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  • 1.
    Ahlgren, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Hedlund-Ekström, Annika
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Barns rätt och behov av kunskap om sitt ursprung. Attityder hos par som tar emot donerade ägg eller spermier samt de som donerar.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to describe what attitudes there were among recipients and donors about the guiding principles that should comply with oocyte- and sperm donation. The purpose was also to investigate if there were any differences within the groups of recipient women and men and the donor group considering disclosure to the child about their origin.

    The study became a part of a national project. Data were collected with questionnaire that included earlier described aspects. It was formed with statements to take stands towards in form of “agree” or “disagree”. Number of participants were 333 and data were collected from April 2005 until spring 2008.

    The main results found that among donors and the attitudes toward the child’s right to get knowledge about their origin showed that women was significantly more positive in several aspects then the men. The results also showed that considering the guiding principles that should comply with gametes donation the recipients and donors had just about similar attitudes. For the recipients there was only the women who had a significant difference in one of the statements, otherwise there was no difference in either of both groups for the attitudes about disclosure to the child.

  • 2.
    Ahlstrand, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Baumgardt, Erika
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Att leda med hjätra och hjärna: en intervjustudie om ledarskap och sjukfrånvaro2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har främst varit att belysa medarbetares upplevelser av ledarskap och dess inverkan på sjukfrånvaro. Studien har utförts på två olika arbetsplatser där man arbetar med personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Båda arbetsplatserna har relativt nyligen fått nya chefer/ledare tillsatta. Vi har valt att genomföra en kvalitativ studie där vi intervjuat sex stycken medarbetare, fyra kvinnor och två män i åldrarna 40-60 år. Intervjuerna genomfördes med ett narrativt angreppssätt, vi ville att samtalet skulle vara öppet med karaktär av dialog. Analysen eftersträvade att genom ett symbolisk interaktionistiskt angreppssätt förstå och tolka de olika upplevelser som informanterna delgivit oss. Det som framkommit i studien är att medarbetarna upplever att en chef/ledare som skapar trygghet också skapar arbetsglädje och motivation. Det är också chefens/ledarens personliga egenskaper som präglar ett bra ledarskap där sjukfrånvaron är låg samt medarbetarnas grad av acceptans av ledarstil. Viktiga aspekter som medarbetarna lyfter fram är att de vill känna sig betydelsefulla, ansvarstagande, hörda samt att chefen tar tag i problem och visar engagemang.

  • 3.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Abendländisches Gedankengut im Rahmen des islamischen Feminismus im Iran2000In: Inamo, Vol. 21, no 6, p. 38-41Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Culture, Religion and Spirituality in Coping: The Example of Cancer Patients in Sweden2006Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research has shown significant associations (negative and positive) between religious and spiritual factors and mental health. Much of this research, however, has been conducted in the US, where religion is an integrated part of most people’s lives. Other studies on religious and spiritually oriented coping conducted outside the US have also focused on religious people. Yet many are non-believers, and many believers do not consider themselves religious, i.e. religion is not an important part of their life. There are also societies in which the dominant culture and ways of thinking dismiss the role of religion in people’s lives. Research on religious coping rarely takes these people into consideration. Thus, the following questions arise: How are religion and spirituality involved in coping when non-believers or non-religious people face difficult events? How do culture and ways of thinking affect people’s choice of religious and spiritual coping methods? Proceeding from a cultural approach to coping and health, this book attempts to address these questions by looking at the coping strategies of Swedish cancer patients.

  • 5.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Den postmoderna islamiska feminismen i Iran och religionens tillfälliga aspekter2008In: Svensk religionshistorisk årsskrift. 15(2006-2007), Uppsala: Swedish Science Press , 2008, Vol. 15, p. 151-180Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Islamic women in Iran challenge the clergy’s monoclinic interpretational power by reconstructing gender and Islamic discourses in a radical way. The result is the flourishing of a new Islamic feminism in Iran which has different attitude towards certain points regarding the Korans view of gender than the other Islamic feminisms.

    Islamic feminists in Iran emphasis the historical context of the Koran and by doing this reformulate Islamic concepts and law from a “feminine” perspective. They open the doors for interpretation of sacred texts and dialogue on women issues to other groups than Muslims. They wrestle with the clergy’s reactive gender conservatism and their Westophobia. Islamic feminist in Iran by embarking on connecting themselves with western feminism and viewing their struggle against discrimination of women in Iran as an integrated part of the global feminism struggle weave new textual connections between Muslim women and Western women.

  • 6.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Development Towards Wisdom and Maturity: Sufi Conception of Self2000In: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 137-149Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying results from in-depth interviews with older Iranian Sufis residing in Sweden, this article describes the benefits of the value system of Sufism prizing mystical union above self-realization. As persons conceive of themselves as all forming parts of other-than-self rather than as separate selves, the result is tolerance towards other people's opinions and the vanishing of hostile feelings and competition. Compassion and identification with the whole of creation allows Sufis to avoid the sense of loneliness and exclusion felt by so many immigrants.

     

  • 7.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Elderly Migrants and the Concept of Home: a Swedish Perspective2005In: Home and Identity in Late Life: International Perspectives / [ed] Graham D. Rowles & Habib Chaudhury, New York: Springer , 2005Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Leading scholars, offering international and multidisciplinary viewpoints, examine the meaning of home to elders and the ways in which this meaning may be sustained, threatened, or modified according to changes associated with growing old.

    Organized into four sections--The Essence of Home, Disruptions of Home, Creating and Recreating Home, and Community Perspectives on the Meaning of Home, this volume explores topics including:

    What makes a house a home?

    What role does the meaning of home play in the process of relocation to another place of residence?

    What is the relationship between a person's home life and cherished possessions such as symbolic jewelry or religious items in late life?

    How does the community/neighborhood environment influence the way that older people feel about the places in which they live?

    This volume will be of interest to practitioners, researchers, upper-level graduates/graduate-level students in gerontology, environmental psychology, social work, and nursing. It will be valuable to everyone in the helping professions who seek a deeper understanding of the ways in which "being at home" and attachment to place plays a key role in the life experience and well-being of their clients as they grow older.

  • 8.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Feministisk tolkning av Koranen.2008In: Svenska dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Hard and Heavy Music: Can It Make a Difference in the Young Cancer Patients' Life?2009In: Voices: A World Forum for Music Therapy, ISSN 1504-1611, E-ISSN 1504-1611, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study on the basis of which this article is written was to examine, from the patients’ perspective, the role music plays as a coping method when facing cancer. Here, using music as a coping method refers to using music (listening to and/or playing music individually or participating in a music therapy program) frequently in order to deal with the significant demands presented by cancer. A semi-structured interview with 17 cancer patients who have used music (listened to or played music) in order to cope with their illness was applied. Five of interviewees were men and twelve women. The youngest informant was 24 and the oldest 73 years old. In the paper presented in this conference I will discuss the result of my study concerning the effects of hard and heavy music in coping with cancer. The result of study shows that hard and heavy music as a coping method:

    - by calling in question the cultural demands of having control over their feelings, helps the young cancer patients to obtain their control,

    - by questioning what are conventionally defined as meaning of life, helps the young cancer patients to find a meaning,

    - by calling in question  the cultural requests of being calm and collected helps the young cancer patients to get their tranquility,  

    - by cheering unhealthy behaviors like using drug and having violent sex helps the young cancer patients to recover their mental health.

    All this due to the possibility the heavy and hard music provides for the young cancer patients to get self-confidence by putting away the false mask one wear and be who she/he really is.

  • 10.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Immigrants and Globalization: identity crisis and the concept of the Individual2005In: The XXIX Conference on Sociotechnics - Sociological Practice. “Networks and Partnership for learning Regions in an area of Micro-globalization in Everyday Practices. The International Sociological Association (ISA) Research Committee Conference RC # 26 in Association with the Sociology Department of the University of the Aegean., 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Islamic Feminism in Iran: Feminism in a New Islamic Context2006In: Journal of feminist studies in religion, ISSN 8755-4178, E-ISSN 1553-3913, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 33-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenging the clergy’s monoclinic interpretational power, Islamic feminists in Iran, by emphasizing the historical context of the holy texts and reformulating Islamic concepts and law from a “feminist” perspective, are developing a new direction in rethinking gender in Islam. By opening the doors of interpretation of sacred texts and debates on women issues to other groups than Muslims, they have braked with reactive gender conservatism and West phobia prevailing among fundamentalists, and have embarked on connecting themselves with Western feminism and weaving new textual connections between Muslim women and Western feminism.

  • 12.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Kultur och hälsa2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsa är en viktig fråga för varje individ och varje samhälle. I ett land med invandrare som har socialiserats i olika samhällen med skilda uppfattningar om hälsa och ohälsa, uppstår behov av att fördjupa såväl allmänhetens som hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens kunskap om betydelsen av kultur, religion och etnicitet i medicin- och hälsofrågor.

    I denna bok belyser författaren, Fereshteh Ahmadi, hur viktig kunskap är om olika kulturers och religioners syn på hälsa och hälsa i bemötandet av patienter.

    Boken vänder sig i första hand till studenter på grundutbildningsnivå samt personal inom hälso- sjukvården men den kan även användas av andra som är intresserade av att skaffa sig kunskaper om kulturens och religionens betydelse för förståelse av ohälsa.

  • 13.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Kulturens indvirkning på åndlig coping med kraef2008In: Kan bjerge flytte Troen?, Copenhagen: Gyldenda, Nordisk forlag , 2008, p. 211-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Reflections on Spiritual Maturity and Gerotranscendence: Dialogues with Two Sufis2000In: Journal of Religious Gerontology, ISSN 1050-2289, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 43-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Late life development - from the perspectives of spiritual development and gerotranscendence - has been studied using the Life History Approach followed-up by thematic semi-structured interviews with Iranian Sufis residing in Sweden. On the basis of this study and proceeding from the theory of Gerotranscendence, I have, in this paper, illustrated the distinct role of aging in the development towards wisdom and maturity when mystical ideas are already integrated into individuals’ ways of thinking. This is achieved by contrasting, in terms of certain gerotranscendent dimensions, an aged Sufi’s view of her/his Self and the surrounding world with that of a middle-aged Sufi.

  • 15.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Sufism and Gerotranscendence: The impact of way of Thinking, Culture and Aging on Spiritual Maturity1998In: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 189-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the similarities and dissimilarities between a gerotranscendental person's and a Sufi's view of ontological questions, of self and of social and individual relationships. Using the Life History Approach followed up by thematic semi-structured interviews, I studied thirteen Iranian Sufis residing in Sweden, dividing the interviewees into two groups according to the stage of their life in which they became familiar with the Sufi ideas: those who became familiar with Sufi ideas early in their life (30 years) are called early Sufis, and those whose familiarity with Sufi ideas came about in their later life (>30) are called later Sufis. The study posits that the existence of a cosmic view of self and the surrounding world can be observed among early Sufis due to their intemalization of the Sufi ideas in early life. Regarding later Sufis, we can hypothesize that the existence of such a cosmic view is not only due to the intemalization of Sufi ideas, but also to aging.

  • 16.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Iranian Islam and the Concept of the Individual: On the Non-Development of the Concept of the Individual in the Ways of Thinking of Iranians1995Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Iranian Islam: the concept of the individual1998Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    De Gamla Flygande Holländarna: Pendlande invandrare med dubbla tillgångar1996In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, no 7-8, p. 379-384Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala Universitet.
    The Old Flying Dutchman: Shuttling Immigrant with Double Assets1996In: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 191-210Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Gerotranscendence and Different Cultural Settings2001In: Ageing and Society, ISSN 0144-686X, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 395-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Within the framework of an international research project aimed at studying the impact of different cultural settings on gerotranscendent development, six groups of older people distinguished by religiosity and cultural origin were studied. A life history approach, followed by thematic semi-structured interviews, was applied. One of the objectives was to inquire about the possible impact of religion, conceived of as a cultural setting, on development towards gerotranscendence. The findings of this inquiry gave rise to two hypotheses as to the relationship between ge ro transcendence and religiosity. The first hypothesis is that the internalisation of mystical-type ideas in individuals' ways of thinking is probably a factor involved in the development of a gerotranscendent view of life. In other words, whether individuals practice their 'religion' in a spiritual, nonorganisational way, or in an organisational way, may play a role for development towards gerotranscendence. The second hypothesis is that certain characteristics, such as the secular and individualistic features of modern societies, may delay development towards gerotranscendence.

  • 21.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Gerotranscendence and Life Satisfaction: Studies of religious and secular Iranians and Turks2000In: Journal of Religious Gerontology, ISSN 1050-2289, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 17-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A possible relationship between gerotranscendence and life satisfaction was examined using the life narrative approach followed by thematic semi-structured interviews with religious and secular Iranians residing in Sweden and religious and secular Turks residing in Turkey. Both the Turkish and the Iranian studies provide support for the hypothesis that there is a relationship between gerotranscendence and life satisfaction. Both studies show that persons who displayed evidence of gerotranscendence also displayed evidence of life satisfaction. Additionally, neither of the studies revealed informants displaying gerotranscendence in the absence of discernable life satisfaction.

  • 22.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Hemmets betydelse för äldre invandrare: En litteraturöversikt och riktlinjer för fortsatt forskning och teoribildning2000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Identity Crisis and Integration: The divergent Attitudes of Iranian Immigrant Men and women towards Integration into Swedish society2001In: International Migration, ISSN 0020-7985, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 121-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this article is to show the divergent attitudes of Iranian immigrant men and women towards integration into Swedish society.

    As several studies have shown, Iranian women have a better chance of adjusting to Western societies than Iranian men. This article discusses the notion that one of the important reasons for this is the determining role of professional position in the life of Iranian immigrants in Sweden.

    As a result of the improvement in their work status and therefore an improvement in their social position, Iranian immigrant women now have greater possibilities than Iranian immigrant men to overcome the identity crisis which ordinarily makes ethnic groups and cultural minorities lose their sense of fitting into their new social reality.

    This results, in its turn, in the women having a positive attitude towards the new society and increases the extent of their desire for integration into the new society.

  • 24.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Investigating the Religious and Spiritually-oriented Coping Strategies in the Swedish Context: A review of literature and directions for future research2001In: Illness, Crisis & Loss, ISSN 1054-1373, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 336-356Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Islam och feminism: hur västerländska idéer behandlas inom islamisk feminism i Iran2000In: Sofia, ISSN 0281-8787, no 1, p. 13-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    The Late Modern Age and Adoption to Social and Value Changes in Later life2002In: Reflections on Diversity and Change in Modern Society: a Festschrift for Annick Sjögren / [ed] Nadia Banno Gomes, Botkyrka: Multicultural Centre , 2002Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    The Meaning of Home among Elderly Immigrants: Directions for Future Research and Theoretical Development2000In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 353-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper discusses the notion that, in research on elderly immigrant housing, it is not enough to delineate the residential geography of different elderly immigrant groups or to study the economic and social reasons for their segregated habitations and exclusiveness. It is also necessary to understand, in the spatial context, the degree of integration and the differences between groups. In explaining these differences, consideration should be given to each elderly immigrant group's own value system, norms and preferences. It is argued that one necessary task in this endeavour is to gain knowledge about different elderly immigrant groups' understandings of what a home symbolises - what home means to them in the context of their particular ways of thinking and culture. From this point of view, the paper concludes that, when investigating the meaning of 'home' among elderly immigrants, an integrative theoretical approach based on an experiential perspective and a phenomenological and developmental perspective are deemed appropriate to be adopted.

  • 28.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Lewin, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sexualitet och heder: identitet i kris hos unga människor med utländsk bakgrund2003In: Ungdom, kulturmöten, identitet / [ed] Nader Ahmadi, Stockholm: Liber , 2003, 2, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Elderly Iranian Immigrants in Sweden2000In: Proceedings Vol II: Social and Environmental Issues of Aging, Tehran: Goroh Bonoval Nikokar Publishing , 2000Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Asylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom: kunskapsöversikt och kartläggning2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie om situationen för sylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom genomförd i två delar: en kunskapsöversikt och en kartläggning.

    Syftet har varit att ge en bild av såväl den internationella och nationella kunskapsnivån som problematikens omfattning och de drabbde barnens psykosociala tillstånd.

  • 31.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Asylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom: trauma, kultur, asylprocess2006Report (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Hessle, Marie
    Mannikoff, Anna
    Asylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom: ett svenskt fenomen åren 2001-20062006Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Lönnback, Eva Britt
    Tvärkulturellt socialt arbete: av socialarbetare för socialarbetare2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Akam, Barbara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Larsson, Svetlana
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Inegrations- och normaliseringsmål för personer med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar: en studie av personalens upplevelser av daglig omsorgsverksamhet i Polen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med vår uppsats är att med en komparativ ansats studera hur integrerings- och

    normaliseringsmål uppnås för personer med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar inom den

    dagliga verksamheten i Polen. Vi vill även se hur personalen upplever att de uppnår dessa

    mål. Huvudmetoden för studien var kvalitativ intervju. I vår analys har vi valt att använda oss

    av KASAM-teorin som kan förklara hur personalen på den dagliga verksamheten upplever att

    integrerings- och normaliseringsmålen uppnås. Vi använder oss av begrepp som

    empowerment, normalisering och integration. Vad som framkommer är att personalen

    upplever att deras integrerings- och normaliseringsmål i verksamheten uppnås, men att det

    finns brister som gör att man inte når ända fram. För att uppnå målen behövs mera resurser

    och en annan syn på människor med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningar.

  • 35.
    Alderman Andersson, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Avstå eller avbryta livsuppehållande behandling - Intensivvårdssjuksköterskans delaktighet i beslutsprocessen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Alftberg, Helene
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Vårdpreventivt arbetssätt för att förhindra undernäring hos äldre – Intervjuer med vårdpersonal inom tre vårdnivåer2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to describe nursing staffs’ perceptions of risks for malnutrition and preventive efforts thereof, for patients 70 years and older, at different care levels within one municipality. Descriptive design was used and twelve participants included; two district nurses, one physiotherapist and one occupational therapist from a health care centre, two registered nurses, one unit director and one physiotherapist from a nursing home in the municipality and four registered nurses from an internal medicine hospital ward. Interviews and qualitative content analysis was used resulting in four categories Conditions of risks for malnutrition, Ensuring nutritional intake, Structured way to work and Collaboration and responsibilities. The participants’ described diseases, disabilities and lost of apprehension concerning weight constituting malnutrition risks. Meals and meal environment influence nutritional intake. Risk assessments, interventions and evaluations mirrored structured way of working. Collaboration with colleagues, other professionals and care levels were highlighted together with responsibilities. Physicians’ participation in malnutrition preventions needs clarification. Improvements like documentation of the nutritional status among the elderly and reports between the different levels of care are needed to ensure safe nutritional care.

     

  • 37.
    Alm, Lena
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Sjöström, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Att leva som barn till förälder med psykisk sjukdom2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this descriptive review was to elucidate how the literature describes how children of parents with mental illness experience and have knowledge about their parent’s illness. The aim was furthermore to describe how the children’s existence is affected, can be improved and why the children so often are invisible. Search through Medline (through PubMed) database and additional manual search was conducted. In total fourteen articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were reviewed. The chosen method for analysis was qualitative and the results are presented on the basis of different subjects that elucidated the questions at issue. The study shows that children of parents with mental disorder often takes responsibility for the parents disease, a disease that has to be kept a secret and often lead to social isolation for the children. The children often have poor knowledge of the parent’s illness. Due to different obstacles these children are difficult to identify and thereby also difficult to help. The children themselves have clear opinions of what kind of help they want, mainly economic and domestic support, conversational support and information. One of the authors’ conclusions is that new research needs to be done regarding Swedish conditions.

  • 38.
    Almstedt, Julia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Gustafsson, Petra
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Känslor hos föräldrar till barn med Downs syndrom: Skillnader mellan mödrar och fäder2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     This study is based on a compilation of previously collected and unprocessed data. The purpose of the study was to compare whether there were any differences between the feelings of mothers and fathers of children with Down syndrome (DS). 80 mothers and 79 fathers participated in the study. The children´s average age was 4,7 years when the parents answered the questionnaire. They were responding to a questionnaire concerning feelings over a period of three months. The survey that was used in the study consisted of 21 emotional expressions that would be estimated on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) of 0-10. The results showed that both mothers and fathers of children with DS estimated "happy" highest and "devastated" lowest. "Happy", "angry" and "sorry" was significantly higher in mothers compared to fathers. Fathers estimated "bitter / gloomy" significantly higher than the mothers. Moreover, there were no significant differences between the parents. Both mothers and fathers estimated the positive emotional expressions higher than the negative. The results of the study interpret that mothers and fathers of children with DS are not in need of gender-adapted but personalized support and guidance.

  • 39.
    Almén-Åström, Eva
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    En jämförelse av patienters upplevelser av delaktighet, livstillfredsställelse, arbetssituation och sjukvårdskonsumtion efter Strokescreening respektive traditionell vård2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was that, with focus on experiences of participation and life satisfaction, work situation and consumtion of non institutional care, compare two groups that had participated versus not participated in a stroke program for Strokescreening. A questionnaire was sent retrospective to a consequetive group of people. The results were analyzed with Chi2-test, Mann Whitney-test, T-test, linear regression analyzes and multiple logistic analyze. No significant differences could be shown between the groups even though some tendences were noted. The group who participated in the Strokescreening program experienced less participation in personal care than the group who did not participate. The strokepatients that participated in this study experienced a significant lower level of life satisfaction than a reference group of a normal population of Swedes. There was a prominent difference between the groups about occupation before the stroke. In time of this study there where some higher percentes in the group who participated in the Strokescreening program that had returned to work. Several of the participants in the group that had not participated in the Strokescreening program had a regulary contact with the non institutional care. The results of the present study arouse some questions about the benefit with the Strokescreening program related to the expences. The method of a questionnairy study had some weekness, both in a relatively high level of reduction of participants and a question about the relevace of the questions asked. Therefore, it would be of great interest to make an interview study of this population. It would also be of great interest to examin if there are any differences in the frequency of how many of the participants who gets another stroke in respective group. The purpose of that would be to see if the Strokescreening program has any secondary preventive effect.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Anna
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    BVC-sjuksköterskans arbete: att alltid utgå från barnets bästa2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe how child health care nurses (CHCN) experienced their work with regard to give support to parents, the content of the work as well as their thoughts concerning developing the support to parents. The study had a descriptive design where ten CHCN from different healthcarecentres in the central part of Sweden were interviewed. The collected material was transcribed and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The result was presented under the theme to do what is the best for the child, categories and subcategories. In the category conditions and attitudes the CHCN described how they viewed the situation from the child´s point of view, created a confidence, were available, prepared and understanding. The CHCN addressed that the content of the parental support was to identify and make assessments, support parents and give advice, protect the child, cooperate and coordinate and give out information. Positive experiences the CHCN mentioned was to connect with the parents and children, to get positive feedback, the job situation and the feeling of meaningfulness. Difficult situations in their work was to meet children that were abused, parents who were hard to reach, insufficient attachment between mother and child, when reports needed to be made, illness or death, personal obstacles and lack of resources. Improvement areas identified by the CHCN were related to the nature of the parental support provided, resources as well as the level of personal education.

     

     

     

    Keywords: Child health care nurses, parental support, children, experiences

  • 41.
    Andersson, Lars
    et al.
    Tema Äldre, Linköpings universitet.
    Öberg, Peter
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Diversity, health and ageing2006In: Ageing and diversity: Multiple pathways and cultural migrations / [ed] Svein Olav Daatland & Simon Biggs, Bristol, UK: The Policy Press , 2006, 1, p. 45-60Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Andersson, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Saunamäki, Nina
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Andersson, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Pahlbäck, Ann - Charlotte
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Vilka kunskaper om smärta beskriver litteraturen att sjuksköterskor har: En litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ knowledge of pain. The method used was a systematic literature study. Information was gathered from the databases Blackwell Synergy, Academic Search Elite and Medline, and the keywords used in the search were: pain, knowledge, nurses and nurses.

    The result was divided into three subgroups; Insignificant documentation and evaluation. More education is necessary. Knowledge and attitudes.

    Nurses need to improve their documentation and do it more continuously, not only at the end of their workday, but also make documentation about changes in the patient’s condition. The result showed lack in nurse’s basic traing regarding pain and pain management. Nurses that had gone to further education regarding pain and pain management had more knowledge in the subject. Concerning how knowledge and attitudes played a role in the interpretation of pain in patients from other cultures , the result showed how important it is that the nurses are culturally congruent, meaning that they must support, promote and amplify actions and decisions that goes along the lines of other cultures values and life styles.

    The educating of pain advisers seems very worth wile since workplaces with pain-advisers have improved their pain management considerable.

  • 44.
    Andersson, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Linderdahl, Charlotta
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Mellan hem och institution: en studie av somatiskt växelboende i Gävle kommun, ur äldre omsorgstagare och anhörigas perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att skapa kunskap om somatiskt växelboende i Gävle kommun, ur äldre omsorgstagare och anhörigas perspektiv. Undersökningen utgjordes av en kvalitativ studie i form av intervjuer. Sex intervjuer utfördes med tre omsorgstagare och deras maka/make, som använder somatiskt växelboende. Ett hermeneutiskt angreppssätt användes för bearbetningen av vårt empiriska material, vidare kategoriserade vi data genom kodning utifrån analysmetoden grounded theory. De fyra analysteman som kategoriserades fram, Emotioner, Relationer, Bemötande och Livs- och omsorgskvalité, presenteras i resultatdelen med kopplingar till empirin och de teorier som vi ansåg relevanta för studien: SOS- syndromet, Individualiseringsprincipen samt Aktivitets-, Sociala identitets-, Vänskaps-, Roll- och Utbytesteorin, vilka ger en ökad förståelse för äldre omsorgstagare och deras anhöriga som använder somatiskt växelboende. Resultatet visade att alla omsorgstagare upplevde, att orsaken till att de använder sig av växelboende, var att deras partner behövde avlastning och vila. De kände sig trygga och trivdes på växelboendet, samtidigt som de upplevde en nedstämdhet av att vara tvungna att lämna sina hem. De anhöriga upplevde att det var emotionellt påfrestande att ta emot hjälp i form av växelboende, men gav uttryck för en uppnådd livskvalité, genom att ha tillgång till växelboende. Alla informanter delgav att de var mycket nöjda med personalen. Fem av sex deltagare i studien, upplevde att uppföljning från Gävle kommun och omvårdnadsförvaltningen, gällande deras situation som omsorgstagare, kändes obefintlig. Slutsatsen av vår studie är, att växelboende i Gävle kommun, som det bedrivs i dag, upplevs tillfredställande och bra, av både omsorgstagare och deras anhöriga. Tillgången till denna form av avlastning är viktig, för att på detta sätt kunna efterleva den kvarboendeprincip som är vägledande inom svensk äldreomsorg.

    Nyckelord: Emotioner, Relationer, Bemötande och Livs- och omsorgskvalité

  • 45.
    Anthony, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Kiya, Fariba
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Klimakteriet Kvinnans upplevelse: Litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this descriptive literature study was to describe the climacteric experiences and expectations of women and the support provided by the public health sector especially from nursing staff. Knowledge gained from this study is aimed to be used in providing more comprehensive nursing care for women. The search for literature was done by using databases. English-language articles that presented relevant data were identified from 1995 to 2007. A total of twenty- two scientific articles were included in the study.

    The analysis resulted in two major categories of experiences: Confusion as well as insecurity and dissatisfaction with health service providers. Confusion and insecurity is rooted in the physical, psychological and social aspects of life. Women’s experiences and expectations differ from each other. Both positive and negative aspects are described. Society in general has a significant influence on how women experience climacteric. General dissatisfaction with health care providers was prominent and this applied across the board from nurses to doctors. Women experienced that health care providers lacked understanding to their needs and communication between them was far from satisfactory. The authors conclude that it is essential for nursing staff to understand the effects of climacteric in order to meet the needs of women.

  • 46.
    Antonsson, Camilla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Kavallin, Kjerstin
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Livskvalitet hos ungdomar En beskrivande och jämförande studie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe how adolescents in the age of 16-19 experience

    their quality of life and to explore if there are any differences between the sexes.

    The study was carried out at a high school in Sweden during January 2008 and is an

    empirical, quantitative cross sectional study with a descriptive and comparative design. The

    final sum of participants were 90, 47 girls and 43 boys. The authors used the Life Satisfaction

    Questionnaire. The results of the study showed that the highest scores were found in physical

    symptoms. The teenagers scored lowest in the everyday life’s fun and meaningful activities.

    The result showed differences between the sexes, boys rated significantly higher quality of

    life than girls in physical symptoms, whereas girls rated their quality of life significantly

    higher in relations to family members and friends. The teenagers estimated their study result

    and their ability to manage their studies as rather good, in these subjects, the girls rated

    significantly higher scores than the boys. The majority of the students did not feel harassed. A

    third of the adolescents stated that they had felt depressed in some degree or higher. In this

    question, the boys rated significantly higher scores than the girls.

    Keywords: Quality

  • 47.
    Areteg, Marcus
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Utvärdering av postoperativ noninvasiv ventilationmed Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure av obesapatienter som genomgår elektiv gastric bypasskirurgi2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Obese patients have a higher risk for respiratory complications after general anesthesia related toreduced vital capacity (VC), functional residual capacity (FRC) and total lung capacity (TLC).Earlier studies have shown that postoperative treatment with Bi-level Positive Airway Pressureimproved forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1.0) andsaturation (SpO2) after elective gastric bypass surgery. Present study evaluates whether or not thesame postoperative treatment also shows differences in arterial blood gases, if compared with usualpostoperative treatment with nasal administered oxygen. A second aim was to describe how patientsexperienced the BIPAP treatment. Arterial blood gases from 18 patients were analyzed withanalytical statistics. The study showed that postoperative treatment whit BIPAP during 3 hoursresults in higher SpO2 and lower paCO2 than traditional postoperative treatment after electivegastric bypass surgery. Both treatments results in lower paO2 and unchanged pH. Several patientsexperienced discomfort during the BIPAP treatment.

  • 48.
    Aspgren, Emma
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    Distriktssköterskors upplevelser av att arbeta med motiverande samtal som ett arbetsverktyg2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva distriktssköterskors upplevelser av att arbeta med motiverande samtal som arbetsverktyg. Studien hade en kvalitativ ansats med beskrivande design. Nio distriktssköterskor från fyra hälsocentraler i ett landsting i Mellansverige deltog. Data samlades in med semistrukturerade intervjuer och analyserades utifrån kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Tre huvudkategorier framkom (användningsområde, arbetsverktyg, och förändrat arbetssätt) och dessa bildade temat

    "Att förändra fokus i mötet och aktivera patienten". Huvudkategorin Användningsområde visade att motiverande samtal oftast användes i mottagningsarbetet. Vidare ansåg distriktssköterskorna att motiverande samtal fungerade bra inom barn – och skolhälsovården men att motiverande samtal var svårt att använda i palliativ vård. Huvudkategorin Arbetsverktyg visade hur distriktssköterskorna använde sig av motiverande samtal samt vilka delar de ansåg var viktiga för att utöva motiverande samtal. Viktigast var ett respektfullt bemötande av patienten och distriktssköterskorna visade detta genom att ställa öppna frågor. Distriktssköterskorna frågade patienterna om lov för att ge information och identifierade vart i förändringsprocessen som patienterna befann sig. En annan viktig del var att tydliggöra patientens egenansvar. I huvudkategorin Förändrat arbetssätt beskrev distriktssköterskorna hur arbetet hade förändrats sedan utbildningen i motiverande samtal. Den största skillnaden var att patienterna hade ett utökat ansvar nu jämfört med tidigare och att distriktssköterskorna nu fungerade som coach.

  • 49.
    Asplin, Margret
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Brink, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Sjuksköterskors och läkares förhållningssätt till basala hygienrutiner inom slutenvård och primärvård2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and compare nurses, district nurses and physicians approach to the hygiene guidelines. The data collection was conducted with a questionnaire within four hospital units and nine primary care units in a Swedish county during spring and early summer of 2009. A total of 186 healthcare workers returned the questionnaire, 86 from hospital units and 100 from primary care units. The main result of the study shows that the healthcare workers from both hospital and primary care didn´t estimate all, by the authors chosen, routines equally. A significant difference found between the units was that hospital personnel estimated the importance of not to wear private clothes during work higher than personnel from primary care. Also, they more rarely departed from the routines regarding to disinfect their hands after physical contact, not to wear jewelry or a watch on their hands or arms and not to wear private clothes during work hours. Nurses/district nurses from hospital and primary care units estimated the importance of following the guidelines to be higher than the physicians did from both units. They also estimated higher on the majority of the moments regarding compliance. This study shows the need of continued studies within this subject because of the lack of studies regarding healthcare workers approach to the guidelines and what effect it can have on improving compliance.

  • 50.
    Axling, Jessica
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology.
    ”Vad jobbar du med nuförtiden då?”: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser och erfarenheter hos långtidsarbetslösa personer över 55 år i Söderhamns kommun2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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