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  • 201.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Immigrants and Globalization: identity crisis and the concept of the Individual2005In: The XXIX Conference on Sociotechnics - Sociological Practice. “Networks and Partnership for learning Regions in an area of Micro-globalization in Everyday Practices. The International Sociological Association (ISA) Research Committee Conference RC # 26 in Association with the Sociology Department of the University of the Aegean., 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 202.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Islamic Feminism in Iran: Feminism in a New Islamic Context2006In: Journal of feminist studies in religion, ISSN 8755-4178, E-ISSN 1553-3913, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 33-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenging the clergy’s monoclinic interpretational power, Islamic feminists in Iran, by emphasizing the historical context of the holy texts and reformulating Islamic concepts and law from a “feminist” perspective, are developing a new direction in rethinking gender in Islam. By opening the doors of interpretation of sacred texts and debates on women issues to other groups than Muslims, they have braked with reactive gender conservatism and West phobia prevailing among fundamentalists, and have embarked on connecting themselves with Western feminism and weaving new textual connections between Muslim women and Western feminism.

  • 203.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Kultur och hälsa2008Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsa är en viktig fråga för varje individ och varje samhälle. I ett land med invandrare som har socialiserats i olika samhällen med skilda uppfattningar om hälsa och ohälsa, uppstår behov av att fördjupa såväl allmänhetens som hälso- och sjukvårdspersonalens kunskap om betydelsen av kultur, religion och etnicitet i medicin- och hälsofrågor.

    I denna bok belyser författaren, Fereshteh Ahmadi, hur viktig kunskap är om olika kulturers och religioners syn på hälsa och hälsa i bemötandet av patienter.

    Boken vänder sig i första hand till studenter på grundutbildningsnivå samt personal inom hälso- sjukvården men den kan även användas av andra som är intresserade av att skaffa sig kunskaper om kulturens och religionens betydelse för förståelse av ohälsa.

  • 204.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Kulturens indvirkning på åndlig coping med kraef2008In: Kan bjerge flytte Troen?, Copenhagen: Gyldenda, Nordisk forlag , 2008, p. 211-232Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 205.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Kultuuriperspektiiviline uurimus Rootsi vähipatsientide religioossetest ja vaimsetest toimetulekumeetoditest (A study of the religious and spiritual coping methods among Swedish cancer patients from a cultural perspective)2010In: Inimene, tervis ja haigused - Terviseteemaline artiklikogumik "Medica" (Human, Health and Illnesses. Health-concerned article collection "Medica") / [ed] Piret Paal & Mare Kõiva, Tallinn: Teaduskirjastus (Science Publishers) , 2010, 1, p. 185-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 206.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Music as a method of coping with cancer: a qualitative study among cancer patients in Sweden2013In: Arts and Health, ISSN 1753-3015, E-ISSN 1753-3023, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 152-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study investigated patients’ understanding of the role of music in coping and in influencing their well-being.

    Methods: A qualitative study was conducted based on semi-structured interviews with 17 cancer patients. Participants were chosen from a group of patients who had listened to or played music as a means of coping with their illness.

    Results: The study shows the importance of considering the roles that different kinds of music play in coping with cancer. The music of nature, healing music, religious music and cheerful music each have different benefits for patients.

    Conclusions: A patient’s situation and his or her individual characteristics determine the types of that music can act as a useful or harmful coping strategy. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the types of individual characteristics that can make listening to different kinds of music a helpful or harmful coping method.

  • 207.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Reflections on Spiritual Maturity and Gerotranscendence: Dialogues with Two Sufis2000In: Journal of Religious Gerontology, ISSN 1050-2289, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 43-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Late life development - from the perspectives of spiritual development and gerotranscendence - has been studied using the Life History Approach followed-up by thematic semi-structured interviews with Iranian Sufis residing in Sweden. On the basis of this study and proceeding from the theory of Gerotranscendence, I have, in this paper, illustrated the distinct role of aging in the development towards wisdom and maturity when mystical ideas are already integrated into individuals’ ways of thinking. This is achieved by contrasting, in terms of certain gerotranscendent dimensions, an aged Sufi’s view of her/his Self and the surrounding world with that of a middle-aged Sufi.

  • 208.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Song lyrics and the alteration of self-image2011In: Nordisk tidskrift for musikkterapi - Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, ISSN 0803-9828, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 225-241Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to examine, from a patient perspective, the role music plays as a coping method when facing cancer, I conducted a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews with 17 cancer patients. The patients were between 24–73 years of age and had used music (listened to or played music) to cope with their illness. In this article, four case studies serve to highlight one of the major findings: that the lyrics of religious, cheerful, and hard and heavy music can help cancer patients obtain a balance in their inner feelings by identifying themselves with the person to whom the song lyrics are addressed. This result may be of interest to therapists using music therapy interventions, especially with patients suffering from serious illness.

  • 209.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Sufism and Gerotranscendence: The impact of way of Thinking, Culture and Aging on Spiritual Maturity1998In: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 1, no 4, p. 189-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the similarities and dissimilarities between a gerotranscendental person's and a Sufi's view of ontological questions, of self and of social and individual relationships. Using the Life History Approach followed up by thematic semi-structured interviews, I studied thirteen Iranian Sufis residing in Sweden, dividing the interviewees into two groups according to the stage of their life in which they became familiar with the Sufi ideas: those who became familiar with Sufi ideas early in their life (30 years) are called early Sufis, and those whose familiarity with Sufi ideas came about in their later life (>30) are called later Sufis. The study posits that the existence of a cosmic view of self and the surrounding world can be observed among early Sufis due to their intemalization of the Sufi ideas in early life. Regarding later Sufis, we can hypothesize that the existence of such a cosmic view is not only due to the intemalization of Sufi ideas, but also to aging.

  • 210.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Ahmadi, Babak
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies.
    Ethnic identity and the meaning of context: a study of second generation Iranians in Sweden2012In: The Iranian community in Sweden: multidisciplinary perspectives / [ed] Hassan Hosseini-Kaladjahi, Tumba: Mångkulturellt centrum , 2012, 1, p. 193-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 211.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Iranian Islam and the Concept of the Individual: On the Non-Development of the Concept of the Individual in the Ways of Thinking of Iranians1995Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 212.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Iranian Islam: the concept of the individual1998Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 213.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Meaning-Making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book provides an alternative, complementary approach to the existing conventional approaches to religious and spiritually oriented coping. By focusing on the role of culture, the authors take into account the methods employed by a vast number of people who do not directly identify themselves as religious. The empirical data used in this book derive from studies conducted in several countries; Sweden, China, South Korea, Turkey and Malaysia, across which religion plays a different role in the social and cultural life of individuals. This approach and these empirical data are unique and allow comparisons to be made between different cultural settings.

    By introducing the concept of meaning-making coping, the authors explore the influence of culture on choice of coping methods, be they purely religious, spiritual or existential. The term "existential meaning-making coping" is used to describe coping methods that are related to existential questions; these methods include religious, spiritual and existential coping methods.

    Meaning-making Methods for Coping with Serious Illness contributes to new approaches and theoretical models of coping. As such it is an invaluable resource for health care, medical, public health and sociology students and researchers. It will also be of interest to educators and policy-makers working in the area of health.

  • 214.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Nature as the most important coping strategy among cancer patients: a Swedish survey2015In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 54, no 4, p. 1177-1190Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors have conducted a quantitative survey to examine the extent to which the results obtained in a qualitative study among cancer patients in Sweden (Ahmadi, Culture, religion and spirituality in coping: The example of cancer patients in Sweden, Uppsala, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2006) are applicable to a wider population of cancer patients in this country. In addition to questions relating to the former qualitative study, this survey also references the RCOPE questionnaire (designed by Kenneth I Pargament) in the design of the new quantitative study. In this study, questionnaires were distributed among persons diagnosed with cancer; 2,355 people responded. The results show that nature has been the most important coping method among cancer patients in Sweden. The highest mean value (2.9) is the factor ‘nature has been an important resource to you so that you could deal with your illnesses’. Two out of three respondents (68 %) affirm that this method helped them feel significantly better during or after illness. The second highest average (2.8) is the factor ‘listening to ‘natural music’ (birdsong and the wind)’. Two out of three respondents (66 %) answered that this coping method significantly helped them feel better during illness. The third highest average (2.7) is the factor ‘to walk or engage in any activity outdoors gives you a spiritual sense’. This survey concerning the role of nature as the most important coping method for cancer patients confirms the result obtained from the previous qualitative studies. 

  • 215.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Cetrez, Önver
    Faculty of Theology, Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Erbil, Pelin
    Humanite Psychiatry, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Ortak, Asil
    American Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    A survey study among cancer patients in Turkey: meaning-making coping2019In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand the role of culture on the use of the meaning-making coping among people who have been struck by cancer, qualitative and quantitative studies have been conducted in several countries like Sweden, China, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, and Turkey. This article reports on a quantitative study carried out in Turkey. The aim of the study has been to answer the following question: “Which meaning-making coping method (even nonreligious or spiritual coping methods) is used by informants?” The sample consists of 95 persons, 18+ who had been struck by cancer. The questionnaire was distributed to former/current cancer patients via a web address as an electronic survey through the media page of Cancer Survivors Association. The results of the study show that the most important coping methods used by cancer patients in Turkey are the religious coping (RCOPE) methods, particularly spiritual connection, active religious surrender, passive religious deferral, and pleading for direct intercession. Several RCOPE methods such as spiritual discontent, seeking support from clergy or members, punishing God reappraisal, and demonic reappraisal or self-directing religious coping are not used by the Turkish informants. Nor are non-RCOPE methods highly prevalent among informants.

  • 216.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    Department of social work, Academy of Health and Welfare, Mälardalen University, Mälardalen, Swe.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Palm, Irving
    Department of sociology, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, Swed.
    Diversity barometer: attitude changes in Sweden2020In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 21-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to elucidate and discuss the results of the 2016 Diversity Barometer (Mångfaldsbarometern) and compare these results with those obtained from ten years of the longitudinal Diversity Barometers for 2005?2014. An additional aim is to demonstrate whether and how Swedish people?s experiences of and attitudes toward people with a foreign background and ethnic diversity have changed.A random sample of the Swedish population took part in the annual study, which was carried out in the form of a nationwide postal survey. The results show that negative attitudes toward ethnic and cultural diversity in general, and migrant population in particular, have increased to some extent and with respect to certain issues. Views on diversity in relation to culture and religion ? especially Islam ? were more negative than views on diversity in relation to work. Those who have larger experience of contact with foreigners show a more positive attitude toward diversity compared with those with limited experience and contact. Individuals who have higher education, those who identify themselves as female, younger persons and those living in large cities are more positive than other groups. In our analysis of the empirical data, we proceeded from a social work perspective and applied contact theory and group conflict theories relating attitudes to group position.

  • 217.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Erbil, Pelin
    Clinic of Humanite Psychiatry, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Faculty of Theology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Turkey2019In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 58, no 4, p. 1115-1124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

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  • 218.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Khodayarifard, Mohammad
    Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Zandi, Saeid
    Department of Counseling Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
    Khorrami-Markani, Abdollah
    Department of Nursing, Khoy Medical Sciences Faculty, Urmia Medical Sciences University, Khoy, Iran.
    Ghobari-Bonab, Bagher
    Department of Psychology and Education of Exceptional Children, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
    Sabzevari, Mona
    Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Swedish Agency for Work Environment Knowledge, Gävle, Sweden.
    Religion, culture and illness: a sociological study on religious coping in Iran2018In: Mental Health, Religion & Culture, ISSN 1367-4676, E-ISSN 1469-9737, Vol. 21, no 7, p. 721-736Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article is based on an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping. The larger study has been conducted among cancer patients in 10 countries. The present article is confined to the results obtained in our study in Iran and restricted to religious coping methods. Twenty-seven participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. The several religious coping methods found in the present study are categorised on the basis of RCOPE?s five basic religious functions. The study reveals, among others, the impact of cultural beliefs on certain religious coping methods, even among those who are not regarded as practicing Muslims. The study highlights the importance of investigating cultural and social context when exploring the use of the meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

  • 219.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Larsson, SamUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 220.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Larsson, Sam
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Redaktörernas inledning: en spelöppning om hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv2014In: Hälsa, livsmiljö och arbetsliv: ur ett socialt arbete-perspektiv / [ed] Fereshteh Ahmadi & Sam Larsson, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2014, p. 9-16Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 221. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Lilja, MyUniversity of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Criminology.
    Ensamkommande flyktingbarn: utifrån perspektivet socialt arbete2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 222.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Matos, Paula M.
    Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Centre for Psychology at University of Porto, University of Porto, Portugal.
    Tavare, Rita
    Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Centre for Psychology at University of Porto, University of Porto, Portugal.
    Tomas, Carla
    Department of Psychology, Instituto Superior Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Portimao, Portugal.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Swedish Agency for Work Environment Knowledge, Gävle, Sweden.
    Religious/Spiritual Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Portugal2018In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article is part of an international study on meaning-making coping aimed at understanding the role of culture in coping in different cultural settings. The international study was conducted among cancer patients in ten countries. This article contains the results obtained in the study in Portugal. The main aim is to investigate the impact of culture on the meaning-making coping methods used by cancer patients. In the present article, only religious/spiritual coping methods are in focus.

    Thirty-one participants with various kinds of cancer (e.g., breast, testicular, lymphoma) were interviewed. Nine different kinds of coping methods related to religion and spirituality emerged from analysis of the interviews. These methods, which are categorized on the basis of RCOPE’s five basic religious functions (Pargament, 1997), are: Seeking Spiritual Support, Spiritual Connection, Spiritual Discontent, Benevolent Religious Reappraisal, Punishing God Reappraisal, God’s Trust in Personal Strength, Support from Clergy or Members, Self-Directing Religious Coping and Active Religious Surrender. The study confirms the notion that the strategies people employ when they are stricken by disease, accidents, misfortune, etc., are cultural and temporal constructions. As such, they are valid in concrete contexts and time periods. It is, thus, important that cultural context be taken into consideration when exploring the use of meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

  • 223. Order onlineBuy this publication >>
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Mella, Orlando
    Palm, Irving
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    Stockholms universitet; Mälardalens högskola.
    Mångfaldsbarometern: tio år av attitydmätningar i Sverige2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är en samling av de flesta texter som har publicerats i samband med Mångfaldsbarometern.

    I det första kapitlet redogör Fereshteh Ahmadi, Mehrdad Darvishpour och Irving Palm för resultat från Mångfaldsbarometern från 2005 – 2014 och även andra undersökningar. De presenterar också en sociologisk analys av insamlade data under tio år.

    I det andra kapitlet presenterar Orlando Mella de första årens resultat utifrån ett sociologiskt perspektiv, både teoretiskt och metodologiskt.

    I det tredje kapitlet förklarar Orlando Mella resultaten av sju års mätningar av attityder till mångfald, av mätningar av attityder mot mångfald och fastställer och tolkar vissa tendenser som stabila profiler.

    I det fjärde kapitlet fokuseras på mångfalden i arbetslivet. Den svenska välfärden är tydligt relaterad till invandring. Att underlätta för invandrare att få möjlighet till arbete och egen försörjning har ansetts viktigt för deras integrering i samhället. Invånarnas egna erfarenheter av kontakter med personer med utländsk bakgrund visar sig påverka befolkningens attityder liksom kön, ålder och utbildning.

    I det femte kapitlet behandlas problem kring integration. Mångfaldsbarometern 2009 som kompletterats med ett antal intervjuer visar att en stor andel av befolkningen har positiva erfarenheter av invandrare och menar att de skall ha samma rättigheter och möjligheter som den infödda befolkningen. Studien visar dock att den sociala toleransen har sina gränser och tycks förändras över tid.

    Kapitlen 6-15 består av de årliga rapporterna av Mångfaldsbarometern. I dessa rapporter hittar man statistik och förklaringar till de olika tabeller och figurer som presenteras. I slutet av boken presenteras en lista över en del viktiga artiklar som skrevs i massmedia om Mångfaldsbarometern.

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  • 224.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Mohamed Hussin, Nur Atikah
    University Sains Malaysia.
    Cancer patients' meaning making regarding their dreams: a study among cancer patients in Malaysia2020In: Dreaming (New York, N.Y.), ISSN 1053-0797, E-ISSN 1573-3351, Vol. 30, no 1, p. 79-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dreaming has been associated with human activity, including the activity of individuals with chronic illness. To date, there is a body of literature that has associated dreaming with certain chronic illnesses such as breast cancer, asthma, hypertension, and colitis. However, little research has been done on dreaming activity among cancer patients and their beliefs. This study aims to investigate dreaming activity among cancer patients and explore their meaning making in relation to their dreams. This qualitative study involved 35 cancer patients. A thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. The themes that emerged were dreams as an alarm, sadness and anxiety, denial, hope and motivation, nightmares are the work of evil, and searching for confirmation. It is hoped that this study will promote our understanding of cancer patients’ journey.

  • 225.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Mohamed Hussin, Nur Atikah
    Social Work Section, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
    Mohammad, Mohd Taufik
    Social Work Section, School of Social Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.
    Religion, Culture and Meaning-Making Coping: A Study Among Cancer Patients in Malaysia2019In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 58, no 6, p. 1909-1924Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aimed to explore the use of meaning-making coping mechanisms (existential, spiritual and religious coping) among ethnic Malay cancer patients in Malaysia and to investigate the impact of culture on their choice of coping methods. Twenty-nine participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Four kinds of coping resources emerged from analyses of the interview transcripts: (1) relying on transcendent power, (2) supernatural or mystical beliefs, (3) finding oneself in relationships with others and (4) nature. In this article, the two first resources are in focus. The present findings suggest that Malay culture, which is imbued with Islamic belief, strongly influences cancer patients’ coping methods and ways of looking at their experience of being cancer patients. 

  • 226.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Sociology/Social work.
    Norberg, Maria
    Socialogiska Institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Aggressiv musik som copingstrategi2010In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 87, no 2, p. 78-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I artikeln ”aggressiv musik och coping” diskuteras aggressiv musik (heavy metal, hårdrock, punkrock, hård rap och aggressiv popmusik) som copingstrategi vid den rollkonflikt som kan uppstå i samband med att någon drabbas av cancer. Detta eftersom den sjukroll som tenderar att tillskrivas individen i många fall strider mot den roll personen själv önskar inneha. Diskussionen förs utifrån två fallbeskrivningar hämtade från en studie som fokuserar på musikens roll för personer som drabbats av cancer. I analysen av de två fallbeskrivningarna framgår att aggressiv musik har fungerat som en copingmetod genom att hjälpa informanterna att hantera den ovan nämnda rollkonflikten.

    Emellertid visade analysen på att ålder kan vara en aspekt av betydelse beträffande vid vilken tidpunkt som ett motstånd gentemot sjukrollen växer fram och en konflikt mellan rollerna uppstår. Det är viktigt att se att en copingstrategi är en mötesplats mellan individ och situation. Den är komplex, mångbottnad och högst kontextuell. Diskussionen i denna artikel, vilken förs utifrån detta synsätt, visar på att aggressiv musik, som ofta förknippas med

    aggressivitet och våld, kan verka som en funktionell och högst användbar copingstrategi för unga personer som drabbas av cancer.

  • 227.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Palm, Irving
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet, Uppsala.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Mångfaldsbarometern 20162016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]
    1. Erfarenheterna från människor med utländsk bakgrund fortfarande goda Erfarenheterna från att ha kollegor med utländsk bakgrund i skolan eller på jobbet är goda hos 70 procent av befolkningen och stabila över tiden. En av tio har dåliga erfarenheter. Ju högre utbildning man har desto bättre erfarenheter. Respondenter med låg utbildning och pensionärer saknar relativt ofta helt erfarenhet från människor med utländsk bakgrund.
    2. Försämrade attityder till att ge utlandsfödda sociala och kulturella rättigheter En majoritet tycker att nyanlända skall ha samma sociala rättigheter som personer födda i Sverige – men de positiva attityderna har minskat från 77 procent år 2014 till 55 procent i årets mätning. Knappt hälften av respondenterna vill skapa förutsättningar för människor att bevara sina kulturella traditioner, och även här kan en tydlig minskning skönjas jämfört med 2014. Dessa försämrade attityder återfinns bland såväl kvinnor och män, som unga och gamla.
    3. Allmänt mångfaldsindex sjunker och tangerar lägsta nivå Fortfarande är 64 procent av befolkningen positiva till mångfald men andelen minskar med 10 procentenheter. Försämrade attityder till mångfald märks bland kvinnor och de i medelåldern.
    4. Positiva attityder till mångfald i ett arbetsperspektiv – men något försämrade Fortfarande är de positiva till mångfald en betydligt större grupp än de negativa i ett arbetsperspektiv. Men de negativa attityderna ökar något sedan 2014, bl.a. bland kvinnorna.
    5. Attityderna till mångfald i ett religionsperspektiv har försämrats Kvinnorna har i ett religionsperspektiv nästan blivit lika negativa som män. Försämrade attityder har också skett bland akademiker som annars är de mest positiva. Nästan hälften av de boende i Sverige hävdar att alla religioner inte har samma värderingar och särskiljer då framförallt Islam.
    6. Negativa attityder till människor från Afrika och Mellanöstern i ett boendeperspektiv Var tredje boende i Sverige föredrar personer födda i Sverige som grannar. Men det beror mycket på varifrån grannen kommer. Attityderna är betydligt sämre mot eventuella grannar från Afrika eller Mellanöstern då dessa grupper enligt många är förenat med problem.
    7. Majoritet för att etnisk mångfald utvecklar den svenska kulturen – men attityderna försämras Hälften av de tillfrågade uppfattar stora olikheter mellan den inhemska kulturen och kulturer från Afrika och Mellanöstern. Människor från dessa länder anses vara svårintegrerade i samhället.

     

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  • 228.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Park, Jisung
    Retirement Research Center at Samsung Life Insurance, Seoul, Korea.
    Kim, Kyung Mee
    Department of Social Welfare, Soongsil University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea: a comparative perspective2017In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 56, no 5, p. 1794-1811Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study compared meaning-making coping among cancer patients in Sweden and South Korea, with a focus on the sociocultural context. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 51 Swedes and 33 Koreans. The results showed significant differences between the two countries as well as similarities in existential, spiritual, and religious coping. For example, Swedes primarily used meaning-making coping as a means of meditation or relaxation, whereas Koreans relied on coping with prayer and using healthy foods as a means to survive. The present study confirms the significance of investigating cultural context when we explore the use of meaning-making coping among people who have experienced cancer.

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  • 229.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Park, Jisung
    Retirement Research Center at Samsung Life Insurance, Jung-Gu, Seoul, Korea.
    Kyung Mee, Kim
    Department of Social Welfare, Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Exploring Existential Coping Resources: The Perspective of Koreans with Cancer2016In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 55, no 6, p. 2053-2068Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aimed to explore the use of meaning-making coping (existential, spiritual, and religious coping) among cancer patients in Korea and to investigate the impact of culture on their choice of coping methods. Thirty-three participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Four different kinds of coping resources emerged from analyses of the interview transcripts: (1) belief in the healing power of nature; (2) mind–body connection; (3) relying on transcendent power; and (4) finding oneself in relationships with others. The findings of this study suggest the importance of investigating cultural context when exploring the use of the meaning-making coping strategies in different countries.

  • 230.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Rabbani, Mohammad
    Religious Coping Methods among Cancer Patients in Three Islamic Countries: A Comparative Perspective2019In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 7, no 5, p. 72-82Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article aimed to compare the use of religious coping methods among cancer patients in three Islamic countries from a sociocultural perspective.  The article is based on an international study on meaning-making coping in ten countries, among others Malaysia, Iran and Turkey. Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted among cancer patients in Malaysia (29), Iran (27) and Turkey (25). The results of the comparison show certain differences in use of religious coping methods between informants in these three countries despite Islam being the dominant religion in all contexts.  The findings of this comparative study show the important role culture plays in coping.

  • 231.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Rabbani, Mohammad
    University of Tehran.
    Yi, Xiaohe
    Waseda University, Tokyo.
    Hiroko, Kase
    Waseda University, Tokyo.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Myndigheten för arbetsmiljökunskap, Gävle.
    Spiritual and Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Methods among Japanese Cancer Patients2019In: International Journal of Social Science Studies, ISSN 2324-8033, E-ISSN 2324-8041, Vol. 7, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article is written on the basis of a sociological international project on meaning-making coping. The aim of the project has been to understand the role of culture in meaning-making coping. The project embarrasses studies among cancer patients in 10 countries. The present article is confined to the results obtained in the study in japan. The main aim was to investigate the impact of culture from a sociological perspective on the choice of coping methods. Twelve participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Several meaning-making coping methods are found in the present study. This study underlines the importance of investigating cultural and social context when investigating into the use of the meaning-making coping methods in different countries.

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  • 232.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ristiniemi, Jari
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities, Religious studies.
    Linblad, Inger
    Södertörns högskola.
    Schiller, Lina
    Perceptions of death among children in Sweden2019In: International Journal of Children's Spirituality, ISSN 1364-436X, E-ISSN 1469-8455, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 415-433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses children’s thoughts about death. Research was carried out in two elementary schools in Sweden among 40 children between 6 and 9 years of age, data were collected through text reading, movie viewing and dialogues with children. The main results reveal child-specific thoughts about the end of life, i.e., ideas children construe on their own. The findings also show society- and time-specific thoughts that children take from their societal and cultural context. The article proposes an integrative approach between these two: it is only when the categories of child-specific and society- and time-specific thoughts are combined that we get a fair picture of children’s perceptions of death. The main finding is that children form ideas of their own; they are not completely under the influence of their societal and cultural context. Children take over ideas from their surrounding society but they also express ideas produced by themselves.

  • 233.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Tavares, Rita
    Center for Psychology at the University of Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Portugal.
    Matos, Paula M.
    Center for Psychology at the University of Porto, Portugal; Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, University of Porto, Portugal.
    Tomás, Carla
    Department of Psychology, Instituto Superior Manuel Teixeira Gomes, Algarve, Portugal.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    Swedish Agency for Work Environment Knowledge, Gävle, Sweden.
    Secular Existential Meaning-Making Coping Among Cancer Patients in Portugal: A Qualitative Study2019In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For understanding the role of culture in coping in different cultural settings, we have conducted studies among cancer patients in 10 countries, within the framework of an international study on meaning-making coping. This article reports on part of the results we obtained from a study in Portugal; specifically, the reported findings are restricted to nonreligious/spiritual coping methods, methods we call secular existential meaning-making coping. The main aim is to identify the diversity of coping methods using a cultural lens. Thirty-one participants with various kinds of cancer were interviewed. Six different kinds of coping methods related to secular existential coping emerged from thematic analyses of the interviews: discourse of the self, positive solitude, nature, positive transformational orientation, body–mind relationship, and working. Findings revealed that these six methods facilitated patients’ psychological adaptation to the oncological disease. The findings suggest the importance of considering cultural and social context when exploring coping strategies among cancer patients. 

  • 234.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    De Gamla Flygande Holländarna: Pendlande invandrare med dubbla tillgångar1996In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, no 7-8, p. 379-384Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 235.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala Universitet.
    The Old Flying Dutchman: Shuttling Immigrant with Double Assets1996In: Journal of Aging and Identity, ISSN 1087-3732, E-ISSN 1573-3491, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 191-210Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 236.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Gerotranscendence and Different Cultural Settings2001In: Ageing and Society, ISSN 0144-686X, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 395-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Within the framework of an international research project aimed at studying the impact of different cultural settings on gerotranscendent development, six groups of older people distinguished by religiosity and cultural origin were studied. A life history approach, followed by thematic semi-structured interviews, was applied. One of the objectives was to inquire about the possible impact of religion, conceived of as a cultural setting, on development towards gerotranscendence. The findings of this inquiry gave rise to two hypotheses as to the relationship between ge ro transcendence and religiosity. The first hypothesis is that the internalisation of mystical-type ideas in individuals' ways of thinking is probably a factor involved in the development of a gerotranscendent view of life. In other words, whether individuals practice their 'religion' in a spiritual, nonorganisational way, or in an organisational way, may play a role for development towards gerotranscendence. The second hypothesis is that certain characteristics, such as the secular and individualistic features of modern societies, may delay development towards gerotranscendence.

  • 237.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Gerotranscendence and Life Satisfaction: Studies of religious and secular Iranians and Turks2000In: Journal of Religious Gerontology, ISSN 1050-2289, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 17-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A possible relationship between gerotranscendence and life satisfaction was examined using the life narrative approach followed by thematic semi-structured interviews with religious and secular Iranians residing in Sweden and religious and secular Turks residing in Turkey. Both the Turkish and the Iranian studies provide support for the hypothesis that there is a relationship between gerotranscendence and life satisfaction. Both studies show that persons who displayed evidence of gerotranscendence also displayed evidence of life satisfaction. Additionally, neither of the studies revealed informants displaying gerotranscendence in the absence of discernable life satisfaction.

  • 238.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Hemmets betydelse för äldre invandrare: En litteraturöversikt och riktlinjer för fortsatt forskning och teoribildning2000Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 239.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Identity Crisis and Integration: The divergent Attitudes of Iranian Immigrant Men and women towards Integration into Swedish society2001In: International Migration, ISSN 0020-7985, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 121-135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this article is to show the divergent attitudes of Iranian immigrant men and women towards integration into Swedish society.

    As several studies have shown, Iranian women have a better chance of adjusting to Western societies than Iranian men. This article discusses the notion that one of the important reasons for this is the determining role of professional position in the life of Iranian immigrants in Sweden.

    As a result of the improvement in their work status and therefore an improvement in their social position, Iranian immigrant women now have greater possibilities than Iranian immigrant men to overcome the identity crisis which ordinarily makes ethnic groups and cultural minorities lose their sense of fitting into their new social reality.

    This results, in its turn, in the women having a positive attitude towards the new society and increases the extent of their desire for integration into the new society.

  • 240.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Investigating the Religious and Spiritually-oriented Coping Strategies in the Swedish Context: A review of literature and directions for future research2001In: Illness, Crisis & Loss, ISSN 1054-1373, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 336-356Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 241.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Islam och feminism: hur västerländska idéer behandlas inom islamisk feminism i Iran2000In: Sofia, ISSN 0281-8787, no 1, p. 13-21Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 242.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    The Late Modern Age and Adoption to Social and Value Changes in Later life2002In: Reflections on Diversity and Change in Modern Society: a Festschrift for Annick Sjögren / [ed] Nadia Banno Gomes, Botkyrka: Multicultural Centre , 2002Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 243.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    The Meaning of Home among Elderly Immigrants: Directions for Future Research and Theoretical Development2000In: Housing Studies, ISSN 0267-3037, E-ISSN 1466-1810, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 353-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper discusses the notion that, in research on elderly immigrant housing, it is not enough to delineate the residential geography of different elderly immigrant groups or to study the economic and social reasons for their segregated habitations and exclusiveness. It is also necessary to understand, in the spatial context, the degree of integration and the differences between groups. In explaining these differences, consideration should be given to each elderly immigrant group's own value system, norms and preferences. It is argued that one necessary task in this endeavour is to gain knowledge about different elderly immigrant groups' understandings of what a home symbolises - what home means to them in the context of their particular ways of thinking and culture. From this point of view, the paper concludes that, when investigating the meaning of 'home' among elderly immigrants, an integrative theoretical approach based on an experiential perspective and a phenomenological and developmental perspective are deemed appropriate to be adopted.

  • 244.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Lewin, Bo
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sexualitet och heder: identitet i kris hos unga människor med utländsk bakgrund2003In: Ungdom, kulturmöten, identitet / [ed] Nader Ahmadi, Stockholm: Liber , 2003, 2, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 245.
    Ahmadi Lewin, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Tornstam, Lars
    Elderly Iranian Immigrants in Sweden2000In: Proceedings Vol II: Social and Environmental Issues of Aging, Tehran: Goroh Bonoval Nikokar Publishing , 2000Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 246.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Asylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom: kunskapsöversikt och kartläggning2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En studie om situationen för sylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom genomförd i två delar: en kunskapsöversikt och en kartläggning.

    Syftet har varit att ge en bild av såväl den internationella och nationella kunskapsnivån som problematikens omfattning och de drabbde barnens psykosociala tillstånd.

  • 247.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för socialt arbete.
    Asylsökande barn med uppgivenhetssymtom: trauma, kultur, asylprocess2006Report (Other academic)
  • 248.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Foreword2013In: Substance Use & Misuse, ISSN 1082-6084, E-ISSN 1532-2491, Vol. 48, no 13, p. 1283-1284Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, Social work.
    The Use of Religious Coping Methods in a Secular Society: A Survey Study Among Cancer Patients in Sweden2017In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 171-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present article, based on results from a survey study in Sweden among 2,355 cancer patients, the role of religion in coping is discussed. The survey study, in turn, was based on earlier findings from a qualitative study of cancer patients in Sweden. The purpose of the present survey study was to determine to what extent results obtained in the qualitative study can be applied to a wider population of cancer patients in Sweden. The present study shows that use of religious coping methods is infrequent among cancer patients in Sweden. Besides the two methods that are ranked in 12th and 13th place, that is, in the middle (Listening to religious music and Praying to God to make things better), the other religious coping methods receive the lowest rankings, showing how nonsignificant such methods are in coping with cancer in Sweden. However, the question of who turns to God and who is self-reliant in a critical situation is too complicated to be resolved solely in terms of the strength of individuals’ religious commitments. In addition to background and situational factors, the culture in which the individual was socialized is an important factor. Regarding the influence of background variables, the present results show that gender, age, and area of upbringing played an important role in almost all of the religious coping methods our respondents used. In general, people in the oldest age-group, women, and people raised in places with 20,000 or fewer residents had a higher average use of religious coping methods than did younger people, men, and those raised in larger towns.

  • 250.
    Ahmadi, Nader
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Criminology, Social Work.
    Erbil, Pelin
    Oncology Clinique, Humanite Psychiatry, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Department of Theology, Uppsala University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Religious meaning-making coping in Turkey: a study among cancer patients2019In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 190-208Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present project has been to carry out international studies on meaning-making coping among people who have been affected by cancer in a number of societies and, thereby, to try to understand the influence of culture on use of these coping methods. Five countries—Sweden, South Korea, China, Japan, and Turkey—are included in the project. Qualitative semistructured interviews have been conducted with persons with a cancer diagnosis. The research group in each country has used, as a foundation, the interview questions developed for the Swedish study. These questions were, however, modified to better suite the sociocultural context of each participating country. The results presented here concern only Turkey and are restricted to religious coping methods. The study consists of 25 cancer patients (18 females and 7 males) between 20 and 71 years of age. The results of the study in Turkey indicated that the RCOPE (Religious Coping) methods are highly relevant for the interviewees. A sociological analysis of the study made from a cultural perspective showed clearly the importance of the idea of being tolerant (Sabr) for patients when coping with the psychological problems brought about by cancer. The study made it clear that culture plays an essential role in the choice of coping methods.

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