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  • 301.
    Akander, Jan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Morberg, Åsa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science.
    Sustainability of world heritage: who inherits the ownership of decorated farmhouses of Hälsingland?2017In: A Good Life for All: Essays on sustainability celebrating 60 years of making life better / [ed] Fagerström, Arne and Cunningham, Gary M., Mjölby: Atremi AB , 2017, 1, p. 139-161Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter discusses sustainability of Sweden’s most recent World Heritage (WH) site, the Decorated Farmhouses of Hälsingland. A general overview presents what WH is, why it is special and why it should be preserved for future generations. The views of WH farm owners on managing a WH site and how they feel about the task have been assessed. WH must be preserved for future generations and it is necessary for the farms to interact sustainably with their local communities. Most WH farms are privately owned and have been within the same family for centuries. Will this continue in the future or are there problems with succession?

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  • 302.
    Akander, Jan
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Stojanovic, Bojan
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Hallberg, Daniel
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för byggnadskvalitet.
    Simulated Long-term Thermal Performance of a Building That Utilizes a Heat Pump System and Borehole2008In: Durability of Building Materials & Components 11: Globality and Locality in Durability / [ed] A. Nil Türkeri, Özkan Sengül, Istanbul, Turkey: Istanbul Technical University, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last decades, installation and use of heat pumps has grown rapidly in Sweden, to the extent that these mainly or partly heat roughly 25 % of the heated floor space in single-family houses. A majority are ground coupled where the heat exchanger is a borehole of 60-220 m depth. As the heat pump system operates, heat extraction will in time reduce borehole temperatures, rendering lowered efficiency of the heat pump system thus directly affecting its economical and environmental aspects. Within the building sector, durability and life performance dynamics of energy systems is often not reflected upon. System performance and efficiency is assumed to be static over time, changing only due to different operation scenarios. This paper serves to quantify the long-term thermal performance degradation of a component, in this case the borehole, and how the degradation of this component affects performance-over-time of an entire system, in this case the heating system of the building. A dynamic thermal simulation model is used to assess the long-term thermal performance of the borehole. The building, which the heat pump serves, is assumed to be a typical Swedish house with normal energy consumption. Simulation results show that the depth of the borehole is of great importance to limit over-time temperature drops. The efficiency of the heat pump system is directly dependent of temperatures in the borehole. How the overall system performance is affected by component performance degradation, is highlighted.

  • 303.
    Akander, Sara
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Eriksson, Ellinor
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Hur personer som lever med HIV/AIDS upplever bemötandet inom vården: - En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: HIV is a viral disease that is caused by a retro virus which damage the immune system. AIDS is the final stage of the disease and there are two types of HIV; type 1 and type 2. The carer and the patient are dependent on each other to make the medical care optimal. The meeting is an important part of patients’ experience of medical care, especially for people living with a contagious disease. Earlier research showed that healthcare professionals could have a potentially critical view on people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). Knowledge about how PLHA experience the meeting when in contact with the healthcare sector today is missing, therefore the authors of this study wanted to examine this topic further. Aim: The aim was to describe how PLHA experience the meeting within the healthcare sector when seeking help because of the disease, and also to describe the sample used in the articles that were used in this study. Method: Descriptive literature review, nine articles both qualitative and quantitative where used. Key findings: : According to PLHA was a positive encounter important to the career-patient-relationship. Trough more information and increased knowledge about the disease in nurses and other healthcare personnel did PLHA describe that the encounter became more positive and the HIV-related stigma could be reduced. An individual education for PLHA were also an important factor to reduce the self-experienced stigma that often were based upon shame. That internal shame and the feeling that needing to hide something could lead to depression and negative feelings. A negative encounter could for example be lack of dedications and an un-welcoming attitude and furthermore reluctance in the healthcare personnel to treat and support PLHA both physically and psychological Conclusions: PLHA doesn't experience as much stigma or discrimination today as before, but there are still a certain degree of preconceptions. Further education of both healthcare personnel that doesn't encounter these kind of patients on a regular basis and information to the society could help reduce the preconceptions and the stigma that still exist around this disease.

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  • 304.
    Akbar, Yusra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences. 0704965014.
    Är du glad på din arbetsplats?: En kvalitativ undersökning om faktorer av betydelse för trivseln på arbetsplatser2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vara glad på arbetsplatsen är ett mål som vi anställda strävar efter inom arbetsmarknaden. Att trivas på arbetet kan bero på olika faktorer som kan hänga ihop med en god arbetsmiljö för de anställda. Anställda som trivs med sitt jobb visar bättre resultat och har en ökad prestation. Arbetsgivarna bör tänka strategiskt på detta område och investera både tid och resurser för positiv påverkan på verksamheten. Att mäta trivselgraden regelbundet i ett företag är nödvändigt i högsta grad för att ta reda på vad som fungerar bra och vilka områden som behöver förbättras.

    Uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ metod i form av halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Detta innebär intervjuer av ett antal anställda på företaget Bauhaus. Valet av företag bygger på bekvämlighetsprincipen. Intervjuerna riktade in sig på upplevd trivsel på arbetet samt vad som ökar trivseln.

    Uppsatsen utgår från en studie av Angelöw (2015) som visar att Sverige ligger på 9:e plats på världskartan när det gäller trivsel i arbetet, efter bland annat Mexiko, Indien och Norge. Resultaten av denna studie visar exempel på faktorer som kan ligga bakom trivseln i arbetet. Undersökningen kan därför vara en grund till att öka förståelse och insyn i vad som kan vara en trivsam arbetsplats och vad som kan påverka arbetsmiljötrivsel.

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  • 305.
    Akello, Juliana
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Trendigt: En undersökning av värdeord i reklam för skönhetsprodukter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen är att granska modern reklam och dess spegling av genus i vårt samhälle. Språk är ett verktyg som påverkar alla individer och i reklam kan språket ofta användas manipulativt. Att analysera hur skönhetsreklam handskas med konsumentens föreställning av manlighet och kvinnlighet gör en iakttagelse av vad språket i en viss typ av reklamannonser innebär. Syftet utformades efter en målgrupp, millenials, och de normbrytande tankar kring kön och samhälle som figurerar bland dem som konsumenter. Med strukturell analys för brukstexter undersöktes de värdeord, attityder, ramar och språkhandlingar som förekommer i skönhetsreklam. Resultatavsnittet knyter teori och forskning till de värdeord och stereotyper annonserna använder sig av och belyser olika strategier reklamen brukar för att påverka konsumentens attityd till kön och konsumtion. Genom att studera ordvalen och innehållet i annonserna kunde frågeställningar besvaras,  exempelvis de om värdeord som finns i annonserna och vilka stereotyper de framställer. I diskussionsavsnittet förs resonemang kring kundens positiva och negativa inställning till erbjudanden i skönhetsreklam och de ordval som gjorts i annonserna. Slutsatsen är att den manlighet och kvinnlighet som visas i den här kontexten är omodern och har i viss mån konstruerats för att vara normbrytande men bara för att öka attraktionsvärdet hos den produkt som marknadsförs. 

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  • 306.
    Akin-Tepede, Oladipupo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Impediments to Adopting Sustainable Transportation in Developing Countries – TheCase of Tricycles in Nigeria: MBA-thesis in marketing2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to discuss the impediments to adopting sustainabletransportation in developing countries using tricycles in Nigeria as a case study.Two Executives of Chongqing Beyond Company in China, Marketing Managerof Kayemel Tricycle in India, Brand Manager of keke POeT, the chairman ofTricycle Association, Idewu Routes, the chairman of Tricycle Association,Liverpool Routes and a member of Transport Committee, Obafemi AwolowoUniversity (OAU) were interviewed. Data was also gathered throughquestionnaires for a total of fifteen drivers of different tricycle types on differentroute and a total of twenty passengers picked at random from Idewu Route,Liverpool Route and OAU campus.It was discovered under the lenses of relevant Green Marketing literature thatthe data supports some theoretical findings in their respective fields but alsocounters some other theoretic findings. It came to the conclusion that concept ofdominant demand, commercial stakeholders’ cooperation and effective qualityprogram advocated by some of the green marketing literature are very effectivemarketing tactics in the success of green tricycles adoption in Nigeria.

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  • 307.
    Akman, Gule
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    English spelling errors in Swedish high school: An investigation of English spelling errors among Swedish high school students and their possible causes2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates spelling errors among Swedish students of English. The purpose of this research is to develop a better understanding of the causes of spelling errors and to investigate whether there are any differences between program orientation and gender. The participants are English A students from Swedish high schools in year 1. The data analysed in this study consists of essays written by the participants which have been gathered into the Uppsala Learner English Corpus (ULEC).

    The results showed that the academic program has a lower error rate when compared to the vocational program and that female students display a lower error frequency than male students. These results reflect the same pattern found by previous studies on achievement between the programs and across gender. However, when comparing all variables, both gender and program, the results demonstrate that academic male students had the lowest error rate of all groups, which could partially be explained by the fact that the academic male students have a higher level of engagement with video- and online games when compared to the other groups.

    The language processes that the participants found the most challenging were letter omission, letter insertion and letter substitution. These results follow the same pattern highlighted in previous studies on spelling among both native speakers and learners. Finally, the exchange between the vowels <a>, <e> and <i> was found to be a frequent error among the students. Experiencing difficulties with the correct usage of vowels can be explained as a transfer error.

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  • 308.
    Aktan, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Dynamic hair effects2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Creating three dimensional hair is still one of the hardest elements when creating characters. Problems occur because of the constant changes in the software every few years. A major goal is to create as realistic hair as possible in Autodesk Maya and to supply this detailed information on to other 3D artist. Techniques are researched and reviewed on how different hair systems are created, as well as how dynamic effects react on the moving hair.

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  • 309.
    Akter, Khalida
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Factors affecting consumers green purchase intention towards ecological products: ICA supermarket in Sweden2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: “Factors affecting consumers green purchase intention towards ecological products: ICA supermarket in Sweden”.

    Level: Master degree thesis in Business AdministrationAuthor: Khalida Akter

    Supervisor: Zahra AhmadiExaminer: Maria Fregidou-Malama

    Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate how consumer trust, eco-branding and green marketing strategy influence consumer purchase intention towards ecological products.

    Method: The qualitative method and inductive approach have been used for this research. The primary data have been collected through face to face interview and the secondary data have been used through scientific journals and the internet.

    Findings: The results show the important factors that can promote green marketing towards ecological products are; consumer trust, green trust, eco-label trust, eco-branding, green pricing, green advertising, green design and green promotion have a strong relation with each other. The study also shows that consumer purchase intention can be increased by giving sufficient information regarding ecological products, by increasing awareness, credibility, by reducing the perceived risk of the products, brand uniqueness, by advertising the products through the company magazines, billboards and posters outside of the supermarket, by raising awareness of customer health. Brand loyalty is also an important factor to create a long-term relationship with customers and it can be created by the fair price perception among the customers. The main promotional issues have been found for this study is customer health and climate change. The study also shows that price doesn’t affect on consumer purchase behaviour.

    Suggestions for future research: This study helps to understand how to promote green marketing for ecological products. For further study, the author suggests to investigate if there is a relationship between green marketing, consumer trust, eco-branding as well as a green marketing strategy. The future study will help to research on green marketing for ecological products.

    Contribution: This study has identified elements to promote green marketing and factors that can help to increase consumers purchase intention. The author hopes that the findings of this study will help companies to create their consumer purchase intention. The study has contributed to the theory and to the managers by investigating the factors affecting on green marketing.

    Keywords: Green marketing, Consumer trust, green trust, Eco-branding, Green marketing strategy, consumer purchase intention.

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    Thesis HT19
  • 310.
    Akter, Ruzlin
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Rathnayaka, Shashiprabha
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    The Impact of Organizational Culture and Leadership on Organizational Innovation2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Title: The Impact of Organizational Culture and Leadership on Organizational Innovation

    Level: Final assignment for Master Degree in Business Administration

    Authors: Ruzlin Akter and Shashiprabha Rathnayaka

    Supervisor: Zahra Ahmadi, PhD

    Examiner: Maria Fregidou-Malama, PhD

    Date: 2019 – January

    Aim: The aim of the study is to explore the impact of organizational culture and leadership in the development of organizational innovation.

    Method: The study is based on twelve qualitative interviews from six different organizations. The organizations have been selected randomly but with consideration of innovativeness. Two of the organizations have been selected from Sri Lanka and four organizations from Sweden. This study has been conducted by following an inductive qualitative research method using structured and semi-structured interview. Inductive approach has been followed to analyze the data.

    Result & Conclusion: Organization culture and leadership together have an influence for developing innovation. The findings of the study suggest that process and job oriented culture, and transactional leadership has both positive and negative impact in developing innovation. Our findings suggest that result oriented culture, employee oriented culture, pragmatic culture, open system and transformational leadership are more effective than process oriented, job oriented, normative culture and transactional leadership for developing innovation.

    Suggestion for Future Research: Though this study has used six organizations, the numbers of participants is low for each organization. This study has not focused on any specific industry and national culture. Therefore the suggestion for further study is to use more participants and to be industry specific. Researcher can also go in depth to identify which factors are particularly the reasons for the failure and success of innovativeness to this particular industry through comparing the national culture.

    Contribution: This study has made a theoretical contribution by connecting organizational culture and leadership with innovation and provides a new reflection regarding the impact of ii process oriented culture and job oriented culture. This study contributes to the implication to managers where managers can serve best for the culture while knowing about the influential result of the culture and leadership on innovation. With the help of this study, organizations will be able to identify the factors that may help them to be innovative and competitive in market. Ultimately the organization will be able contribute to the national economy of its country.

    Key words: Organizational Innovation, Leadership, Organizational Culture.

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    the impact of organizational culture and leadership on organizational innovation, 2019
  • 311.
    Al Abdalla, Yazan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Sju & de abrahamitiska religionerna: Ett heligt tal?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Purpose: The study focuses on the number seven in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The purpose of this essay was to find out where in the Holy Scriptures and traditions the number seven can be found and also to understand what purpose the number have in these religions.

     

    Method: In order to answer the purpose of the work, various literature studies were used with previous research on the subject. The studies used gave a deeper understanding of the historical background of the number seven. In addition to literature studies, the religious scriptures, the Bible and the Qur'an were used.

     

    Theory: The theory used in the work is intertextuality. Intertextuality is based on the fact that most texts are based on other texts. Given that the religious scriptures were studied in the paper, this theory was very helpful.

     

    Result: The survey of the religious texts revealed that the number seven addresses the moderation of the creation myth which made the characters in the biblical story use the number seven as a symbol of moderation.

     

    The analysis part led to the second result which is based on intertextuality. This theory tells us that religious scriptures are part of an intertextual chain, for example, the Quran incorporates certain elements from previous writings. The same applies to, for example, the Bible. The result of this is that the religious texts are based on each other which means that the number seven may have been mentioned in early texts as a sacred element and texts that came later on incorporated that theory.

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  • 312.
    Al Amin, A.
    et al.
    Department of EEE, Uttara University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Islam, M.
    Department of EEE, Uttara University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Masud, M. A.
    Department of EEE, Uttara University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Khan, N. H.
    Department of EEE, Uttara University, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Zavala, J. W. A.
    Characterization Engineer, Radio Semiconductor Corporation, Netherlands.
    Minhaz-Ul-Islam, Mohammed
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics.
    Design and performance analysis of 3.4 ghz rectangular microstrip patch antenna for wireless communication systems2017In: International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation, ISSN 2039-5086, E-ISSN 2039-5094, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 80-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Wireless communication provides low-cost, high-speed and flexible communication in present days. Hence antenna plays a vital role in the wireless communication sector. The main concern of this paper is therefore to design a 3.4 GHz rectangular Microstrip patch antenna. Moreover, the feed probe based rectangular patch antenna will be designed. The performance of the designed rectangular patch antenna will be evaluated by analysing the major parameters of the simulation results. Hence the radiation pattern, gain, impedance matching and reflection coefficient or return loss calculation will be executed by the HFSS software to evaluate the performance of the antenna. 

  • 313.
    Al hamdany, Yarub
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering, Energy system.
    Simulering och energieffektivisering för en kontorsbyggnad iForsmark2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society changes rapidly and is heavily dependent on energy. The Energy usage in buildings account for about 40% of total Sweden's energy usage, where energy is used by buildings for electricity, cooling and heating. Therefore, energy is an important issue in today's society from an energy use approach to stop the global warming. In this work, a survey was carried out by an office building in Forsmark Kraftgrupp AB to find out about energy use and create a basis for energy-saving measures. The IDA ICE 4.7.1 program was used to simulate the building's energy use by creating a base model of the building. After that, the base model has been compared with different energy efficiency measures to check where the biggest and least energy saving potentials occur. The result shows that the total energy use in the office building is 198 125 kWh / year. The simulations show that energy efficiency measures could reduce energy use in the building by 81 962 kWh / year, which corresponds to 41.4% of the total energy use. Time control of ventilation systems gives the largest energy savings of 51, 2 kWh / m2, year.

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    examensarbete-11
  • 314.
    AL Hareere, Rafeh Ibraheem Taleb
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    Bekic, Kenan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies, Business administration.
    The relationship between leadership and organizational culture: Handelsbanken in Sweden2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: The Relationship between Leadership and Organizational Culture

    Level: Master Degree in Business Administration 

    Authors: Al Hareere, Rafeh and Bekic, Kenan

    Supervisor: Maria Fregidou- Malama 

    Examiner: Ehsanul Huda Chowdhury

    Date: 2018-10-10

    Aim: The aim of the study is to explore the relationship between leadership and organizational culture in a financial organization. The study has been conducted in Handelsbanken, Sweden.

    Method: The study is based on ten qualitative interviews with managers and employees in Handelsbanken, Mid-Sweden offices. We used inductive approach by comparing findings with existing theory.

    Result & Conclusions: Leadership depends mostly on corporate values and individuals´ personalities within SHB.  We noticed predominantly notion of transformational leadership, consisting of democratic, empowering and participative leadership. SHB´s corporate culture is strong and cohesive, resembling mostly guided missile type of culture. We argue that leadership and corporate culture affect each other, in case of Swedish Handelsbanken through employee motivation and empowerment and internal recruitment and development of future managers.

    Suggestions for future research: We suggest a study where the possible existence of transactional and laissez faire leadership could be proven within a financial organization as well as studies on other types of corporate culture and conducting similar studies within financial organizations to make comparisons between the organizations.

    Contribution of the thesis: This study contributes to theoretical knowledge development about leadership and corporate culture and the interconnection between them within a financial organization, as presented in case of Handelsbanken, Mid-Sweden offices.

    Key words: Leadership, corporate culture, transformational leadership; democratic, empowering, participative leadership; guided missile corporate culture, financial organization

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  • 315.
    Al Tanany, Ahmed
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment.
    A Study of Switched Mode Power Amplifiers using LDMOS2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work focuses on different kinds of Switch Mode Power Amplifiers (SMPAs) using LDMOS technologies. It involves a literature study of different SMPA concepts. Choosing the suitable class that achieves the high efficiency was the base stone of this

    work. A push-pull class J power amplifier (PA) was designed with an integrated LC resonator inside the package using the bondwires and die capacitances. Analysis and motivation of the chosen class is included. Designing the suitable Input/Output printed circuit board (PCB) external circuits (i.e.; BALUN circuit, Matching network and DC

    bias network) was part of the work. This work is done by ADS simulation and showed a simulated result of about 70% drain efficiency for 34 W output power and 16 dB gain at 2.14 GHz. Study of the losses in each part of the design elements is also included.

    Another design at lower frequency (i.e.; at 0.94 GHz) was also simulated and compared to the previous design. The drain efficiency was 83% for 32 W output power and 15.4 dB Gain.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 316.
    Alade, Kudirat Toyin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Managing Conflicts in Relationships and Networks: A case study of IT-Firms in Nigeria and Uganda2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Title: Managing Conflicts in Relationships and Networks. A case study of IT-firms in Nigeria and Uganda.

    Level: Master thesis in Business administration.

    Author: Kudirat Toyin Alade.

    Supervisor: Dr. Sarah Philipson.

    Examiner: Dr. Maria Fregidou-Malama.

    Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate on how the information technology (IT) firms in Nigeria and Uganda manage conflicts, to understand how conflicts among employees can be minimized with the help of managerial training, and to also understand how improved performance of their employees can influence the network performance.

    Method: This study uses a qualitative method, the data was collected through interviews with top employees from AfriLabs (Nigeria), Hive Colab (Uganda), and Wennovation Hub (Nigeria). The interviews were conducted through Skype, respondents were selected using purposive sampling technique. The analysis was done with the help of a grounded theory.

    Result & Conclusions: The findings from this study are that Managerial training can help minimize conflicts among employees, if the training is been administered properly. Conflicts among organizations in business relationships and networks are properly managed through negotiations, and by signing a valid contract with their members with whom they have formed relationships and networks. The study also reveals that, when employees put in too much effort in accomplishing a task, or too few or too many employees are chosen for task, this will affect the network performance.

    Suggestions for future research: Future studies should delve more on managerial training to minimize issues of conflicts, as there are few established theories on this. It may be interesting to use different countries in Africa, to test the results of this study.

    Contribution: This study provides business managers with strategies to minimize issues of conflicts among employees. It also provides ways in which they can manage conflicts in organizational relationships and networks.

     

    Keywords: Business Relationships, Business Networks, Conflicts, Managerial training,  Performance.

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  • 317.
    Alam, Faysal
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Butt, Mansoor Ul Hasan
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Motives and Challenges of Offshoring2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Aim: The aim of this study is to explore offshoring in terms of different motives, challenges, advantages and disadvantages a company face.

     

    Method: Qualitative research method is adopted to conduct the study. The data was collected from interview questions from 11 personnel of M&F Associates with relative offshoring experience. Theories from peer-reviewed journal articles and relevant books were consulted throughout the study.

     

    Results and Conclusion: The findings suggest that major motives and advantages of offshoring strategy are cost efficiency. Contingency plan and development of consultants and services in home country also emerged as a major motive for companies to choose offshoring strategy. Further, the findings suggest challenges faced by the organization while implementing offshoring strategy like ‘language barrier’, ‘cultural differences’, ‘competency’ and setting deadlines.

    There are different challenges identified which are faced by an organization on continuous bases while implementing the offshoring strategy like ‘language barrier’, ‘cultural differences’, ‘competency’ and setting deadlines. Further, the finding suggests better margin is key for an organization and considered as a major advantage. As far as disadvantages go, the findings from the study reveal weak control and knowledge could be regarded as a disadvantage.

     

    This study also concludes that one of the evolving motives for organizations to adopt offshoring to make capacity for customer relations as well as organization face difficulty to communicate their offshoring strategy with its customers.

     

    Limitations: The study is based on the perspective of only one organization and with a limited number of interviews. Results of this study cannot be generalised.

     

    Suggestions for further research: Our recommendation for future study is to consider customer’s perspective on the issue. Both managerial perspective, as well as the customer's perspective should be taken into  consideration for better result. Another suggestion, is to look into the relationship between offshoring and customer relation. Since, lack of studies been found in this area, further research can be explored for the benefit of organizations. A quantitative study with a wider selection of samples gathered from different parts of the world with specific industries could enrich the study even more.

     

    The contribution of the study: This study contributes to the general knowledge and understanding of why companies use offshoring strategy to expand business while discussing its motives, challenges, advantages, and disadvantages.

    Keywords:  Offshoring, outsourcing, Uppsala model, customer relations.

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  • 318.
    Alam, Md Mahbub
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    The impact of national culture on the organizational culture: Multinational companies doing businesses in developing countries2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: The impact of national culture on the organizational culture: Multinational companies doing businesses in developing countries

    Level: Final assignment for Master Degree in Business Administration (MBA)

    Author: Md. Mahbub Alam

    Supervisor: Dr. Ehsanul Huda Chowdhury

    Examiner: Dr. Maria Fregidou-Malama

    Day: 2017- May

    Aim: The aim of the study is to understand how national culture of Bangladesh is affecting the organizational culture of the multinational firms operating in Bangladesh. To understand the issue, Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions are regarded as benchmark for analysis.

    Method: Qualitative study has been conducted whereby both primary and secondary data are used. Hereby, primary data have been gathered from ten employees of Grameen Phone a multinational working in Bangladesh. To collect data, face to face interviews has been conducted using Skype.

    Results & Conclusions:  Finding of the study is the MNCs integration with national culture with the view to sustainable business operation. It has been demonstrated that national culture affects the organizational culture in the form of employee participation, collective working environment, collaborative work efforts, and knowledge sharing through continuous communication.

    Suggestions for future research: Further investigations on national culture’s impact on organizational culture can be undertaken by making a comparison between MNC and a purely local firm. Additionally, an analysis on a large number of MNCs operating in host country can add value for further researches.

    Contribution of the thesis: To the theoretical model, this study makes contribution on the ground of understanding how MNC adapt their business with local culture where cultural sensitiveness is high.

    Managerial implications: MNCs can ensure collaboration, support, and teamwork among employees as part of their attempt to integrate with local culture. This study reveals that local employees can be used as means of cultural carriers by managers which can promptly address the cultural differences to be mitigated.

    Keywords: Multi-national Corporations (MNCs), National Culture, Organizational Culture, Uncertainty Avoidance, Individualism vs. Collectivism, Power Distance

     

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    Final Thesis Alam Md Mahbub
  • 319.
    Alarik, Therese
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Olofsson, Marie
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences, Caring science.
    Manliga sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av yrket: en beskrivande litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Bakgrund Historiskt sett har sjuksköterskeyrket ansetts ha låg status och varit dominerat av kvinnor. Yrkesrollen har associerats till det kvinnliga och att vara omhändertagande, varm och moderlig. Denna stereotyp finns kvar ännu idag. I Sverige antog inte sjuksköterskeutbildningen män förrän under 1950-talet, och viss forskning har visat att patienter och kvinnliga kollegor varit skeptiska till män i yrkesrollen.

    Syfte Syftet med denna litteraturstudie var att beskriva manliga sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vara man i yrket.

    Metod En beskrivande litteraturstudie. Databaserna Medline via Pubmed och Cinahl användes för att finna 13 artiklar, dessa analyserades genom en innehållsanalys. 

    Huvudresultat Studien presenterar manliga sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av yrket i fem kategorier: Upplevelsen av marginalisering och exkludering, Förväntningar på män i yrket, Manliga sjuksköterskors syn på yrket, I mötet med patienten samt Fördomar om manliga sjuksköterskors sexuella läggning.

    Slutsats Manliga sjuksköterskor har upplevt motstånd i sitt yrke och begränsats av fördomar om att män inte platsar i yrkesrollen. De upplevde sig exkluderade och marginaliserade kopplat till mansrollen, samt att de förväntades utföra tungt och tekniskt arbete. Trots sin minoritetsställning upplevde de ändå patriarkaliska fördelar. I samhället finns en uppfattning om att manliga sjuksköterskor är homosexuella. Resultatet vittnar om att könsroller och genusstrukturer påverkar arbetet, vilket kan relateras till Raewyn Connells maskulinitetsteori.

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    Manliga sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av yrket
  • 320.
    Al-Asad, Zahir
    University of Gävle, Department of Technology and Built Environment, Ämnesavdelningen för elektronik.
    Implementation of NURBS Objects in a Ray TracingCode for RCS Simulation2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 321.
    Al-Asadi, Hind
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Culture Studies, Religious Studies and Educational Sciences.
    Hur elever med matematiksvårigheter kan få stöd genom alternativa undervisningsmetoder: En studie gjorde med hjälp av dataprogrammet GeoGebra i ett sociokulturellt sammanhang2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 322.
    Al-Asadi, Hind
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Speciallärares undervisning för elever i matematiksvårigheter på högstadiet2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 323.
    Al-asadi, Ronza Halla
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Hanna, Jessika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Effektiva samverkansprocesser?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socialarbetarens upplevelser av samverkan i arbetet med ensamkommande flyktingbarn2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom denna studie har vi intervjuat socialarbetare kring deras upplevelser av samverkan mellan myndigheter och involverade personer i arbetet med ensamkommande flyktingbarn. Studien genomfördes genom semistrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer, där verksamma socialarbetare inom barn- och ungdomsenheten med specialisering på ensamkommande flyktingbarn intervjuades kring deras upplevelse av samverkansprocesser. Utifrån teoretiska perspektiv som KASAM och human relationsskolan har vi analyserat studiens datamaterial. Redovisning av tidigare forskning, studiens metodologiska utgångspunkter och tillvägagångssätt ges ingående. Resultatet av studien redovisas och analyseras. Slutligen förs en kritisk diskussion där även möjliga tolkningar av resultat diskuteras. Av studiens resultat har vi identifierat socialarbetares upplevelser av hinder för en effektiv samverkan vilket utgörs av fyra faktorer. Studiens resultat visade att samverkan möjliggör för socialarbetaren att skapa ett starkt nätverk för barnet samt ändra barnets negativa syn av myndigheter och vuxna. Samverkan möjliggör även ökad effektivitet och kvalitet i socialarbetarens handläggning där även behovsbedömningen underlättas.

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  • 324.
    Alayón Glazunov, Andrés
    et al.
    Division of Electromagnetic Engineering, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Prasad, Sathyaveer
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Electronics. Signal Processing Lab, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Händel, Peter
    ACCESS Linnaeus Centre; Signal Processing Lab, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Experimental Characterization of the Propagation Channel along aVery Large Virtual Array in a Reverberation Chamber2014In: Progress in Electromagnetics Research B, ISSN 1937-6472, E-ISSN 1937-6472, Vol. 59, p. 205-217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show that the combined use of radio frequency absorbers and directive antennas can produce significant changes of the radio propagation channel properties along the positions of a virtual array inside a reverberation chamber. A multidimensional characterization of the channel was performed at 40 antenna positions with spacing of 0:233λ at 1 GHz. The average power, the Ricean K-factor, the coherence bandwidth, the r.m.s. delay spread, the mean delay, the beamforming power angle spectrum and array antenna correlation have been studied for different arrangements in the reverberation chamber. The analysis shows that the joint average over time and frequency channel behavior is, as expected, rather homogeneous along the very large array. However, individual realizations of the channel present a pronounced selective behavior in space, time and frequency with parameters varying along the positions of the virtual array suggesting that a heterogeneous behavior of the radio channels can be emulated in reverberation chambers. An important application of the presented study comprises testing of antenna array designs and algorithms in multipath environments. Further development may lead to Over The Air testing of Multiple Input Multiple Output antenna systems of various sizes, i.e., from small to very large arrays.

  • 325.
    Al-Barwari, Mona
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Hamed, Zabi
    University of Gävle, Department of Business Administration and Economics.
    Enkelt, Snabbt & Rätt: En studie av Försäkringskassans omorganisation2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet syftar till att beskriva och analysera de interna effekterna av en omorganisation. Detta bygger på en kvalitativ undersökning då vi ansåg att den var den mest relevanta metoden för studien. För att kunna fördjupa sig i ämnet från nära håll och bygga undersökningen på åsikter från de internt berörda parterna. Vi använde oss av ett flertal organisationsböcker som innehåller teorier om förändring och förändringsarbete. Information till empiriska delen av arbetet är hämtad från intervjuer med personer på ledningsnivå men också med övriga medarbetarna. Vi hade dessutom en formell verksamhetsstrategi för förändringsarbetet till vårt förfogande som vi kunde utgå ifrån.  Slutsatsen blev att Försäkringskassans verksamhet var byggd för en annan tid och behövde förändras. Detta var inte lika självklart behov för medarbetarna som för ledningen. Många i personalen är emot förnyelsearbetet och främst p.g.a. sättet förändringen genomfördes på då det var ett toppstyrt genomförande. Idén om det nya systemet bygger på tre ord: Enkelt, Snabbt & Rätt.

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  • 326.
    Albers, Ida
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Svennefjord, Linda
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences, Educational science, Education.
    Förskollärares upplevelser av implementeringen av den nya läroplanen: Utmaningar och möjligheter2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att bidra till ökad medvetenhet om hur förskollärare upplever sig kunna mediera läroplanen för förskolan (Skolverket, 2018) i samband med förändringarna i läroplanen som trädde i kraft den 1 juli 2019, och vilka utmaningar och möjligheter de stött på i samband med implementeringen. Det här var en kvantitativ studie som utgick från ett frågeformulär i ett slutet förskoleforum på Facebook där 56 förskollärare valde att delta. Ett sociokulturellt perspektiv användes för att förstå de kontextuella förutsättningarna för att mediera läroplanen. Resultatet visade att det många förskollärare upplevde som utmaningar i implementeringsarbetet var bland annat digitalisering, tidsbrist, utbildning/undervisning och gemensam reflektion/diskussion. De möjligheter många beskrev handlade om stöd och resurser från rektorn i form av bland annat tid för läsning, föreläsningar/webbkurs och samtal/diskussion. Resultatet visade även att majoriteten av deltagande förskollärare upplevde att arbetslaget sällan eller aldrig gavs möjlighet att tillsammans reflektera, diskutera och sätta sig in i förändringarna i läroplanen. Dock uppgav 87 procent att de som arbetslag regelbundet hade schemalagd gemensam planeringstid, men att under den tiden skulle allt annat hinnas med. Vad gäller förskollärarnas möjligheter att reflektera och diskutera med andra förskollärare visade resultatet att 66 procent av respondenterna regelbundet fick tillfälle för det medan 34 procent aldrig upplevde sig kunna göra det. Resultatet visade också att majoriteten av förskollärarna upplevde att det saknades material och resurser för att tillfredsställande kunna implementera förändringarna av läroplanen och de största bristerna handlade om tid och ekonomi. Därtill uppgav 70 procent av förskollärarna att de upplevde sig kompetenta nog att leda implementeringsarbetet, medan 30 procent kände sig osäkra framförallt på grund av tidsbrist och arbetet med digitalisering.

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  • 327.
    Albert, Frederic
    et al.
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Humaine, Université de Provence, Marseille, France.
    Bergenheim, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research. Department of Surgery, Central Hospital Karlstad, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Ribot-Ciscar, Edith
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Humaine, Université de Provence, Marseille, France.
    Roll, Jean-Pierre
    Laboratoire de Neurobiologie Humaine, Université de Provence, Marseille, France.
    The Ia afferent feedback of a given movement evokes the illusion of the same movement when returned to the subject via muscle tendon vibration2006In: Experimental Brain Research, ISSN 0014-4819, E-ISSN 1432-1106, Vol. 172, no 2, p. 163-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to further investigate the contribution of primary muscle spindle feedback to proprioception and higher brain functions, such as movement trajectory recognition. For this purpose, complex illusory movements were evoked in subjects by applying patterns of muscle tendon vibration mimicking the natural Ia afferent pattern. Ia afferent messages were previously recorded using microneurographic method from the six main muscle groups acting on the ankle joint during imposed "writing like" movements. The mean Ia afferent pattern was calculated for each muscle group and used as a template to pilot each vibrator. Eleven different vibratory patterns were applied to ten volunteers. Subjects were asked both to copy the perceived illusory movements by hand on a digitizing tablet and to recognize and name the corresponding graphic symbol. The results show that the Ia afferent feedback of a given movement evokes the illusion of the same movement when it is applied to the subject via the appropriate pattern of muscle tendon vibration. The geometry and the kinematic parameters of the imposed and illusory movements are very similar and the so-called "two-thirds power law" is present in the reproduction of the vibration-induced illusory movements. Vibrations within the "natural" frequency range of Ia fibres firing (around 30 Hz) produce clear illusions of movements in all the tested subjects. In addition, increasing the mean frequency of the vibration patterns resulted in a linear increase in the size of the illusory movements. Lastly, the subjects were able to recognize and name the symbols evoked by the vibration-induced primary muscle spindle afferent patterns in 83% of the trials. These findings suggest that the "proprioceptive signature" of a given movement is associated with the corresponding "perceptual signature". The neural mechanisms possibly underlying the sensory to perceptual transformation are discussed in the general framework of "the neuronal population vector model".

  • 328. Albert, Frederic
    et al.
    Ribot-Ciscar, Edith
    Fiocchi, Michel
    Bergenheim, Mikael
    University of Gävle, Belastningsskadecentrum.
    Roll, Jean-Pierre
    Proprioceptive feedback in humans expresses motor invariants during writing.2005In: Experimental Brain Research, ISSN 0014-4819, E-ISSN 1432-1106, Vol. 164, no 2, p. 242-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Proprioceptive feedback from populations of muscle spindle afferents feeds the brain with information relating to the instantaneous velocity and direction of ongoing movements. In this paper, we investigate whether the invariant relationship between the velocity and curvature of a trajectory, i.e. the two-thirds power law, is reflected in this muscle spindle feedback. Sixty unitary muscle spindle afferents from six ankle muscle groups were recorded using intraneural microelectrodes during imposed "writing-like" movements. The movements had kinematic parameters obeying the two-thirds power law and were imposed so that the tip of the foot followed trajectories forming four different letters and six numbers. The responses of the muscle spindle afferent populations were analysed using the population vector model. The results demonstrate that the neuronal trajectories attained from populations of muscle spindles clearly depict the path and kinematic parameters and express the movement invariants, i.e. the trajectory segmentation into units of action and the two-thirds power law. The central vs peripheral origin of such constraints involved in the motor system is discussed.

  • 329.
    Alberti, Åsa
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Gustafsson, Lina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    Betalningssättens påverkan på e-handelskonsumenters köpbeslut: en undersökning bland högskolestudenter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Betalningssättens påverkan på e-handelskonsumenters köpbeslut – en enkätundersökning

    Bakgrund: Trygghet och betalningssäkerhet är två frågor som ständigt är aktuella inom e-handeln och möjligheten att välja mellan olika betalningssätt är en av de faktorer som kan påverka e-handelskonsumentens köpbeslut. I den här uppsatsen undersöker vi vilken inverkan den möjligheten har på olika aspekter av köpbeslutet.

    Syfte: Vårt syfte är att undersöka om möjligheten att välja mellan olika betalningssätt påverkar e-handelskonsumentens, i form av högskolestudenters, köpbeslut och om så är fallet vilka betalningssätt e-handlare bör erbjuda för att köpbeslutet inte ska påverkas negativt.

    Metod: Med utgångspunkt i tidigare studier har vi sammanställt en enkät med frågor kring konsumenters syn på olika betalningssätt i samband med e-handel. Enkäten skickades ut till programstudenter på högskolan i Gävle. Urvalet utgjordes av ett icke-slumpmässigt urval. Av 1008 tillfrågade svarade 227 st vilket ger en svarsfrekvens på 22,5%. Resultaten av enkäten har sammanställts och presenteras i diagram och med dessa som utgångspunkt har vi studerat svarsfrekvenser och försökt att finna samband som kan ge en indikation om vilka betalningssätt som är mest önskvärda bland e-handelskonsumenter.

    Analys och slutsats: Möjligheten att välja mellan olika betalningssätt påverkar e-handelskonsumentens köpbeslut på flera sätt. Rätt använt är det en faktor som kan reducera den upplevda risken, öka det upplevda förtroendet och öka de upplevda fördelarna. Att erbjuda flera betalningssätt är ett sätt att bygga förtroende. Alltför komplicerade betalningssystem kan dock leda till att kunder väljer att avstå köp. Som e-handlare bör man därför försöka att tillgodose båda sidorna, de som prioriterar säkerhet och de som prioriterar bekvämlighet.

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning: Vi presenterar en utökad modell över köpprocessen. Med utgångspunkt i den hade man kunnat undersöka andra aspekters påverkan på köpbeslutet. Ytterligare ett förslag är att upprepa enkätundersökningen med en annan metod för att försöka öka svarsfrekvensen.

    Uppsatsens bidrag: Uppsatsen undersöker sambandet mellan möjligheten att välja mellan olika betalningssätt och e-handelskonsumentens köpbeslut och introducerar en utökad modell över e-handelskonsumentens köpprocess.

    Nyckelord: betalningssätt, upplevd risk, e-handel, köpprocessen, online-betalning och internetstrategi.

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  • 330.
    Albertsson, Andreas
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Eliasson, Ulrika
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Ledares hantering av sociala aspekter i en Lean Production-kontext2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att skapa förståelse för hur ledare i en Lean Production- kontext hanterar effekter på medarbetares arbetsmiljö och hälsa utifrån de sociala nyckelaspekterna kontroll, krav, social support och erkännande/belöning.

    Metod: Studien utgår ifrån en hermeneutisk vetenskapstradition och antar ett social konstruktionistiskt synsätt. Med en abduktiv ansats kopplas teori och empiri samman i en kvalitativ fallstudie. Studien är uppbyggd kring semistrukturerade intervjuer och observationer.

    Studiens bidrag: Studien skapar förståelse för hur ledare hanterar effekter på medarbetarnas arbetsmiljö och hälsa utifrån de valda nyckelaspekterna kontroll, krav, social support och erkännande/belöning. Den belyser även vikten av att balansera dessa för att åstadkomma en så effektiv hantering som möjligt. Studien uppmärksammar också effekter på ledares arbetssituation i form av hög arbetsbelastning, samt att det i studien finns ett upplevt gap mellan ledare och medarbetare gällande kommunikation och engagemang.

    Förslag till fortsatt forskning: Utifrån studien läggs följande förslag fram som exempel till vidare forskning: Hur kan ledare i en Lean Production-kontext hantera kommunikationen med medarbetare för att den skall fungera bättre, samt att beröm och feedback skall nå fram? Hur- och vem ska hantera effekterna som uppkommer på ledares arbetsmiljö och hälsa, i en Lean Production-kontext? 

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  • 331.
    Albertsson, Hanna
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development.
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter och matematiksvårigheter: En sambandsstudie gällande några specialpedagogers uppfattningar2010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utröna hur några verksamma specialpedagoger upplever ett eventuellt samband mellan läs- och skrivsvårigheter och matematiksvårigheter med fokus på hur detta eventuella samband kan yttra sig samt hur det går att underlätta i matematikämnet för elever med denna typ av problematik. För att finna ett resultat har kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts med fyra pedagoger som alla verkar inom det specialpedagogiska fältet. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna är splittrade i sina uppfattningar gällande omfattningen av samband men att alla pedagoger upplever ett visst mått av samband, vilket de anser kan ta sitt uttryck i matematikämnet främst i form av problem med problemlösning. Vidare är pedagogerna överens om att det går att underlätta för dessa elever med hjälp av konkreta/laborativa material, kompensatoriskt arbete samt genom att möta individen där denne befinner sig.

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    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter och matematiksvårigheter
  • 332.
    Albertzeth, Gustav
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Pujawan, I. Nyoman
    Department of Industrial Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia.
    Hilletofth, Per
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Management, Industrial Design and Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Management. University of Gävle, Center for Logistics and Innovative Production. Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Tjahjono, Benny
    Centre for Business in Society, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.
    Mitigating transportation disruptions in a supply chain: a cost-effective strategy2020In: International Journal of Logistics, ISSN 1367-5567, E-ISSN 1469-848X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 139-158Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation disruptions can be damaging to a supply chain because goods may not arrive on time and this jeopardises the service level to the customers. While supply chain disruptions have gained significant attention from scholars, little has been done to explore these disruptions in the context of transportation. The study described in this paper aims to address disruptions occurring in the transportation of goods from a plant to a distribution centre. We modelled this real case to obtain insights on the effectiveness of different strategies to mitigate transportation disruptions. We evaluated four mitigation strategies and compared the outcomes in terms of service level and total costs: (1) the risk acceptance strategy, (2) the redundant stock strategy, (3) the flexible route strategy, and (4) the redundant-flexibility strategy. The results suggest that the best strategy differs depending on the budget that managers are willing to deploy to improve the service level. The simulation experiments and the use of the Incremental Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ICER) would be instrumental in helping decision makers in selecting the best disruption mitigation strategies where the best option would likely be different under varying circumstances. 

  • 333.
    Albin, Maria
    et al.
    Institutet för miljömedicin, Karolinska institutet, Stockholm.
    Abrahamsson, Kenneth
    Institutionen för ekonomi, teknik och samhälle, Luleå tekniska universitet, Luelå.
    Lagerlöf, Elisabeth
    Info2you.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Symposium: Hållbart arbetsliv i framtidens Europa – lägesrapport och utmaningar inför nästa EU ramprogram FP92018In: FALF KONFERENS 2018 Arbetet – problem eller potential för en hållbar livsmiljö?   10-12 juni 2018 Gävle: Program och abstracts / [ed] Lindberg, Per, Gävle: Gävle University Press , 2018, p. 98-99Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under senaste året har det inom EU pågått ett rådslag om en europeisk pelare för sociala rättigheter som syftat till ett fungerande samspel mellan social trygghet och ekonomisk förändring. Ett toppmöte för rättvisa jobb och tillväxt ägde rum i Göteborg hösten 2017, som fokuserade på hur man kan främja inkluderande tillväxt, skapa rättvisa jobb och främja lika möjligheter för alla kvinnor och män. Vid mötet redovisades också erfaren-heter av arbetslivspolitik och praktiska insatser från olika EU länder.

    Uppmärksamhet ägnades också områden som nya arbetsformer, förutsättningar för flexibilitet och trygghet, samspelet mellan löner, arbetsförhållanden, arbetsmiljö. Vidare berördes balansen mellan social trygghet och socialt skydd å ena sidan och produktivitet, ekonomisk utveckling och tillväxt å den andra. De bestående skillnaderna mellan män och kvinnor avseende anställning, arbetsförhållanden, karriärmöjligheter, lön och pension uppmärksammades också. Effekter av att befolkningen åldras eller av automatisering och digitalisering var ett annat policyområde. Sammantaget lyfte toppmötet fram strategiska frågor för den framtida arbetslivsforskningen på europeiskt plan – i denna utmaning ligger också att öka samspelet mellan forskning i Sverige och forskning i Europa.

    Svensk arbetslivsforskning behöver synas mer i ett europeiskt sammanhang och europeisk forskning och kunskapsutveckling bör bättre tas tillvara i Sverige. Med stöd av VINNOVA startades år 2013 en påverkansplattform för att lyfta fram hållbart arbetsliv som ett centralt och övergripande område i EU:s åttonde ramprogram för forskning, Horisont 2020. Motiven därtill är uppenbara; digitalisering, globalisering och en ny demografi med ökad livslängd och migration. Vi lever också i en tid med snabbare om-ställning i arbetslivet och där de traditionella arbetsmarknadsrelationerna tenderar att luckras upp.

    Syftet med denna session är dels att rapportera vad som gjorts i det Vinnova-finansierade projektet om hållbart arbetsliv i EU som nu avslutas under 2018, dels lyfta och dryfta idéer och förslag om vilken roll hållbart arbetsliv kan spela inom FP 9 – det nästa ramprogrammet som startar 2021. När det gäller det första syftet handlar det om att utveckla kontakter med EU:s institutioner som DG research, Eurofound och EU_OSHA, liksom med de europeiska arbetsmiljöforskningsinstitutionerna via PEROSH, samt forskarnätverk och parter i Europa. En annan metod har varit att ge förslag på områden som borde lyftas fram i kommande utlysningar, vilket har skett genom workshops i Bryssel och annorstädes. Vi har också verkat för att svenska forskare i ökad utsträckning kan medverka i EU-finansierade projekt, exempelvis genom att ta initiativ till forsknings-program eller delta som partner i nätverk som koordineras av forskare på europeiskt plan. Sedan något år tillbaka har en diskussion startats om FP9 – EU:s nionde ramprogram för forskning. Diskussionen utgår från professor Mariana Mazzucatos rapport Mission Oriented Research & Innovations in the European Union: A problem-solving approach to fuel innovation-led growth. Vid seminariet ges också en lägesbild om vad som är på gång i detta sammanhang både via formella och informella kanaler. Sessionen bygger vidare på en workshop som projektet genomförde i Stockholm i början av november 2017 – se:

    - www.sustainablework220.se

    - https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/mazzucato_report_2018.pdf

  • 334.
    Alcheikh, Ahmad
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building, Energy and Environmental Engineering.
    Advantages and Challenges of Hemp Biodiesel Production: A comparison of Hemp vs. Other Crops Commonly used for biodiesel production2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing reliance on a fossil fuel is a major challenge to many advanced and developing economies. This is due to the fact that fossil fuel, a finite resource, is depleting at a rapid rate with increasing demand. Additionally, the burning of fossil fuel is responsible for the current climate change, as a result of produced greenhouse gas emissions. Lastly, developing alternative renewable fuels improves energy security and decreases vulnerability of fuel supply. This thesis work explores the advantages and challenges of hemp biodiesel production. The aim of this research is to present a comprehenive evaluation of these advantages and disadvantages in the way of large-scale production of biodiesel produced from hemp oil. The thesis work relies on relavent research paper in the field and reports from the industry. Industrial hemp, a variant of the Cannabis Sativa plant (Cannabis Sativa Linn), is an important industrial and nutritional crop. Hemp seed oil can be used to produce biodiesel though the process of transesterification. Oil from hemp seeds presents a viable feedstock option for biodiesel production. Hemp provides a competitively high yield compared to similar crops. Biodiesel from hemp seed oil exhibits superior fuel quality with the exception of the kinetic viscosity and oxidation stability parameters, which can be improved with the introduction of chemical additives. Hemp remains a “niche” crop in the food supply chain, which makes it prohibitively expensive a primary feedstock in biodiesel production. Legal and perception challenges remain a major challenge in the way of wide-scale hemp biodiesel production. 

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    Master Thesis
  • 335.
    Alcoverro Colom, Pau
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Building Engineering, Energy Systems and Sustainability Science, Energy Systems and Building Technology.
    A new energy model for the Lakshadweep islands: Change from a diesel-based model to a hybrid model with renewable energy systems considering the ecological fragility of the islands2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 336.
    Alderman Andersson, Yvonne
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Avstå eller avbryta livsuppehållande behandling - Intensivvårdssjuksköterskans delaktighet i beslutsprocessen2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 337.
    Aldén, Rebecka
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Werme, Sandra
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskans agerande och faktorer som kan påverka beslutsfattandet om att anmäla vid misstänkt barnmisshandel.: En litterarurstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet: var att beskriva sjuksköterskans agerande och vilka faktorer som kan påverka beslutet om att anmäla eller inte vid misstanke om barnmisshandel samt att granska kvaliteten avseende de metodologiska aspekterna urval- och datainsamlingsmetod i studiens ingående artiklar.

    Metod: Deskriptiv litteraturstudie baserad på femton vetenskapliga artiklar som söktes från databaserna Pubmed och Cinahl.

    Resultat: Sjuksköterskor känner sig osäkra när tecken/symtom var otydliga och avvaktade för att samla information innan hon eller han bestämde sig för att anmäla. Sjuksköterskor var bekväma i sina observationer när arbetsplatsen stod bakom beslut om att anmäla misstanke om barnmisshandel. Faktorer som visade sig påverka sjuksköterskans beslut om att anmäla var utbildning, kunskap, samarbete, riktlinjer, självförtroende, attityder och inställning.

    Slutsats: Screening för barnmisshandel, tydliga riktlinjer, mer stöd från kollegor samt utbildning inom området behövs.

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    R Aldén S Werme
  • 338.
    Alegria Alvarez, Li
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Humanities.
    Jämställdhet i politisk debatt: en argumentationsanalys av riksdagsdebatt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study involves an analysis of arguments on parental allowance debates and sex legislation debates. The debates that will be analyzed are the following; allowance, equality bonus, stricter punishment for the purchase of sexual services and men's violence against women, violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships.

    This empirical research is a qualitative study in its entirety, as for the method is an argumentation analysis. The arguments which the debates contain will be analyzed from a gender perspective.

    The theoretical question is: What is considered equality as a gender perspective?

    The empirical question is: How did parliament debates the issue of parental and prostitution laws issue from a gender perspective?

    The debates about genus and gender equality perspective have been a crucial issue in the Swedish Parliament. That women and men are equal or unequal has been heavily emphasized in the debates.

    My study aims at an in depth investigation in these debates based on an analysis of arguments. Moreover, I have evaluated what gender combined with democracy and democratic self-determination entails. I have structured my analysis up by various arguments and analyzed these arguments on the basis of the perspectives above.

    My conclusion is that the first two debates were treated particularly in the genus and the gender equality perspective and there was a possibility to connect the theories in relevant argumentations/discussions. However, complex problems emerged in the last two debates, stricter penalty regarding the purchase of sexual services, violence against women, violence and oppression, and violence in same-sex relationships where gender and equality issues have been avoided to be treated. Generally occurring from the bourgeois side than from the opposition.

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  • 339.
    Aleksandrov, A. A.
    et al.
    St Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Deinekina, T. S.
    St Petersburg State University, Russia.
    Mathiassen, Svend Erik
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    Lyskov, Eugene B.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Occupational health science. University of Gävle, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research.
    ВЛИЯНИЕ НАБЛЮДЕНИЯ ЗА ДВИЖЕНИЕМ НА ВОССТАНОВЛЕНИЕ РАБОТОСПОСОБНОСТИ ПОСЛЕ ФИЗИЧЕСКОГО УТОМЛЕНИЯ [The influence of movement's observation on recuperation after physical fatigue]2014In: Zurnal vyssej nervnoj deâtel'nosti im. I.P. Pavlova, ISSN 0044-4677, Vol. 64, no 5, p. 481-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aim was to investigate effects of mental activity, accompanied by mu-rhythm depression, on recuperation after physical fatigue. In a study participants performed 11 one minute bouts of static hand grip intermitted by 2 minutes rest pauses. During pauses participants watched video with either dynamic hand grips (biological movements) or deformation of geometric figure (control). Obtained data showed there was a significant depression of mu-rhythm during biological movement's observation. There was significant fatigue of subjects in an exercise with physical activity, but there was no reliable influence of performed mental activity on recovery after fatigue.

  • 340.
    Alexander, Weman
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ida, Westerberg
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors upplevelser av det första året efter en Gastric bypass operation.: En kvalitativ blogganalys2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av livet första året efter en Gastric bypass operation. Metoden var en kvalitativ blogganalys av beskrivande design som använde sig av ett ändamålsurval med inklusion- exklusionkriterier. Åtta kvinnor deltog i studien. Det insamlande materialet analyserades genom en manifest innehållsanalys. 

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva kvinnors upplevelser av livet första året efter en Gastric bypass operation. Metoden var en kvalitativ blogganalys av beskrivande design som använde sig av ett ändamålsurval med inklusion- exklusionkriterier. Åtta kvinnor deltog i studien. Det insamlande materialet analyserades genom en manifest innehållsanalys. 

    Slutsatsen var att ingen av informanterna ångrade ingreppet då de upplevde att operationen var den enda vägen ur tillståndet. Informanterna upplevde att stödet och attityderna från sjukvården var sämre än väntat samt att informationen om vad som väntade efter operation var till och från var bristfällig. Attityden från omgivningen men även ibland från vården upplevdes som dålig och informanterna kändes sig missförstådda, inte tagna på allvar och ibland utanförskap.

  • 341.
    Alexandra, Svedström
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies.
    The ZAZI campaign´s Facebook page: A field study of the use of Facebook in the ZAZI campaign in South Africa2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel: The ZAZI campaign’s Facebook page- A field study of the use of Facebook in the ZAZI campaign

    Level: Bachelor thesis, C-level

    Area: Media and Communication Studies

    Author: Alexandra Svedström, V14MKand

    Supervisor: Associate professor Eva Åsén Ekstrand, Department of Media and Communication Studies

    Date: The field study will be conducted during March - May in 2014

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the motives and attitudes of a group of South African women and men (aged between 20 to 30 years) have towards responding to the questions set on the ZAZI campaign’s Facebook page that may involve private and sensitive information. It also seeks to examine whether the questions that ZAZI campaign sets are consistent with the informant’s attitudes and motives.

    Rationale: The result may be used to improve the campaign whose ultimate goal is to prevent the spread of HIV / AIDS by strengthening women's self-efficacy and confidence.

    Questions: What are the selected informant’s motives for using Facebook in general? What attitudes and motives do the selected South African Facebook users have toward commenting on the questions on the ZAZI campaigns Facebook page? How are the selected informants’ attitudes and motives consistent with the type of questions the campaign set?

    Method: Content analysis and focus groups.

    Result: The study indicate that the motives for writing on the ZAZI campaign's Facebook page differs depending on socio-economic status and that the campaign should vary the content of the questions so all women's motives become satisfied. The page appears, for those groups with a lack of socio-economic status, to serve as a platform that encourages and create conversations about private matters.

    Keywords: Health campaign, Facebook, Internet, social media, South Africa, focus groups, ZAZI campaign, uses and gratification, self-efficacy, HIV

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  • 342.
    Alfaro Zavala, Juan Wilfredo
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Electronics, Mathematics and Natural Sciences.
    Improving Error Performance in Bandwidth-Limited Baseband Channels2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Channel coding has been largely used for the purpose of improving error performance on a communications system. Typical methods based on added redundancy allow for error detection and correction, this improvement however comes at a cost of bandwidth. This thesis focuses on channel coding for the bandwidth-limited channel where no bandwidth expansion is allowed.

    We first discuss the idea of coding for the bandwidth-limited channel as seen from the signal space point of view where the purpose of coding is to maximize the Euclidian distance between constellation points without increasing the total signal power and under the condition that no extra bits can be added. We then see the problem from another angle and identify the tradeoffs related to bandwidth and error performance.

    This thesis intends to find a simple way of achieving an improvement in error performance for the bandwidth-limited channel without the use of lattice codes or trellis-coded modulation.

    The proposed system is based on convolutional coding followed by multilevel transmission. It achieved a coding gain of 2 dB on Eb/No or equivalently, a coding gain of approximately 2.7 dB on SNRnorm without increase in bandwidth. This coding gain is better than that obtained by a more sophisticated lattice code Gosset E8 at the same error rate.

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    Juan Alfaro_Masters thesis
  • 343.
    Al-Fayadh Mean, Sophada
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Public Health and Sport Science.
    Hur motiverar Studenthälsan universitetsstudenter till minskad alkoholkonsumtion?: - En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    Mean, A.F. S. (2019). How Student Health Center motivate university students to reduce alcohol consumption? A qualitative interview study was carried out at three selected Swedish universities and four professionals employed were included in this empirical study. Bachelor thesis in Public Health Science. Department of Occupational and Public Health Science. Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies. University of Gävle, Sweden.

     

    Background: Universities and Student Health Centers are arenas that works with motivation methods to reduce student’s alcohol consumption during studies. Previous studies have discussed social norms, alcohol culture and pointed out that nearly half of all Swedes between 18-25 years are university students. Over the years, this age group has had a higher alcohol intake compared to other periods in life. High alcohol consumption can affect health and all three sustainable aspects: social, economic and environmental sustainability that according to SDGs is to be achieved at year end 2030.

    The Aim of study: was to investigate how Student Health Centers motivate students to reduce alcohol consumption. Method: A qualitative interview study was carried out at three selected Swedish universities and four professionals’ employees at Student health centers were included in this investigation. Result: The Student Health Centers used a number of different evidence-based methods and strategies with motivational interview to motivate university students to reduce their alcohol consumption. Motivational work was focused on both individuals and groups. Motivational work based on personal experiences and the implementation of motivational conversations with students were accordance with students´ health status and their alcohol issues.

    Discussion: Students search motivational counseling not because of perceived alcohol problem, but due to stress factors and similar problems. A change in attitudes towards less alcohol intake among young adults could be reached due to increased awareness and knowledge of alcohol harm and alcohol-free drinks alternatives.

    Conclusion: The main task of the student Health Service is to try to reach all university students by using different motivational methods and tools. The main goal is to increase health promotion, reduce alcohol risk, prevent alcohol abuse and injuries at universities and colleges. Further qualitative research is needed to be able to identify patterns of underlying stress factors and alcohol-related ill-health among university students on a larger number of Universities and Student Health Centers.

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    Examensarbete VT19 Sophada Mean
  • 344.
    Alfredsson, Elin
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences.
    Kulturella aktiviteters betydelse för äldres känsla av sammanhang: En enkätundersökning på två äldreboenden i Mellansverige2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was any association between participation in cultural activities and sense of coherence among seniors living in two nursing homes.

    Methods: A questionnaire based on Antonovskys SOC-13-questionaire was used, with added self-formulated questions including gender, age, level of physical function and participation in cultural activities. The questionnaire was distributed to 76 people 65 years and older without dementia at two nursing homes in central Sweden and 40 respondents answered the questionnaire. The material was processed and analyzed in the statistic computer program SPSS, where descriptive statistics were prepared and a chi-square analysis and logistic regression analysis was performed.

    Results: No statistically significant relationship between participation in cultural activities and sense of coherence could be seen. However, there was a correlation between the level of function and SOC scores. The lower level of function, i.e. the more help the respondent needed in everyday life, the lower sense of coherence.

    Conclusion: Functional level seems to have greater impact on an individual's sense of coherence than participation in cultural activities in the given study population.

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  • 345.
    Alfredsson, Pierre
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Wikström, Linnéa
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Business and Economic Studies.
    Styrelsens könsfördelning och dess effekt på företagets hållbarhetsprestation: en kvantitativ studie om förhållandet mellan BGD och CSP hos europeiska bolag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The study is carried out in order to investigate whether there is a link between BGD (Board Gender Diversity) and total CSP (Corporate Social Performance) as well as between BGD and the environmental and social dimension respectively.

     

    Method: In this study we adopt a positivist research philosophy with a hypothetical-deductive approach. Two samples with different board systems are studied. 403 European companies in total are studied. 121 companies with a two-tier board system and 282 companies with a one-tier board system. The quantitative research strategy is based on a longitudinal design implemented between 2008-2017. All data was collected through Thomson Reuters Datastream and then analyzed using SPSS.

     

    Result & Conclusions: The study finds a significant positive relationship between BGD and total CSP as well as between BGD and the environmental dimension and the social dimension respectively. Companies with higher BGD seems to be more likely to invest in CSR. The relationship is found within the two-tier board system as well as the one-tier board system. However, the impact of BGD is stronger within the one-tier board system.

     

    Contribution of the thesis: The study provides new knowledge about the relationship between BGD and total CSP as well as between BGD and the environmental dimension and the social dimension. The study is among the first to make a comparison between the two-tier board system and the one-tier board system. The result is relevant in view of the increasing demands on companies to act sustainably as well as the ongoing debate on whether the EU should introduce mandatory gender quotas on boards.

     

    Suggestions for future research: Further research at country and industry level is needed as the relationship may differ between different countries and industries, thus affecting the logic behind mandatory gender quotas. Future research is also proposed to include the third board system, mixed board structure. Furthermore, the proposal to look more closely at the corporate risk and its importance within various board systems, partly with regard to the companies’ sustainability performance, but also with regard to BGD, is given. Finally, it is proposed that future research could investigate the individual CSP dimensions more closely in order to determine what may be behind BGDs greater impact on the social dimension.

     

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    Styrelsens könsfördelning och dess effekt på företagets hållbarhetsprestation
  • 346.
    Alftberg, Ann-Kristin
    University of Gävle, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    British or American English?: attitudes, awareness and usage among pupils in a secondary school2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to find out which variety of English pupils in secondary school use, British or American English, if they are aware of their usage, and if there are differences between girls and boys. British English is normally the variety taught in school, but influences of American English due to exposure of different media are strong and have consequently a great impact on Swedish pupils. This study took place in a secondary school, and 33 pupils in grade 9 participated in the investigation. They filled in a questionnaire which investigated vocabulary, attitudes and awareness, and read a list of words out loud. The study showed that the pupils tend to use American English more than British English, in both vocabulary and pronunciation, and that all of the pupils mixed American and British features. A majority of the pupils had a higher preference for American English, particularly the boys, who also seemed to be more aware of which variety they use, and in general more aware of the differences between British and American English.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 347.
    Alftberg, Ann-Kristin
    University of Gävle, Department of Mathematics, Natural and Computer Sciences.
    Vad lär man sig i idrott och hälsa?: en studie om högstadieelevers lärande i ämnet2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på vad eleverna upplever att de lärt sig i ämnet idrott och hälsa, samt om kunskapen motsvarar syften och mål i den nationella kursplanen för ämnet. Studien genomfördes i form av en enkätundersökning bland 59 elever i år 9. Resultatet visar att elevernas kunskap motsvarar målen i kursplanen i vissa moment, medan detta inte uppfylls i andra moment. Färdigheter inom olika idrotter och social utveckling är det som eleverna särskilt upplever att de lärt sig/utvecklat genom idrottsundervisningen, medan den psykiska aspekten av hälsa har hamnat i skymundan, tillsammans med kunskaper inom bland annat dans, friluftsliv och livräddning. Enligt detta kan konstateras att elevernas kunskap i sin helhet inte motsvarar syften och mål i kursplanen i tillräckligt hög grad, samt att undervisningen i idrott och hälsa fokuserar mer på utövande av fysisk aktivitet än övriga syften och mål i den nationella kursplanen.

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    FULLTEXT02
  • 348.
    Alftberg, Helene
    University of Gävle, Department of Caring Sciences and Sociology, Ämnesavdelningen för vårdvetenskap.
    Vårdpreventivt arbetssätt för att förhindra undernäring hos äldre – Intervjuer med vårdpersonal inom tre vårdnivåer2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to describe nursing staffs’ perceptions of risks for malnutrition and preventive efforts thereof, for patients 70 years and older, at different care levels within one municipality. Descriptive design was used and twelve participants included; two district nurses, one physiotherapist and one occupational therapist from a health care centre, two registered nurses, one unit director and one physiotherapist from a nursing home in the municipality and four registered nurses from an internal medicine hospital ward. Interviews and qualitative content analysis was used resulting in four categories Conditions of risks for malnutrition, Ensuring nutritional intake, Structured way to work and Collaboration and responsibilities. The participants’ described diseases, disabilities and lost of apprehension concerning weight constituting malnutrition risks. Meals and meal environment influence nutritional intake. Risk assessments, interventions and evaluations mirrored structured way of working. Collaboration with colleagues, other professionals and care levels were highlighted together with responsibilities. Physicians’ participation in malnutrition preventions needs clarification. Improvements like documentation of the nutritional status among the elderly and reports between the different levels of care are needed to ensure safe nutritional care.

     

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 349.
    Alftberg, Linda
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Flodström, Evelina
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology.
    Man måste brinna för att tända glöd i andra.: Kvinnliga ledare i arbetslivet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society is facing rapid and continuous change. In order to participate in the development, organizations need to take advantage of all the knowledge and skills available in the labor market. Women leaders in top positions are still in the minority but do as good a job as their male colleagues. She brings different dynamics and a new dimension in the work culture but is nevertheless excluded from the mightiest rooms. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the organizational factors that determine and facilitate for women to take on leadership positions. Through semi-structured interviews with six women leaders, the material has resulted in a thematic analysis with four themes. These themes are the workplace culture, impersonation, conditions and driving forces. The result confirms earlier research showing the importance of a healthy corporate culture to shape and develop tomorrow’s passionate women leaders.

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    C-uppsats
  • 350.
    Alftberg, Martina
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Garneryd, Veronica
    University of Gävle, Faculty of Education and Business Studies, Department of Educational sciences.
    Det viktiga mötet: En observationsstudie kring hur samspelstiden fördelas mellan barn och pedagog under en verksamhetsförlagd dag i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste årtionden har den svenska förskolan genomgått stora förändringar där barnantalet ökat i takt med att pedagogerna blivit tilldelade alltmer uppdrag utanför barngruppen. Samtidigt som förskolans läroplan ställer höga krav, där pedagogen har till uppgift att möta varje enskilt barn i ett socialt samspel och tillvarata det unika hos varje individ (Skolverket, 2016). Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka samspelstillfällen mellan barn och pedagog under en verksamhetsförlagd dag i förskolan, samt undersöka hur omgivningen kan påverka interaktionen däremellan. Studien är kvalitativ och materialet har inhämtats via skuggning av tio barn samt en gruppintervju med två verksamma pedagoger i förskolan. Resultatet visar på stora variationer mellan barnens samspelstid tillsammans med pedagog. Vidare framkommer det hur faktorer i omgivningen kan orsaka avbrott i samspelet, vilket i sin tur resulterar i kortare sammanhållande interaktionstider för det enskilda barnet. 

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