hig.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
12 1 - 50 of 69
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Erbil, Pelin
    Oncology Clinique, Humanite Psychiatry, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Department of Theology, Uppsala University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients2019In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

  • 2.
    Algesjö Rautiainen, Sarah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Strand, Annika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Vad händer när jag inte finns längre?: Föräldrars föreställningar om framtiden för sina intellektuellt funktionsnedsatta barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate what thoughts and strategies parents of people with intellectual disabilities had concerning their children’s future, and if whether societal attitudes had an impact on these thoughts. A qualitative study was conducted through focus group discussions. The results were categorized through a thematic analysis, and the results were analysed using SOC and coping theories. The parents' fears were of societal changes and cutbacks to the welfare system. The participants were reluctant thinking about the future, a form of avoidant coping. They also used problem-focused coping by improvements to the child's current situation and through organized advocacy work. An important conclusion was that parents of people with intellectual disabilities felt a strong worry regarding their children's future when they themselves would be gone. This due to a lack of sense of coherence caused by perceived shortcomings in societal structures and negative attitudes from society.

  • 3.
    Al-idani, Dua
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Habib, Daniella
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Skolgång i samhällets vård: En intervjustudie om unga vuxnas erfarenheter av sin skolgång under placeringstiden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand how young adults whom previously had been in out-of-home care retrospectively described their schooling. Five young adults between the ages of 21-26 were interviewed in a qualitative study. The theory KASAM helped identify the resources and factors that influenced the informants’ sense of coherence. The results showed that the informants were put in out-of-home care at different ages and had different experiences with their studies while in care. They received help from adults in regards to their studies, which had a positive impact on their schooling. Some informants had negative experiences from their schooling while in care caused by bullying, mental health issues and having to move multiple times. Because of our small sample we could not generalize the results. What the informants had in common was the fact that they had college-level education or were planning to receive it.

  • 4.
    Almström, Mathina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Hossain, Jarif
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Att samverka kring barn med komplexa behov i en specialiserad socialtjänst: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares uppfattning av det professionella samarbetet kring barn med behov av samordnade insatser.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur socialarbetare på Socialtjänsten upplever att samverkan mellan enheterna; Barn- och ungdomsenheten samt Enheten för funktionshinder fungerar i praktiken samt hur de ser på eventuella utmaningar med att utreda barn med komplexa behov. Studien byggde på kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer och resultatet har analyserats utifrån organisationsteori och systemteori. Studien visar att enheterna kan betraktas som separata subsystem med olika institutionella logiker. Socialarbetarna beskriver att barn med komplex problematik behöver att de skilda subsystemen kan verka över de organisatoriska fälten och att samverkan är ett värdesatt verktyg. Det uttrycks en klar vilja till att samarbeta men det saknas tydliga direktiv för hur det ska säkerställas i praktiken. I syfte att förbättra samverkansarbetet beskriver socialarbetarna att det behövs fler och regelbundna utbildningstillfällen samt väldefinierade riktlinjer. Denna studie är visserligen inte generaliserbar till hela samhället men indikerar ändå att svårigheterna i samverkansarbetet är möjliga att motverka. 

  • 5.
    Berg, Mia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Frånlund, Christin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Att vara lugnet i stormen: Krisstödjares upplevelser av möten med barn efter barnförhör2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore what is considered important in a crisis supportintervention after child interrogation at a child advocacy center. The method used was semistructuredinterviews with four social workers in the crisis support team. The analysis wasbased on systems theory and salutogenesis. The result showed that the legal process,constructed to protect children’s rights, also contributes to the crisis. It showed that the parentsneed to be strengthened in order to support the child. The social workers feel that they help thefamilies in the first crisis, but a lack of resources prevent them from continuing the support,missing the chance to real change. We discusses how well the social workers could helpputting children in a better position than before, with the crisis support method.

  • 6.
    Björklin Wolff, Emilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Jonsson, Jenny
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    När kunskapen inte räcker till: En kvalitativ studie av barnpsykiatrins uppfattning om användandet av sociala medier hos barn med psykisk ohälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today social media is a natural part of many children's everyday life and research has shown a vigorous increase of the usage. At the same time research has shown that mental illness among children has become more frequent and every tenth child suffers from a mental illness. Due to this, the aim of this study was to look into how professionals within child psychiatry experience the usage of social media when they encounter children. Four interviews with curators within child psychiatry was conducted. The results showed that curator’s experiences of social media are that they have an impact on children's mental health and that there is a lack of knowledge about social media in child psychiatry. There is also a lack of methods to map and manage the usage of social media among children.

  • 7.
    Buller, Minna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Rono, Jamine
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Exploring Gymnasielagen (New law on upper secondary education) from professionals’ perspective – A way to integrate or segregate?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish parliament in a bid to curb the large numbers of unaccompanied minors who are denied asylum status – came up with a law which is famously known as Gymnasielagen. The aim of the study was to explore how professionals in upper secondary schools setting and social services perceive the implementation of this law and how it contributes to integration of unaccompanied minors in Sweden concerning school environment.

     Through semi structured interviews, professionals in contact with unaccompanied minors (UAMs) expressed their perception on the Gymnasielagen and its impacts on the lives of UAMs. The advantages and disadvantages of the law together with its contribution to integration of UAMs were investigated.  The results showed that the law renewed hope for UAMs and gave them the chance to start life afresh after the long wait for asylum. There were however significant discrepancies in the law that makes it difficult for UAMs. The condition to get permanent employment after school completion does not seem achievable and puts pressure on them. They are forced to choose courses from a limited number of technical courses that would possibly get them permanent employment.  Integration was also found not to be optimum because of uncertainty among the UAMs.

  • 8.
    Bylund, Rakel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Löfstrand, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Samverkan, en magisk uppkomst?: En studie kring skolkuratorers och lärares upplevelser av samverkan och förutsättningar för samverkan inom skolan.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illustrate school counselors´ and teachers´ experience of cooperation between their professions, what conditions there are for this cooperation given by work situation, employers and education and how these conditions can develop. Four school counselors and two primary school teachers were interviewed in a qualitative study. The results show that the informants want to cooperate but possibilities for this are limited, mainly due to staff shortages, and time constraints. These shortcomings also lead to limited possibilities for health promoting and preventive work because the remedial work needs to be done. Conditions given by education programs for cooperation between professions appears to be inadequate. This study contributes with suggestions on how professionals think that the conditions for cooperation between different school professions can be developed, both at the workplace but also during their education.

  • 9.
    Bäckström, Linn
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Sonnesjö, Mathilda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    "Jag förstod aldrig varför man slår ett barn": - En narrativ studie om sju individers berättelser om våldsutsatthet i barndomen och deras senare våldsutövning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyze narratives of violence and explore how this relates to one's own violence. By means of the theory of differential associations and social learning theory, the development of violent behavior was understood and interpreted. Through a hermeneutic approach, seven life stories from the Stockholm Life-Course Project, were interpreted, where child maltreatment and own use of violence had occurred. The main results showed that the individuals experienced that the childhood had characterized their lives and that they developed a behavior of violence. The violence has been interpreted for strategic purposes but also of pure instinct. The results were problematized with the previous research. The study's conclusion is that exposure to child maltreatment constitutes a risk factor for developing violent behavior. However, the relationship is complex and no causal statements can be made based on our research method and our sample.

  • 10.
    Clysén, Amanda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Berglund, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Den begreppsmässiga problematiken: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om komplexiteten att beskriva arbetsplatsrelaterat hot och våld mot poliser i särskilt utsatta områden2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to create an understanding regarding the complexity of

    describing workplace violence against police officers who work in particularly vulnerable

    areas, based on the definitional problem. Through semi-structured interviews with five police

    officers who work in particularly vulnerable areas, we found that there is a definitional

    confusion regarding workplace violence. It emerged that threats were more difficult to define

    than violence, while it was possible to identify an ambivalence that showed that none of the

    concepts received a definite definition. The definition was based partly on which expressions

    and actions were included and excluded, respectively, on who sets the boundaries regarding

    threat and violence, but was also based on who is performing the actions. The main conclusion

    of the study was that it may not be possible to draw conclusions about range and character with

    certainty, without taking into account the definitional problem that prevails regarding

    workplace violence in particularly vulnerable areas.

  • 11.
    Dahlgren, Charlotta
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Nerström, Andreas
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Kärlekens sista rum: Enhetschefer i socialtjänsten om äldres lagliga rätt att sammanbo i särskilt boende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to examine the reasoning among first line managers concerning the law from 2012 which gives older couples the right to continue living together even when only one of them needs special housing for service and care. We used a qualitative method with data collected through individual semi-structured interviews with six care managers in different municipalities in Sweden. The theoretical approach and interpretative framework for the analysis consisted of Michael Lipsky’s theory of street-level bureaucracy, Roine Johansson’s swedish adaption of this theory and Max Weber’s theory about social actions. We found that there was little variation in how the interviewed care managers used the law and the guidelines to support the work in the organisation rather than seeking individually based solutions for the elderly. The main conclusion of our study was that the law concerning the cohabitation guarantee for elderly has made little difference.

  • 12.
    Diaz, Wera
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Lindberg, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    "Barnen hamnar efter...": En kvalitativ studie om hur socialsekreterare kan beakta barnperspektivet vid ekonomiskt bistånd2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how social workers may define and apply the children's perspective, and how they perceive their discretion when administering social assistance. A qualitative method consisting of semi-structured interviews with four social workers is used. The results show that there are individual differences in the view on what the child perspective entails and how it is put into practice. The social workers’ focus tends to be on the adults’ perspective. Workload, lack of knowledge and the organizational culture are described as influencing factors. There seems to be significant room for discretion in assessments and decisions, although limited by law and guidelines. The social worker's position between the organization's demands and the client's needs seems to be complicated. The results are in line with previous research. It is proposed that in future research investigate the use of the child perspective after implementation of the UN convention on the rights of the child as legislation in Sweden.

  • 13.
    Ekskog Winther, Anna
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Henriksson, Mikaela
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Utsatta kvinnor och otursdrabbade män?: Porträttering av våldsbrottsoffer i svensk media2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to study how Swedish text- based media constructed their portrayal of victims suffering from criminal violence and also to see if there were any gender differences in these portrayals. The study was made by using a qualitative content analysis based on 24 newspaper articles from the Swedish newspapers Aftonbladet and Expressen. The analysis and coding took support from Butler’s gender- theory and Christie’s “ideal type victim”- theory. The analysis resulted in multiple similarities and differences between the female- and male victims. The greatest similarity was the portrayal of the victims as legitimate, although none of the 24 cases fell under the most stereotypical portrait of a crime- victim. The most interesting difference in the results was that the men’s obtained legitimate and dignity despite several showed some kind of doubtful lifestyle.

  • 14.
    Engelbrektsson, Annika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Williams, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Huvudsaken är att man agerar, att man inte bara låtsas som att det inte händer: En kvalitativ studie om hemtjänstpersonals upplevelser av våld i nära relationer bland äldre2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how home care staff experience, detect and handle intimate partner violence among elders as well as investigate the level of knowledge they perceive they and the workgroup possess concerning intimate partner violence. The study was conducted through qualitative interviews with four home care staff. The main results showed that home care staff have difficulties detecting all forms of violence, the most common signs of violence they discovered were bruises, injuries and mean words. The staff experienced limitations in their professional role in relation to intimate partner violence and difficulties in knowing the boundary for what is considered violence. Education in the field is missing and the conception about the level of knowledge differed between the staff. The authors argue that there is a need for more education and knowledge to increase the possibility to detect intimate partner violence among elders.

  • 15.
    Engman, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Magnusson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Livsberättelser om att flytta till äldreboende: vändpunkter för ensamstående äldre kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to illustrate and gain an increased understanding of how singleelderly women experience their move to retirement homes and the resulting effects of theirquality of life. Three women have been interviewed in a qualitative study with in-depthinterviews as the basis for the hermeneutic interpretation. The analysis is made from thetheoretical perspectives of life span, activities and gender. The result showed that theexperience of moving was due to varying factors and individual experiences. When the movewas long awaited, it was perceived as positive, when the move was more or less inevitable, itwas more difficult to accept. The result also showed that quality of life was safety related toadequate staffing, a large range of attractive activities and the opportunity to be sociallyactive. That the move was a turning point was agreed upon by all.

  • 16.
    Engström, Ingemar
    et al.
    Universitetssjukvårdens forskningscentrum, Örebro.
    Bremberg, Sven
    Karolinska institutet.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Dåligt stöd för att psykiska sjukdomar ökar bland unga (DN Debatt)2019In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 21 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialstyrelsen presenterar en katastrofal ökning av psykisk ohälsa bland unga och tolkar det som en reell ökning av psykiska sjukdomar. Vilket leder till rubriker med ord som epidemi. Men slutsatsen håller inte rent vetenskapligt. Vi måste ta signalerna från unga på allvar, men risken för en medikalisering av normala livserfarenheter är uppenbar, skriver tre forskare.

  • 17.
    Engström, Ingemar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Bremberg, Sven
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Socialstyrelsens snabba slutsatser är bristfälligt underbyggda (slutreplik): slutreplik DN Debatt 22/52019In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 29 majArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    SLUTREPLIK DN DEBATT 22/5. Olivia Wigzell och Thomas Lindén från Socialstyrelsen har kommenterat vårt inlägg när det gäller psykisk ohälsa bland barn och unga. Det framkommer inte något nytt i deras svar som i stort sett repeterar innehållet i myndighetens rapporter i ämnet under senare år, skriver forskarna Ingemar Engström, Sven Bremberg och Sofia Wikman.

  • 18.
    Enkhbat, Javzmaa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Wikström, Patrik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Swedish Social Workers’ Perceptions of Harm Reduction Methods in Substance Abuse Treatment2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore how harm reduction methods are perceived by Swedish social workers working with treatment of substance abuse. In doing so, qualitative research method with semi-structured interviews was conducted with five social workers practicing within the social services adult unit from three different municipalities in mid-Sweden. The gathered data was analyzed through the perspective of the two related theoretical frameworks of social constructionism and discourse theory. The result revealed diverse perceptions and perspectives regarding harm reduction methods which both were conflicted between participants and within the participants. Methods practiced in Sweden were to a large degree perceived as positive. Perceptions regarding methods outside of Sweden were to a large degree split between an overall negative perception and a conflicted perception between negative views on the legitimization of drugs and positive perceptions regarding preventive positive outcomes. From the chosen theoretical framework, The participating social workers’ perceptions appeared to be influenced by experience, social context, and a prohibitionist discourse on drug abuse that has since long been predominant in Sweden.

  • 19.
    Ericsson, Jesper
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Stengård, Isabelle
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Att mötas över myndighetsgränser: En kvalitativ studie av samverkan mot brott i nära relation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how officials of the social services and the police perceived inter-organizational collaboration. More specifically inter-organizational collaboration as a method in the work against intimate partner violence. The study also aimed to examine how they perceive the authorities' roles in such cooperation. In order to investigate this, semi-structured interviews have been carried out with officials from both authorities. The interviews were conducted both in the preliminary stage and after a collaborative project against intimate partner violence. The study's result showed that the idea of cooperating against this type of problems has a strong support among the officials of both authorities. Factors that are perceived as the most important for effective collaboration are a clear division of responsibilities between the actors; to have the collaboration on an institutional level, instead of interpersonal, administrative coordination and ensuring that the collaboration has sufficient resources. The result also showed that the officials of the two authorities had a clear conception what constitutes as their professional role. That clear conception can create an uncertainty within the actor when he or she is expected to act in a manner that is not in line with his or her perception of the role.

  • 20.
    Eriksson, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Trångteg Öhman, Frida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    “En människa, inte bara en elev”: En undersökning som låter individer som begått brott  tala om sin skolgång2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get an understanding of the past experiences at school of persons with a criminal past. The purpose was to understand risk-and protective factors which contributes to the development of their criminal behavior. The research questions are “What experiences do the interview participants have from primary school and possibly high school?” and “What school related risk- and protective factors for criminality can be deducted from their stories?”. Based on previous literature, there are risk-and protective factors which whether increase or decrease criminal behavior. In order to collect data, two semi structured and two focus group interviews with in total eight participants were conducted. The social bonding- theory built the theoretical framework that were used to interpret the results. The results were analysed with qualitative content analysis. It was possible to interpret which risk- and protective factors that could have had an impact in the participants’ delinquency from their stories. The results showed that the risk factors are truancy, bullying, being bored in school and a bad relationship with the teachers. The conclusions was that the participants had a bad relationship with school, but it is recognized that there are additional impacting factors leading to criminal behaviour.

  • 21.
    Eslami, Bahareh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. Division of Public Health Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    Laboratory of Geriatric Pharmacoepidemiology, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Barros, Henrique
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Torres-Gonzalez, Francisco
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Stankunas, Mindaugas
    Department of Health Management, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania; Health Service Management Department, School of Medicine, University of Griffith, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
    Ioannidi-Kapolou, Elisabeth
    Department of Sociology, National School of Public Health, Athens, Greece.
    Lindert, Jutta
    Department of Public Health, University of Emden, Emden, Germany; Women’s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United States of America.
    Soares, Joaquim J. F.
    Division of Public Health Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Lifetime abuse and somatic symptoms among older women and men in Europe2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 8, article id e0220741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research suggests that survivors of interpersonal violence have an increasing experience of bodily symptoms. This study aims to scrutinise the association between lifetime abuse and somatic symptoms among older women and men, considering demographics/socio-economic, social support and health variables. Methods: A sample of 4,467 community-dwelling persons aged 60–84 years (57.3% women) living in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Sweden) was recruited for this cross-sectional study. Lifetime abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed on the basis of the UK study of elder abuse and the Conflict Tactics Scale-2, while somatic symptoms were assessed by the Giessen Complaint List short version. Results: Women reported somatic symptoms more frequently than men. Multiple regression analyses revealed that lifetime exposure to psychological abuse was associated with higher levels of somatic symptoms among both women and men, while experiencing lifetime sexual abuse was associated with somatic symptoms only among older women, after adjusting for other demographic and socio-economic variables. Country of residence, older age, and low socio-economic status were other independent factors contributing to a higher level of somatic symptoms. Conclusions: The positive association between the experience of abuse during lifetime and the reporting of higher levels of somatic symptoms, in particular among older women, seems to suggest that such complaints in later life might also be related to the experience of mistreatment and not only to ageing and related diseases. Violence prevention throughout lifetime could help to prevent somatic symptoms in later life. 

  • 22.
    Floberg, Niclas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Erixon, Nina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    "De jagar egentligen alla hål i sin kropp och själ": Att avhålla sig från våldsbejakande islamistisk extremism - ett kvalitativt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: They are searching for the holes in their bodies and souls – desistance from violent Islamic extremism, a qualitative approach.   This essay aims to provide a deeper understanding and insight into why individuals choose to leave violence-promoting Islamist environments. The choice of method has been qualitative. The essay consists of four semi-structured interviews with key informants. The interview material has been transcribed and coded individually by both authors. The study has taken an integrated theoretical approach where the main framework consists of a life course perspective supported by Hirschi’s theory of social bonds, Merton’s theory of strain and Sutherland’s theory of differential associations. The main findings show that possible turning points with regards to desistance related to violence-promoting Islamist environments primarily consists of aspects related to belonging and social contexts. In other words, this essay shows that social relations are an integral part with regards to desistance. The findings closely correspond to those of previous studies within the field. The findings are supported by the study’s theoretical framework where pro-social community interactions strengthen the social bonds to society through differential associations, this in turn leads to a decreased amount of strain.   

  • 23.
    Forsberg, Emelie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Raappana, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Ett arbete organiserat med stor frihet: En kvalitativ studie om skolkuratorers arbete med nyanlända2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine school counsellors experience of working with newly arrived immigrant students within the school’s organisation. Five school counsellors working in a municipality with many newly arrived immigrant students were interviewed in a qualitative study through a focus group discussion. The results were analysed using organisational theory and compared with previous research. Results showed that the school counsellors lacked explicit organisational routines in the work with newly arrived immigrant students, and that the counsellors worked independently but the guidelines from management were vague and changed on a regular basis. Linguistic confusion and interpretation issues were considered challenging. With more distinct control and structure from management a higher degree of consensus between different professions and other organisations would be made possible in working with newly arrived immigrant students. Finally, school counsellors contribution on how to include students and how collaboration could be improved were discussed

  • 24.
    Forslin, Elina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Weldekiros, Weldekiros
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Integration of non-European elderly migrants in Sweden: With focus on everyday-life experiences2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the integration of non-European elderly migrants in Sweden with focus on everyday-life experiences. The study has an explorative design attempting at problematizing the integration of this group and finding new aspects that previous research has not addressed. A qualitative method with semi-structured interviews with four non-European elderly migrants has been carried out. The theories utilized for analyzing the research material are social integration theory and social exclusion theory. This study shows that non-European elderly migrants face linguistic and cultural barriers in their social integration and when seeking social support. They experienced lack of support in their integration into the everyday life of the society, risking of being lonely, isolated and marginalized. Late-in-life migrants appeared to be the most vulnerable.

  • 25.
    Genberg, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Strömberg, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Jag langar alkohol: En kvalitativ studie om föräldrar som köper eller köpt ut alkohol till sina ungdomar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka bakomliggande orsaker till varför föräldrar förser sina ungdomar med alkohol och hur föräldrarna ställer sig till tanken på deras egna agerande som en brottslig handling. Vi genomförde 6 telefonintervjuer med föräldrar som köpt ut alkohol till sina ungdomar. Genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys analyserade vi materialet och jämförde med tidigare forskning samt teorin om neutralisationstekniker och rutinaktivitetsteorin. Resultatet visade att föräldrar valt att köpa ut alkohol på grund av att de ansåg att deras ungdomar kommer få tag i alkohol genom andra källor annars, att föräldrarna får en chans att skapa en dialog med sin ungdom gällande alkohol samt att föräldrarna avdramatiserade alkohol genom synen att det var en naturlig del i en ungdoms uppväxt. Resultatet visade även att sociala normer i samhället påverkade föräldrarnas syn på att köpa ut alkohol till sina ungdomar samt att föräldrarna ansåg att det inte var ett allvarligt brott.

  • 26.
    Georgieva, Irina
    et al.
    Independent Researcher, Bulgaria.
    Whittington, Richard
    St Olav’s University Hospital, Forensic Department Brøset Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Norway; Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Norway; University of Liverpool, UK.
    Lauvrud, Christian
    St Olav’s University Hospital, Forensic Department Brøset Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Norway.
    Steinert, Tilman
    Ulm University, Clinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Germany; Centres for Psychiatry Sued Wuerttemberg, Ulm University, Germany.
    Wikman, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Lepping, Peter
    Centre for Mental Health and Society, Bangor University, UK; Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, India; Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, Liaison Psychiatry, Wrexham Maelor Hospital, UK.
    Duxbury, Joy
    Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
    Snorrason, Jon
    University Hospital of Iceland, Department of Psychiatry, Iceland.
    Mihai, Adriana
    University of Medicine and Pharmacy Tg Mures, Romania.
    Lauge Berring, Lene
    Psychiatric Research Unit, Denmark; Faculty of Health, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.
    Gowda, Raveesh
    Department of Psychiatry, Mysore Medical College and Research Institution, India.
    Vesselinov, Roumen
    University of Maryland, USA.
    International variations in mental health law regulating involuntary commitment of psychiatric patients as measured by the Mental Health Legislation Attitudes Scale (MHLAS)2019In: Medicine, Science and the Law, ISSN 0025-8024, E-ISSN 2042-1818, Vol. 59, no 2, p. 104-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research illustrated that the laws regulating involuntaryplacement and treatment of persons with mental health problems arevery diverse across countries. International studies comparingsatisfaction levels between countries are rare. We compared the opinionsof professionals and family members about the operation of the nationalmental health law regulating forcibly admission and treatment ofpsychiatric patients in eleven countries: Ireland, Iceland, England &Wales, Romania, Slovenia, Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Norway andIndia. An online survey design was adopted using a Mental HealthLegislation Attitude Scale (MHLAS). This brief 9-item questionnaire wasdistributed via e-mail to psychiatrists, general practitioners, acute andcommunity mental health nurses, tribunal members, police officers and family members in each collaborating country. The levels ofagreement/disagreement were measured on a Likert- scale. Data wereanalysed both per question and with regard to a total MHLAS ‘approval’score computed as a sum of the 9 questions. We found that respondentsin England & Wales and Denmark expressing strongest approval for theirnational legislation (76 and 74% respectively), with those in India andIreland expressing the least approval (65 and 64% respectively). Almostall countries had a more positive attitude in comparison with Ireland onthe admission criteria for involuntary placement and the way people aretransferred to psychiatric hospitals. There are significant variationsacross Europe and beyond in terms of approval for how the nationalmental health law framework operates in each country.

  • 27.
    Grell, Pär
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Conditions for helping relations in specialized personal social services: a client perspective on the influence of organizational structure2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article highlights organizational structure as a factor influencing conditions for helping relations. It is based on a survey study and an interview study, both directed at parents in families that have parallel contacts in different parts of Swedish personal social services (PSS). The aim is to describe and analyse conditions for helping relations when clients with complex needs encounter specialized PSS.

    Low system trust, people processing dimensions of work, and an organizational and a professional emphasis on formal organizational structures and boundaries were found to constitute unfavourable conditions. Conversely, an occurrence of individual trust, people sustaining and people changing dimensions of work, as well as informal organization and individual social workers’ boundary spanning efforts, constituted favourable conditions. The article concludes that greater understanding of how clients are affected by contextual service conditions can give some pointers towards how to generally improve services for vulnerable and disadvantaged populations.

  • 28.
    Grähs, Linnéa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Tidell, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    “Så länge människan funnits har även barnet gått på denna jord": En litteraturstudie om familjehemsföräldrars biologiska barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most children that are placed in care are living in foster homes where many of the foster parents also have their own biological children. These biological children are found invisible by social services. The purpose of our study was to investigate how and to what extent previous research has drawn attention to foster carers own children. Based on a systematic, integrative literature study, 15 articles have been selected. We have analyzed these articles within the theoretical frame of childhood sociology. The results, states that the biological children have an important role in the foster care process and in the treatment process of the child being placed. The social services should prepare both parents and their children in the foster family for the challenges, feelings and thoughts that the biological children may possibly experience in the foster home care.

  • 29.
    Hedberg, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Öjergren, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Att möta personer med självmordstankar: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas arbetssätt och bemötande gentemot personer med självmordstankar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the existing types of working methods and approaches used by professionals on clients with suicidal thoughts. Through interviews with five professionals who meet clients with suicidal thoughts, data were collected for a qualitative study. The result suggested that the working methods used by these professionals are mapping based on therapy talk, evaluation forms, talks and follow-ups. The professionals treat their clients by listening, having the courage to ask questions about suicide, to allow the client to narrate their story and to be there for the client. The results are expected to contribute to increasing our knowledge as social workers on working methods and approaches towards clients with suicidal thoughts. Our choice was based on the lack of specific training on that field within the study program in social work.

  • 30.
    Hildorsson, Evenlina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Regnander, Olivia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Vänskapsrelationer mellan barn bör främjas, men hur?: En integrativ litteraturstudie om vad som anses främja barns möjligheter att bilda vänskapsrelationer med andra barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this review was to study what is considered to promote formation of peer friendships and how it can contribute to a change of attitudes and prejudices. 11 research articles were compiled into an integrative review. The review focused on factors for children's friendships that are possible to influence and effective interventions. The various factors and interventions that emerged were education and teaching, adults leading the way, activities and commitment as well as economic conditions. The result was analyzed on the basis of intergroup contact theory, which contain conditions for optimal intergroup contact and processes for attitude change.  A discussion was conducted regarding promotion of health, adult'spossibilities to affect children's peer friendshipsand the impact of the activity's set-up.

  • 31.
    Hoff, Erika
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Sten Åsenius, Cassandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    ”Vi måste göra det tillsammans”: En processutvärdering av det brottsförebyggande samverkansarbetet i Stockholms län2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on an evaluation of the crime prevention work that is being done in partnership between municipalities and the local police in Stockholm county. The purpose was to provide an overview of the work and point out focus areas for further development. The evaluation is based on quantitative content analysis of official documents written for the local crime prevention work and interviews with the local police and the crime prevention coordinators at the municipalities.

     

    One of the most prominent results was that analysing the causes of crime and establishing measurable goals for the effect of crime prevention is found difficult. The municipalities in the form of political self-governing agencies were also found difficult to collaborate with. Decisions, which are made at the top levels, take a very long time since it’s a very bureaucratic organisation. However, effective communications within the organisations helped spread knowledge, which strengthened the work. The conclusion was made from the prominent results that these factors all had the ability to affect the works legitimacy.

  • 32.
    Hålén, Matilda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Vad-Schütt, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    #pappaledig En modern pappa i traditionell skrud: En semiotisk bild- och textanalys med fokus på hur maskuliniteter och femininiteter iscensätts inom gruppen män på Instagram2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to increase understanding of how masculinities and femininities exhibit within a group of men. This was done in the hashtag #pappaledig on the social network Instagram. Variations and patterns were examined in relation to gender stereotyped norms. A semiotic image- and text analysis was used to answer the study's purpose and questions. The terms masculinities and femininities were used as an integrated analysis unit for the purpose of departing from sex dichotomy. The main results of the study showed that the majority of men's images could be interpreted masculine while the texts showed a more feminine or mixed character. In relation to Connell's theory of hegemonic masculinity, the hegemonic ideals appear to be reproduced in the tougher and less expressive images while a softer and more emotional character could be seen in the captions. The more disposal character of the texts could be related to modern paternity.

  • 33.
    Jangebrink, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Mattsson, Emelie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Barns delaktighet vid överklagande av LVU: En systematisk genomgång av hur barn har fått komma till tals i skriftliga domslut2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of children between ages 10-14 who clearly got to express themselves and how their views were expressed in written documents when appealing LVU to kammarrätten. A categorization of all judgments from a court were made, the eight were selected to examine qualitatively supported by Hart's ladder of participation and childhood sociology. The result showed that children in less than half of the judgements clearly got to express themselves and that the child's words were noted to varying degrees, however, in the section reasons for decision the child’s views were not included. Children are often not considered sufficiently mature in relation to adults, which means that they may not be active actors and that their room for maneuver is restricted. Adults working with children must be aware of the complexity between the child's right to participation and the child’s best interests.

  • 34.
    Jansson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Telo, Emina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    "En människa ute i livet": Synen på äldres deltagande i aktiviteter bland verksamhetschef, personal och brukare på särskilt boende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study’s purpose was to investigate and compare the view towards activities for elders among the manager, employees and the elders at a nursing home. One manager, two employees and three elders participated in interviews. These interviews showed that the view towards activities among elders was generally positive. The informants stated that the activities contributed with several positive effects. Among them were the elders’ subjectively reported well-being. This indicated correlation between the results and activity theory, implying that activities are a vital part of elders’ well-being. When the informants were asked about the possibilities as well as obstacles of elders engaging in activities, economy and disease were, directly and indirectly, brought up as obstacles. Regarding the economy, the HR perspective but also new public management could serve as explanations. The largest possibility presented however was the employees; if they were passionate about activities, as would the elders also become.

  • 35.
    Jensen, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. 1970.
    Jönsson, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ”Samverkan är bra men komplext”: Socialarbetares upplevelse av samverkan inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Johansson, Torbjörn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Boendestödjare: en komplex yrkesroll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur boendestödjare upplever sin yrkesroll utifrån sitt eget perspektiv. För detta syfte använde jag mig av frågeställningarna om hur de ser på (1) den egna yrkesrollen, (2) det egna handlingsutrymmet samt (3) samverkan. Systemteori samt empowerment fick bilda den teoretiska basen för undersökningen. För att uppnå mitt syfte valde sedan jag narrativ metod för att till fullo kunna ta del av mina informanters upplevelser.Intervjufrågorna kom utifrån vald metod att ersättas av något som mer kom att liknas vid samtal vilket gav mig en bredd men även ett verklighetsnära sammanhang till det informanterna berättade.Några av studiens huvudsakliga resultat var att många av boendestödjarna såg relationen som den mest betydelsefulla faktorn för utföranden av sitt uppdrag. En annan viktig faktor var den tysta kunskapen som många av informanterna besatt. En abstrakt kunskap som påverkade skapandet av det egna utrymmet för att tillmötesgå brukarna utifrån vad de själva trodde var bäst.Slutsatsen av studien visade på boendestödjarnas arbete som en komplex yrkesroll där engagemang och tyst kunskap var betydande faktorer för relationsbyggandet med brukarna.

  • 37.
    Jonsson-Lindberg, Patricia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Elers Zander, Anna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Konstruktionen av brottslingar i kriminalpolitiska program: En kritisk diskursanalys2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Construction of culprits within criminal policy programs: A critical discourse analysis.

    The purpose of this study was to make visible discourses within criminal policy before the elections of 2018 through analysis of the established political parties ́ criminal policy programs. Method qualitative content analysis was used to bring out categories, later analysed with Fairclough ́s critical discourse analysis. Constructions of culprits as “foreigner”, “in gang”, “organized”, “young”, “male” and “non-ethical Swedish” emerged. Other groups were crime victims identified as “children”, “juveniles”, “elders”, “females” and “entrepreneurs/business owners”. The crimes observed were honor crimes, terrorism, crimes of violence (especially domestic violence), sexual offences and internet-based crime. The constructions may create a skewed interpretation of criminality and feelings of “us and them”. This may lead to “them” labelled as the criminals and “us” as their potential victims. The discourses in the programs therefore risk sustaining unequal power configurations in society.

  • 38.
    Kanth, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Wicksell, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ” … Nu orkar man köra på!”: Socialsekreterares reflektioner kring arbetstidsförkortning inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction has in recent years been tested within the social services to counteract high staff turnover and stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers’ reflections on the importance of working time reduction for their experience of the working environment and the client work. A focus group-interview was conducted with four social workers. The social workers expressed that the conditions for recovery increased, while at the same time experiencing less conflict between family and working life. The social workers also described that they felt more physically and mentally present, with more energy for their work. Furthermore, the workplace was perceived as safer as staff turnover decreased. The disadvantages described were that the contradictions between the units within the social services increased and that the accessibility for the clients decreased. Whether social workers is a profession where working hour’s reduction is required is discussed.

  • 39.
    Karlsson, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    "Det rinner av, sen gör man sitt jobb och fortsätter": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om akutvårdsjuksköterskors utsatthet för våld i arbetslivet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: You wash it off and then you go and do your job”

    - A qualitative analysis about trauma nurses victimization of workplace violence

     

    The aim of this study was to examine how trauma nurses relates to violence at work. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews and a hermeneutic-sentence construction analysis has been used. The theoretical frameworks that was used in the study are social construction theory and the ideal victim. The result of the study showed that workplace violence frequently occurs and it also showed that psychological violence was the most common form. The trauma nurses usually don’t report this type of violence because of complicated reporting tools and a workplace culture that normalize violence from patients and relatives. The trauma nurses experience an implicit fear of being exposed of crime which limits them at their workplace. Suggested measures against workplace violence were education, simplified tools for report crime and increased endorsement from leadership. The conclusion of the study showed that the nurses need help to institute a zero-tolerance policy against violence to challenge their definition of violence.

    Keywords: workplace violence, nurse, victim, perpetrator

  • 40.
    Kelmendi, Vjollca
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Hällström, Klara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Vad avgör beslutet att placera barn inom dess nätverk?: En studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to highlight what social workers consider to be crucial for placement within network care. The study was conduted with qualitative interviews with five social workers at the social services in Sweden. The thematic analysis showed that there are no specific guidelines for network-oriented work but social workers nevertheless state that their mode of operation is network-oriented based on system theory. Factors that determine placement within network care are; reason for placement, network characteristics and workload. The study shows that children are not expected to be able to choose their placement due to loyalty to their parents and this affects children ́s participation in the investigation. Placement of children within network care appears unusual and network-oriented work is complicated due to organizational barriers. The result shows that preferred placement is within network care as both children, parents and social workers feel more secure compared to placement in foster care.

  • 41.
    Larsson, Lenita
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Svensson, Charlotte
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Medias socialtjänst: En lokaltidnings porträttering av socialtjänsten i Södertälje kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe how media, in the form of a local newspaper Länstidningen, portrays social services in Södertälje. To fulfill the purpose we took as our point of departure a critical discourse analysis where we used tools from Faircloughs three-dimensional model to analyse the language used in the newspaper articles. Based on our main results, we were able to distinguish four discourses, the collaborative discourse, the financial discourse, the discourse on working methods and routines and the discourse of work environment. We also took help of social constructionism as the theory to contextualize the discourses. The results showed a relatively consistent use of language and what was prominent was that descriptions of the social services' working methods and routines were often omitted, in combination with the fact that facts and background information seldom occurred. Overall, we were able to distinguish one-sided and negative reporting on social services.

  • 42.
    Larsson Sundblom, Annah
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Skog, Erica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Digitalisering - Vän eller fiende till det sociala arbetet?: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser och erfarenheter av digitalisering inom försörjningsstöd2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine experiences social workers have within digitalization in social welfare. Seven social workers from seven different municipalities was interviewed. The empirical data from the interviews have been analyzed with McDonaldization, domain theory and new institutionalism. The result show that participation in the introduction of digital services is a key parameter for success especially since the informants expresses insecurity in having a robot as a co-worker in the future. There was also a concern that services will be reduced when the work changes and a discrepancy between the politics and professional priorities and which improvements the organisations need. Availability and released time are something all the informants think is important, and that digitalization can help implement. The informants believe that released time from administrative work instead should focus on meetings with clients and that the social work thereby can be improved.

  • 43.
    Lilja, My
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Formerly imprisoned polydrug users’ narratives about unemployment2019In: Journal of Substance Use, ISSN 1465-9891, E-ISSN 1475-9942, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 336-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Understanding how formerly imprisoned drug users perceive the possibilities and problems associated with entering the job market is important as it could help the reintegration of these individuals into society. The aim of this study was to explore formerly imprisoned polydrug users’narratives about unemployment.

    Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 22 former prison inmates with extensive prior drug use. The interviews were coded and analysed using a categorical-content, narrative analysis approach.Results: The interviews revealed that although the respondents did not regard themselves as having been unemployed, some mentioned stress during periods in which they lacked a legal occupation. The participants also talked about the importance of being committed to one’s work and described that it was not only employment in itself that was important, but also being able to value or appreciate their employment. Most respondents argued that they had never been dismissed from work because of their drug use, but descriptions of workplace deviance were common in the interviews, e.g. stealing, selling drugs, burglary, using drugs at work.

    Conclusions: The respondents seemed to lack an identity as either unemployed or employed, which may constitute a problem when they enter the job market in the future.

  • 44.
    Lilja, My
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Perceptions about firesetting among Swedish high school students2019In: International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, ISSN 0267-3843, E-ISSN 2164-4527Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACTFires in school buildings are a major problem in Sweden. However, there is lack of research about juveniles? attitudes to this phenomenon. The aim of this study was to investigate how high school students in Sweden discussed arson and firesetting. Semi-structured interviews and focus group interviews were conducted with 32 high school students (aged 14?15). It was found that although most students argued that playing with fire were common phenomena in their schools, deliberate firesetting was said to be less common. In contrast to previous research the students in this study argued that both girls and boys were equally involved in firesetting and fire play. There was a consensus that arson was a serious problem and a problem that should be prevented.

  • 45.
    Lind, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Sommar, Tilde
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens arbete med hemmasittande elever: "Ett socialt problem med många lösningar"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige råder det skolplikt men trots det finns det vissa barn som vägrar gå i skolan. Studien syftade till att belysa faktorer på mikro-, meso- och makronivå som påverkat hur hemmasittande elever tagit sig tillbaka till skolan. Vidare avsåg studien att lyfta framgångsrika strategier i socialtjänstens arbete med hemmasittande elever. För att besvara syftet intervjuades fyra socialarbetare i två kommuner som är anställda på socialtjänstens öppenvård. Huvudresultatet som intervjupersonerna lyft fram är vikten av kartläggning, arbeta systemteoretiskt kring eleven, betydelsen av goda relationer samt samverkan mellan berörda parter. Tillsammans kan dessa strategier motverka social exklusion bland hemmasittande elever. Slutligen visade informanternas intervjusvar att det inte fanns någon uttalad arbetsstrategi i de två kommunerna och därför kan det behövas nationella riktlinjer för hur socialtjänsten kan hjälpa hemmasittande elever tillbaka till skolan.

  • 46.
    Lundqvist, Louise
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    Svedjewik, Tove
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Criminology.
    ”Ser jag någonting i registren, då stoppar jag”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om svenska polisens arbete med fordonsstopp2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine what experience Swedish police officers have of traffic stops and on which premises they decide to control a vehicle in traffic. Through semi structured interviews with five police officers, it appeared that they generally had difficulties in answering questions regarding their experience of traffic stops. The results indicate that these experiences seem to facilitate the work for the policemen, simultaneously the experiences appear to result in unwanted behaviour. Their experiences are that the work have developed through the years. Beyond delinquency, there seems to be no clear premises regarding decision making in traffic stops. Despite that the participants stated similar premises, among others; traffic violence, intelligence information and the feeling that something doesn't feel right. Associated with traffic stops the selection for decision making is done by general profiling and something that police officers refers to as building blocks. However, there were different opinions regarding what have formed their premises.

  • 47.
    Magnusson, Peter
    et al.
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden; Cardiology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kihlström, Gabriella
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Life‐threatening peripartum cardiomyopathy — not expected when expecting2019In: Clinical Case Reports, E-ISSN 2050-0904, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 1127-1132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy is challenging to diagnose as it mimics symptoms present in normal pregnancy. The clinical course and prognosis are various. In selected cases, a cardioverter implantable defibrillator with/without cardiac resynchronization therapy, mechanical ventricular assist device treatment, and transplantation is indicated.

  • 48.
    Ndure, Mariama
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    King, Lisa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    A qualitative study exploring care leavers' transition experiences from care to independency2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore care leavers' experiences to independency after being discharged from public care. The study explored the services provided for young adults who have left public care and how they perceived the support provided for them during their transition and after. The study has also an interest on the care leavers' rights according to the UN Convention on the Rights of a Child. A qualitative study approach was used to collect data, due to the focus on the interpretation of the care leavers' experiences and to get in-depth information and descriptions about their experiences and perspectives. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with four participants who have left care. Moreover, the findings show that the participants were disadvantaged in many areas during their transition and the support received were limited. From the findings, the care leavers were lacking stability, encouragement and both emotional and adequate practical support after being discharged from care.

  • 49.
    Olsén, Oscar
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Plouda, Stéphanie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Möjligheter och begränsningar inom arbetet med ekonomiskt bistånd: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares handlingsutrymme2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine how social workers working with income support reasoned in their assessments and to examine how they perceived and applied their discretion. Five social workers were interviewed in a qualitative study, which also included two vignettes. Results showed that reasoning and assessments varied to some extent. The social workers described time, caseload and collaboration with other authorities as challenges, limiting their discretion. The results contradicted some previous research, as the social workers described positive aspects of organisational control mechanisms in relation to discretion. Generally they all felt rather free in the exercise of their profession. Differences in social workers reasoning were analysed and discussed. Some social workers applied a rather bureaucratic approach regarding clients, whilst others focused more on alliance building in their assessments. There seemed to be room to choose which approach to take depending on the social worker’s perception of the situation.

  • 50.
    Omo-Izobo, Freda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    Nwoko, Florence
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology.
    A Qualitative Study of Emotional Labour among Domestic Violence Shelter Workers: Interviews with professional social workers2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the emotional labour of domestic violence shelter workers. A qualitative approach was used and four professionals were interviewed. The interviewees described that they were expected to provide different types of services which include empowering their clients so that they can survive independently after leaving the shelter. The findings showed that the shelter workers hide or suppress different types of emotions, especially when they are frustrated or emotionally affected by the client's situation. According to the workers, they experienced stress as a consequence of the emotional labour, and they expressed that working in the field of domestic violence had made it difficult for them to trust men. Making a difference in the lives of the clients was described as a source of motivation and help them to cope with the negative aspects of the shelter work. Even though the findings cannot be generalised, the study provides comprehensive information about how emotional labour in this particular context can be perceived. The shelter workers described that the levels of satisfaction they get from helping clients resolve their problems were more significant than the negative consequences of emotional labour.

12 1 - 50 of 69
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • sv-SE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • de-DE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf