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  • 1.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Erbil, Pelin
    Oncology Clinique, Humanite Psychiatry, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Department of Theology, Uppsala University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients2019In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

  • 2.
    Almström, Mathina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Hossain, Jarif
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Att samverka kring barn med komplexa behov i en specialiserad socialtjänst: En kvalitativ studie om socialarbetares uppfattning av det professionella samarbetet kring barn med behov av samordnade insatser.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker hur socialarbetare på Socialtjänsten upplever att samverkan mellan enheterna; Barn- och ungdomsenheten samt Enheten för funktionshinder fungerar i praktiken samt hur de ser på eventuella utmaningar med att utreda barn med komplexa behov. Studien byggde på kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer och resultatet har analyserats utifrån organisationsteori och systemteori. Studien visar att enheterna kan betraktas som separata subsystem med olika institutionella logiker. Socialarbetarna beskriver att barn med komplex problematik behöver att de skilda subsystemen kan verka över de organisatoriska fälten och att samverkan är ett värdesatt verktyg. Det uttrycks en klar vilja till att samarbeta men det saknas tydliga direktiv för hur det ska säkerställas i praktiken. I syfte att förbättra samverkansarbetet beskriver socialarbetarna att det behövs fler och regelbundna utbildningstillfällen samt väldefinierade riktlinjer. Denna studie är visserligen inte generaliserbar till hela samhället men indikerar ändå att svårigheterna i samverkansarbetet är möjliga att motverka. 

  • 3.
    Bylund, Rakel
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Löfstrand, Sara
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Samverkan, en magisk uppkomst?: En studie kring skolkuratorers och lärares upplevelser av samverkan och förutsättningar för samverkan inom skolan.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to illustrate school counselors´ and teachers´ experience of cooperation between their professions, what conditions there are for this cooperation given by work situation, employers and education and how these conditions can develop. Four school counselors and two primary school teachers were interviewed in a qualitative study. The results show that the informants want to cooperate but possibilities for this are limited, mainly due to staff shortages, and time constraints. These shortcomings also lead to limited possibilities for health promoting and preventive work because the remedial work needs to be done. Conditions given by education programs for cooperation between professions appears to be inadequate. This study contributes with suggestions on how professionals think that the conditions for cooperation between different school professions can be developed, both at the workplace but also during their education.

  • 4.
    Engman, Cecilia
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Magnusson, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Livsberättelser om att flytta till äldreboende: vändpunkter för ensamstående äldre kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to illustrate and gain an increased understanding of how singleelderly women experience their move to retirement homes and the resulting effects of theirquality of life. Three women have been interviewed in a qualitative study with in-depthinterviews as the basis for the hermeneutic interpretation. The analysis is made from thetheoretical perspectives of life span, activities and gender. The result showed that theexperience of moving was due to varying factors and individual experiences. When the movewas long awaited, it was perceived as positive, when the move was more or less inevitable, itwas more difficult to accept. The result also showed that quality of life was safety related toadequate staffing, a large range of attractive activities and the opportunity to be sociallyactive. That the move was a turning point was agreed upon by all.

  • 5.
    Eslami, Bahareh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. Division of Public Health Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    Laboratory of Geriatric Pharmacoepidemiology, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Barros, Henrique
    EPIUnit, Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.
    Torres-Gonzalez, Francisco
    Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.
    Stankunas, Mindaugas
    Department of Health Management, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania; Health Service Management Department, School of Medicine, University of Griffith, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.
    Ioannidi-Kapolou, Elisabeth
    Department of Sociology, National School of Public Health, Athens, Greece.
    Lindert, Jutta
    Department of Public Health, University of Emden, Emden, Germany; Women’s Studies Research Center, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United States of America.
    Soares, Joaquim J. F.
    Division of Public Health Science, Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, Sundsvall, Sweden.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Ageing, National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, IRCCS INRCA, Ancona, Italy.
    Lifetime abuse and somatic symptoms among older women and men in Europe2019In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, no 8, article id e0220741Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research suggests that survivors of interpersonal violence have an increasing experience of bodily symptoms. This study aims to scrutinise the association between lifetime abuse and somatic symptoms among older women and men, considering demographics/socio-economic, social support and health variables. Methods: A sample of 4,467 community-dwelling persons aged 60–84 years (57.3% women) living in seven European countries (Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Spain, Sweden) was recruited for this cross-sectional study. Lifetime abuse (psychological, physical, sexual, financial and injury) was assessed on the basis of the UK study of elder abuse and the Conflict Tactics Scale-2, while somatic symptoms were assessed by the Giessen Complaint List short version. Results: Women reported somatic symptoms more frequently than men. Multiple regression analyses revealed that lifetime exposure to psychological abuse was associated with higher levels of somatic symptoms among both women and men, while experiencing lifetime sexual abuse was associated with somatic symptoms only among older women, after adjusting for other demographic and socio-economic variables. Country of residence, older age, and low socio-economic status were other independent factors contributing to a higher level of somatic symptoms. Conclusions: The positive association between the experience of abuse during lifetime and the reporting of higher levels of somatic symptoms, in particular among older women, seems to suggest that such complaints in later life might also be related to the experience of mistreatment and not only to ageing and related diseases. Violence prevention throughout lifetime could help to prevent somatic symptoms in later life. 

  • 6.
    Grell, Pär
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Blom, Björn
    Umeå universitetet, Institutionen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Conditions for helping relations in specialized personal social services: a client perspective on the influence of organizational structure2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article highlights organizational structure as a factor influencing conditions for helping relations. It is based on a survey study and an interview study, both directed at parents in families that have parallel contacts in different parts of Swedish personal social services (PSS). The aim is to describe and analyse conditions for helping relations when clients with complex needs encounter specialized PSS.

    Low system trust, people processing dimensions of work, and an organizational and a professional emphasis on formal organizational structures and boundaries were found to constitute unfavourable conditions. Conversely, an occurrence of individual trust, people sustaining and people changing dimensions of work, as well as informal organization and individual social workers’ boundary spanning efforts, constituted favourable conditions. The article concludes that greater understanding of how clients are affected by contextual service conditions can give some pointers towards how to generally improve services for vulnerable and disadvantaged populations.

  • 7.
    Hedberg, Caroline
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Öjergren, Sofia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Att möta personer med självmordstankar: En kvalitativ studie om professionellas arbetssätt och bemötande gentemot personer med självmordstankar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the existing types of working methods and approaches used by professionals on clients with suicidal thoughts. Through interviews with five professionals who meet clients with suicidal thoughts, data were collected for a qualitative study. The result suggested that the working methods used by these professionals are mapping based on therapy talk, evaluation forms, talks and follow-ups. The professionals treat their clients by listening, having the courage to ask questions about suicide, to allow the client to narrate their story and to be there for the client. The results are expected to contribute to increasing our knowledge as social workers on working methods and approaches towards clients with suicidal thoughts. Our choice was based on the lack of specific training on that field within the study program in social work.

  • 8.
    Hildorsson, Evenlina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Regnander, Olivia
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Vänskapsrelationer mellan barn bör främjas, men hur?: En integrativ litteraturstudie om vad som anses främja barns möjligheter att bilda vänskapsrelationer med andra barn2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this review was to study what is considered to promote formation of peer friendships and how it can contribute to a change of attitudes and prejudices. 11 research articles were compiled into an integrative review. The review focused on factors for children's friendships that are possible to influence and effective interventions. The various factors and interventions that emerged were education and teaching, adults leading the way, activities and commitment as well as economic conditions. The result was analyzed on the basis of intergroup contact theory, which contain conditions for optimal intergroup contact and processes for attitude change.  A discussion was conducted regarding promotion of health, adult'spossibilities to affect children's peer friendshipsand the impact of the activity's set-up.

  • 9.
    Jansson, Emma
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Telo, Emina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    "En människa ute i livet": Synen på äldres deltagande i aktiviteter bland verksamhetschef, personal och brukare på särskilt boende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study’s purpose was to investigate and compare the view towards activities for elders among the manager, employees and the elders at a nursing home. One manager, two employees and three elders participated in interviews. These interviews showed that the view towards activities among elders was generally positive. The informants stated that the activities contributed with several positive effects. Among them were the elders’ subjectively reported well-being. This indicated correlation between the results and activity theory, implying that activities are a vital part of elders’ well-being. When the informants were asked about the possibilities as well as obstacles of elders engaging in activities, economy and disease were, directly and indirectly, brought up as obstacles. Regarding the economy, the HR perspective but also new public management could serve as explanations. The largest possibility presented however was the employees; if they were passionate about activities, as would the elders also become.

  • 10.
    Jensen, Erik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. 1970.
    Jönsson, Sofie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ”Samverkan är bra men komplext”: Socialarbetares upplevelse av samverkan inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Johansson, Torbjörn
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Boendestödjare: en komplex yrkesroll2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur boendestödjare upplever sin yrkesroll utifrån sitt eget perspektiv. För detta syfte använde jag mig av frågeställningarna om hur de ser på (1) den egna yrkesrollen, (2) det egna handlingsutrymmet samt (3) samverkan. Systemteori samt empowerment fick bilda den teoretiska basen för undersökningen. För att uppnå mitt syfte valde sedan jag narrativ metod för att till fullo kunna ta del av mina informanters upplevelser.Intervjufrågorna kom utifrån vald metod att ersättas av något som mer kom att liknas vid samtal vilket gav mig en bredd men även ett verklighetsnära sammanhang till det informanterna berättade.Några av studiens huvudsakliga resultat var att många av boendestödjarna såg relationen som den mest betydelsefulla faktorn för utföranden av sitt uppdrag. En annan viktig faktor var den tysta kunskapen som många av informanterna besatt. En abstrakt kunskap som påverkade skapandet av det egna utrymmet för att tillmötesgå brukarna utifrån vad de själva trodde var bäst.Slutsatsen av studien visade på boendestödjarnas arbete som en komplex yrkesroll där engagemang och tyst kunskap var betydande faktorer för relationsbyggandet med brukarna.

  • 12.
    Kanth, Elin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Wicksell, Petra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    ” … Nu orkar man köra på!”: Socialsekreterares reflektioner kring arbetstidsförkortning inom socialtjänsten2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Working time reduction has in recent years been tested within the social services to counteract high staff turnover and stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate social workers’ reflections on the importance of working time reduction for their experience of the working environment and the client work. A focus group-interview was conducted with four social workers. The social workers expressed that the conditions for recovery increased, while at the same time experiencing less conflict between family and working life. The social workers also described that they felt more physically and mentally present, with more energy for their work. Furthermore, the workplace was perceived as safer as staff turnover decreased. The disadvantages described were that the contradictions between the units within the social services increased and that the accessibility for the clients decreased. Whether social workers is a profession where working hour’s reduction is required is discussed.

  • 13.
    Magnusson, Peter
    et al.
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden; Cardiology Research Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kihlström, Gabriella
    Centre for Research and Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Gävle, Sweden.
    Wallhagen, Marita
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Environmental Science.
    Rambaree, Komalsingh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Life‐threatening peripartum cardiomyopathy — not expected when expecting2019In: Clinical Case Reports, E-ISSN 2050-0904, Vol. 7, no 6, p. 1127-1132Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy is challenging to diagnose as it mimics symptoms present in normal pregnancy. The clinical course and prognosis are various. In selected cases, a cardioverter implantable defibrillator with/without cardiac resynchronization therapy, mechanical ventricular assist device treatment, and transplantation is indicated.

  • 14.
    Perämäki, Natalie
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Sjölin, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Vuxnas upplevelser av att växa upp med föräldrar med alkoholmissbruk: En kvalitativ studie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to highlight the experiences of adult children of growing up with alcohol-abusive parents and how the social services were to any support under these circumstances. In the study four qualitative interviews were conducted with adults who grew up with parents with alcohol abuse and who had contact with the social services. The study's results were analyzed by Bronfenbrenner's development ecological model, childhood sociology concepts parentification, being and becoming and the concept stigmatization. The main results of the study, highlights that all interviewees were affected negatively by the parents' alcohol abuse. Most of the interviewees felt that they needed to take great responsibility at home and keep the alcohol abuse as a family secret. The results showed that all participants were displeased with the social services support, for example by not being treated at a child´s level. None of the families were offered family-oriented support.

  • 15.
    Schelin, Malin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Westberger, Caroline
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Döttrars upplevelse av uppväxten med en mamma med ätstörning: “Still, even as a little girl, I felt that I needed to protect her from the world; a world that had cracked her open and taken out her soul.”2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Daughters experience of growing up with a mother with eating disorder

     

    Authors: Malin Schelin and Caroline Westberger

     

    Daughters risk negative identity development if they grow up with mothers with EA.

    Previous research shows how children of parents with mental illness easily are forgotten. This thesis investigates daughters experience of growing up with mothers with eating disorder (EA) and if and how their identity development got affected. A qualitative text analysis was carried out of six newspaper articles and nine chat posts from four chat forums. The articles and the posts were written from the daughters perspective. The result showed that the daughters felt forgotten. That they took an adult responsibility for themselves and their mothers, several of the daughters wished that they would have been given information of the mothers illness. The daughters emphasized a feeling of guilt and several of them have developed an EA. They describe that they handled their upbringing by increasing the distance to their mother, and by defining the mother's disease differently.

  • 16.
    Silvén Hagström, Anneli
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    “Why did he choose to die?”: A meaning-searching approach to parental suicide bereavement in youth2019In: Death Studies, ISSN 0748-1187, E-ISSN 1091-7683, Vol. 43, no 2, p. 113-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes from a narrative perspective how young people talk about their experience of parental suicide in different social contexts. The results show how these young grievers are preoccupied with the question of Why the parent committed suicide. Moreover, they tend primarily to interpret the suicide in line with stigmatizing discourses regarding Who is to blame, which has negative impacts on their identities. In contrast, a ?meaning-searching approach? seeks to answer the question of What caused the suicide and to identify a combination of internal vulnerabilities and external stressors. Professional interventions are recommended to foster the latter health promoting coping strategy.

  • 17.
    Silvén Hagström, Anneli
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work. Stockholm University.
    Toft, Teolinda
    Clinical Psychology in Healthcare, Department of Children's and Women's Health, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    "Together we are unbeatable": young sisters’ narration of a sibling’s cancer in personal blogs on the internet2019In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 1586625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Siblings of children and young people diagnosed with cancer are commonly reluctant to talk about their experiences due to the circumstances of the illness situation. This article aims to bring voice to experience and inform practice by investigating what and how three young sisters narrate about their illness experiences in personal blogs on the Internet.

    Methods: A narrative methodology for the analysis of life storytelling was applied primarily to investigate the sister?s coping strategies and support needs.

    Results: The results show how the sisters constructed their own space for narration, with the main aims of expressing their feelings about the illness and seeking social support. The telling of their experiences along with encouraging comments from a supportive audience enabled a change in position from feeling neglected and silenced to being a recognized agent and caring sister. In addition, through their narrative coping the sisters went from powerless to powerful in their position in relation to cancer.

    Conclusion: The results highlight the need for siblings to be able to narrate experience in a supportive context, where the processing of their relationship with the ill sister/brother should be understood as an important element of their coping with cancer and death.

  • 18.
    Storø, Jan
    et al.
    Faculty of Social Sciences, OsloMet‐OsloMetropolitan University, Oslo, Norway.
    Sjöblom, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Höjer, Ingrid
    Department of Social Work, University ofGothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    A comparison of state support for young people leaving care in Norway and Sweden: Differences within comparable welfare systems2019In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 393-399Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to account for and discuss support to young care leavers within the comparable welfare regimes of Norway and Sweden and to explore key differences between these 2 countries. This model implies that children and young people are included and entitled to support through being family members, not as independent actors in their own right. This makes young care leaver’s transition from care to adulthood problematic—as they often do not have access to family support, they may be positioned in a vacuum where they are clients neither entitled to support from the child welfare system nor supported by their families of origin. In Norway, legislators and policymakers have agreed that care leavers need particular attention and targeted support, whereas in Sweden, there has been no such agreement. However, the Norwegian system of giving leaving care services is not strong enough to provide transition support to all care leavers, even if the legislation gives stronger protection than in Sweden. The article discusses the need for targeted measures of support for a successful care-leaving process. 

  • 19.
    Ström, Fredrik
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Jonsson, Maria
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Framgångsfaktorer till arbete för personer med Aspergers syndrom: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Success factors towards employability for people with Aspberger’s syndromeThis literature review aimed to outline methods and supportive actions considered to besuccessful in aiding unemployed people with Asperger's syndrome to acquire andmaintain an employment. Twelve articles were chosen through systematic literaturesearch with focus on inclusion- and exclusion criteria based on the purpose of the review.The results were divided into themes and analysed through general systems theory andempowerment. Results show that people with Asperger's syndrome are in need of; workrelated tasks matched with their ability, a workplace with an understanding of thediagnoses, an adapted work environment, specialized employment support and supportfrom family or other closely related important factors to be able to maintain anemployment over time. Results states the importance of understanding and knowledgeabout Asperger's syndrome for support personnel and employers in order for bettercommunication between them to ensure long lasting employments.

  • 20.
    Trygged, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    A promised land or a paradise lost?: Contemporary challenges for the Swedish welfare state2019In: Inequalities and migration: Challenges for the Swedish welfare state / [ed] Sven Trygged & Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, p. 15-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Trygged, Sven
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Universal childrens' rights - conflicting norms in social-work practice2019In: Inequalities and migration: Challenges for the Swedish welfare state / [ed] Sven Trygged & Erica Righard, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, p. 71-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Trygged, Sven
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Righard, EricaMalmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Inequalities and migration: Challenges for the Swedish welfare state2019Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is often pictured as a country with a strong welfare system and low levels of inequality. But it is also described as a country that has undergone fundamental restructurings of its welfare system since the 1990s, and with inequality gaps that are among the fastest growing in Europe. This development is strikingly visible among people with a migration background. The question is how this might be understood. Inequalities and migration set focus on ongoing developments and debates about the Swedish welfare system in relation to migration. It introduces the international reader to ongoing developments of inequalities and migration in Sweden in broad historical and international perspectives. The book also offers in-depth insights to how the dynamics of growing inequality unfolds in regard to a range of phenomena and areas of intervention, including the role of civil society. The selected case studies focus on inequalities and hierarchies with regard to both various forms of cross-border mobility and the increased diversification of Swedish society. The book fills a gap when it comes to English language course literature about contemporary debates regarding social policy and social work in relation to migration in Sweden. At the same time it is well suited for a broader range of readers, including policy makers and practitioners outside of Sweden.

  • 23.
    Yoo, Ulrika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Att rädda en förövare: En intervjustudie om våld i nära relation och behandlingen av förövare2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel:” To Save a Perpetrator” 

    An interview study about domestic violence and the treatment of the perpetrator

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatments available to perpetrators of domestic violence. The study is based on qualitative interviews with four people who all work with perpetrators of domestic violence in some way. The result has been analyzed with the help of attachment theory, behaviorism, violence - dominance and masculinity. The results show that there are various forms of treatment for the perpetrators. According to the interviewees there is no follow-up on whether the efforts help. The interviewees also described that these treatments are all individually adapted to the perpetrator's needs and that there is a resistance among the perpetrators to be included in group treatments. In addition, the treatments were described as often related to volunteerism under some constraint. The lack of attachment and the complexity of the treatment are discussed.

  • 24.
    Zingmark, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ensamhetseffekten: En litteraturstudie i hur känslan av ensamhet påverkar hälsan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that mental ill-health increases in society and the purpose of the study was to investigate what perceived loneliness means and how it affects the health of the individual. This was done by using the theories SOC (Sense of coherence), attachment theory and Cognitive theory in a literary study of 7 articles. The result shows that perceived loneliness increases the risk of ill health, both physical and mental, and that children and women are more vulnerable. Perceived loneliness in early age increases the risk of depression and suicidal thoughts and perceived loneliness in the elderly contributes to a reduced cognitive function and an increased risk of dementia. 

     

    Conclusion: perceived loneliness is part of the growing mental ill-health in society and the study highlights the importance of addressing the perceived sense of loneliness as early as possible, to avoid further negative health aspects for the individual.

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