • 9629.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life2016Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, nr Suppl. 3, s. 17-18, artikel-id Suppl. 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to contemporary family theory late modern relationships are guided less be external norms and more by internal negotiation between relatively equal partners. The purpose of this paper is to study initiation and development of new intimate relationships in later life, with a focus on negotiation and change, based on relationship histories with older Swedes (n=28), who are currently in new late in life cross-gender relationships initiated 60+, or currently dating singles. The results show a paradox: relationship ideals often seem unchangeable in prospect, but actual relationship arrangements appear open and changeable, when described in retrospect. LATs recall having been determined not to initiate any new relationships, cohabitants to retain their own home, remarried informants never to marry again. The analysis focuses the negotiations leading to relationship change. We discuss and question prevailing implicit assumptions about older people’s relationships as non-negotiated and unchangeable.

  • 9630.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    New Forms of Intimacy in Later Life in a Culture of Divorce2014Ingår i: 8th International Conference on Cultural Gerontology: Programme and Abstracts, 2014, s. 92-92Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on intimacy in later life have mostly focused on institutionalized life-­‐long marriages, and the transition out of such marriages into widowhood. Based on theories about the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens) and potentials of the third age (Laslett), this paper focuses on forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden. The results arebased partly on qualitative interviews, including relationship biographies, with 28 Swedes (63–91 years) living in new heterosexual relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) and dating singles. And partly on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers; a preference of LAT and cohabitation (non-­‐visible in official statistics); the importance of intimate relationships for well-­‐being and that new relationships are as important for life-­‐satisfaction as long-­‐lasting ones; that intimate relationships are more important than children for well-­‐being. A central analytical finding was the importance of time as an organizing frame for new intimate relationships in later life: the paradox of having a lot of free time in the third age, but a restricted life time left. Results will be discussed in relation to the theorizing frames mentioned above, especially new practices for intimacy in a culture of divorce. Cohort replacement is only one explanation for changing practices and the period effect seems to be as important.

  • 9631.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    University of Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Partner-age in late life unions - ideals vs realities2016Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 56, nr 3, s. 732-732, artikel-id Suppl. 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Age homo/heterogamy in romantic unions is given little attention in current gerontological research. Still partner age-differences are important for men’s and women’s relationship opportunities. This paper studies actual partner-age (age-difference) in cross-gendered unions, and ideal partner-age both for singles and respondents in unions. The study was carried out by a survey to 60–90 year old Swedes, currently either singles or in a cross-gender relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) (n=1225). Unions follow a traditionally gendered age structure: 56% of men, but only 16% of women have a younger partner. This pattern is more pronounced: in first unions (p<.001) and unions initiated before 1970 (p<.01). For respondents in unions actual partner-age showed no significant correlation with union form or urbanity (modernity-hypothesis), and not with education or income (power-hypothesis). For respondents in unions Ideal Partner-Age correlates strongly (p<.001; R2=0,76) with actual partner-age (ideal slightly younger). Among single respondents, almost all (92%) single men and half of the single women (47%) prefer a younger partner (8,9 years younger on average for men; 2,2 for women). The proportion preferring a younger partner increases by age, leading to increasingly incompatible age ideals. Results will be discussed in relation to life-course theory; gender and power; the deinstitutionalization hypothesis.

  • 9632.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sexual activity and norms among older Swedes: a life course perspective2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that in late modernity sex has escaped its reproductive cage and people form pure relationships, based on mutual satisfaction. Ironically, although older people are per definition non-reproductive, they have often been neglected in studies on sexuality. In this paper we present results from 1) a qualitative interview study with a strategic sample of 28 63–91 year old Swedes currently dating or in a heterosexual relationship (married, cohabiting, LAT) initiated 60+ and 2) a quantitative survey including answers from 1225 60–90 year old Swedes. The interviews revealed a clear normative change, from a cultural context that condemned extra-marital sex in young adulthood to a context which encourages sexual relationships but not marriage in later life. All had experienced the sexual liberation of the 1960s, and today, these liberal attitudes seem to encompass later life. Today, an active sex-life was regarded as important for a good relationship and sexual attraction was seen as a precondition for new relationships. Many informants had interpreted sexual decline in former relationships as “natural” and age-related, but re-discovered sexuality with their new partner. In the survey, a majority (93 %) had had their sexual debut before marriage (despite the restrictive norms). Half or the respondents have had ≥ 4 more sexual partners, and one in five ≥ 10. Sexual activity correlated negatively with relationship length. It has often been argued in gerontology that sexual values and practices will become more liberal in the future by cohort replacement. Our data indicates that “the future might already be here”.

  • 9633.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    The impact of new intimate relationships in later life on life satisfaction2013Ingår i: The Gerontologist, ISSN 0016-9013, E-ISSN 1758-5341, Vol. 53, nr Suppl. 1, s. 61-61Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9634.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Social Work, Stockholm University.
    The impact of new intimate relationships in later life on social and filial relationships.2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9635.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    The importance of intimate relationships for well-being in later life2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies on intimacy in later life have mostly focused on institutionalized life-long marriages, and the transition out of such marriages into widowhood. Based on theories about the shift from marriage to divorce culture (Hackstaff), the transformation of intimacy (Giddens) and potentials of the third age (Laslett), this paper focuses on forms of intimacy in later life in late modern Sweden. The results are based partly on qualitative interviews, including relationship biographies, with 28 Swedes (63–91 years) living in new relationships initiated after the age of 60 (marriage, cohabitation, LAT) and dating singles. And partly on a quantitative survey to 60–90 year old Swedes (n=1225). The results show: A great diversity in relationship careers; a preference of LAT and cohabitation (non-visible in official statistics); the importance of intimate relationships for well-being and that new relationships are as important for life-satisfaction as long-lasting ones; that intimate relationships are more important than children for well-being. A central analytical finding was the importance of time as an organizing frame for new intimate relationships in later life: the paradox of having a lot of free time in the third age, but a restricted life time left. Results will be discussed in relation to the theorizing frames mentioned above, especially new practices for intimacy in a culture of divorce. Cohort replacement is only one explanation for changing practices and attitudes to new intimate relationships in later life and the period effect seems to be as important.

  • 9636.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Stockholms universitet.
    Time as a structuring condition for new intimate relationships in later life: A qualitative study of elderly Swedes2013Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, nr Suppl. 1, s. 109-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Social gerontology about intimacy in old age has almost exclusively focused on institutionalized life-long marriages. However, mobility in and out of intimate relationships has become more common in late modern societies also in later life. In this paper the research questions are: What characterizes the formation of new intimate relationships in later life? Are there any specific, more or less universal, conditions that separate them from relationships in earlier life phases?

    Method: Qualitative interviews were used with a strategical sample of 28 6-?91 year old Swedes, who have established a new intimate heterosexual relationship after the age of 60 or who are dating.

    Results: The results showed time as constituting a central structuring condition for new intimate relationships in later life. In the results three aspects of time: Available free time, Lived time and Remaining time ? which all have a constituting and formative power on new late in life relationships are discussed in relation to theories of late modernity and the Third Age and in relation to changing demographical conditions.

    Conclusion: The concluding discussion will be about the time theoretical frame as a model for understanding experiences of ageing.

  • 9637.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete.
    Bildtgård, Torbjörn
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Socialhögskolan, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm, Sverige.
    Andersson, Lars
    Institutionen för samhälls- och välfärdsstudier (ISV), NISAL, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, Sverige.
    Skyddar en parrelation på äldre dar mot ensamhet?2016Ingår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 23, nr 1, s. 19-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to study the importance of intimate relationships as protection from loneliness in later life. We base ourselves on a survey to Swedes aged 60–90 (n=1 225) focusing on intimate relationships. The analysis considers neglected issues in ageing research on loneliness: the importance of union form, the importance of looking at relationship dissolution in terms of both widowhood and divorce, and the importance of new late life unions (a gains perspective). We use two theoretical perspectives: the discrepancy model (realities vs. ideals), and the protection hypothesis, where the partner is generally the first and most important source of support in everyday life. The results show that a partner protects against loneliness and that union form matters: marriage provides the best protection, followed by cohabitation and Living Apart Together (LAT). Feelings of loneliness decrease over time following a union dissolution – and, for men, more rapidly after separation than widowhood. The more the ideal union form differs from one’s actual union form, the more common are feelings of loneliness. Initiating a new relationship after a union dissolution protects against loneliness. The article discusses the importance of using union form instead of civil status as relationship indicators in studies of older people in late modern Sweden, and of including separation/divorce as indicators of union dissolution besides widowhood. It also stresses the importance of looking at later life not only from a loss – but also from a gains – perspective.

  • 9638.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Pohjolainen, Pertti
    Age institute, Helsinki.
    Ruoppila, Isto
    Psykologiska institutionen, Jyväskylä universitet, FI.
    Experiencing ageing – Kokemuksellinen vanheneminen – Att uppleva åldrandet1994 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I boken Att uppleva åldrandet ges en mångsidig bild av aktuell social- och psykogerontologisk forskning. Kända forskare från USA, Skandinavien och Finland analyserar i olika artiklar centrala temata som: uppfattningen av ålderdomen genom historien, psykogerontologins historia och utveckling, kreativitet under livsloppet, attityder till åldrandet och livslörändrdingar, upplevelser av hälsa och sjukdom samt förhållandet och växelverkan mellan generationerna. Artiklarna förmedlar också ny kunskap om äldrebefolkningen i Finland. Boken riktar sig speciellt till olika yrkesgrupper som är intresserade av åldrandet, samt till studerande i social- och vårdvetenskap.

  • 9639.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala univeristet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Alter und Altern in der Lebensge­schichte älterer Finnen1995Ingår i: Altwerden in einer alternden Gesellschaft:: Kontinuität und Krisen in biographischen Verläufen / [ed] Mader, W., Opladen: Leske & Budrich , 1995, s. 155-170Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9640.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska instutionen.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Hyvä vanhuus – kaikesta huoli­mat­ta [En god ålderdom – trots allt]1994Ingår i: Muuttuva vanhuus [Ålderdom i förän­dring] / [ed] Uutela, A. & Ruth, J.-E., Helsinki: Gaudeamus , 1994, 1, s. 445-463Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9641.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Livsloppsformer och åldrande i Finland1993Ingår i: Livslöp blant gamle i Norden / [ed] Kari Waerness, Jan-Erik Ruth & Lars Tornstam, Oslo: Norsk gerontologisk institutt , 1993, s. 141-198Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9642.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala univeristet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Old age as reflected in the life stories of elderly Finns1995Ingår i: Images of aging in Western so­cieties / [ed] Hummel, C. & Lalive d'Epinay, C.J., Geneva: Centre for Interdisciplinary Gerontolology, University of Geneva , 1995, 1, s. 121-140Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9643.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Centrum för forskning och utbildning i äldreomsorgen, Kuntokalio, Finland.
    Ruth, Jan-Erik
    Age institute, Helsinki FI.
    Rädsla och Otrygghet Bland Äldre1987Ingår i: Gerontologia, ISSN 0784-0039, Vol. 1, nr 1, s. 55-62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 9644.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Dept Sociol.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Attitudes towards embodied old age among Swedes2003Ingår i: The International Journal of Aging & Human Development, ISSN 0091-4150, E-ISSN 1541-3535, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 133-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Messages in the consumer culture are often youth oriented, aiming at the prevention of the bodily decay associated with biological ageing. In gerontological discourses, this has been hypothesised to generate negative attitudes towards embodied ageing and old age. Studies about general attitudes towards old age show that younger respondents have more negative attitudes than do older respondents, and gerontological discourses also hypothesise a gendered ageism, with especially negative attitudes towards elderly women. The empirical study of embodied ageing among 1,250 Swedes aged 20-85 years contradicts these hypotheses. The results show rather positive attitudes towards embodied old age, especially among young and middle-aged respondents. Neither do the results unequivocally confirm the hypothesis of gendered ageism, which predicts considerably more negative attitudes towards old women than towards old men. One interpretation of the results is that, counter to many hypotheses, the consumer culture, with its new opportunities and roles for old people, may positively affect these attitudes.

  • 9645.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Body images among men and women of different ages1999Ingår i: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 19, nr 5, s. 629-644Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The exterior territories, or surfaces, of the body have become symbols of the self in late modernity. People are increasingly overwhelmed with messages of youthful ideals: how to stay young or how to get old without signs of ageing. However, studies of the effects of these images on people’s own experiences as they grow older seem to be lacking. The present paper reports an empirical study which focuses on body image for men and women of different ages. Four hypotheses, derived from social gerontological theories, are developed and tested against data: the female beauty hypothesis, the double marginality hypothesis, the ageing mask hypothesis and the ageless self hypothesis. The survey, taken by 2,002 Swedes, reveals a response pattern with basically positive body images and, for women, increasingly positive with age. The results are, thus, in sharp contrast to the gerontophobic messages from consumer culture as well as to some gerontological theories

  • 9646.
    Öberg, Peter
    et al.
    Uppsala university, Department of Sociology.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
     Youthfulness and Fitness Identity Ideals for All Ages?2001Ingår i: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 15-29Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In consumer society the body, one focus for a youthful consumption, is a symbol of identity, the ‘true presentation’ of who one really is. We have witnessed new images for elderly people, especially the Young-Old. This descriptive study focuses on the importance of youthfulness and fitness in different among Swedes in different ages. The empirical study among 1.250 Swedes in the age 20-85 show youthfulness and fitness as uni-age phenomena. More than 7 out of 10 report lower ‘subjective ages’ (Feel-Age, Ideal-Age and Look-Age) than their chronological age. Fitness activities and slenderness ideals seem to be important independent of age group. This could, on one hand, be interpreted as a changing life course with new, more ‘positive’ images of old age. On the other hand it could be interpreted as a new, more subtle form of ageism.

  • 9647.
    Öborn, Helena
    et al.
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Technology and Intervention, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wettergren, Lena
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Herthelius, Maria
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical Science, Technology and Intervention, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Forinder, Ulla
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för socialt arbete och psykologi, Socialt arbete. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Social Work, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Associations between lower urinary tract dysfunction and health-related quality of life in children with chronic kidney disease2016Ingår i: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, nr 8, s. 959-966Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim Little is known about the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children with lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). We investigated LUTD and other possible predictors of impaired HRQoL in children with conservatively treated moderate to severe CKD or with a kidney transplant.

    Methods All 64 children with CKD or a kidney transplant treated at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, between June 2011 and December 2012 were approached and 59 children aged 8-18 were enrolled in the study. Lower urinary tract function was evaluated with voiding history, frequency and volume chart, uroflowmetry and post void ultrasound measurements. Self-reported HRQoL was assessed with validated generic instruments.

    Results The HRQoL of the study cohort was as good as the general paediatric population, apart from the physical and psychological well-being dimensions, and was no different to children with other chronic conditions. Urinary incontinence, but not LUTD in general, was associated with impaired HRQoL, as was having a kidney transplant and being female in some dimensions.

    Conclusion LUTD was common in children with CKD or a kidney transplant but did not affect their general HRQoL. Predictors of impaired HRQoL included incontinence, having had a kidney transplant and being female.

  • 9648.
    Öhberg, Fredrik
    Högskolan i Gävle, Centrum för belastningsskadeforskning.
    Biomechanical methods and error analysis related to chronic musculoskeletal pain2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Spinal pain is one of humanity’s most frequent complaints with high costs for the individual and society, and is commonly related to spinal disorders. There are many origins behind these disorders e.g., trauma, disc hernia or of other organic origins. However, for many of the disorders, the origin is not known. Thus, more knowledge is needed about how pain affects the neck and neural function in pain affected regions. The purpose of this dissertation was to improve the medical examination of patients suffering from chronic whiplash-associated disorders or other pain related neck-disorders.

    Methods A new assessment tool for objective movement analysis was developed. In addition, basic aspects of proprioceptive information transmission, which can be of relevance for muscular tension and pain, are investigated by studying the coding of populations of different types of sensory afferents by using a new spike sorting method. Both experiments in animal models and humans were studied to accomplish the goals of this dissertation. Four cats where were studied in acute animal experiments. Mixed ensembles of afferents were recorded from L7-S1 dorsal root filaments when mechanical stimulating the innervated muscle. A real-time spike sorting method was developed to sort units in a multi-unit recording. The quantification of population coding was performed using a method based on principal component analysis. In the human studies, 3D neck movement data were collected from 59 subjects with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) and 56 control subjects. Neck movement patterns were identified by processing movement data into parameters describing the rotation of the head for each subject. Classification of neck movement patterns was performed using a neural network using processed collected data as input. Finally, the effect of marker position error on the estimated rotation of the head was evaluated by computer simulations.

    Results Animal experiments showed that mixed ensembles of different types of afferents discriminated better between different muscle stimuli than ensembles of single types of these afferents. All kinds of ensembles showed an increase in discriminative ability with increased ensemble size. It is hypothesized that the main reason for the greater discriminative ability might be the variation in sensitivity tuning among the individual afferents of the mixed ensemble will be larger than that for ensembles of only one type of afferent. In the human studies, the neural networks had a predictivity of 0.89, a sensitivity of 0.90 and a specificity of 0.88 when discriminating between control and WAD subjects. Also, a systematic error along the radial axis of the rigid body added to a single marker had no affect on the estimated rotation of the head.

    Conclusion The developed spike sorting method, using neural networks, was suitable for sorting a multiunit recording into single units when performing neurophysiological experiments. Also, it was shown that neck movement analysis combined with a neural network could build the basis of a decision support system for classifying suspected WAD or other pain related neck-disorders.

  • 9649.
    Öhlund, Lennart S.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Akademin för hälsa och arbetsliv, Avdelningen för arbets- och folkhälsovetenskap, Folkhälsovetenskap. Aalesund University College, Aalesund, Norway .
    Grönbladh, Leif
    Uppsala University, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Letter to the Editor Regarding "Exiting Prostitution: An Integrated Model," by L. M. Baker, R. L. Dalla, & C. Williamson, Violence Against Women, 16, 579-6002012Ingår i: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 371-372Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 9650.
    Öhlund, Lennart S
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gävle, Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och psykologi, Ämnesavdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Grönbladh, Leif
    Uppsala universitet.
    Patterns of deviance career in the history of female methadone clients: an exploratory study2009Ingår i: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 95-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe the drug career of 71 severely opioid-dependent women who had a history of selling sex and were enrolled in methadone maintenance treatment. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews, from medical records and reports from social agencies and correctional institutions. The sequential pattern could be described in the following order: initiation of the first drug of abuse, opioid onset, initiation of selling sex, first non-methadone treatment episode, first sentence and, finally, methadone maintenance treatment. There were significant age differences and correlations between most of the events. The main correlation (r = 0.70) was the one between debut of opioid use and selling sex, which was confirmed in a stepwise multiple regression analysis. In addition, a history of running away from home advanced the age at which the women started selling sex for those with an onset of opioid use at an older age than the mean of 18.4 years.

190191192193194 9601 - 9650 av 9694
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf